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Nat Commun. 2018 Nov 2;9(1):4608. doi: 10.1038/s41467-018-07087-z.

Global-scale control of extensional tectonics on CO2 earth degassing.

Author information

1
Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia, Sezione di Bologna, via Creti, 12, 40128, Bologna, Italy. giancarlo.tamburello@ingv.it.
2
Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia, Sezione di Bologna, via Creti, 12, 40128, Bologna, Italy.

Abstract

Earth degassing of CO2-rich fluids has been proven to contribute significantly to the global carbon budget. The presence of ubiquitous outgassing reveals some degree of permeability of the crust that often coincides with seismically active zones. In this study, we took advantage of the most recent global geological datasets to better understand earth degassing and how it correlates with tectonic regimes. Here we use an ad hoc point pattern analysis to show that there is a spatial correlation between CO2 discharges and the presence of active fault systems, in particular with those characterized by a normal slip type. Seismic data demonstrate the existence of a positive spatial correlation between gas discharges and extensional tectonic regimes and confirms that such processes would play a key role in creating pathways for the rising gases at micro- and macro-scales, increasing the rock permeability and connecting the deep crust to the earth surface.

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