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Cancer Immunol Res. 2019 Oct;7(10):1687-1699. doi: 10.1158/2326-6066.CIR-18-0578. Epub 2019 Aug 22.

Mediators of Inflammation-Driven Expansion, Trafficking, and Function of Tumor-Infiltrating MDSCs.

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Department of Inflammation and Immunity, Lerner Research Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio.
Taussig Cancer Center, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio.
Department of General Surgery, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio.
Department of Anatomic Pathology, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio.
Department of Inflammation and Immunity, Lerner Research Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio.


Myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSC) are induced by and accumulate within many histologically distinct solid tumors, where they promote disease by secreting angiogenic and immunosuppressive molecules. Although IL1β can drive the generation, accumulation, and functional capacity of MDSCs, the specific IL1β-induced inflammatory mediators contributing to these activities remain incompletely defined. Here, we identified IL1β-induced molecules that expand, mobilize, and modulate the accumulation and angiogenic and immunosuppressive potencies of polymorphonuclear (PMN)-MDSCs. Unlike parental CT26 tumors, which recruited primarily monocytic (M)-MDSCs by constitutively expressing GM-CSF- and CCR2-directed chemokines, IL1β-transfected CT26 produced higher G-CSF, multiple CXC chemokines, and vascular adhesion molecules required for mediating infiltration of PMN-MDSCs with increased angiogenic and immunosuppressive properties. Conversely, CT26 tumors transfected with IL1β-inducible molecules could mobilize PMN-MDSCs, but because they lacked the ability to upregulate IL1β-inducible CXCR2-directed chemokines or vascular adhesion molecules, additional PMN-MDSCs could not infiltrate tumors. IL1β-expressing CT26 increased angiogenic and immunosuppressive factors of tumor-infiltrating MDSCs, as did CT26 tumors individually transfected with G-CSF, Bv8, CXCL1, or CXCL5, demonstrating that mediators downstream of IL1β could also modulate MDSC functional activity. Translational relevance was indicated by the finding that the same growth factors, cytokines, chemokines, and adhesion molecules responsible for the mobilization and recruitment of PMN-MDSCs into inflammatory CT26 murine tumors were also coordinately upregulated with increasing IL1β expression in human renal cell carcinoma tumors. These studies demonstrated that IL1β stimulated the components of a multifaceted inflammatory program that produces, mobilizes, chemoattracts, activates, and mediates the infiltration of PMN-MDSCs into inflammatory tumors to promote tumor progression.

[Available on 2020-04-01]

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