Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Epidemiol Prev. 2017 Mar-Apr;41(2):125-133. doi: 10.19191/EP17.2.P125.032.

[Mortality study in a cohort of workers employed in the hot working processing of plastics and rubber].

[Article in Italian]

Author information

1
Dipartimento di sanità pubblica, Area prevenzione e sicurezza ambienti di lavoro, Azienda USL di Bologna.
2
Medico del lavoro.
3
Dipartimento di sanità pubblica, Area prevenzione e sicurezza ambienti di lavoro, Azienda USL di Bologna. v.pavone@ausl.bologna.it.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

to study mortality rates among workers in companies manufacturing thermoplastic and rubber articles (excluding tyres).

DESIGN:

cohort study.

SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS:

the cohort includes 4,543 workers employed up to 2000 in 131 companies in the Province of Bologna (Emilia-Romagna Region, Northern Italy) exposed to emissions from hot processing of plastics (3,937) and rubber (606).

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

general- and cause-specific Standardized Mortality Rates (SMR), with 95% confidence intervals; entire reference population resides in the Emilia-Romagna Region.

RESULTS:

excess mortality for all causes (116 Obs; SMR: 1.20; 95%CI 1.00-1.44) and for lung cancer (18 Obs; SMR: 1.67; 95%CI 1.05-2.65) in men of the rubber factories. Increased mortality rates for oesophageal cancers in women (3 Obs; SMR: 5.41; 95%CI 1.74-16.8) and in men (6 Obs; SMR: 2.16; 95%CI 0.97-4.81), for malignant tumours of pancreas (16 Obs; SMR: 1.65; 95%CI 1.01- 2.70), rectum (11 Obs; SMR: 2.17; 95%CI 1.20-3.92) and kidney (11 Obs; SMR: 1.98; 95%CI 1.10-3.58) in men occupied in plastic processing.

CONCLUSION:

in this study, we observed an excess of mortality rates for lung cancer in men of rubber factories and for malignant tumours of the digestive tract, pancreas, and kidney in workers employed in the production of plastic articles. Nevertheless, these results must be interpreted with caution, because exposures to non-occupational risk factors, like tobacco smoke or other occupational exposures outside the companies concerned, are not known. The results suggest to continue epidemiological surveillance.

PMID:
28627154
DOI:
10.19191/EP17.2.P125.032
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Inferenze scarl
Loading ...
Support Center