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Deep Learning Analysis of Cerebral Blood Flow to Identify Cognitive Impairment and Frailty in Persons Living With HIV.

Luckett P, Paul RH, Navid J, Cooley SA, Wisch JK, Boerwinkle AH, Tomov D, Ances BM.

J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2019 Dec 15;82(5):496-502. doi: 10.1097/QAI.0000000000002181.


Behavioral inhibition corresponds to white matter fiber bundle integrity in older adults.

Garcia-Egan PM, Preston-Campbell RN, Salminen LE, Heaps-Woodruff JM, Balla L, Cabeen RP, Laidlaw DH, Conturo TE, Paul RH.

Brain Imaging Behav. 2019 Jun 17. doi: 10.1007/s11682-019-00144-1. [Epub ahead of print]


Mapping abnormal subcortical neurodevelopment in a cohort of Thai children with HIV.

Wade BSC, Valcour VG, Puthanakit T, Saremi A, Gutman BA, Nir TM, Watson C, Aurpibul L, Kosalaraksa P, Ounchanum P, Kerr S, Dumrongpisutikul N, Visrutaratna P, Srinakarin J, Pothisri M, Narr KL, Thompson PM, Ananworanich J, Paul RH, Jahanshad N; PREDICT and Resilience Study Groups.

Neuroimage Clin. 2019;23:101810. doi: 10.1016/j.nicl.2019.101810. Epub 2019 Apr 2.


The effects of bullying in depression on white matter integrity.

Graziano RC, Bruce SE, Paul RH, Korgaonkar MS, Williams LM.

Behav Brain Res. 2019 May 2;363:149-154. doi: 10.1016/j.bbr.2019.01.054. Epub 2019 Jan 30.


Cognitive Performance and Frailty in Older HIV-Positive Adults.

Paul RH, Cooley SA, Garcia-Egan PM, Ances BM.

J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2018 Nov 1;79(3):375-380. doi: 10.1097/QAI.0000000000001790.


Improved Cognitive Performance and Reduced Monocyte Activation in Virally Suppressed Chronic HIV After Dual CCR2 and CCR5 Antagonism.

DʼAntoni ML, Paul RH, Mitchell BI, Kohorn L, Fischer L, Lefebvre E, Seyedkazemi S, Nakamoto BK, Walker M, Kallianpur KJ, Ogata-Arakaki D, Ndhlovu LC, Shikuma C.

J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2018 Sep 1;79(1):108-116. doi: 10.1097/QAI.0000000000001752.


Characterization of Cellular Immune Responses in Thai Individuals With and Without HIV-Associated Neurocognitive Disorders.

Ratto-Kim S, Schuetz A, Sithinamsuwan P, Barber J, Hutchings N, Lerdlum S, Fletcher JLK, Phuang-Ngern Y, Chuenarom W, Tipsuk S, Pothisri M, Jadwattanakul T, Jirajariyavej S, Sajjaweerawan C, Akapirat S, Chalermchai T, Suttichom D, Kaewboon B, Prueksakaew P, Karnsomlap P, Clifford D, Paul RH, de Souza MS, Kim JH, Ananworanich J, Valcour V.

AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses. 2018 Aug;34(8):685-689. doi: 10.1089/AID.2017.0237. Epub 2018 Jun 12.


Prefrontal Recruitment Mitigates Risk-Taking Behavior in Human Immunodeficiency Virus-Infected Young Adults.

Smith RX, Guha A, Vaida F, Paul RH, Ances B.

Clin Infect Dis. 2018 May 2;66(10):1595-1601. doi: 10.1093/cid/cix1031.


White matter fiber bundle lengths are shorter in cART naive HIV: an analysis of quantitative diffusion tractography in South Africa.

Heaps-Woodruff JM, Joska J, Cabeen R, Baker LM, Salminen LE, Hoare J, Laidlaw DH, Wamser-Nanney R, Peng CZ, Engelbrecht S, Seedat S, Stein DJ, Paul RH.

Brain Imaging Behav. 2018 Oct;12(5):1229-1238. doi: 10.1007/s11682-017-9769-9.


Resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging in clade C HIV: within-group association with neurocognitive function.

du Plessis L, Paul RH, Hoare J, Stein DJ, Taylor PA, Meintjes EM, Joska JA.

J Neurovirol. 2017 Dec;23(6):875-885. doi: 10.1007/s13365-017-0581-5. Epub 2017 Oct 2.


Vulnerability of white matter tracts and cognition to the SOD2 polymorphism: A preliminary study of antioxidant defense genes in brain aging.

Salminen LE, Schofield PR, Pierce KD, Bruce SE, Griffin MG, Tate DF, Cabeen RP, Laidlaw DH, Conturo TE, Bolzenius JD, Paul RH.

Behav Brain Res. 2017 Jun 30;329:111-119. doi: 10.1016/j.bbr.2017.04.041. Epub 2017 Apr 27.


Topological Organization of Whole-Brain White Matter in HIV Infection.

Baker LM, Cooley SA, Cabeen RP, Laidlaw DH, Joska JA, Hoare J, Stein DJ, Heaps-Woodruff JM, Salminen LE, Paul RH.

Brain Connect. 2017 Mar;7(2):115-122. doi: 10.1089/brain.2016.0457. Epub 2017 Feb 21.


Neuroimaging abnormalities in clade C HIV are independent of Tat genetic diversity.

Paul RH, Phillips S, Hoare J, Laidlaw DH, Cabeen R, Olbricht GR, Su Y, Stein DJ, Engelbrecht S, Seedat S, Salminen LE, Baker LM, Heaps J, Joska J.

J Neurovirol. 2017 Apr;23(2):319-328. doi: 10.1007/s13365-016-0503-y. Epub 2016 Dec 2.



Salminen LE, Conturo TE, Bolzenius JD, Cabeen RP, Akbudak E, Paul RH.

Technol Innov. 2016 Apr;18(1):5-20. Epub 2016 Apr 1.


Apolipoprotein E ε4 genotype status is not associated with neuroimaging outcomes in a large cohort of HIV+ individuals.

Cooley SA, Paul RH, Fennema-Notestine C, Morgan EE, Vaida F, Deng Q, Chen JA, Letendre S, Ellis R, Clifford DB, Marra CM, Collier AC, Gelman BB, McArthur JC, McCutchan JA, Simpson DM, Morgello S, Grant I, Ances BM; CNS HIV Anti-Retroviral Therapy Effects Research (CHARTER) Group.

J Neurovirol. 2016 Oct;22(5):607-614. Epub 2016 Mar 28.


Cognitive reserve moderates the relationship between neuropsychological performance and white matter fiber bundle length in healthy older adults.

Baker LM, Laidlaw DH, Cabeen R, Akbudak E, Conturo TE, Correia S, Tate DF, Heaps-Woodruff JM, Brier MR, Bolzenius J, Salminen LE, Lane EM, McMichael AR, Paul RH.

Brain Imaging Behav. 2017 Jun;11(3):632-639. doi: 10.1007/s11682-016-9540-7.


The impact of human immune deficiency virus and hepatitis C coinfection on white matter microstructural integrity.

Heaps-Woodruff JM, Wright PW, Ances BM, Clifford D, Paul RH.

J Neurovirol. 2016 Jun;22(3):389-99. doi: 10.1007/s13365-015-0409-0. Epub 2015 Dec 21.


Longitudinal Change in Performance on the Montreal Cognitive Assessment in Older Adults.

Cooley SA, Heaps JM, Bolzenius JD, Salminen LE, Baker LM, Scott SE, Paul RH.

Clin Neuropsychol. 2015;29(6):824-35. doi: 10.1080/13854046.2015.1087596. Epub 2015 Sep 16.


Neuromarkers of the common angiotensinogen polymorphism in healthy older adults: A comprehensive assessment of white matter integrity and cognition.

Salminen LE, Schofield PR, Pierce KD, Zhao Y, Luo X, Wang Y, Laidlaw DH, Cabeen RP, Conturo TE, Tate DF, Akbudak E, Lane EM, Heaps JM, Bolzenius JD, Baker LM, Cagle LM, Paul RH.

Behav Brain Res. 2016 Jan 1;296:85-93. doi: 10.1016/j.bbr.2015.08.028. Epub 2015 Aug 28.


Human immunodeficiency virus has similar effects on brain volumetrics and cognition in males and females.

Behrman-Lay AM, Paul RH, Heaps-Woodruff J, Baker LM, Usher C, Ances BM.

J Neurovirol. 2016 Feb;22(1):93-103. doi: 10.1007/s13365-015-0373-8. Epub 2015 Aug 26.


Genetic markers of cholesterol transport and gray matter diffusion: a preliminary study of the CETP I405V polymorphism.

Salminen LE, Schofield PR, Pierce KD, Luo X, Zhao Y, Laidlaw DH, Cabeen RP, Conturo TE, Lane EM, Heaps JM, Bolzenius JD, Baker LM, Cooley SA, Scott S, Cagle LM, Paul RH.

J Neural Transm (Vienna). 2015 Nov;122(11):1581-92. doi: 10.1007/s00702-015-1434-0. Epub 2015 Aug 8.


The Effect of Central Nervous System Penetration Effectiveness of Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy on Neuropsychological Performance and Neuroimaging in HIV Infected Individuals.

Baker LM, Paul RH, Heaps-Woodruff JM, Chang JY, Ortega M, Margolin Z, Usher C, Basco B, Cooley S, Ances BM.

J Neuroimmune Pharmacol. 2015 Sep;10(3):487-92. doi: 10.1007/s11481-015-9610-4. Epub 2015 Apr 22.


Regional age differences in gray matter diffusivity among healthy older adults.

Salminen LE, Conturo TE, Laidlaw DH, Cabeen RP, Akbudak E, Lane EM, Heaps JM, Bolzenius JD, Baker LM, Cooley S, Scott S, Cagle LM, Phillips S, Paul RH.

Brain Imaging Behav. 2016 Mar;10(1):203-11. doi: 10.1007/s11682-015-9383-7.


Posterior brain white matter abnormalities in older adults with probable mild cognitive impairment.

Cooley SA, Cabeen RP, Laidlaw DH, Conturo TE, Lane EM, Heaps JM, Bolzenius JD, Baker LM, Salminen LE, Scott SE, Paul RH.

J Clin Exp Neuropsychol. 2015;37(1):61-9. doi: 10.1080/13803395.2014.985636. Epub 2014 Dec 18.


Brain structure and cognitive correlates of body mass index in healthy older adults.

Bolzenius JD, Laidlaw DH, Cabeen RP, Conturo TE, McMichael AR, Lane EM, Heaps JM, Salminen LE, Baker LM, Scott SE, Cooley SA, Gunstad J, Paul RH.

Behav Brain Res. 2015 Feb 1;278:342-7. doi: 10.1016/j.bbr.2014.10.010. Epub 2014 Oct 22.


Fiber bundle length and cognition: a length-based tractography MRI study.

Behrman-Lay AM, Usher C, Conturo TE, Correia S, Laidlaw DH, Lane EM, Bolzenius J, Heaps JM, Salminen LE, Baker LM, Cabeen R, Akbudak E, Luo X, Yan P, Paul RH.

Brain Imaging Behav. 2015 Dec;9(4):765-75. doi: 10.1007/s11682-014-9334-8.


Impact of the HIV Tat C30C31S dicysteine substitution on neuropsychological function in patients with clade C disease.

Paul RH, Joska JA, Woods C, Seedat S, Engelbrecht S, Hoare J, Heaps J, Valcour V, Ances B, Baker LM, Salminen LE, Stein DJ.

J Neurovirol. 2014 Dec;20(6):627-35. doi: 10.1007/s13365-014-0293-z. Epub 2014 Nov 1.


Oxidative stress and genetic markers of suboptimal antioxidant defense in the aging brain: a theoretical review.

Salminen LE, Paul RH.

Rev Neurosci. 2014;25(6):805-19. doi: 10.1515/revneuro-2014-0046. Review.


Impact of the AGTR1 A1166C polymorphism on subcortical hyperintensities and cognition in healthy older adults.

Salminen LE, Schofield PR, Pierce KD, Conturo TE, Tate DF, Lane EM, Heaps JM, Bolzenius JD, Baker LM, Akbudak E, Paul RH.

Age (Dordr). 2014;36(4):9664. doi: 10.1007/s11357-014-9664-x. Epub 2014 Jul 1.


Impact of human immunodeficiency virus on neurocognition and risky behaviors in young adults.

Baker LM, Paul RH, Heaps JM, Westerhaus E, Chang JY, Williams S, Brier MR, Plax K, Ances BM.

J Neurovirol. 2014 Oct;20(5):466-73. doi: 10.1007/s13365-014-0264-4. Epub 2014 Jun 27.


Cognitive and self-reported psychological outcomes of blast-induced mild traumatic brain injury in veterans: a preliminary study.

Bolzenius JD, Roskos PT, Salminen LE, Paul RH, Bucholz RD.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult. 2015;22(2):79-87. doi: 10.1080/23279095.2013.845823. Epub 2014 Jun 18.


White matter changes with age utilizing quantitative diffusion MRI.

Baker LM, Laidlaw DH, Conturo TE, Hogan J, Zhao Y, Luo X, Correia S, Cabeen R, Lane EM, Heaps JM, Bolzenius J, Salminen LE, Akbudak E, McMichael AR, Usher C, Behrman A, Paul RH.

Neurology. 2014 Jul 15;83(3):247-52. doi: 10.1212/WNL.0000000000000597. Epub 2014 Jun 13.


Triallelic relationships between the serotonin transporter polymorphism and cognition among healthy older adults.

Salminen LE, Schofield PR, Pierce KD, Lane EM, Heaps JM, Bolzenius JD, Baker LM, Luo X, Paul RH.

Int J Neurosci. 2014 May;124(5):331-8. doi: 10.3109/00207454.2013.845822. Epub 2013 Oct 17.


Bariatric surgery patients exhibit improved memory function 12 months postoperatively.

Miller LA, Crosby RD, Galioto R, Strain G, Devlin MJ, Wing R, Cohen RA, Paul RH, Mitchell JE, Gunstad J.

Obes Surg. 2013 Oct;23(10):1527-35. doi: 10.1007/s11695-013-0970-7.


Impact of body mass index on neuronal fiber bundle lengths among healthy older adults.

Bolzenius JD, Laidlaw DH, Cabeen RP, Conturo TE, McMichael AR, Lane EM, Heaps JM, Salminen LE, Baker LM, Gunstad J, Paul RH.

Brain Imaging Behav. 2013 Sep;7(3):300-6. doi: 10.1007/s11682-013-9230-7.


Reduced memory in fat mass and obesity-associated allele carriers among older adults with cardiovascular disease.

Alosco ML, Benitez A, Gunstad J, Spitznagel MB, McCaffery JM, McGeary JE, Poppas A, Paul RH, Sweet LH, Cohen RA.

Psychogeriatrics. 2013 Mar;13(1):35-40. doi: 10.1111/j.1479-8301.2012.00424.x.


Trail Making Test A improves performance characteristics of the International HIV Dementia Scale to identify symptomatic HAND.

Chalermchai T, Valcour V, Sithinamsuwan P, Pinyakorn S, Clifford D, Paul RH, Tipsuk S, Fletcher JL, Degruttola V, Ratto-Kim S, Hutchings N, Shikuma C, Ananworanich J; SEARCH 007 and 011 study groups.

J Neurovirol. 2013 Apr;19(2):137-43. doi: 10.1007/s13365-013-0151-4. Epub 2013 Mar 13.


Neuronal fiber bundle lengths in healthy adult carriers of the ApoE4 allele: a quantitative tractography DTI study.

Salminen LE, Schofield PR, Lane EM, Heaps JM, Pierce KD, Cabeen R, Laidlaw DH, Akbudak E, Conturo TE, Correia S, Paul RH.

Brain Imaging Behav. 2013 Sep;7(3):274-81. doi: 10.1007/s11682-013-9225-4.


Global NeuroAIDS roundtable.

Joseph J, Achim CL, Boivin MJ, Brew BJ, Clifford DB, Colosi DA, Ellis RJ, Heaton RK, Gallo-Diop A, Grant I, Kanmogne GD, Kumar M, Letendre S, Marcotte TD, Nath A, Pardo CA, Paul RH, Pulliam L, Robertson K, Royal W 3rd, Sacktor N, Sithinamsuwan P, Smith DM, Valcour V, Wigdahl B, Wood C.

J Neurovirol. 2013 Feb;19(1):1-9. doi: 10.1007/s13365-012-0143-9. Epub 2013 Jan 26.


Impact of early vs. late childhood early life stress on brain morphometrics.

Baker LM, Williams LM, Korgaonkar MS, Cohen RA, Heaps JM, Paul RH.

Brain Imaging Behav. 2013 Jun;7(2):196-203. doi: 10.1007/s11682-012-9215-y.


Patient reports of cognitive problems are not associated with neuropsychological test performance in bariatric surgery candidates.

Garcia S, Fedor A, Spitznagel MB, Strain G, Devlin MJ, Cohen RA, Paul RH, Crosby RD, Mitchell JE, Gunstad J.

Surg Obes Relat Dis. 2013 Sep-Oct;9(5):797-801. doi: 10.1016/j.soard.2012.10.008. Epub 2012 Oct 30.


TCF7L2 polymorphism and cognitive test performance in cardiovascular disease.

Keary TA, Gunstad J, Benitez A, Spitznagel MB, McCaffery J, McGeary JE, Poppas A, Paul RH, Sweet LH, Cohen RA.

Psychogeriatrics. 2012 Jun;12(2):93-8. doi: 10.1111/j.1479-8301.2011.00398.x.


Cerebrovascular risk factors and brain microstructural abnormalities on diffusion tensor images in HIV-infected individuals.

Nakamoto BK, Jahanshad N, McMurtray A, Kallianpur KJ, Chow DC, Valcour VG, Paul RH, Marotz L, Thompson PM, Shikuma CM.

J Neurovirol. 2012 Aug;18(4):303-12. doi: 10.1007/s13365-012-0106-1. Epub 2012 May 15.


CAMTA1 T polymorphism is associated with neuropsychological test performance in older adults with cardiovascular disease.

Miller LA, Gunstad J, Spitznagel MB, McCaffery J, McGeary J, Poppas A, Paul RH, Sweet LH, Cohen RA.

Psychogeriatrics. 2011 Sep;11(3):135-40. doi: 10.1111/j.1479-8301.2011.00357.x. Epub 2011 Jun 15.


White-Matter damage in Clade C HIV-positive subjects: a diffusion tensor imaging study.

Hoare J, Fouche JP, Spottiswoode B, Sorsdahl K, Combrinck M, Stein DJ, Paul RH, Joska JA.

J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci. 2011 Summer;23(3):308-15. doi: 10.1176/appi.neuropsych.23.3.308.


Recent clinical history and cognitive dysfunction for attention and executive function among human immunodeficiency virus-infected patients.

Tate DF, Delong A, McCaffrey DE, Kertesz K, Paul RH, Conley J, Russell T, Coop K, Gillani F, Flanigan T, Tashima K, Hogan JW.

Arch Clin Neuropsychol. 2011 Nov;26(7):614-23. doi: 10.1093/arclin/acr065. Epub 2011 Aug 25.


Influence of education on subcortical hyperintensities and global cognitive status in vascular dementia.

Lane EM, Paul RH, Moser DJ, Fletcher TD, Cohen RA.

J Int Neuropsychol Soc. 2011 May;17(3):531-6. doi: 10.1017/S1355617711000324.


Obesity is associated with reduced white matter integrity in otherwise healthy adults.

Stanek KM, Grieve SM, Brickman AM, Korgaonkar MS, Paul RH, Cohen RA, Gunstad JJ.

Obesity (Silver Spring). 2011 Mar;19(3):500-4. doi: 10.1038/oby.2010.312. Epub 2010 Dec 23.


Improved memory function 12 weeks after bariatric surgery.

Gunstad J, Strain G, Devlin MJ, Wing R, Cohen RA, Paul RH, Crosby RD, Mitchell JE.

Surg Obes Relat Dis. 2011 Jul-Aug;7(4):465-72. doi: 10.1016/j.soard.2010.09.015. Epub 2010 Oct 30.

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