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Items: 47


A spatial database of health facilities managed by the public health sector in sub Saharan Africa.

Maina J, Ouma PO, Macharia PM, Alegana VA, Mitto B, Fall IS, Noor AM, Snow RW, Okiro EA.

Sci Data. 2019 Jul 25;6(1):134. doi: 10.1038/s41597-019-0142-2.


Sub national variation and inequalities in under-five mortality in Kenya since 1965.

Macharia PM, Giorgi E, Thuranira PN, Joseph NK, Sartorius B, Snow RW, Okiro EA.

BMC Public Health. 2019 Feb 4;19(1):146. doi: 10.1186/s12889-019-6474-1.


Estimates of subnational health trends in Kenya.

Okiro EA.

Lancet Glob Health. 2019 Jan;7(1):e8-e9. doi: 10.1016/S2214-109X(18)30516-3. No abstract available.


National and sub-national variation in patterns of febrile case management in sub-Saharan Africa.

Alegana VA, Maina J, Ouma PO, Macharia PM, Wright J, Atkinson PM, Okiro EA, Snow RW, Tatem AJ.

Nat Commun. 2018 Nov 26;9(1):4994. doi: 10.1038/s41467-018-07536-9.


Complex interactions between malaria and malnutrition: a systematic literature review.

Das D, Grais RF, Okiro EA, Stepniewska K, Mansoor R, van der Kam S, Terlouw DJ, Tarning J, Barnes KI, Guerin PJ.

BMC Med. 2018 Oct 29;16(1):186. doi: 10.1186/s12916-018-1177-5.


Spatio-temporal analysis of Plasmodium falciparum prevalence to understand the past and chart the future of malaria control in Kenya.

Macharia PM, Giorgi E, Noor AM, Waqo E, Kiptui R, Okiro EA, Snow RW.

Malar J. 2018 Sep 26;17(1):340. doi: 10.1186/s12936-018-2489-9.


Childhood mortality during conflicts in Africa.

Okiro EA, Ayieko P.

Lancet. 2018 Sep 8;392(10150):804-805. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(18)31373-4. Epub 2018 Aug 30. No abstract available.


Geospatial mapping of access to timely essential surgery in sub-Saharan Africa.

Juran S, Broer PN, Klug SJ, Snow RC, Okiro EA, Ouma PO, Snow RW, Tatem AJ, Meara JG, Alegana VA.

BMJ Glob Health. 2018 Aug 16;3(4):e000875. doi: 10.1136/bmjgh-2018-000875. eCollection 2018.


Hospital Mortality - a neglected but rich source of information supporting the transition to higher quality health systems in low and middle income countries.

English M, Mwaniki P, Julius T, Chepkirui M, Gathara D, Ouma PO, Cherutich P, Okiro EA, Snow RW.

BMC Med. 2018 Mar 1;16(1):32. doi: 10.1186/s12916-018-1024-8.


Access to emergency hospital care provided by the public sector in sub-Saharan Africa in 2015: a geocoded inventory and spatial analysis.

Ouma PO, Maina J, Thuranira PN, Macharia PM, Alegana VA, English M, Okiro EA, Snow RW.

Lancet Glob Health. 2018 Mar;6(3):e342-e350. doi: 10.1016/S2214-109X(17)30488-6. Epub 2018 Jan 26.


Coverage of routine reporting on malaria parasitological testing in Kenya, 2015-2016.

Maina JK, Macharia PM, Ouma PO, Snow RW, Okiro EA.

Glob Health Action. 2017;10(1):1413266. doi: 10.1080/16549716.2017.1413266.


Malaria prevalence metrics in low- and middle-income countries: an assessment of precision in nationally-representative surveys.

Alegana VA, Wright J, Bosco C, Okiro EA, Atkinson PM, Snow RW, Tatem AJ, Noor AM.

Malar J. 2017 Nov 21;16(1):475. doi: 10.1186/s12936-017-2127-y.


Model citizen - Authors' reply.

Brady OJ, Slater HC, Pemberton-Ross P, Wenger E, Maude RJ, Ghani AC, Penny MA, Gerardin J, White LJ, Chitnis N, Aguas R, Hay SI, Smith DL, Stuckey EM, Okiro EA, Smith TA, Okell LC.

Lancet Glob Health. 2017 Oct;5(10):e974. doi: 10.1016/S2214-109X(17)30338-8. No abstract available.


The effect of facility-based antiretroviral therapy programs on outpatient services in Kenya and Uganda.

Wollum A, Dansereau E, Fullman N, Achan J, Bannon KA, Burstein R, Conner RO, DeCenso B, Gasasira A, Haakenstad A, Hanlon M, Ikilezi G, Kisia C, Levine AJ, Masters SH, Njuguna P, Okiro EA, Odeny TA, Allen Roberts D, Gakidou E, Duber HC.

BMC Health Serv Res. 2017 Aug 16;17(1):564. doi: 10.1186/s12913-017-2512-9.


Role of mass drug administration in elimination of Plasmodium falciparum malaria: a consensus modelling study.

Brady OJ, Slater HC, Pemberton-Ross P, Wenger E, Maude RJ, Ghani AC, Penny MA, Gerardin J, White LJ, Chitnis N, Aguas R, Hay SI, Smith DL, Stuckey EM, Okiro EA, Smith TA, Okell LC.

Lancet Glob Health. 2017 Jul;5(7):e680-e687. doi: 10.1016/S2214-109X(17)30220-6. Epub 2017 May 26.


The potential to expand antiretroviral therapy by improving health facility efficiency: evidence from Kenya, Uganda, and Zambia.

Di Giorgio L, Moses MW, Fullman N, Wollum A, Conner RO, Achan J, Achoki T, Bannon KA, Burstein R, Dansereau E, DeCenso B, Delwiche K, Duber HC, Gakidou E, Gasasira A, Haakenstad A, Hanlon M, Ikilezi G, Kisia C, Levine AJ, Maboshe M, Masiye F, Masters SH, Mphuka C, Njuguna P, Odeny TA, Okiro EA, Roberts DA, Murray CJ, Flaxman AD.

BMC Med. 2016 Jul 20;14(1):108. doi: 10.1186/s12916-016-0653-z.


Trends and Determinants of Antiretroviral Therapy Patient Monitoring Practices in Kenya and Uganda.

Dansereau E, Gakidou E, Ng M, Achan J, Burstein R, DeCenso B, Gasasira A, Ikilezi G, Kisia C, Masters SH, Njuguna P, Odeny TA, Okiro EA, Roberts DA, Duber HC.

PLoS One. 2015 Aug 14;10(8):e0135653. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0135653. eCollection 2015.


The Impact of a Community Awareness Strategy on Caregiver Treatment Seeking Behaviour and Use of Artemether-Lumefantrine for Febrile Children in Rural Kenya.

Wasunna B, Okiro EA, Webster J, Todd J, Snow RW, Jones C.

PLoS One. 2015 Jul 2;10(7):e0130305. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0130305. eCollection 2015.


Kinetics of the neutralizing antibody response to respiratory syncytial virus infections in a birth cohort.

Sande CJ, Mutunga MN, Okiro EA, Medley GF, Cane PA, Nokes DJ.

J Med Virol. 2013 Nov;85(11):2020-5. doi: 10.1002/jmv.23696.


Childhood malaria admission rates to four hospitals in Malawi between 2000 and 2010.

Okiro EA, Kazembe LN, Kabaria CW, Ligomeka J, Noor AM, Ali D, Snow RW.

PLoS One. 2013 Apr 26;8(4):e62214. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0062214. Print 2013.


The incidence and clinical burden of respiratory syncytial virus disease identified through hospital outpatient presentations in Kenyan children.

Okiro EA, Ngama M, Bett A, Nokes DJ.

PLoS One. 2012;7(12):e52520. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0052520. Epub 2012 Dec 26.


Variations in mortality in children admitted with pneumonia to Kenyan hospitals.

Ayieko P, Okiro EA, Edwards T, Nyamai R, English M.

PLoS One. 2012;7(11):e47622. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0047622. Epub 2012 Nov 5.


The natural history of respiratory syncytial virus in a birth cohort: the influence of age and previous infection on reinfection and disease.

Ohuma EO, Okiro EA, Ochola R, Sande CJ, Cane PA, Medley GF, Bottomley C, Nokes DJ.

Am J Epidemiol. 2012 Nov 1;176(9):794-802. doi: 10.1093/aje/kws257. Epub 2012 Oct 11.


A frequentist approach to estimating the force of infection for a respiratory disease using repeated measurement data from a birth cohort.

Mwambi H, Ramroop S, White Lj, Okiro E, Nokes Dj, Shkedy Z, Molenberghs G.

Stat Methods Med Res. 2011 Oct;20(5):551-70. doi: 10.1177/0962280210385749.


Temperature and malaria trends in highland East Africa.

Stern DI, Gething PW, Kabaria CW, Temperley WH, Noor AM, Okiro EA, Shanks GD, Snow RW, Hay SI.

PLoS One. 2011;6(9):e24524. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0024524. Epub 2011 Sep 15.


The clinical burden of malaria in Nairobi: a historical review and contemporary audit.

Mudhune SA, Okiro EA, Noor AM, Zurovac D, Juma E, Ochola SA, Snow RW.

Malar J. 2011 May 20;10:138. doi: 10.1186/1475-2875-10-138. Review.


Increasing malaria hospital admissions in Uganda between 1999 and 2009.

Okiro EA, Bitira D, Mbabazi G, Mpimbaza A, Alegana VA, Talisuna AO, Snow RW.

BMC Med. 2011 Apr 13;9:37. doi: 10.1186/1741-7015-9-37.


Changing malaria intervention coverage, transmission and hospitalization in Kenya.

Okiro EA, Alegana VA, Noor AM, Snow RW.

Malar J. 2010 Oct 15;9:285. doi: 10.1186/1475-2875-9-285.


Equity and adequacy of international donor assistance for global malaria control: an analysis of populations at risk and external funding commitments.

Snow RW, Okiro EA, Gething PW, Atun R, Hay SI.

Lancet. 2010 Oct 23;376(9750):1409-16. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(10)61340-2.


Estimating the number of paediatric fevers associated with malaria infection presenting to Africa's public health sector in 2007.

Gething PW, Kirui VC, Alegana VA, Okiro EA, Noor AM, Snow RW.

PLoS Med. 2010 Jul 6;7(7):e1000301. doi: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1000301.


Estimating the global clinical burden of Plasmodium falciparum malaria in 2007.

Hay SI, Okiro EA, Gething PW, Patil AP, Tatem AJ, Guerra CA, Snow RW.

PLoS Med. 2010 Jun 15;7(6):e1000290. doi: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1000290.


The relationship between reported fever and Plasmodium falciparum infection in African children.

Okiro EA, Snow RW.

Malar J. 2010 Apr 19;9:99. doi: 10.1186/1475-2875-9-99.


Duration of shedding of respiratory syncytial virus in a community study of Kenyan children.

Okiro EA, White LJ, Ngama M, Cane PA, Medley GF, Nokes DJ.

BMC Infect Dis. 2010 Jan 22;10:15. doi: 10.1186/1471-2334-10-15.


Malaria paediatric hospitalization between 1999 and 2008 across Kenya.

Okiro EA, Alegana VA, Noor AM, Mutheu JJ, Juma E, Snow RW.

BMC Med. 2009 Dec 9;7:75. doi: 10.1186/1741-7015-7-75.


Defining the relationship between Plasmodium falciparum parasite rate and clinical disease: statistical models for disease burden estimation.

Patil AP, Okiro EA, Gething PW, Guerra CA, Sharma SK, Snow RW, Hay SI.

Malar J. 2009 Aug 5;8:186. doi: 10.1186/1475-2875-8-186.


The prevalence of hypoxaemia among ill children in developing countries: a systematic review.

Subhi R, Adamson M, Campbell H, Weber M, Smith K, Duke T; Hypoxaemia in Developing Countries Study Group.

Lancet Infect Dis. 2009 Apr;9(4):219-27. doi: 10.1016/S1473-3099(09)70071-4. Review.


Age patterns of severe paediatric malaria and their relationship to Plasmodium falciparum transmission intensity.

Okiro EA, Al-Taiar A, Reyburn H, Idro R, Berkley JA, Snow RW.

Malar J. 2009 Jan 7;8:4. doi: 10.1186/1475-2875-8-4. Review.


Effect of a fall in malaria transmission on morbidity and mortality in Kilifi, Kenya.

O'Meara WP, Bejon P, Mwangi TW, Okiro EA, Peshu N, Snow RW, Newton CR, Marsh K.

Lancet. 2008 Nov 1;372(9649):1555-62. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(08)61655-4.


Evaluation of a measles vaccine campaign by oral-fluid surveys in a rural Kenyan district: interpretation of antibody prevalence data using mixture models.

Ohuma EO, Okiro EA, Bett A, Abwao J, Were S, Samuel D, Vyse A, Gay N, Brown DW, Nokes DJ.

Epidemiol Infect. 2009 Feb;137(2):227-33. doi: 10.1017/S0950268808000848. Epub 2008 Jun 10.


Factors associated with increased risk of progression to respiratory syncytial virus-associated pneumonia in young Kenyan children.

Okiro EA, Ngama M, Bett A, Cane PA, Medley GF, James Nokes D.

Trop Med Int Health. 2008 Jul;13(7):914-26. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-3156.2008.02092.x. Epub 2008 May 8.


Identifying infections with respiratory syncytial virus by using specific immunoglobulin G (IgG) and IgA enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays with oral-fluid samples.

Okiro EA, Sande C, Mutunga M, Medley GF, Cane PA, Nokes DJ.

J Clin Microbiol. 2008 May;46(5):1659-62. doi: 10.1128/JCM.02190-07. Epub 2008 Feb 27.


Respiratory syncytial virus infection and disease in infants and young children observed from birth in Kilifi District, Kenya.

Nokes DJ, Okiro EA, Ngama M, Ochola R, White LJ, Scott PD, English M, Cane PA, Medley GF.

Clin Infect Dis. 2008 Jan 1;46(1):50-7. doi: 10.1086/524019.


The decline in paediatric malaria admissions on the coast of Kenya.

Okiro EA, Hay SI, Gikandi PW, Sharif SK, Noor AM, Peshu N, Marsh K, Snow RW.

Malar J. 2007 Nov 15;6:151.


Comparison of strain-specific antibody responses during primary and secondary infections with respiratory syncytial virus.

Scott PD, Ochola R, Sande C, Ngama M, Okiro EA, Medley GF, Nokes DJ, Cane PA.

J Med Virol. 2007 Dec;79(12):1943-50.


Molecular analysis of respiratory syncytial virus reinfections in infants from coastal Kenya.

Scott PD, Ochola R, Ngama M, Okiro EA, James Nokes D, Medley GF, Cane PA.

J Infect Dis. 2006 Jan 1;193(1):59-67. Epub 2005 Nov 17.


Respiratory syncytial virus epidemiology in a birth cohort from Kilifi district, Kenya: infection during the first year of life.

Nokes DJ, Okiro EA, Ngama M, White LJ, Ochola R, Scott PD, Cane PA, Medley GF.

J Infect Dis. 2004 Nov 15;190(10):1828-32. Epub 2004 Oct 8.


Molecular epidemiology of respiratory syncytial virus in Kilifi district, Kenya.

Scott PD, Ochola R, Ngama M, Okiro EA, Nokes DJ, Medley GF, Cane PA.

J Med Virol. 2004 Oct;74(2):344-54.


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