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You can do that?!: Feasibility of virtual reality exposure therapy in the treatment of PTSD due to military sexual trauma.

Loucks L, Yasinski C, Norrholm SD, Maples-Keller J, Post L, Zwiebach L, Fiorillo D, Goodlin M, Jovanovic T, Rizzo AA, Rothbaum BO.

J Anxiety Disord. 2018 Jun 18. pii: S0887-6185(17)30499-1. doi: 10.1016/j.janxdis.2018.06.004. [Epub ahead of print]


Fear Processing, Psychophysiology, and PTSD.

Norrholm SD, Jovanovic T.

Harv Rev Psychiatry. 2018 May/Jun;26(3):129-141. doi: 10.1097/HRP.0000000000000189.


Acute effects of device-guided slow breathing on sympathetic nerve activity and baroreflex sensitivity in posttraumatic stress disorder.

Fonkoue IT, Marvar PJ, Norrholm SD, Kankam ML, Li Y, DaCosta D, Rothbaum BO, Park J.

Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2018 Jul 1;315(1):H141-H149. doi: 10.1152/ajpheart.00098.2018. Epub 2018 Apr 13.


Inhibition of serotonin transporters disrupts the enhancement of fear memory extinction by 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA).

Young MB, Norrholm SD, Khoury LM, Jovanovic T, Rauch SAM, Reiff CM, Dunlop BW, Rothbaum BO, Howell LL.

Psychopharmacology (Berl). 2017 Oct;234(19):2883-2895. doi: 10.1007/s00213-017-4684-8. Epub 2017 Jul 24.


A Gene-Based Analysis of Acoustic Startle Latency.

Smith AK, Jovanovic T, Kilaru V, Lori A, Gensler L, Lee SS, Norrholm SD, Massa N, Cuthbert B, Bradley B, Ressler KJ, Duncan E.

Front Psychiatry. 2017 Jul 6;8:117. doi: 10.3389/fpsyt.2017.00117. eCollection 2017.


Dexamethasone facilitates fear extinction and safety discrimination in PTSD: A placebo-controlled, double-blind study.

Michopoulos V, Norrholm SD, Stevens JS, Glover EM, Rothbaum BO, Gillespie CF, Schwartz AC, Ressler KJ, Jovanovic T.

Psychoneuroendocrinology. 2017 Sep;83:65-71. doi: 10.1016/j.psyneuen.2017.05.023. Epub 2017 May 31.


Baroreflex dysfunction and augmented sympathetic nerve responses during mental stress in veterans with post-traumatic stress disorder.

Park J, Marvar PJ, Liao P, Kankam ML, Norrholm SD, Downey RM, McCullough SA, Le NA, Rothbaum BO.

J Physiol. 2017 Jul 15;595(14):4893-4908. doi: 10.1113/JP274269. Epub 2017 Jun 14.


Targeting memory reconsolidation to prevent the return of fear in patients with fear of flying.

Maples-Keller JL, Price M, Jovanovic T, Norrholm SD, Odenat L, Post L, Zwiebach L, Breazeale K, Gross R, Kim SJ, Rothbaum BO.

Depress Anxiety. 2017 Jul;34(7):610-620. doi: 10.1002/da.22626. Epub 2017 Apr 5.


Psychological resilience is associated with more intact social functioning in veterans with post-traumatic stress disorder and depression.

Wingo AP, Briscione M, Norrholm SD, Jovanovic T, McCullough SA, Skelton K, Bradley B.

Psychiatry Res. 2017 Mar;249:206-211. doi: 10.1016/j.psychres.2017.01.022. Epub 2017 Jan 12.


Fear-Potentiated Startle and Fear Extinction in a Sample of Undergraduate Women Exposed to a Campus Mass Shooting.

Orcutt HK, Hannan SM, Seligowski AV, Jovanovic T, Norrholm SD, Ressler KJ, McCanne T.

Front Psychol. 2017 Jan 6;7:2031. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2016.02031. eCollection 2016.


Estrogen-dependent association of HDAC4 with fear in female mice and women with PTSD.

Maddox SA, Kilaru V, Shin J, Jovanovic T, Almli LM, Dias BG, Norrholm SD, Fani N, Michopoulos V, Ding Z, Conneely KN, Binder EB, Ressler KJ, Smith AK.

Mol Psychiatry. 2018 Mar;23(3):658-665. doi: 10.1038/mp.2016.250. Epub 2017 Jan 17.


Neuroendocrine Underpinnings of Increased Risk for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Women.

Briscione MA, Michopoulos V, Jovanovic T, Norrholm SD.

Vitam Horm. 2017;103:53-83. doi: 10.1016/bs.vh.2016.08.003. Epub 2016 Oct 31. Review.


A cross species study of heterogeneity in fear extinction learning in relation to FKBP5 variation and expression: Implications for the acute treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder.

Galatzer-Levy IR, Andero R, Sawamura T, Jovanovic T, Papini S, Ressler KJ, Norrholm SD.

Neuropharmacology. 2017 Apr;116:188-195. doi: 10.1016/j.neuropharm.2016.12.023. Epub 2016 Dec 23.


Psychophysiological Investigation of Combat Veterans with Subthreshold Post-traumatic Stress Disorder Symptoms.

Costanzo M, Jovanovic T, Norrholm SD, Ndiongue R, Reinhardt B, Roy MJ.

Mil Med. 2016 Aug;181(8):793-802. doi: 10.7205/MILMED-D-14-00671.


Prospective Associations between Emotion Dysregulation and Fear-Potentiated Startle: The Moderating Effect of Respiratory Sinus Arrhythmia.

Seligowski AV, Lee DJ, Miron LR, Orcutt HK, Jovanovic T, Norrholm SD.

Front Psychol. 2016 May 6;7:652. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2016.00652. eCollection 2016.


Baseline psychophysiological and cortisol reactivity as a predictor of PTSD treatment outcome in virtual reality exposure therapy.

Norrholm SD, Jovanovic T, Gerardi M, Breazeale KG, Price M, Davis M, Duncan E, Ressler KJ, Bradley B, Rizzo A, Tuerk PW, Rothbaum BO.

Behav Res Ther. 2016 Jul;82:28-37. doi: 10.1016/j.brat.2016.05.002. Epub 2016 May 7.


White matter microstructure of the uncinate fasciculus is associated with subthreshold posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms and fear potentiated startle during early extinction in recently deployed Service Members.

Costanzo ME, Jovanovic T, Pham D, Leaman S, Highland KB, Norrholm SD, Roy MJ.

Neurosci Lett. 2016 Apr 8;618:66-71. doi: 10.1016/j.neulet.2016.02.041. Epub 2016 Feb 26.


Biomarkers of post-deployment resilience among military service members.

Highland KB, Costanzo M, Jovanovic T, Norrholm SD, Ndiongue R, Reinhardt B, Rothbaum B, Roy MJ.

Neurobiol Stress. 2015 Jul 18;2:62-6. doi: 10.1016/j.ynstr.2015.07.001. eCollection 2015.


Dexamethasone Treatment Leads to Enhanced Fear Extinction and Dynamic Fkbp5 Regulation in Amygdala.

Sawamura T, Klengel T, Armario A, Jovanovic T, Norrholm SD, Ressler KJ, Andero R.

Neuropsychopharmacology. 2016 Feb;41(3):832-46. doi: 10.1038/npp.2015.210. Epub 2015 Jul 15.


Fear conditioned responses and PTSD symptoms in children: Sex differences in fear-related symptoms.

Gamwell K, Nylocks M, Cross D, Bradley B, Norrholm SD, Jovanovic T.

Dev Psychobiol. 2015 Nov;57(7):799-808. doi: 10.1002/dev.21313. Epub 2015 May 23.


Catecholamine responses to virtual combat: implications for post-traumatic stress and dimensions of functioning.

Highland KB, Costanzo ME, Jovanovic T, Norrholm SD, Ndiongue RB, Reinhardt BJ, Rothbaum B, Rizzo AA, Roy MJ.

Front Psychol. 2015 Mar 17;6:256. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2015.00256. eCollection 2015.


Estrogen and extinction of fear memories: implications for posttraumatic stress disorder treatment.

Glover EM, Jovanovic T, Norrholm SD.

Biol Psychiatry. 2015 Aug 1;78(3):178-85. doi: 10.1016/j.biopsych.2015.02.007. Epub 2015 Feb 16. Review.


Diagnostic Biomarkers for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: Promising Horizons from Translational Neuroscience Research.

Michopoulos V, Norrholm SD, Jovanovic T.

Biol Psychiatry. 2015 Sep 1;78(5):344-53. doi: 10.1016/j.biopsych.2015.01.005. Epub 2015 Jan 30. Review.


An investigation of outcome expectancies as a predictor of treatment response for combat veterans with PTSD: comparison of clinician, self-report, and biological measures.

Price M, Maples JL, Jovanovic T, Norrholm SD, Heekin M, Rothbaum BO.

Depress Anxiety. 2015 Jun;32(6):392-9. doi: 10.1002/da.22354. Epub 2015 Feb 19.


Fear-potentiated startle during extinction is associated with white matter microstructure and functional connectivity.

Fani N, King TZ, Brewster R, Srivastava A, Stevens JS, Glover EM, Norrholm SD, Bradley B, Ressler KJ, Jovanovic T.

Cortex. 2015 Mar;64:249-59. doi: 10.1016/j.cortex.2014.11.006. Epub 2014 Nov 26.


Fear load: The psychophysiological over-expression of fear as an intermediate phenotype associated with trauma reactions.

Norrholm SD, Glover EM, Stevens JS, Fani N, Galatzer-Levy IR, Bradley B, Ressler KJ, Jovanovic T.

Int J Psychophysiol. 2015 Nov;98(2 Pt 2):270-275. doi: 10.1016/j.ijpsycho.2014.11.005. Epub 2014 Nov 18.


Generalization of fear-potentiated startle in the presence of auditory cues: a parametric analysis.

Norrholm SD, Jovanovic T, Briscione MA, Anderson KM, Kwon CK, Warren VT, Bosshardt L, Bradley B.

Front Behav Neurosci. 2014 Oct 17;8:361. doi: 10.3389/fnbeh.2014.00361. eCollection 2014.


Psychophysiological response to virtual reality and subthreshold posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms in recently deployed military.

Costanzo ME, Leaman S, Jovanovic T, Norrholm SD, Rizzo AA, Taylor P, Roy MJ.

Psychosom Med. 2014 Nov-Dec;76(9):670-7. doi: 10.1097/PSY.0000000000000109.


Self-monitoring of reexperiencing symptoms: a randomized trial.

Brown AJ, Bollini AM, Craighead LW, Astin MC, Norrholm SD, Bradley B.

J Trauma Stress. 2014 Oct;27(5):519-25. doi: 10.1002/jts.21950.


Conditioned fear associated phenotypes as robust, translational indices of trauma-, stressor-, and anxiety-related behaviors.

Briscione MA, Jovanovic T, Norrholm SD.

Front Psychiatry. 2014 Jul 21;5:88. doi: 10.3389/fpsyt.2014.00088. eCollection 2014.


Changes in trauma-potentiated startle with treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder in combat Veterans.

Robison-Andrew EJ, Duval ER, Nelson CB, Echiverri-Cohen A, Giardino N, Defever A, Norrholm SD, Jovanovic T, Rothbaum BO, Liberzon I, Rauch SA.

J Anxiety Disord. 2014 May;28(4):358-62. doi: 10.1016/j.janxdis.2014.04.002. Epub 2014 Apr 15.


A randomized, double-blind evaluation of D-cycloserine or alprazolam combined with virtual reality exposure therapy for posttraumatic stress disorder in Iraq and Afghanistan War veterans.

Rothbaum BO, Price M, Jovanovic T, Norrholm SD, Gerardi M, Dunlop B, Davis M, Bradley B, Duncan EJ, Rizzo A, Ressler KJ.

Am J Psychiatry. 2014 Jun;171(6):640-8. doi: 10.1176/appi.ajp.2014.13121625.


PACAP receptor gene polymorphism impacts fear responses in the amygdala and hippocampus.

Stevens JS, Almli LM, Fani N, Gutman DA, Bradley B, Norrholm SD, Reiser E, Ely TD, Dhanani R, Glover EM, Jovanovic T, Ressler KJ.

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2014 Feb 25;111(8):3158-63. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1318954111. Epub 2014 Feb 10.


Substance Use Attenuates Physiological Responses Associated With PTSD among Individuals with Co-Morbid PTSD and SUDs.

Davis TA, Jovanovic T, Norrholm SD, Glover EM, Swanson M, Spann S, Bradley B.

J Psychol Psychother. 2013 Aug 30;Suppl 7. doi: 10.4172/2161-0487.S7-006.


Human fear extinction and return of fear using reconsolidation update mechanisms: the contribution of on-line expectancy ratings.

Warren VT, Anderson KM, Kwon C, Bosshardt L, Jovanovic T, Bradley B, Norrholm SD.

Neurobiol Learn Mem. 2014 Sep;113:165-73. doi: 10.1016/j.nlm.2013.10.014. Epub 2013 Oct 29.


Development of fear acquisition and extinction in children: effects of age and anxiety.

Jovanovic T, Nylocks KM, Gamwell KL, Smith A, Davis TA, Norrholm SD, Bradley B.

Neurobiol Learn Mem. 2014 Sep;113:135-42. doi: 10.1016/j.nlm.2013.10.016. Epub 2013 Oct 29.


Heart rate response to fear conditioning and virtual reality in subthreshold PTSD.

Roy MJ, Costanzo ME, Jovanovic T, Leaman S, Taylor P, Norrholm SD, Rizzo AA.

Stud Health Technol Inform. 2013;191:115-9.


Inhibition of fear is differentially associated with cycling estrogen levels in women.

Glover EM, Mercer KB, Norrholm SD, Davis M, Duncan E, Bradley B, Ressler KJ, Jovanovic T.

J Psychiatry Neurosci. 2013 Sep;38(5):341-8. doi: 10.1503/jpn.120129.


Differential Genetic and Epigenetic Regulation of catechol-O-methyltransferase is Associated with Impaired Fear Inhibition in Posttraumatic Stress Disorder.

Norrholm SD, Jovanovic T, Smith AK, Binder E, Klengel T, Conneely K, Mercer KB, Davis JS, Kerley K, Winkler J, Gillespie CF, Bradley B, Ressler KJ.

Front Behav Neurosci. 2013 Apr 10;7:30. doi: 10.3389/fnbeh.2013.00030. eCollection 2013.


Reduced neural activation during an inhibition task is associated with impaired fear inhibition in a traumatized civilian sample.

Jovanovic T, Ely T, Fani N, Glover EM, Gutman D, Tone EB, Norrholm SD, Bradley B, Ressler KJ.

Cortex. 2013 Jul-Aug;49(7):1884-91. doi: 10.1016/j.cortex.2012.08.011. Epub 2012 Sep 5.


Acute stress disorder versus chronic posttraumatic stress disorder: inhibition of fear as a function of time since trauma.

Jovanovic T, Sakoman AJ, Kozarić-Kovačić D, Meštrović AH, Duncan EJ, Davis M, Norrholm SD.

Depress Anxiety. 2013 Mar;30(3):217-24. doi: 10.1002/da.21991. Epub 2012 Aug 20.


PAC1 receptor (ADCYAP1R1) genotype is associated with dark-enhanced startle in children.

Jovanovic T, Norrholm SD, Davis J, Mercer KB, Almli L, Nelson A, Cross D, Smith A, Ressler KJ, Bradley B.

Mol Psychiatry. 2013 Jul;18(7):742-3. doi: 10.1038/mp.2012.98. Epub 2012 Jul 10. No abstract available.


Estrogen levels are associated with extinction deficits in women with posttraumatic stress disorder.

Glover EM, Jovanovic T, Mercer KB, Kerley K, Bradley B, Ressler KJ, Norrholm SD.

Biol Psychiatry. 2012 Jul 1;72(1):19-24. doi: 10.1016/j.biopsych.2012.02.031. Epub 2012 Apr 12.


Dark-enhanced startle responses and heart rate variability in a traumatized civilian sample: putative sex-specific correlates of posttraumatic stress disorder.

Kamkwalala A, Norrholm SD, Poole JM, Brown A, Donley S, Duncan E, Bradley B, Ressler KJ, Jovanovic T.

Psychosom Med. 2012 Feb-Mar;74(2):153-9. doi: 10.1097/PSY.0b013e318240803a. Epub 2012 Jan 27.


Versatility of fear-potentiated startle paradigms for assessing human conditioned fear extinction and return of fear.

Norrholm SD, Anderson KM, Olin IW, Jovanovic T, Kwon C, Warren VT, McCarthy A, Bosshardt L, Sabree J, Duncan EJ, Rothbaum BO, Bradley B.

Front Behav Neurosci. 2011 Nov 21;5:77. doi: 10.3389/fnbeh.2011.00077. eCollection 2011.


Tools for translational neuroscience: PTSD is associated with heightened fear responses using acoustic startle but not skin conductance measures.

Glover EM, Phifer JE, Crain DF, Norrholm SD, Davis M, Bradley B, Ressler KJ, Jovanovic T.

Depress Anxiety. 2011 Dec 21;28(12):1058-66. doi: 10.1002/da.20880. Epub 2011 Sep 2.


Attention bias toward threat is associated with exaggerated fear expression and impaired extinction in PTSD.

Fani N, Tone EB, Phifer J, Norrholm SD, Bradley B, Ressler KJ, Kamkwalala A, Jovanovic T.

Psychol Med. 2012 Mar;42(3):533-43. doi: 10.1017/S0033291711001565. Epub 2011 Aug 22.


Neural mechanisms of impaired fear inhibition in posttraumatic stress disorder.

Jovanovic T, Norrholm SD.

Front Behav Neurosci. 2011 Jul 25;5:44. doi: 10.3389/fnbeh.2011.00044. eCollection 2011.


Cortisol suppression by dexamethasone reduces exaggerated fear responses in posttraumatic stress disorder.

Jovanovic T, Phifer JE, Sicking K, Weiss T, Norrholm SD, Bradley B, Ressler KJ.

Psychoneuroendocrinology. 2011 Nov;36(10):1540-52. doi: 10.1016/j.psyneuen.2011.04.008. Epub 2011 May 20.


Physiological markers of anxiety are increased in children of abused mothers.

Jovanovic T, Smith A, Kamkwalala A, Poole J, Samples T, Norrholm SD, Ressler KJ, Bradley B.

J Child Psychol Psychiatry. 2011 Aug;52(8):844-52. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-7610.2011.02410.x. Epub 2011 Apr 19.

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