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Med Glas (Zenica). 2013 Aug;10(2):365-72.

Physicians' knowledge and attitude towards adverse event reporting system and result to intervention--randomized nested trial among Bulgarian physicians.

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School of Pharmacy, 2School of Public Health; Medical University Sofia, Bulgaria.



To identify the factors that influence physicians' under-reporting in Bulgaria and their attitude towards adverse event reporting system and to estimate the role of self-education by providing educational materials.


A randomized nested trial among physicians-general practitioners and specialists in Bulgaria was conducted by a validated questionnaire in order to evaluate their knowledge and attitude towards adverse event reporting system. One month after the intervention the participants were re-visited and were asked to answer the same questions again in order to estimate the change in their knowledge and attitude towards pharmacovigilance system and to obtain their evaluation for the materials provided.


The response rate was 91. Fifty seven (46.3%) physicians were not familiar with the pharmacovigilance system. The most common reason for non-reporting adverse drug reactions (ADRs) was uncertainty concerning the relationship between the suspected drug and ADRs, the ADRs were already known and the fact that the physician was not aware where they should report. Although 103 (83.7%) respondents in the entry survey and by 102 (82.9%) of those participating in the exit survey consider ADRs reporting as their obligation (p more than 0.05), only 50 (40.7%) and 31 (25.2%), respectively answered that they had ever reported ADRs; 109 (88.6%) of the surveyed physicians assessed the provided educational materials as useful for them.


The physicians in Bulgaria have poor knowledge for the pharmacovigilance system; however self-education leads to a better knowledge and positive attitude towards ADRs reporting system. National drug regulatory authority should play a more active role in improving physicians' adherence to the ADRs reporting systems and the developed educational pack can be used in nationwide campaign.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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