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G3 (Bethesda). 2019 May 7;9(5):1405-1427. doi: 10.1534/g3.119.400050.

Deciphering the Genetics of Major End-Use Quality Traits in Wheat.

Author information

1
Department of Plant Sciences, North Dakota State University, Fargo, ND 58108.
2
Department of Food Sciences and Nutrition, King Saud University, Riyadh 11451, Saudi Arabia.
3
Department of Crop and Soil Sciences, University of Georgia, Griffin, GA 30223-1797 mmergoum@uga.edu.

Abstract

Improving the end-use quality traits is one of the primary objectives in wheat breeding programs. In the current study, a population of 127 recombinant inbred lines (RILs) derived from a cross between Glenn (PI-639273) and Traverse (PI-642780) was developed and used to identify quantitative trait loci (QTL) for 16 end-use quality traits in wheat. The phenotyping of these 16 traits was performed in nine environments in North Dakota, USA. The genotyping for the RIL population was conducted using the wheat Illumina iSelect 90K SNP assay. A high-density genetic linkage map consisting of 7,963 SNP markers identified a total of 76 additive QTL (A-QTL) and 73 digenic epistatic QTL (DE-QTL) associated with these traits. Overall, 12 stable major A-QTL and three stable DE-QTL were identified for these traits, suggesting that both A-QTL and DE-QTL played an important role in controlling end-use quality traits in wheat. The most significant A-QTL (AQ.MMLPT.ndsu.1B) was detected on chromosome 1B for mixograph middle line peak time. The AQ.MMLPT.ndsu.1B A-QTL was located very close to the position of the Glu-B1 gene encoding for a subunit of high molecular weight glutenin and explained up to 24.43% of phenotypic variation for mixograph MID line peak time. A total of 23 co-localized QTL loci were detected, suggesting the possibility of the simultaneous improvement of the end-use quality traits through selection procedures in wheat breeding programs. Overall, the information provided in this study could be used in marker-assisted selection to increase selection efficiency and to improve the end-use quality in wheat.

KEYWORDS:

QTL mapping; end-use quality traits; genetics; high-density linkage map; iIdentification; quantitative trait loci (QTL); wheat

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