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J Appl Clin Med Phys. 2010 Jul 12;11(3):3227.

Dosimetric comparison of various optimization techniques for high dose rate brachytherapy of interstitial cervix implants.

Author information

1
Department of Radiation Physics, Kidwai Memorial Institute of Oncology, Karnataka, India. shwethagopadi@gmail.com

Abstract

HDR brachytherapy treatment planning often involves optimization methods to calculate the dwell times and dwell positions of the radioactive source along specified afterloading catheters. The purpose of this study is to compare the dose distribution obtained with geometric optimization (GO) and volume optimization (VO) combined with isodose reshaping. This is a retrospective study of 10 cervix HDR interstitial brachytherapy implants planned using geometric optimization and treated with a dose of 6 Gy per fraction. Four treatment optimization plans were compared: geometric optimization (GO), volume optimization (VO), geometric optimization followed by isodose reshape (GO_IsoR), and volume optimization followed by isodose reshape (VO_IsoR). Dose volume histogram (DVH) was analyzed and the four plans were evaluated based on the dosimetric parameters: target coverage (V100), conformal index (COIN), homogeneity index (HI), dose nonuniformity ratio (DNR) and natural dose ratio (NDR). Good target coverage by the prescription dose was achieved with GO_ IsoR (mean V100 of 88.11%), with 150% and 200% of the target volume receiving 32.0% and 10.4% of prescription dose, respectively. Slightly lower target coverage was achieved with VO_IsoR plans (mean V100 of 86.11%) with a significant reduction in the tumor volume receiving high dose (mean V150 of 28.29% and mean V200 of 7.3%). Conformity and homogeneity were good with VO_ IsoR (mean COIN = 0.75 and mean HI = 0.58) as compared to the other optimization techniques. VO_IsoR plans are superior in sparing the normal structures while also providing better conformity and homogeneity to the target. Clinically acceptable plans can be obtained by isodose reshaping provided the isodose lines are dragged carefully.

PMID:
20717091
PMCID:
PMC5720427
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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