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Science. 1999 Feb 12;283(5404):975-7.

A kuroko-type polymetallic sulfide deposit in a submarine silicic caldera

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Geological Survey of Japan 1-3, Higashi-1, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8567, Japan. Smithsonian Institution MRC-119, Washington, DC 20560-0119, USA. Japan Marine Science & Technology Center 2-15, Natsushima-cho, Yokosuka 237-0061, Japan. University of Tokyo.


Manned submersible studies have delineated a large and actively growing Kuroko-type volcanogenic massive sulfide deposit 400 kilometers south of Tokyo in Myojin Knoll submarine caldera. The sulfide body is located on the caldera floor at a depth of 1210 to 1360 meters, has an area of 400 by 400 by 30 meters, and is notably rich in gold and silver. The discovery of a large Kuroko-type polymetallic sulfide deposit in this arc-front caldera raises the possibility that the numerous unexplored submarine silicic calderas elsewhere might have similar deposits.

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