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The Effect of Calcium on the Cohesive Strength and Flexural Properties of Low-Methoxyl Pectin Biopolymers.

Byun C, Zheng Y, Pierce A, Wagner WL, Scheller HV, Mohnen D, Ackermann M, Mentzer SJ.

Molecules. 2019 Dec 24;25(1). pii: E75. doi: 10.3390/molecules25010075.


Pectin biopolymer mechanics and microstructure associated with polysaccharide phase transitions.

Pierce A, Zheng Y, Wagner WL, Scheller HV, Mohnen D, Tsuda A, Ackermann M, Mentzer SJ.

J Biomed Mater Res A. 2020 Feb;108(2):246-253. doi: 10.1002/jbm.a.36811. Epub 2019 Oct 29.


Analysis of pectin biopolymer phase states using acoustic emissions.

Zheng Y, Pierce A, Wagner WL, Scheller HV, Mohnen D, Tsuda A, Ackermann M, Mentzer SJ.

Carbohydr Polym. 2020 Jan 1;227:115282. doi: 10.1016/j.carbpol.2019.115282. Epub 2019 Sep 5.


Critical Review of Plant Cell Wall Matrix Polysaccharide Glycosyltransferase Activities Verified by Heterologous Protein Expression.

Amos RA, Mohnen D.

Front Plant Sci. 2019 Jul 16;10:915. doi: 10.3389/fpls.2019.00915. eCollection 2019. Review.


Multitrait genome-wide association analysis of Populus trichocarpa identifies key polymorphisms controlling morphological and physiological traits.

Chhetri HB, Macaya-Sanz D, Kainer D, Biswal AK, Evans LM, Chen JG, Collins C, Hunt K, Mohanty SS, Rosenstiel T, Ryno D, Winkeler K, Yang X, Jacobson D, Mohnen D, Muchero W, Strauss SH, Tschaplinski TJ, Tuskan GA, DiFazio SP.

New Phytol. 2019 Jul;223(1):293-309. doi: 10.1111/nph.15777. Epub 2019 Apr 8.


Correction to: Multiple levers for overcoming the recalcitrance of lignocellulosic biomass.

Holwerda EK, Worthen RS, Kothari N, Lasky RC, Davison BH, Fu C, Wang ZY, Dixon RA, Biswal AK, Mohnen D, Nelson RS, Baxter HL, Mazarei M, Stewart CN Jr, Muchero W, Tuskan GA, Cai CM, Gjersing EE, Davis MF, Himmel ME, Wyman CE, Gilna P, Lynd LR.

Biotechnol Biofuels. 2019 Feb 9;12:25. doi: 10.1186/s13068-019-1363-5. eCollection 2019.


Downregulation of pectin biosynthesis gene GAUT4 leads to reduced ferulate and lignin-carbohydrate cross-linking in switchgrass.

Li M, Yoo CG, Pu Y, Biswal AK, Tolbert AK, Mohnen D, Ragauskas AJ.

Commun Biol. 2019 Jan 17;2:22. doi: 10.1038/s42003-018-0265-6. eCollection 2019.


Multiple levers for overcoming the recalcitrance of lignocellulosic biomass.

Holwerda EK, Worthen RS, Kothari N, Lasky RC, Davison BH, Fu C, Wang ZY, Dixon RA, Biswal AK, Mohnen D, Nelson RS, Baxter HL, Mazarei M, Stewart CN Jr, Muchero W, Tuskan GA, Cai CM, Gjersing EE, Davis MF, Himmel ME, Wyman CE, Gilna P, Lynd LR.

Biotechnol Biofuels. 2019 Jan 17;12:15. doi: 10.1186/s13068-019-1353-7. eCollection 2019. Erratum in: Biotechnol Biofuels. 2019 Feb 9;12:25. Stewart CN Jr [added].


A two-phase model for the non-processive biosynthesis of homogalacturonan polysaccharides by the GAUT1:GAUT7 complex.

Amos RA, Pattathil S, Yang JY, Atmodjo MA, Urbanowicz BR, Moremen KW, Mohnen D.

J Biol Chem. 2018 Dec 7;293(49):19047-19063. doi: 10.1074/jbc.RA118.004463. Epub 2018 Oct 16.


Identification of Key Enzymes for Pectin Synthesis in Seed Mucilage.

Voiniciuc C, Engle KA, Günl M, Dieluweit S, Schmidt MH, Yang JY, Moremen KW, Mohnen D, Usadel B.

Plant Physiol. 2018 Nov;178(3):1045-1064. doi: 10.1104/pp.18.00584. Epub 2018 Sep 18.


Functional Analysis of Cellulose Synthase CesA4 and CesA6 Genes in Switchgrass (Panicum virgatum) by Overexpression and RNAi-Mediated Gene Silencing.

Mazarei M, Baxter HL, Li M, Biswal AK, Kim K, Meng X, Pu Y, Wuddineh WA, Zhang JY, Turner GB, Sykes RW, Davis MF, Udvardi MK, Wang ZY, Mohnen D, Ragauskas AJ, Labbé N, Stewart CN Jr.

Front Plant Sci. 2018 Aug 3;9:1114. doi: 10.3389/fpls.2018.01114. eCollection 2018.


Sugar release and growth of biofuel crops are improved by downregulation of pectin biosynthesis.

Biswal AK, Atmodjo MA, Li M, Baxter HL, Yoo CG, Pu Y, Lee YC, Mazarei M, Black IM, Zhang JY, Ramanna H, Bray AL, King ZR, LaFayette PR, Pattathil S, Donohoe BS, Mohanty SS, Ryno D, Yee K, Thompson OA, Rodriguez M Jr, Dumitrache A, Natzke J, Winkeler K, Collins C, Yang X, Tan L, Sykes RW, Gjersing EL, Ziebell A, Turner GB, Decker SR, Hahn MG, Davison BH, Udvardi MK, Mielenz JR, Davis MF, Nelson RS, Parrott WA, Ragauskas AJ, Neal Stewart C Jr, Mohnen D.

Nat Biotechnol. 2018 Mar;36(3):249-257. doi: 10.1038/nbt.4067. Epub 2018 Feb 12.


Working towards recalcitrance mechanisms: increased xylan and homogalacturonan production by overexpression of GAlactUronosylTransferase12 (GAUT12) causes increased recalcitrance and decreased growth in Populus.

Biswal AK, Atmodjo MA, Pattathil S, Amos RA, Yang X, Winkeler K, Collins C, Mohanty SS, Ryno D, Tan L, Gelineo-Albersheim I, Hunt K, Sykes RW, Turner GB, Ziebell A, Davis MF, Decker SR, Hahn MG, Mohnen D.

Biotechnol Biofuels. 2018 Jan 17;11:9. doi: 10.1186/s13068-017-1002-y. eCollection 2018.


Development and use of a switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) transformation pipeline by the BioEnergy Science Center to evaluate plants for reduced cell wall recalcitrance.

Nelson RS, Stewart CN Jr, Gou J, Holladay S, Gallego-Giraldo L, Flanagan A, Mann DGJ, Hisano H, Wuddineh WA, Poovaiah CR, Srivastava A, Biswal AK, Shen H, Escamilla-Treviño LL, Yang J, Hardin CF, Nandakumar R, Fu C, Zhang J, Xiao X, Percifield R, Chen F, Bennetzen JL, Udvardi M, Mazarei M, Dixon RA, Wang ZY, Tang Y, Mohnen D, Davison BH.

Biotechnol Biofuels. 2017 Dec 22;10:309. doi: 10.1186/s13068-017-0991-x. eCollection 2017.


Progress in understanding and overcoming biomass recalcitrance: a BioEnergy Science Center (BESC) perspective.

Gilna P, Lynd LR, Mohnen D, Davis MF, Davison BH.

Biotechnol Biofuels. 2017 Nov 30;10:285. doi: 10.1186/s13068-017-0971-1. eCollection 2017.


Dynamic changes in transcriptome and cell wall composition underlying brassinosteroid-mediated lignification of switchgrass suspension cells.

Rao X, Shen H, Pattathil S, Hahn MG, Gelineo-Albersheim I, Mohnen D, Pu Y, Ragauskas AJ, Chen X, Chen F, Dixon RA.

Biotechnol Biofuels. 2017 Nov 30;10:266. doi: 10.1186/s13068-017-0954-2. eCollection 2017.


Agronomic performance of Populus deltoides trees engineered for biofuel production.

Macaya-Sanz D, Chen JG, Kalluri UC, Muchero W, Tschaplinski TJ, Gunter LE, Simon SJ, Biswal AK, Bryan AC, Payyavula R, Xie M, Yang Y, Zhang J, Mohnen D, Tuskan GA, DiFazio SP.

Biotechnol Biofuels. 2017 Nov 30;10:253. doi: 10.1186/s13068-017-0934-6. eCollection 2017.


Viridiplantae and Algae.

O'Neill MA, Darvill AG, Etzler ME, Mohnen D, Perez S.

In: Varki A, Cummings RD, Esko JD, Stanley P, Hart GW, Aebi M, Darvill AG, Kinoshita T, Packer NH, Prestegard JH, Schnaar RL, Seeberger PH, editors. Essentials of Glycobiology [Internet]. 3rd edition. Cold Spring Harbor (NY): Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press; 2015-2017. Chapter 24.


Comparison of four glycosyl residue composition methods for effectiveness in detecting sugars from cell walls of dicot and grass tissues.

Biswal AK, Tan L, Atmodjo MA, DeMartini J, Gelineo-Albersheim I, Hunt K, Black IM, Mohanty SS, Ryno D, Wyman CE, Mohnen D.

Biotechnol Biofuels. 2017 Jul 14;10:182. doi: 10.1186/s13068-017-0866-1. eCollection 2017.


Transgenic switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) targeted for reduced recalcitrance to bioconversion: a 2-year comparative analysis of field-grown lines modified for target gene or genetic element expression.

Dumitrache A, Natzke J, Rodriguez M Jr, Yee KL, Thompson OA, Poovaiah CR, Shen H, Mazarei M, Baxter HL, Fu C, Wang ZY, Biswal AK, Li G, Srivastava AC, Tang Y, Stewart CN Jr, Dixon RA, Nelson RS, Mohnen D, Mielenz J, Brown SD, Davison BH.

Plant Biotechnol J. 2017 Jun;15(6):688-697. doi: 10.1111/pbi.12666. Epub 2017 Feb 20.


Plant glycobiology: a current snap shot!

Doblin MS, Mohnen D, Bacic A.

Glycobiology. 2016 Sep;26(9):911-912. No abstract available.


Downregulation of GAUT12 in Populus deltoides by RNA silencing results in reduced recalcitrance, increased growth and reduced xylan and pectin in a woody biofuel feedstock.

Biswal AK, Hao Z, Pattathil S, Yang X, Winkeler K, Collins C, Mohanty SS, Richardson EA, Gelineo-Albersheim I, Hunt K, Ryno D, Sykes RW, Turner GB, Ziebell A, Gjersing E, Lukowitz W, Davis MF, Decker SR, Hahn MG, Mohnen D.

Biotechnol Biofuels. 2015 Mar 12;8:41. doi: 10.1186/s13068-015-0218-y. eCollection 2015.


Deletion of a gene cluster encoding pectin degrading enzymes in Caldicellulosiruptor bescii reveals an important role for pectin in plant biomass recalcitrance.

Chung D, Pattathil S, Biswal AK, Hahn MG, Mohnen D, Westpheling J.

Biotechnol Biofuels. 2014 Oct 10;7(1):147. doi: 10.1186/s13068-014-0147-1. eCollection 2014.


Loss of Arabidopsis GAUT12/IRX8 causes anther indehiscence and leads to reduced G lignin associated with altered matrix polysaccharide deposition.

Hao Z, Avci U, Tan L, Zhu X, Glushka J, Pattathil S, Eberhard S, Sholes T, Rothstein GE, Lukowitz W, Orlando R, Hahn MG, Mohnen D.

Front Plant Sci. 2014 Jul 28;5:357. doi: 10.3389/fpls.2014.00357. eCollection 2014.


A review of xylan and lignin biosynthesis: foundation for studying Arabidopsis irregular xylem mutants with pleiotropic phenotypes.

Hao Z, Mohnen D.

Crit Rev Biochem Mol Biol. 2014 May-Jun;49(3):212-41. doi: 10.3109/10409238.2014.889651. Epub 2014 Feb 24. Review.


GALACTURONOSYLTRANSFERASE-LIKE5 is involved in the production of Arabidopsis seed coat mucilage.

Kong Y, Zhou G, Abdeen AA, Schafhauser J, Richardson B, Atmodjo MA, Jung J, Wicker L, Mohnen D, Western T, Hahn MG.

Plant Physiol. 2013 Nov;163(3):1203-17. doi: 10.1104/pp.113.227041. Epub 2013 Oct 3.


Evolving views of pectin biosynthesis.

Atmodjo MA, Hao Z, Mohnen D.

Annu Rev Plant Biol. 2013;64:747-79. doi: 10.1146/annurev-arplant-042811-105534. Epub 2013 Mar 1. Review.


An Arabidopsis cell wall proteoglycan consists of pectin and arabinoxylan covalently linked to an arabinogalactan protein.

Tan L, Eberhard S, Pattathil S, Warder C, Glushka J, Yuan C, Hao Z, Zhu X, Avci U, Miller JS, Baldwin D, Pham C, Orlando R, Darvill A, Hahn MG, Kieliszewski MJ, Mohnen D.

Plant Cell. 2013 Jan;25(1):270-87. doi: 10.1105/tpc.112.107334. Epub 2013 Jan 31.


Galacturonosyltransferase (GAUT)1 and GAUT7 are the core of a plant cell wall pectin biosynthetic homogalacturonan:galacturonosyltransferase complex.

Atmodjo MA, Sakuragi Y, Zhu X, Burrell AJ, Mohanty SS, Atwood JA 3rd, Orlando R, Scheller HV, Mohnen D.

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2011 Dec 13;108(50):20225-30. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1112816108. Epub 2011 Nov 30.


Plant science. Plants get Hyp to O-glycosylation.

Mohnen D, Tierney ML.

Science. 2011 Jun 17;332(6036):1393-4. doi: 10.1126/science.1208641. No abstract available.


Evolution and function of the plant cell wall synthesis-related glycosyltransferase family 8.

Yin Y, Chen H, Hahn MG, Mohnen D, Xu Y.

Plant Physiol. 2010 Aug;153(4):1729-46. doi: 10.1104/pp.110.154229. Epub 2010 Jun 3.



Etzler ME, Mohnen D.

In: Varki A, Cummings RD, Esko JD, Freeze HH, Stanley P, Bertozzi CR, Hart GW, Etzler ME, editors. Essentials of Glycobiology. 2nd edition. Cold Spring Harbor (NY): Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press; 2009. Chapter 22.


Arabidopsis thaliana T-DNA mutants implicate GAUT genes in the biosynthesis of pectin and xylan in cell walls and seed testa.

Caffall KH, Pattathil S, Phillips SE, Hahn MG, Mohnen D.

Mol Plant. 2009 Sep;2(5):1000-14. doi: 10.1093/mp/ssp062. Epub 2009 Sep 2.


The structure, function, and biosynthesis of plant cell wall pectic polysaccharides.

Caffall KH, Mohnen D.

Carbohydr Res. 2009 Sep 28;344(14):1879-900. doi: 10.1016/j.carres.2009.05.021. Epub 2009 Jun 2. Review.


A specialized outer layer of the primary cell wall joins elongating cotton fibers into tissue-like bundles.

Singh B, Avci U, Eichler Inwood SE, Grimson MJ, Landgraf J, Mohnen D, Sørensen I, Wilkerson CG, Willats WG, Haigler CH.

Plant Physiol. 2009 Jun;150(2):684-99. doi: 10.1104/pp.109.135459. Epub 2009 Apr 15.


Pectin structure and biosynthesis.

Mohnen D.

Curr Opin Plant Biol. 2008 Jun;11(3):266-77. doi: 10.1016/j.pbi.2008.03.006. Epub 2008 May 15. Review.


Pectin induces apoptosis in human prostate cancer cells: correlation of apoptotic function with pectin structure.

Jackson CL, Dreaden TM, Theobald LK, Tran NM, Beal TL, Eid M, Gao MY, Shirley RB, Stoffel MT, Kumar MV, Mohnen D.

Glycobiology. 2007 Aug;17(8):805-19. Epub 2007 May 19.


The Arabidopsis irregular xylem8 mutant is deficient in glucuronoxylan and homogalacturonan, which are essential for secondary cell wall integrity.

Persson S, Caffall KH, Freshour G, Hilley MT, Bauer S, Poindexter P, Hahn MG, Mohnen D, Somerville C.

Plant Cell. 2007 Jan;19(1):237-55. Epub 2007 Jan 19.


Functional identification of an Arabidopsis pectin biosynthetic homogalacturonan galacturonosyltransferase.

Sterling JD, Atmodjo MA, Inwood SE, Kumar Kolli VS, Quigley HF, Hahn MG, Mohnen D.

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2006 Mar 28;103(13):5236-41. Epub 2006 Mar 15.


Development of a filter assay for measuring homogalacturonan: alpha-(1,4)-Galacturonosyltransferase activity.

Sterling JD, Lemons JA, Forkner IF, Mohnen D.

Anal Biochem. 2005 Aug 15;343(2):231-6.


Solid-supported enzymatic synthesis of pectic oligogalacturonides and their analysis by MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry.

Guillaumie F, Sterling JD, Jensen KJ, Thomas OR, Mohnen D.

Carbohydr Res. 2003 Sep 10;338(19):1951-60.


Pectins: structure, biosynthesis, and oligogalacturonide-related signaling.

Ridley BL, O'Neill MA, Mohnen D.

Phytochemistry. 2001 Jul;57(6):929-67. Review.


Biological activity of reducing-end-derivatized oligogalacturonides in tobacco tissue cultures.

Spiro MD, Ridley BL, Eberhard S, Kates KA, Mathieu Y, O'Neill MA, Mohnen D, Guern J, Darvill A, Albersheim P.

Plant Physiol. 1998 Apr;116(4):1289-98.


A method for biotin labeling of biologically active oligogalacturonides using a chemically stable hydrazide linkage.

Ridley BL, Spiro MD, Glushka J, Albersheim P, Darvill A, Mohnen D.

Anal Biochem. 1997 Jun 15;249(1):10-9.


Enzymatic synthesis and purification of uridine diphosphate [14C]galacturonic acid: a substrate for pectin biosynthesis.

Liljebjelke K, Adolphson R, Baker K, Doong RL, Mohnen D.

Anal Biochem. 1995 Mar 1;225(2):296-304.


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