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Glob Health Sci Pract. 2016 Jun 27;4(2):251-63. doi: 10.9745/GHSP-D-16-00040. Print 2016 Jun 20.

School Distribution as Keep-Up Strategy to Maintain Universal Coverage of Long-Lasting Insecticidal Nets: Implementation and Results of a Program in Southern Tanzania.

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RTI International, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.
Ministry of Health and Social Welfare, National Malaria Control Programme, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.
U.S. President's Malaria Initiative/U.S. Agency for International Development, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.
Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.
Tanzania Red Cross Society, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.
Johns Hopkins Center for Communication Programs, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.
RTI International, Washington, DC, USA.


Tanzania successfully scaled up coverage of long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs) through mass campaigns. To sustain these gains, a school-based approach was piloted in the country's Southern Zone starting in 2013, called the School Net Program 1 (SNP1). We report on the design, implementation, monitoring, and outputs of the second round (SNP2) undertaken in 2014. SNP2 was conducted in all schools in Lindi, Mtwara, and Ruvuma regions, targeting students in primary (Standards 1, 3, 5, and 7) and secondary (Forms 2 and 4) schools and all teachers. In Lindi region, 2 additional classes (Standards 2 and 4) were targeted. LLIN distribution data were managed using an Android software application called SchoolNet. SNP2 included 2,337 schools, 473,700 students, and 25,269 teachers. A total of 5,070 people were trained in LLIN distribution (487 trainers and 4,583 distributors), and 4,392 (434 ward and 3,958 village) community change agents undertook sensitization and mobilization. A total of 507,775 LLINs were distributed to schools, with 464,510 (97.9% of those registered) students and 24,206 (95.8% of those registered) school teachers receiving LLINs. LLIN ownership and use is expected to have increased, potentially further reducing the burden of malaria in the Southern Zone of Tanzania.

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