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Appl Environ Microbiol. 2011 Apr;77(8):2640-7. doi: 10.1128/AEM.01460-10. Epub 2010 Dec 30.

Kinetics of hydrothermal inactivation of endotoxins.

Author information

1
Applied Research Associates, Inc., 430 West 5th Street, Suite 700, Panama City, FL 32401, USA. lli@ara.com

Abstract

A kinetic model was established for the inactivation of endotoxins in water at temperatures ranging from 210°C to 270°C and a pressure of 6.2 × 10(6) Pa. Data were generated using a bench scale continuous-flow reactor system to process feed water spiked with endotoxin standard (Escherichia coli O113:H10). Product water samples were collected and quantified by the Limulus amebocyte lysate assay. At 250°C, 5-log endotoxin inactivation was achieved in about 1 s of exposure, followed by a lower inactivation rate. This non-log-linear pattern is similar to reported trends in microbial survival curves. Predictions and parameters of several non-log-linear models are presented. In the fast-reaction zone (3- to 5-log reduction), the Arrhenius rate constant fits well at temperatures ranging from 120°C to 250°C on the basis of data from this work and the literature. Both biphasic and modified Weibull models are comparable to account for both the high and low rates of inactivation in terms of prediction accuracy and the number of parameters used. A unified representation of thermal resistance curves for a 3-log reduction and a 3 D value associated with endotoxin inactivation and microbial survival, respectively, is presented.

PMID:
21193667
PMCID:
PMC3126380
DOI:
10.1128/AEM.01460-10
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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