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Mar Pollut Bull. 2016 Nov 15;112(1-2):271-290. doi: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2016.08.004. Epub 2016 Sep 7.

Effects of anthropogenic activities in a Mediterranean coastland: the case study of the Falerno-Domitio littoral in Campania, Tyrrhenian Sea (southern Italy).

Author information

1
Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra, dell'Ambiente e delle Risorse, Università di Napoli Federico II, Naples, Italy. Electronic address: balasson@unina.it.
2
Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra, dell'Ambiente e delle Risorse, Università di Napoli Federico II, Naples, Italy.
3
Dipartimento di Biologia, Università di Napoli Federico II, Naples, Italy.

Abstract

The environmental status of the Falerno-Domitio littoral, a sector of the Italian south coast (Campania region) locally affected by an extensive anthropic pressure and pollution, was assessed by a multi-disciplinary approach, consisting of geological vs. biological studies. Geochemical abundance of potentially hazardous trace metals in beach sands is mainly constrained by the nature of the source rocks. Geochemical data of marine sediment quality with regards to possible heavy metal pollution and the enrichment factors of selected potentially toxic metals show that Cr and V values are higher in marine samples than in natural sources, suggesting that they are, at least in part, of anthropic derivation. A relationship between meiobenthos and heavy metals (Cr, Co, and V) has been also observed, providing a valuable biological marker to human-deriving chemical pollution. Ecotoxicological analyses confirm a relationship between enrichment in selected metals and moderate toxicity of some sea-bottom sediments closer to the coastline.

KEYWORDS:

Falerno-Domitio littoral (S Italy); Geological features; Meiobenthos; Metals; Sediments; Toxicity evaluation

PMID:
27612929
DOI:
10.1016/j.marpolbul.2016.08.004
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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