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Drug Metab Dispos. 2017 Nov;45(11):1133-1138. doi: 10.1124/dmd.117.077776. Epub 2017 Aug 23.

CYP-Mediated Sulfoximine Deimination of AZD6738.

Author information

1
Oncology IMED, AstraZeneca, Cambridge, United Kingdom (B.C.J., R.M., G.S.); and Oncology IMED, AstraZeneca, Waltham, Massachusetts (C.G.) barry.jones1@astrazeneca.com.
2
Oncology IMED, AstraZeneca, Cambridge, United Kingdom (B.C.J., R.M., G.S.); and Oncology IMED, AstraZeneca, Waltham, Massachusetts (C.G.).

Abstract

In hepatic S9 and human liver microsomes (HLMs) the sulfoximine moiety of the ATR inhibitor AZD6738 is metabolized to its corresponding sulfoxide (AZ8982) and sulfone (AZ0002). The initial deimination to AZ8982 is nominally a reductive reaction, but in HLMs it required both NADPH and oxygen and also was inhibited by 1-aminobenzotriazole at a concentration of 1 mM. Studies conducted in a panel of 11 members of the cytochrome P450 (P450) family (CYP1A2, CYP2A6, CYP2B6, CYP2C8, CYP2C9, CYP2C19, CYP2D6, CYP2E1 CYP2J2, CYP3A4, and CYP3A5) confirmed that deimination was an oxidative process that was mediated largely by CYP2C8 with some CYP2J2 involvement, whereas the subsequent oxidation to sulfone was carried out largely by CYP2J2, CYP3A4, and CYP3A5. There was no measureable metabolism in flavin-containing monooxygenase (FMO) enzymes FMO3, FMO5 or NADPH cytochrome C reductase. Studies using Silensomes, a commercially available HLM in which specific members of the P450 family have been inhibited by selective mechanism-based inhibitors, showed that when CYP2C8 was inhibited, the rate of deimination was reduced by 95%, suggesting that CYP2J2 is only playing a minor role in HLMs. When CYP3A4 was inhibited, the rate increased by 58% due to the inhibition of the subsequent sulfone formation. Correlation studies conducted in HLM samples from different individuals confirmed the role of CYP2C8 in the deimination over CYP1A2, CYP2C9, CYP2C19, CYP2D6, and CYP3A. Hence, although nominally a reduction, the deimination of AZD6738 to its sulfoxide metabolite AZ8982 is an oxidation mediated by CYP2C8, and this metabolite is subsequently oxidized to the sulfone (AZ0002) largely by CYP3A.

PMID:
28835442
DOI:
10.1124/dmd.117.077776
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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