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Mycologia. 2018 Sep-Oct;110(5):835-859. doi: 10.1080/00275514.2018.1481720. Epub 2018 Sep 14.

New neotropical species of Phyllachorales based on molecular, morphological, and ecological data.

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a Institute of Ecology, Evolution and Diversity, Faculty of Biosciences , Goethe University Frankfurt am Main, Biologicum , Max-von-Laue-Str. 13, 60438 Frankfurt am Main , Germany.
b Escuela de Biología , Universidad de Costa Rica , San Pedro , 11501 San José, Costa Rica.
c Centro de Investigaciones Micológicas (CIMi), Herbario UCH, Vicerrectoría de Investigación y Posgrado , Universidad Autónoma de Chiriquí (UNACHI) , 0427 David , Chiriquí , Panamá.


Species of tropical tar spot fungi (Phyllachorales, Ascomycota) are obligate biotrophic plant parasitic fungi associated with living leaves of a wide range of families of host plants, mainly in tropical and subtropical regions. In this study, samples of tropical tar spot fungi were collected in forests in Costa Rica and Panamá. To identify taxa, we used morphology and information on host plants and combined multigene phylogeny of four genes: the large subunit nuclear ribosomal DNA (28S rDNA), the small subunit nuclear ribosomal DNA (18S rDNA), the complete internal transcribed spacer region of ribosomal DNA (nuc rDNA ITS1-5.8S-ITS2; ITS), and the translation elongation factor 1-α (tef1). Here we propose one new species in the genus Camarotella and eight new species in Telimena with their morphological descriptions, illustrations, and sequence data. The newly described species are Camarotella licaniae on Licania arborea (Chrysobalanaceae) and in the genus Telimena: T. billiae on Billia rosea (Sapindaceae), T. drymoniae on Drymonia multiflora (Gesneriaceae), T. hydrangeae on Hydrangea sp. (Hydrangeaceae), T. miravallensis on Symplocos panamensis (Symplocaceae), T. protii on Protium sp. (Burseraceae), T. rinoreae on Rinorea sp. (Violaceae), T. semialarii on Semialarium mexicanum (Celastraceae), and T. triseptata on Tapirira mexicana (Anacardiaceae). The new name Telimena nitens on Schlegelia brachyanta (Schlegeliaceae) is presented and 10 species of Phyllachora are transferred to Telimena, leading to the new combinations T. canarii, T. galavisii, T. insueta, T. ruelliae, T. scutiformis, T. serjaniicola, T. spicatae, T. subrepens, T. symploci, and T. symplocicola. Additionally, revisions of tar spot fungi on host families Burseraceae, Sapindaceae, and Symplocaceae are provided, and four new synonyms are proposed.


19 new taxa; Camarotella; Telimena; tropical tar spot fungi

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