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J Cell Sci. 2018 Sep 10;131(17). pii: jcs219469. doi: 10.1242/jcs.219469.

Identification of Miro1 and Miro2 as mitochondrial receptors for myosin XIX.

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Institute of Molecular Cell Biology, Westfalian Wilhelms University Münster, 48149 Münster, Germany.
Institute of Molecular Cell Biology, Westfalian Wilhelms University Münster, 48149 Münster, Germany


Mitochondrial distribution in cells is critical for cellular function and proper inheritance during cell division. In mammalian cells, mitochondria are transported predominantly along microtubules by kinesin and dynein motors that bind indirectly via TRAK1 and TRAK2 to outer mitochondrial membrane proteins Miro1 and Miro2 (Miro1/2). Here, using proximity labelling, we identified Miro1/2 as potential binding partners of myosin XIX (Myo19). Interaction studies show that Miro1 binds directly to a C-terminal fragment of the Myo19 tail region and that Miro1/2 recruit the Myo19 tail in vivo This recruitment is regulated by the nucleotide state of the N-terminal Rho-like GTPase domain of Miro1/2. Notably, Myo19 protein stability in cells depends on its association with Miro1/2. Downregulation of Miro1/2 or overexpression of the adaptor proteins TRAK1 and TRAK2 caused a reduction in Myo19 protein levels. Myo19 regulates the subcellular distribution of mitochondria, and downregulation, as well as overexpression, of Myo19 induced perinuclear collapse of mitochondria, phenocopying loss of the kinesin KIF5, dynein or their mitochondrial receptors Miro1/2. These results suggest that Miro1 and Miro2 coordinate microtubule- and actin-based mitochondrial movement.This article has an associated First Person interview with the first author of the paper.


Miro GTPase; Mitochondria; Myosin

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Conflict of interest statement

Competing interestsThe authors declare no competing or financial interests.

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