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Magnetic resonance imaging of obesity and metabolic disorders: Summary from the 2019 ISMRM Workshop.

Hu HH, Branca RT, Hernando D, Karampinos DC, Machann J, McKenzie CA, Wu HH, Yokoo T, Velan SS.

Magn Reson Med. 2019 Nov 29. doi: 10.1002/mrm.28103. [Epub ahead of print]


Empagliflozin Effectively Lowers Liver Fat Content in Well-Controlled Type 2 Diabetes: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Phase 4, Placebo-Controlled Trial.

Kahl S, Gancheva S, Straßburger K, Herder C, Machann J, Katsuyama H, Kabisch S, Henkel E, Kopf S, Lagerpusch M, Kantartzis K, Kupriyanova Y, Markgraf D, van Gemert T, Knebel B, Wolkersdorfer MF, Kuss O, Hwang JH, Bornstein SR, Kasperk C, Stefan N, Pfeiffer A, Birkenfeld AL, Roden M.

Diabetes Care. 2019 Sep 20. pii: dc190641. doi: 10.2337/dc19-0641. [Epub ahead of print]


Functional Connectivity Within the Gustatory Network Is Altered by Fat Content and Oral Fat Sensitivity - A Pilot Study.

Frank-Podlech S, Heinze JM, Machann J, Scheffler K, Camps G, Fritsche A, Rosenberger M, Hinrichs J, Veit R, Preissl H.

Front Neurosci. 2019 Jul 10;13:725. doi: 10.3389/fnins.2019.00725. eCollection 2019.


Metabolomic Characteristics of Fatty Pancreas.

Jaghutriz BA, Wagner R, Heni M, Lehmann R, Machann J, Stefan N, Häring HU, Fritsche A.

Exp Clin Endocrinol Diabetes. 2019 May 16. doi: 10.1055/a-0896-8671. [Epub ahead of print]


Effects of plant and animal high protein diets on immune-inflammatory biomarkers: A 6-week intervention trial.

Markova M, Koelman L, Hornemann S, Pivovarova O, Sucher S, Machann J, Rudovich N, Thomann R, Schneeweiss R, Rohn S, Pfeiffer AFH, Aleksandrova K.

Clin Nutr. 2019 Mar 27. pii: S0261-5614(19)30132-3. doi: 10.1016/j.clnu.2019.03.019. [Epub ahead of print]


Choline Supplementation in Cystic Fibrosis-The Metabolic and Clinical Impact.

Bernhard W, Lange R, Graepler-Mainka U, Engel C, Machann J, Hund V, Shunova A, Hector A, Riethmüller J.

Nutrients. 2019 Mar 18;11(3). pii: E656. doi: 10.3390/nu11030656.


Visceral Adiposity Index as an Independent Marker of Subclinical Atherosclerosis in Individuals Prone to Diabetes Mellitus.

Randrianarisoa E, Lehn-Stefan A, Hieronimus A, Rietig R, Fritsche A, Machann J, Balletshofer B, Häring HU, Stefan N, Rittig K.

J Atheroscler Thromb. 2019 Sep 1;26(9):821-834. doi: 10.5551/jat.47274. Epub 2019 Feb 19.


Potential effects of reduced red meat compared with increased fiber intake on glucose metabolism and liver fat content: a randomized and controlled dietary intervention study.

Willmann C, Heni M, Linder K, Wagner R, Stefan N, Machann J, Schulze MB, Joost HG, Häring HU, Fritsche A.

Am J Clin Nutr. 2019 Feb 1;109(2):288-296. doi: 10.1093/ajcn/nqy307.


Dietary Niacin Intake Predicts the Decrease of Liver Fat Content During a Lifestyle Intervention.

Linder K, Willmann C, Kantartzis K, Machann J, Schick F, Graf M, Kümmerle S, Häring HU, Fritsche A, Stefan N, Wagner R.

Sci Rep. 2019 Feb 4;9(1):1303. doi: 10.1038/s41598-018-38002-7.


A Polygenic Risk Score of Lipolysis-Increasing Alleles Determines Visceral Fat Mass and Proinsulin Conversion.

Kempe-Teufel D, Machicao F, Machann J, Böhm A, Schick F, Fritsche A, Stefan N, Hrabě de Angelis M, Häring HU, Staiger H.

J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2019 Apr 1;104(4):1090-1098. doi: 10.1210/jc.2018-02042.


MRI-based assessment and characterization of epicardial and paracardial fat depots in the context of impaired glucose metabolism and subclinical left-ventricular alterations.

Rado SD, Lorbeer R, Gatidis S, Machann J, Storz C, Nikolaou K, Rathmann W, Hoffmann U, Peters A, Bamberg F, Schlett CL.

Br J Radiol. 2019 Apr;92(1096):20180562. doi: 10.1259/bjr.20180562. Epub 2019 Jan 28.


The Gly385(388)Arg Polymorphism of the FGFR4 Receptor Regulates Hepatic Lipogenesis Under Healthy Diet.

Lutz SZ, Hennige AM, Peter A, Kovarova M, Totsikas C, Machann J, Kröber SM, Sperl B, Schleicher E, Schick F, Heni M, Ullrich A, Häring HU, Stefan N.

J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2019 Jun 1;104(6):2041-2053. doi: 10.1210/jc.2018-01573.


Acute Endothelial Benefits of Fat Restriction over Carbohydrate Restriction in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: Beyond Carbs and Fats.

Barbosa-Yañez RL, Dambeck U, Li L, Machann J, Kabisch S, Pfeiffer AFH.

Nutrients. 2018 Dec 1;10(12). pii: E1859. doi: 10.3390/nu10121859.


Genome-Wide and Abdominal MRI Data Provide Evidence That a Genetically Determined Favorable Adiposity Phenotype Is Characterized by Lower Ectopic Liver Fat and Lower Risk of Type 2 Diabetes, Heart Disease, and Hypertension.

Ji Y, Yiorkas AM, Frau F, Mook-Kanamori D, Staiger H, Thomas EL, Atabaki-Pasdar N, Campbell A, Tyrrell J, Jones SE, Beaumont RN, Wood AR, Tuke MA, Ruth KS, Mahajan A, Murray A, Freathy RM, Weedon MN, Hattersley AT, Hayward C, Machann J, Häring HU, Franks P, de Mutsert R, Pearson E, Stefan N, Frayling TM, Allebrandt KV, Bell JD, Blakemore AI, Yaghootkar H.

Diabetes. 2019 Jan;68(1):207-219. doi: 10.2337/db18-0708. Epub 2018 Oct 23.


Characteristics and associated risk factors of diverticular disease assessed by magnetic resonance imaging in subjects from a Western general population.

Storz C, Rothenbacher T, Rospleszcz S, Linseisen J, Messmann H, De Cecco CN, Machann J, Lorbeer R, Kiefer LS, Wintermeyer E, Rado SD, Nikolaou K, Elser S, Rathmann W, Reiser MF, Peters A, Schlett CL, Bamberg F.

Eur Radiol. 2019 Mar;29(3):1094-1103. doi: 10.1007/s00330-018-5687-5. Epub 2018 Aug 27.


Assessment of the degree of abdominal myosteatosis by magnetic resonance imaging in subjects with diabetes, prediabetes and healthy controls from the general population.

Kiefer LS, Fabian J, Rospleszcz S, Lorbeer R, Machann J, Storz C, Kraus MS, Schlett CL, Roemer F, Wintermeyer E, Rathmann W, Nikolaou K, Peters A, Bamberg F.

Eur J Radiol. 2018 Aug;105:261-268. doi: 10.1016/j.ejrad.2018.06.023. Epub 2018 Jun 26.


Association between abdominal adiposity and subclinical measures of left-ventricular remodeling in diabetics, prediabetics and normal controls without history of cardiovascular disease as measured by magnetic resonance imaging: results from the KORA-FF4 Study.

Schlett CL, Lorbeer R, Arndt C, Auweter S, Machann J, Hetterich H, Linkohr B, Rathmann W, Peters A, Bamberg F.

Cardiovasc Diabetol. 2018 Jun 12;17(1):88. doi: 10.1186/s12933-018-0721-0.


Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms in the G-Protein Coupled Receptor Kinase 5 (GRK5) Gene are associated with Plasma LDL-Cholesterol Levels in Humans.

Lutz SZ, Falcenberg M, Machicao F, Peter A, Kächele M, Randrianarisoa E, Lehn-Stefan A, Wagner R, Machann J, Schick F, Heni M, Ullrich A, Fritsche A, Stefan N, Häring HU, Staiger H, Kantartzis K.

Sci Rep. 2018 May 17;8(1):7745. doi: 10.1038/s41598-018-26055-7.


Inter- and intra-observer variability of an anatomical landmark-based, manual segmentation method by MRI for the assessment of skeletal muscle fat content and area in subjects from the general population.

Kiefer LS, Fabian J, Lorbeer R, Machann J, Storz C, Kraus MS, Wintermeyer E, Schlett C, Roemer F, Nikolaou K, Peters A, Bamberg F.

Br J Radiol. 2018 Sep;91(1089):20180019. doi: 10.1259/bjr.20180019. Epub 2018 May 3.


Correlation of MRI-derived adipose tissue measurements and anthropometric markers with prevalent hypertension in the community.

Lorbeer R, Rospleszcz S, Schlett CL, Heber SD, Machann J, Thorand B, Meisinger C, Heier M, Peters A, Bamberg F, Lieb W.

J Hypertens. 2018 Jul;36(7):1555-1562. doi: 10.1097/HJH.0000000000001741.


Phenotypic Multiorgan Involvement of Subclinical Disease as Quantified by Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Subjects With Prediabetes, Diabetes, and Normal Glucose Tolerance.

Storz C, Rospleszcz S, Lorbeer R, Hetterich H, Auweter SD, Sommer W, Machann J, Gatidis S, Rathmann W, Heier M, Linkohr B, Meisinger C, Reiser M, Hoffmann U, Peters A, Schlett CL, Bamberg F.

Invest Radiol. 2018 Jun;53(6):357-364. doi: 10.1097/RLI.0000000000000451.


Effects of resveratrol supplementation on liver fat content in overweight and insulin-resistant subjects: A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial.

Kantartzis K, Fritsche L, Bombrich M, Machann J, Schick F, Staiger H, Kunz I, Schoop R, Lehn-Stefan A, Heni M, Peter A, Fritsche A, Häring HU, Stefan N.

Diabetes Obes Metab. 2018 Jul;20(7):1793-1797. doi: 10.1111/dom.13268. Epub 2018 Mar 22.


Periaortic Adipose Tissue Compared With Peribrachial Adipose Tissue Mass as Markers and Possible Modulators of Cardiometabolic Risk.

Randrianarisoa E, Stefan N, Fritsche A, Reis-Damaschk N, Hieronimus A, Balletshofer B, Machann J, Siegel-Axel D, Häring HU, Rittig K.

Angiology. 2018 Nov;69(10):854-860. doi: 10.1177/0003319718755581. Epub 2018 Feb 14. Erratum in: Angiology. 2019 Aug;70(7):677. Reis-Damaschk N [added].


The role of visceral and subcutaneous adipose tissue measurements and their ratio by magnetic resonance imaging in subjects with prediabetes, diabetes and healthy controls from a general population without cardiovascular disease.

Storz C, Heber SD, Rospleszcz S, Machann J, Sellner S, Nikolaou K, Lorbeer R, Gatidis S, Elser S, Peters A, Schlett CL, Bamberg F.

Br J Radiol. 2018 Sep;91(1089):20170808. doi: 10.1259/bjr.20170808. Epub 2018 Feb 19.


Leptin Replacement Reestablishes Brain Insulin Action in the Hypothalamus in Congenital Leptin Deficiency.

Frank-Podlech S, von Schnurbein J, Veit R, Heni M, Machann J, Heinze JM, Kullmann S, Manzoor J, Mahmood S, Häring HU, Preissl H, Wabitsch M, Fritsche A.

Diabetes Care. 2018 Apr;41(4):907-910. doi: 10.2337/dc17-1867. Epub 2018 Jan 24.


The hepatokines fetuin-A and fetuin-B are upregulated in the state of hepatic steatosis and may differently impact on glucose homeostasis in humans.

Peter A, Kovarova M, Staiger H, Machann J, Schick F, Königsrainer A, Königsrainer I, Schleicher E, Fritsche A, Häring HU, Stefan N.

Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab. 2018 Mar 1;314(3):E266-E273. doi: 10.1152/ajpendo.00262.2017. Epub 2017 Nov 14.


Metabolic crosstalk between fatty pancreas and fatty liver: effects on local inflammation and insulin secretion.

Gerst F, Wagner R, Kaiser G, Panse M, Heni M, Machann J, Bongers MN, Sartorius T, Sipos B, Fend F, Thiel C, Nadalin S, Königsrainer A, Stefan N, Fritsche A, Häring HU, Ullrich S, Siegel-Axel D.

Diabetologia. 2017 Nov;60(11):2240-2251. doi: 10.1007/s00125-017-4385-1. Epub 2017 Aug 8.


Genetic determination of body fat distribution and the attributive influence on metabolism.

Fehlert E, Wagner R, Ketterer C, Böhm A, Machann J, Fritsche L, Machicao F, Schick F, Staiger H, Stefan N, Häring HU, Fritsche A, Heni M.

Obesity (Silver Spring). 2017 Jul;25(7):1277-1283. doi: 10.1002/oby.21874. Epub 2017 May 25.


Intra- and interindividual variability of fatty acid unsaturation in six different human adipose tissue compartments assessed by 1 H-MRS in vivo at 3 T.

Machann J, Stefan N, Wagner R, Bongers M, Schleicher E, Fritsche A, Häring HU, Nikolaou K, Schick F.

NMR Biomed. 2017 Sep;30(9). doi: 10.1002/nbm.3744. Epub 2017 May 25.


The protective effect of human renal sinus fat on glomerular cells is reversed by the hepatokine fetuin-A.

Wagner R, Machann J, Guthoff M, Nawroth PP, Nadalin S, Saleem MA, Heyne N, Königsrainer A, Fend F, Schick F, Fritsche A, Stefan N, Häring HU, Schleicher E, Siegel-Axel DI.

Sci Rep. 2017 May 23;7(1):2261. doi: 10.1038/s41598-017-02210-4.


Pancreatic fat content by magnetic resonance imaging in subjects with prediabetes, diabetes, and controls from a general population without cardiovascular disease.

Heber SD, Hetterich H, Lorbeer R, Bayerl C, Machann J, Auweter S, Storz C, Schlett CL, Nikolaou K, Reiser M, Peters A, Bamberg F.

PLoS One. 2017 May 17;12(5):e0177154. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0177154. eCollection 2017.


Intranasal insulin enhances brain functional connectivity mediating the relationship between adiposity and subjective feeling of hunger.

Kullmann S, Heni M, Veit R, Scheffler K, Machann J, Häring HU, Fritsche A, Preissl H.

Sci Rep. 2017 May 9;7(1):1627. doi: 10.1038/s41598-017-01907-w.


Body and liver fat content and adipokines in schizophrenia: a magnetic resonance imaging and spectroscopy study.

Kim JH, Kim JH, Park PW, Machann J, Roden M, Lee SW, Hwang JH.

Psychopharmacology (Berl). 2017 Jun;234(12):1923-1932. doi: 10.1007/s00213-017-4598-5. Epub 2017 Mar 18.


An extended fatty liver index to predict non-alcoholic fatty liver disease.

Kantartzis K, Rettig I, Staiger H, Machann J, Schick F, Scheja L, Gastaldelli A, Bugianesi E, Peter A, Schulze MB, Fritsche A, Häring HU, Stefan N.

Diabetes Metab. 2017 Jun;43(3):229-239. doi: 10.1016/j.diabet.2016.11.006. Epub 2017 Jan 12.


Subclinical Disease Burden as Assessed by Whole-Body MRI in Subjects With Prediabetes, Subjects With Diabetes, and Normal Control Subjects From the General Population: The KORA-MRI Study.

Bamberg F, Hetterich H, Rospleszcz S, Lorbeer R, Auweter SD, Schlett CL, Schafnitzel A, Bayerl C, Schindler A, Saam T, Müller-Peltzer K, Sommer W, Zitzelsberger T, Machann J, Ingrisch M, Selder S, Rathmann W, Heier M, Linkohr B, Meisinger C, Weber C, Ertl-Wagner B, Massberg S, Reiser MF, Peters A.

Diabetes. 2017 Jan;66(1):158-169. doi: 10.2337/db16-0630. Epub 2016 Oct 10.


Nonsuppressed Glucagon After Glucose Challenge as a Potential Predictor for Glucose Tolerance.

Wagner R, Hakaste LH, Ahlqvist E, Heni M, Machann J, Schick F, Van Obberghen E, Stefan N, Gallwitz B, Tuomi T, Häring HU, Groop L, Fritsche A.

Diabetes. 2017 May;66(5):1373-1379. doi: 10.2337/db16-0354. Epub 2016 Dec 16.


Isocaloric Diets High in Animal or Plant Protein Reduce Liver Fat and Inflammation in Individuals With Type 2 Diabetes.

Markova M, Pivovarova O, Hornemann S, Sucher S, Frahnow T, Wegner K, Machann J, Petzke KJ, Hierholzer J, Lichtinghagen R, Herder C, Carstensen-Kirberg M, Roden M, Rudovich N, Klaus S, Thomann R, Schneeweiss R, Rohn S, Pfeiffer AF.

Gastroenterology. 2017 Feb;152(3):571-585.e8. doi: 10.1053/j.gastro.2016.10.007. Epub 2016 Oct 17.


Genetic Variation in the 11β-hydroxysteroid-dehydrogenase 1 Gene Determines NAFLD and Visceral Obesity.

Lutz SZ, Peter A, Machicao F, Lamprinou A, Machann J, Schick F, Königsrainer I, Königsrainer A, Fritsche A, Staiger H, Häring HU, Stefan N, Kantartzis K.

J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2016 Dec;101(12):4743-4751. Epub 2016 Oct 7.


Comparison of T1-weighted 2D TSE, 3D SPGR, and two-point 3D Dixon MRI for automated segmentation of visceral adipose tissue at 3 Tesla.

Fallah F, Machann J, Martirosian P, Bamberg F, Schick F, Yang B.

MAGMA. 2017 Apr;30(2):139-151. doi: 10.1007/s10334-016-0588-6. Epub 2016 Sep 16.


TGF-β Contributes to Impaired Exercise Response by Suppression of Mitochondrial Key Regulators in Skeletal Muscle.

Böhm A, Hoffmann C, Irmler M, Schneeweiss P, Schnauder G, Sailer C, Schmid V, Hudemann J, Machann J, Schick F, Beckers J, Hrabě de Angelis M, Staiger H, Fritsche A, Stefan N, Nieß AM, Häring HU, Weigert C.

Diabetes. 2016 Oct;65(10):2849-61. doi: 10.2337/db15-1723. Epub 2016 Jun 29.


Association between Thigh Muscle Volume and Leg Muscle Power in Older Women.

Lindemann U, Mohr C, Machann J, Blatzonis K, Rapp K, Becker C.

PLoS One. 2016 Jun 17;11(6):e0157885. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0157885. eCollection 2016.


Relationship of Serum Trimethylamine N-Oxide (TMAO) Levels with early Atherosclerosis in Humans.

Randrianarisoa E, Lehn-Stefan A, Wang X, Hoene M, Peter A, Heinzmann SS, Zhao X, Königsrainer I, Königsrainer A, Balletshofer B, Machann J, Schick F, Fritsche A, Häring HU, Xu G, Lehmann R, Stefan N.

Sci Rep. 2016 May 27;6:26745. doi: 10.1038/srep26745.


Intramyocellular lipids and their dynamics assessed by 1 H magnetic resonance spectroscopy.

Popadic Gacesa J, Schick F, Machann J, Grujic N.

Clin Physiol Funct Imaging. 2017 Nov;37(6):558-566. doi: 10.1111/cpf.12346. Epub 2016 Feb 11. Review.


Glucose-Raising Polymorphisms in the Human Clock Gene Cryptochrome 2 (CRY2) Affect Hepatic Lipid Content.

Machicao F, Peter A, Machann J, Königsrainer I, Böhm A, Lutz SZ, Heni M, Fritsche A, Schick F, Königsrainer A, Stefan N, Häring HU, Staiger H.

PLoS One. 2016 Jan 4;11(1):e0145563. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0145563. eCollection 2016.


Variation in the Phosphoinositide 3-Kinase Gamma Gene Affects Plasma HDL-Cholesterol without Modification of Metabolic or Inflammatory Markers.

Kächele M, Hennige AM, Machann J, Hieronimus A, Lamprinou A, Machicao F, Schick F, Fritsche A, Stefan N, Nürnberg B, Häring HU, Staiger H.

PLoS One. 2015 Dec 10;10(12):e0144494. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0144494. eCollection 2015.


A high-risk phenotype associates with reduced improvement in glycaemia during a lifestyle intervention in prediabetes.

Stefan N, Staiger H, Wagner R, Machann J, Schick F, Häring HU, Fritsche A.

Diabetologia. 2015 Dec;58(12):2877-84. doi: 10.1007/s00125-015-3760-z. Epub 2015 Sep 24.


A fully automatic reference deconvolution strategy to increase the accuracy of in vivo lipid signal quantification.

Mauch L, Steidle G, Machann J, Yang B, Schick F.

Magn Reson Med. 2016 Apr;75(4):1391-401. doi: 10.1002/mrm.25678. Epub 2015 May 18.


Selective insulin resistance in homeostatic and cognitive control brain areas in overweight and obese adults.

Kullmann S, Heni M, Veit R, Scheffler K, Machann J, Häring HU, Fritsche A, Preissl H.

Diabetes Care. 2015 Jun;38(6):1044-50. doi: 10.2337/dc14-2319. Epub 2015 Mar 20.


[Liver volume, intrahepatic fat and body weight in the course of a lifestyle interventional study: Analysis with quantitative MR-based methods].

Bongers MN, Stefan N, Fritsche A, Häring HU, Nikolaou K, Schick F, Machann J.

Radiologe. 2015 Apr;55(4):323-8. doi: 10.1007/s00117-014-2722-7. German.


Reduced cortical thickness associated with visceral fat and BMI.

Veit R, Kullmann S, Heni M, Machann J, Häring HU, Fritsche A, Preissl H.

Neuroimage Clin. 2014 Sep 26;6:307-11. doi: 10.1016/j.nicl.2014.09.013. eCollection 2014.

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