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BMC Res Notes. 2016 Aug 15;9(1):407. doi: 10.1186/s13104-016-2210-4.

Case report: Weil's disease with multiple organ failure in a child living in dengue endemic area.

Author information

1
Tangerang District Hospital, Tangerang, Indonesia.
2
Kariadi Hospital, Semarang, Indonesia.
3
Indonesia Research Partnership on Infectious Diseases (INA-RESPOND), Jakarta, Indonesia.
4
National Institute of Health Research and Development (NIHRD), Jakarta, Indonesia.
5
Indonesia Research Partnership on Infectious Diseases (INA-RESPOND), Jakarta, Indonesia. hermaninarespond@gmail.com.
6
US, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Disease, Bethesda, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

There were few reports in the literature of Weil's disease with multiple organ failures, especially in children living in dengue endemic areas.

CASE PRESENTATION:

A 12-year-old child was admitted to Tangerang district hospital with a provisional diagnosis of dengue infection. On the third day of hospitalization, dengue diagnostic tests were negative. As fever still remained and was followed by jaundice, decreasing hemoglobin, increasing bilirubin with abnormal value of liver enzymes; other causes of disease were investigated. Leptospirosis was confirmed by rapid IgM test (SD(®)) for leptospira; and micro-agglutination test which indicated Leptospira serogroup bataviae infection. The patient developed Weil's disease during the course of illness. Renal function was back to normal on the 21st day of hospitalization, while hemoglobin and bilirubin returned to normal three weeks after discharged.

CONCLUSIONS:

Our report highlights the importance of considering leptospirosis as a differential diagnosis in children with acute febrile illness; even when the signs and symptoms for the more common diagnoses such as dengue or typhoid fever were pathognomonic. A normal leukocyte count with neutrophilia and negative dengue NS1, dengue IgM, and Salmonella typhi IgM on admission should raise suspicion of leptospirosis, and prompt diagnostic assays for leptospirosis should be conducted.

KEYWORDS:

Children; Dengue; Leptospirosis; Weil’s disease

PMID:
27528203
PMCID:
PMC4986206
DOI:
10.1186/s13104-016-2210-4
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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