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Dietary carbohydrate rather than protein intake drives colonic microbial fermentation during weight loss.

Gratz SW, Hazim S, Richardson AJ, Scobbie L, Johnstone AM, Fyfe C, Holtrop G, Lobley GE, Russell WR.

Eur J Nutr. 2019 Apr;58(3):1147-1158. doi: 10.1007/s00394-018-1629-x. Epub 2018 Feb 20.


Whole-body and splanchnic amino acid metabolism in sheep during an acute endotoxin challenge.

McNeil CJ, Hoskin SO, Bremner DM, Holtrop G, Lobley GE.

Br J Nutr. 2016 Jul;116(2):211-22. doi: 10.1017/S0007114516001860. Epub 2016 May 18.


Circulating amino acids in blood plasma during the peripartal period in dairy cows with different liver functionality index.

Zhou Z, Loor JJ, Piccioli-Cappelli F, Librandi F, Lobley GE, Trevisi E.

J Dairy Sci. 2016 Mar;99(3):2257-2267. doi: 10.3168/jds.2015-9805. Epub 2016 Jan 6.


Responses in whole-body amino acid kinetics to an acute, sub-clinical endotoxin challenge in lambs.

Hoskin SO, Bremner DM, Holtrop G, Lobley GE.

Br J Nutr. 2016 Feb 28;115(4):576-84. doi: 10.1017/S0007114515004894. Epub 2015 Dec 14.


Fish oil supplemented for 9 months does not improve glycaemic control or insulin sensitivity in subjects with impaired glucose regulation: a parallel randomised controlled trial.

Clark LF, Thivierge MC, Kidd CA, McGeoch SC, Abraham P, Pearson DW, Horgan GW, Holtrop G, Thies F, Lobley GE.

Br J Nutr. 2016 Jan 14;115(1):75-86. doi: 10.1017/S0007114515004274. Epub 2015 Nov 5.


Imposed rate and extent of weight loss in obese men and adaptive changes in resting and total energy expenditure.

Siervo M, Faber P, Lara J, Gibney ER, Milne E, Ritz P, Lobley GE, Elia M, Stubbs RJ, Johnstone AM.

Metabolism. 2015 Aug;64(8):896-904. doi: 10.1016/j.metabol.2015.03.011. Epub 2015 Apr 8.


Responses in gut hormones and hunger to diets with either high protein or a mixture of protein plus free amino acids supplied under weight-loss conditions.

Lobley GE, Holtrop G, Horgan GW, Bremner DM, Fyfe C, Johnstone AM.

Br J Nutr. 2015 Apr 28;113(8):1254-70. doi: 10.1017/S0007114515000069. Epub 2015 Mar 26.


Impact of diet and individual variation on intestinal microbiota composition and fermentation products in obese men.

Salonen A, Lahti L, Salojärvi J, Holtrop G, Korpela K, Duncan SH, Date P, Farquharson F, Johnstone AM, Lobley GE, Louis P, Flint HJ, de Vos WM.

ISME J. 2014 Nov;8(11):2218-30. doi: 10.1038/ismej.2014.63. Epub 2014 Apr 24.


Oat-enriched diet reduces inflammatory status assessed by circulating cell-derived microparticle concentrations in type 2 diabetes.

Zhang X, McGeoch SC, Megson IL, MacRury SM, Johnstone AM, Abraham P, Pearson DW, de Roos B, Holtrop G, O'Kennedy N, Lobley GE.

Mol Nutr Food Res. 2014 Jun;58(6):1322-32. doi: 10.1002/mnfr.201300820. Epub 2014 Mar 7.


Measurement of body composition changes during weight loss in obese men using multi-frequency bioelectrical impedance analysis and multi-compartment models.

Johnstone AM, Faber P, Gibney ER, Lobley GE, Stubbs RJ, Siervo M.

Obes Res Clin Pract. 2014 Jan-Feb;8(1):e46-54. doi: 10.1016/j.orcp.2012.07.006.


Glucose uptake by the brain on chronic high-protein weight-loss diets with either moderate or low amounts of carbohydrate.

Lobley GE, Johnstone AM, Fyfe C, Horgan GW, Holtrop G, Bremner DM, Broom I, Schweiger L, Welch A.

Br J Nutr. 2014 Feb;111(4):586-97. doi: 10.1017/S0007114513002900.


Platelet-derived microparticle count and surface molecule expression differ between subjects with and without type 2 diabetes, independently of obesity status.

Zhang X, McGeoch SC, Johnstone AM, Holtrop G, Sneddon AA, MacRury SM, Megson IL, Pearson DW, Abraham P, De Roos B, Lobley GE, O'Kennedy N.

J Thromb Thrombolysis. 2014 May;37(4):455-63. doi: 10.1007/s11239-013-1000-2.


A randomized crossover study to assess the effect of an oat-rich diet on glycaemic control, plasma lipids and postprandial glycaemia, inflammation and oxidative stress in Type 2 diabetes.

McGeoch SC, Johnstone AM, Lobley GE, Adamson J, Hickson K, Holtrop G, Fyfe C, Clark LF, Pearson DW, Abraham P, Megson IL, MacRury SM.

Diabet Med. 2013 Nov;30(11):1314-23. doi: 10.1111/dme.12228. Epub 2013 Jun 22.


Triennial Lactation Symposium: Mammary metabolism of amino acids in dairy cows.

Lapierre H, Lobley GE, Doepel L, Raggio G, Rulquin H, Lemosquet S.

J Anim Sci. 2012 May;90(5):1708-21. doi: 10.2527/jas.2011-4645. Review.


Effects of methyl-deficient diets on methionine and homocysteine metabolism in the pregnant rat.

Wilson FA, Holtrop G, Calder AG, Anderson SE, Lobley GE, Rees WD.

Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab. 2012 Jun 15;302(12):E1531-40. doi: 10.1152/ajpendo.00668.2011. Epub 2012 Mar 27.


Phylogenetic distribution of genes encoding β-glucuronidase activity in human colonic bacteria and the impact of diet on faecal glycosidase activities.

McIntosh FM, Maison N, Holtrop G, Young P, Stevens VJ, Ince J, Johnstone AM, Lobley GE, Flint HJ, Louis P.

Environ Microbiol. 2012 Aug;14(8):1876-87. doi: 10.1111/j.1462-2920.2012.02711.x. Epub 2012 Feb 24.


Food intake and dietary glycaemic index in free-living adults with and without type 2 diabetes mellitus.

McGeoch SC, Holtrop G, Fyfe C, Lobley GE, Pearson DW, Abraham P, Megson IL, Macrury SM, Johnstone AM.

Nutrients. 2011 Jun;3(6):683-93. doi: 10.3390/nu3060683. Epub 2011 Jun 9.


Anabolic signaling and protein deposition are enhanced by intermittent compared with continuous feeding in skeletal muscle of neonates.

El-Kadi SW, Suryawan A, Gazzaneo MC, Srivastava N, Orellana RA, Nguyen HV, Lobley GE, Davis TA.

Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab. 2012 Mar 15;302(6):E674-86. doi: 10.1152/ajpendo.00516.2011. Epub 2012 Jan 3.


Is D-methionine bioavailable to the dairy cow?

Lapierre H, Holtrop G, Calder AG, Renaud J, Lobley GE.

J Dairy Sci. 2012 Jan;95(1):353-62. doi: 10.3168/jds.2011-4553.


Effects of a high-protein, low-carbohydrate v. high-protein, moderate-carbohydrate weight-loss diet on antioxidant status, endothelial markers and plasma indices of the cardiometabolic profile.

Johnstone AM, Lobley GE, Horgan GW, Bremner DM, Fyfe CL, Morrice PC, Duthie GG.

Br J Nutr. 2011 Jul;106(2):282-91. doi: 10.1017/S0007114511000092.


Rates of production and utilization of lactate by microbial communities from the human colon.

Belenguer A, Holtrop G, Duncan SH, Anderson SE, Calder AG, Flint HJ, Lobley GE.

FEMS Microbiol Ecol. 2011 Jul;77(1):107-19. doi: 10.1111/j.1574-6941.2011.01086.x. Epub 2011 Apr 6.


High-protein, reduced-carbohydrate weight-loss diets promote metabolite profiles likely to be detrimental to colonic health.

Russell WR, Gratz SW, Duncan SH, Holtrop G, Ince J, Scobbie L, Duncan G, Johnstone AM, Lobley GE, Wallace RJ, Duthie GG, Flint HJ.

Am J Clin Nutr. 2011 May;93(5):1062-72. doi: 10.3945/ajcn.110.002188. Epub 2011 Mar 9.


Metabolism of 2-hydroxy-4-(methylthio)butanoate (HMTBA) in lactating dairy cows.

Lapierre H, Vázquez-Añón M, Parker D, Dubreuil P, Holtrop G, Lobley GE.

J Dairy Sci. 2011 Mar;94(3):1526-35. doi: 10.3168/jds.2010-3914.


Effect of litter size and bacitracin administration on tissue protein synthesis of lactating rabbit does.

Abecia L, Lobley GE, Belenguer A, Fondevila M, McEwan NR, Balcells J.

Animal. 2011 Jan;5(1):100-6. doi: 10.1017/S1751731110001631.


Effect of method of conservation of timothy on endogenous nitrogen flows in lactating dairy cows.

Ouellet DR, Berthiaume R, Holtrop G, Lobley GE, Martineau R, Lapierre H.

J Dairy Sci. 2010 Sep;93(9):4252-61. doi: 10.3168/jds.2010-3085.


Dominant and diet-responsive groups of bacteria within the human colonic microbiota.

Walker AW, Ince J, Duncan SH, Webster LM, Holtrop G, Ze X, Brown D, Stares MD, Scott P, Bergerat A, Louis P, McIntosh F, Johnstone AM, Lobley GE, Parkhill J, Flint HJ.

ISME J. 2011 Feb;5(2):220-30. doi: 10.1038/ismej.2010.118. Epub 2010 Aug 5.


Use of the cellular model of body composition to describe changes in body water compartments after total fasting, very low calorie diet and low calorie diet in obese men.

Siervo M, Faber P, Gibney ER, Lobley GE, Elia M, Stubbs RJ, Johnstone AM.

Int J Obes (Lond). 2010 May;34(5):908-18. doi: 10.1038/ijo.2010.9. Epub 2010 Feb 9.


Effects of proportions of dietary macronutrients on glucocorticoid metabolism in diet-induced obesity in rats.

Stimson RH, Lobley GE, Maraki I, Morton NM, Andrew R, Walker BR.

PLoS One. 2010 Jan 19;5(1):e8779. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0008779.


Whole-body glucose metabolism and mammary energetic nutrient metabolism in lactating dairy cows receiving digestive infusions of casein and propionic acid.

Lemosquet S, Raggio G, Lobley GE, Rulquin H, Guinard-Flament J, Lapierre H.

J Dairy Sci. 2009 Dec;92(12):6068-82. doi: 10.3168/jds.2009-2018.


Differences in splanchnic metabolism between late gestation and early lactation dairy cows.

Doepel L, Lobley GE, Bernier JF, Dubreuil P, Lapierre H.

J Dairy Sci. 2009 Jul;92(7):3233-43. doi: 10.3168/jds.2008-1595.


Responses in mammary and splanchnic metabolism to altered lysine supply in dairy cows.

Lapierre H, Doepel L, Milne E, Lobley GE.

Animal. 2009 Mar;3(3):360-71. doi: 10.1017/S1751731108003571.


Tissue methionine cycle activity and homocysteine metabolism in female rats: impact of dietary methionine and folate plus choline.

Wilson FA, van den Borne JJ, Calder AG, O'Kennedy N, Holtrop G, Rees WD, Lobley GE.

Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab. 2009 Apr;296(4):E702-13. doi: 10.1152/ajpendo.90670.2008. Epub 2009 Jan 13.


Human colonic microbiota associated with diet, obesity and weight loss.

Duncan SH, Lobley GE, Holtrop G, Ince J, Johnstone AM, Louis P, Flint HJ.

Int J Obes (Lond). 2008 Nov;32(11):1720-4. doi: 10.1038/ijo.2008.155. Epub 2008 Sep 9.


Distribution of 15N in amino acids during 15N-leucine infusion: impact on the estimation of endogenous flows in dairy cows.

Lapierre H, Ouellet DR, Berthiaume R, Martineau R, Holtrop G, Lobley GE.

J Dairy Sci. 2008 Jul;91(7):2702-14. doi: 10.3168/jds.2007-0871.


Contribution of gut microbial lysine to liver and milk amino acids in lactating does.

Abecia L, Balcells J, Fondevila M, Belenguer A, Holtrop G, Lobley GE.

Br J Nutr. 2008 Nov;100(5):977-83. doi: 10.1017/S0007114508957986. Epub 2008 Mar 12.


Protein synthesis and antioxidant capacity in aging mice: effects of long-term voluntary exercise.

Vaanholt LM, Speakman JR, Garland T Jr, Lobley GE, Visser GH.

Physiol Biochem Zool. 2008 Mar-Apr;81(2):148-57. doi: 10.1086/525289.


Effects of a high-protein ketogenic diet on hunger, appetite, and weight loss in obese men feeding ad libitum.

Johnstone AM, Horgan GW, Murison SD, Bremner DM, Lobley GE.

Am J Clin Nutr. 2008 Jan;87(1):44-55.


The effect of medicated diets and level of feeding on caecal microbiota of lactating rabbit does.

Abecia L, Fondevila M, Balcells J, Lobley GE, McEwan NR.

J Appl Microbiol. 2007 Oct;103(4):787-93.


Body fat deposition does not originate from carbohydrates in milk-fed calves.

van den Borne JJ, Lobley GE, Verstegen MW, Muijlaert JM, Alferink SJ, Gerrits WJ.

J Nutr. 2007 Oct;137(10):2234-41.


Dietary macronutrient content alters cortisol metabolism independently of body weight changes in obese men.

Stimson RH, Johnstone AM, Homer NZ, Wake DJ, Morton NM, Andrew R, Lobley GE, Walker BR.

J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2007 Nov;92(11):4480-4. Epub 2007 Sep 4.


Impact of pH on lactate formation and utilization by human fecal microbial communities.

Belenguer A, Duncan SH, Holtrop G, Anderson SE, Lobley GE, Flint HJ.

Appl Environ Microbiol. 2007 Oct;73(20):6526-33. Epub 2007 Aug 31.


Effect of glutamine supplementation on splanchnic metabolism in lactating dairy cows.

Doepel L, Lobley GE, Bernier JF, Dubreuil P, Lapierre H.

J Dairy Sci. 2007 Sep;90(9):4325-33.


Short communication: Absorption of 2-hydroxy-4-methylthiobutanoate in dairy cows.

Lapierre H, Vázquez-Añón M, Parker D, Dubreuil P, Lobley GE.

J Dairy Sci. 2007 Jun;90(6):2937-40.


Impact of high-protein diets with either moderate or low carbohydrate on weight loss, body composition, blood pressure and glucose tolerance in rats.

Lobley GE, Bremner DM, Holtrop G, Johnstone AM, Maloney C.

Br J Nutr. 2007 Jun;97(6):1099-108. Epub 2007 Mar 30.


Reduced dietary intake of carbohydrates by obese subjects results in decreased concentrations of butyrate and butyrate-producing bacteria in feces.

Duncan SH, Belenguer A, Holtrop G, Johnstone AM, Flint HJ, Lobley GE.

Appl Environ Microbiol. 2007 Feb;73(4):1073-8. Epub 2006 Dec 22.


Effect of protein supply on hepatic synthesis of plasma and constitutive proteins in lactating dairy cows.

Raggio G, Lobley GE, Berthiaume R, Pellerin D, Allard G, Dubreuil P, Lapierre H.

J Dairy Sci. 2007 Jan;90(1):352-9.


Effect of casein and propionate supply on mammary protein metabolism in lactating dairy cows.

Raggio G, Lemosquet S, Lobley GE, Rulquin H, Lapierre H.

J Dairy Sci. 2006 Nov;89(11):4340-51.


Absorption and digestive tract metabolism of 2-hydroxy-4-methylthiobutanoic acid in lambs.

Lobley GE, Wester TJ, Holtrop G, Dibner JJ, Parker DS, Vázquez-Añón M.

J Dairy Sci. 2006 Sep;89(9):3508-21.


Effect of postruminal glutamine supplementation on immune response and milk production in dairy cows.

Doepel L, Lessard M, Gagnon N, Lobley GE, Bernier JF, Dubreuil P, Lapierre H.

J Dairy Sci. 2006 Aug;89(8):3107-21.

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