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Plant Cell. 2020 Jan 30. pii: tpc.00628.2019. doi: 10.1105/tpc.19.00628. [Epub ahead of print]

Chlamydomonas CHT7 is Required for an Effective Quiescent State by Regulating Nutrient-responsive Cell Cycle Gene Expression.

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Michigan State University CITY: East Lansing STATE: Michigan United States Of America [US].
Michigan State University CITY: East Lansing STATE: Michigan POSTAL_CODE: 48814 United States Of America [US].
University of Göttingen CITY: Göttingen Germany [DE].
Univ Goettingen CITY: Goettingen Germany [DE].
Michigan State University CITY: East Lansing STATE: Michigan POSTAL_CODE: 48824-1319 United States Of America [US]


COMPROMISED HYDROLYSIS OF TRIACYLGLYCEROLS 7 (CHT7) in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii was previously shown to affect the transcription of a subset of genes during nitrogen (N)-replete growth and following N refeeding. Here, we show that an extensive derepression of genes involved in DNA metabolism and cell cycle-related processes, as well as downregulation of genes encoding oxidoreductases and nutrient transporters occurs in the cht7 mutant during N deprivation. Cellular mutant phenotypes are consistent with the observed transcriptome misregulation as cht7 cells fail to properly arrest growth, nuclear replication and cell division following N deprivation. Reduction in cht7 colony formation following N refeeding is explained by its compromised viability during N deprivation and by the occurrence of abortive divisions during N refeeding. Surprisingly, the largely unstructured C-terminal half of CHT7 with predicted protein-binding domains, but not the canonical CXC DNA-binding domain, is essential for the ability of CHT7 to form stable complexes and reverse the cellular phenotypes and transcription levels in the cht7 mutant. Hence, although lacking the presumed DNA-binding domain, CHT7 modulates the expression of cell cycle genes in response to N availability, which is essential for establishing an effective quiescent state and the coordinated resumption of growth following N refeeding.


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