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J Leukoc Biol. 2004 Aug;76(2):359-67. Epub 2004 Jun 3.

Insulin cell mass is altered in Csf1op/Csf1op macrophage-deficient mice.

Author information

1
INSERM U457, Paris, France.

Abstract

Macrophages play an important role in organ development, tissue homeostasis, and remodeling. Thus, we monitored the presence of F4/80-positive macrophages in the pancreas of wild-type mice, and some developmental features of this complex tissue were compared throughout life in wild-type and macrophage-deficient Csf1op/Csf1op (op/op) mice. The combined use of immunohistochemistry, morphometry, and cell quantification allows us to evaluate insulin and glucagon cell mass, total and insulin cell proliferation, and apoptosis in fetuses (E18.5), weanings (postnatal day 21), nonpregnant adults, and adults in late pregnancy (18.5 days). F4/80-positive macrophages were found in pancreases recovered from Csf1op/Csf1+ (op/+) mice but were extremely scarce or absent in pancreas recovered from op/op ones at all studied time-points. The macrophage-deficient op/op phenotype was clearly associated with a major insulin mass deficit in fetuses and adults, abnormal postnatal islet morphogenesis, and impaired pancreatic cell proliferation at weaning and late pregnancy. We also obtained indirect evidence of increased neogenesis in this model at time-points when pancreatic remodeling does occur. The demonstration of the colony-stimulating factor 1-dependent macrophage involvement in life-time pancreas development/remodeling allows us to pinpoint the tissue-modeling and remodeling functions of this leukocyte lineage.

PMID:
15178709
DOI:
10.1189/jlb.1103591
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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