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Response to: 'Concerns about the evidence in relation to implementation of the ProFHER trial' by Handoll et al.

Reeves K, Chan S, Marsh A, Gallier S, Wigley C, Khunti K, Lilford RJ.

BMJ Qual Saf. 2020 Feb 18. pii: bmjqs-2020-010967. doi: 10.1136/bmjqs-2020-010967. [Epub ahead of print] No abstract available.


Stakeholder views on publication bias in health services research.

Williams I, Ayorinde AA, Mannion R, Skrybant M, Song F, Lilford RJ, Chen YF.

J Health Serv Res Policy. 2020 Feb 3:1355819620902185. doi: 10.1177/1355819620902185. [Epub ahead of print] No abstract available.


Assessment of publication bias and outcome reporting bias in systematic reviews of health services and delivery research: A meta-epidemiological study.

Ayorinde AA, Williams I, Mannion R, Song F, Skrybant M, Lilford RJ, Chen YF.

PLoS One. 2020 Jan 30;15(1):e0227580. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0227580. eCollection 2020.


Randomised evaluation of government health programmes does present a challenge to standard research ethics frameworks.

Watson SI, Dixon-Woods M, Lilford RJ.

J Med Ethics. 2020 Jan;46(1):34-35. doi: 10.1136/medethics-2019-106003. Epub 2019 Dec 18.


Implementation of research evidence in orthopaedics: a tale of three trials.

Reeves K, Chan S, Marsh A, Gallier S, Wigley C, Khunti K, Lilford RJ.

BMJ Qual Saf. 2019 Nov 27. pii: bmjqs-2019-010056. doi: 10.1136/bmjqs-2019-010056. [Epub ahead of print]


Revising ethical guidance for the evaluation of programmes and interventions not initiated by researchers.

Watson SI, Dixon-Woods M, Taylor CA, Wroe EB, Dunbar EL, Chilton PJ, Lilford RJ.

J Med Ethics. 2020 Jan;46(1):26-30. doi: 10.1136/medethics-2018-105263. Epub 2019 Sep 3.


Randomised controlled trial of a theory-based intervention to prompt front-line staff to take up the seasonal influenza vaccine.

Schmidtke KA, Nightingale PG, Reeves K, Gallier S, Vlaev I, Watson SI, Lilford RJ.

BMJ Qual Saf. 2020 Mar;29(3):189-197. doi: 10.1136/bmjqs-2019-009775. Epub 2019 Aug 5.


Ranking Hospitals Based on Preventable Hospital Death Rates: A Systematic Review With Implications for Both Direct Measurement and Indirect Measurement Through Standardized Mortality Rates.

Manaseki-Holland S, Lilford RJ, Te AP, Chen YF, Gupta KK, Chilton PJ, Hofer TP.

Milbank Q. 2019 Mar;97(1):228-284. doi: 10.1111/1468-0009.12375.


Reporting of stepped wedge cluster randomised trials: extension of the CONSORT 2010 statement with explanation and elaboration.

Hemming K, Taljaard M, McKenzie JE, Hooper R, Copas A, Thompson JA, Dixon-Woods M, Aldcroft A, Doussau A, Grayling M, Kristunas C, Goldstein CE, Campbell MK, Girling A, Eldridge S, Campbell MJ, Lilford RJ, Weijer C, Forbes AB, Grimshaw JM.

BMJ. 2018 Nov 9;363:k1614. doi: 10.1136/bmj.k1614. No abstract available.


The predictive validity of the Living Goods selection tools for community health workers in Kenya: cohort study.

Taylor CA, Lilford RJ, Wroe E, Griffiths F, Ngechu R.

BMC Health Serv Res. 2018 Oct 20;18(1):803. doi: 10.1186/s12913-018-3620-x.


Sicker patients account for the weekend mortality effect among adult emergency admissions to a large hospital trust.

Sun J, Girling AJ, Aldridge C, Evison F, Beet C, Boyal A, Rudge G, Lilford RJ, Bion J.

BMJ Qual Saf. 2019 Mar;28(3):223-230. doi: 10.1136/bmjqs-2018-008219. Epub 2018 Oct 9.


Formative evaluation of a training intervention for community health workers in South Africa: A before and after study.

Plowright A, Taylor C, Davies D, Sartori J, Hundt GL, Lilford RJ.

PLoS One. 2018 Sep 24;13(9):e0202817. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0202817. eCollection 2018.


Evaluating the impact of a community health worker programme on non-communicable disease, malnutrition, tuberculosis, family planning and antenatal care in Neno, Malawi: protocol for a stepped-wedge, cluster randomised controlled trial.

Dunbar EL, Wroe EB, Nhlema B, Kachimanga C, Gupta R, Taylor C, Michaelis A, Cundale K, Dullie L, Jumbe A, Nazimera L, McBain R, Lilford RJ, Watson SI.

BMJ Open. 2018 Jul 13;8(7):e019473. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2017-019473.


Cost-effectiveness of health care service delivery interventions in low and middle income countries: a systematic review.

Watson SI, Sahota H, Taylor CA, Chen YF, Lilford RJ.

Glob Health Res Policy. 2018 Jun 8;3:17. doi: 10.1186/s41256-018-0073-z. eCollection 2018. Review.


The capacity of health service commissioners to use evidence: a case study.

Currie G, Croft C, Chen Y, Kiefer T, Staniszewska S, Lilford RJ.

Southampton (UK): NIHR Journals Library; 2018 Mar.


Economic analysis of service and delivery interventions in health care.

Sutton M, Garfield-Birkbeck S, Martin G, Meacock R, Morris S, Sculpher M, Street A, Watson SI, Lilford RJ.

Southampton (UK): NIHR Journals Library; 2018 Feb.


Protocol for the health economic evaluation of increasing the weekend specialist to patient ratio in hospitals in England.

Watson SI, Chen YF, Bion JF, Aldridge CP, Girling A, Lilford RJ; HiSLAC Collaboration.

BMJ Open. 2018 Feb 23;8(2):e015561. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2016-015561.


Prevalence of Middle Ear Infections and Associated Risk Factors in Children under 5 Years in Gasabo District of Kigali City, Rwanda.

Mukara KB, Lilford RJ, Tucci DL, Waiswa P.

Int J Pediatr. 2017;2017:4280583. doi: 10.1155/2017/4280583. Epub 2017 Dec 3.


Appropriateness of clinical severity classification of new WHO childhood pneumonia guidance: a multi-hospital, retrospective, cohort study.

Agweyu A, Lilford RJ, English M; Clinical Information Network Author Group.

Lancet Glob Health. 2018 Jan;6(1):e74-e83. doi: 10.1016/S2214-109X(17)30448-5.


Implementation science at the crossroads.

Lilford RJ.

BMJ Qual Saf. 2018 Apr;27(4):331-332. doi: 10.1136/bmjqs-2017-007502. Epub 2017 Nov 28. No abstract available.


Comparable outcomes among trial and nontrial participants in a clinical trial of antibiotics for childhood pneumonia: a retrospective cohort study.

Agweyu A, Oliwa J, Gathara D, Muinga N, Allen E, Lilford RJ, English M.

J Clin Epidemiol. 2018 Feb;94:1-7. doi: 10.1016/j.jclinepi.2017.10.016. Epub 2017 Oct 31.


Adaption, implementation and evaluation of collaborative service improvements in the testing and result communication process in primary care from patient and staff perspectives: a qualitative study.

Litchfield IJ, Bentham LM, Lilford RJ, McManus RJ, Hill A, Greenfield S.

BMC Health Serv Res. 2017 Aug 30;17(1):615. doi: 10.1186/s12913-017-2566-8.



van Nimwegen KJM, Lilford RJ, van der Wilt GJ, Grutters JPC.

Int J Technol Assess Health Care. 2017 Jan;33(1):5-10. doi: 10.1017/S0266462317000046. Epub 2017 May 30.


A Systematic Review of the Prevalence and Types of Adverse Events in Interfacility Critical Care Transfers by Paramedics.

Alabdali A, Fisher JD, Trivedy C, Lilford RJ.

Air Med J. 2017 May - Jun;36(3):116-121. doi: 10.1016/j.amj.2017.01.011. Epub 2017 Mar 22. Review.


Mortality decrease according to socioeconomic groups.

Watson SI, Lilford RJ.

Lancet. 2017 May 6;389(10081):1794-1795. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(17)31157-1. Epub 2017 May 4. No abstract available.


Evidence synthesis and decision modelling to support complex decisions: stockpiling neuraminidase inhibitors for pandemic influenza usage.

Watson SI, Chen YF, Nguyen-Van-Tam JS, Myles PR, Venkatesan S, Zambon M, Uthman O, Chilton PJ, Lilford RJ.

Version 2. F1000Res. 2016 Sep 12 [revised 2017 Jan 1];5:2293. doi: 10.12688/f1000research.9414.2. eCollection 2016.


Contextual factors associated with health care service utilization for children with acute childhood illnesses in Nigeria.

Adedokun ST, Adekanmbi VT, Uthman OA, Lilford RJ.

PLoS One. 2017 Mar 15;12(3):e0173578. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0173578. eCollection 2017.


Erratum to: Sample size calculations for cluster randomised controlled trials with a fixed number of clusters.

Hemming K, Girling AJ, Sitch AJ, Marsh J, Lilford RJ.

BMC Med Res Methodol. 2017 Jan 19;17(1):8. doi: 10.1186/s12874-017-0292-x. No abstract available.


Erratum to: The impact of user fees on health services utilization and infectious disease diagnoses in Neno District, Malawi: a longitudinal, quasi-experimental study.

Watson SI, Wroe EB, Dunbar EL, Mukherjee J, Squire SB, Nazimera L, Dullie L, Lilford RJ.

BMC Health Serv Res. 2016 Nov 4;16(1):629. No abstract available.


The impact of user fees on health services utilization and infectious disease diagnoses in Neno District, Malawi: a longitudinal, quasi-experimental study.

Watson SI, Wroe EB, Dunbar EL, Mukherjee J, Squire SB, Nazimera L, Dullie L, Lilford RJ.

BMC Health Serv Res. 2016 Oct 20;16(1):595. Erratum in: BMC Health Serv Res. 2016 Nov 4;16(1):629.


The history, geography, and sociology of slums and the health problems of people who live in slums.

Ezeh A, Oyebode O, Satterthwaite D, Chen YF, Ndugwa R, Sartori J, Mberu B, Melendez-Torres GJ, Haregu T, Watson SI, Caiaffa W, Capon A, Lilford RJ.

Lancet. 2017 Feb 4;389(10068):547-558. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(16)31650-6. Epub 2016 Oct 16. Review.


Improving the health and welfare of people who live in slums.

Lilford RJ, Oyebode O, Satterthwaite D, Melendez-Torres GJ, Chen YF, Mberu B, Watson SI, Sartori J, Ndugwa R, Caiaffa W, Haregu T, Capon A, Saith R, Ezeh A.

Lancet. 2017 Feb 4;389(10068):559-570. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(16)31848-7. Epub 2016 Oct 16. Review.


Post-sanctions era in Iran: opportunity for science and publication.

Adab P, Mavaddat N, Lee C, Foroughi M, Lilford RJ.

Lancet. 2016 Jul 2;388(10039):28-9. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(16)30897-2. No abstract available.


Reviewing deaths in British and US hospitals: a study of two scales for assessing preventability.

Manaseki-Holland S, Lilford RJ, Bishop JRB, Girling AJ, Chen YF, Chilton PJ, Hofer TP; UK Case Note Review Group.

BMJ Qual Saf. 2017 May;26(5):408-416. doi: 10.1136/bmjqs-2015-004849. Epub 2016 Jun 22.


Challenges, solutions and future directions in the evaluation of service innovations in health care and public health.

Raine R, Fitzpatrick R, Barratt H, Bevan G, Black N, Boaden R, Bower P, Campbell M, Denis JL, Devers K, Dixon-Woods M, Fallowfield L, Forder J, Foy R, Freemantle N, Fulop NJ, Gibbons E, Gillies C, Goulding L, Grieve R, Grimshaw J, Howarth E, Lilford RJ, McDonald R, Moore G, Moore L, Newhouse R, O’Cathain A, Or Z, Papoutsi C, Prady S, Rycroft-Malone J, Sekhon J, Turner S, Watson SI, Zwarenstein M.

Southampton (UK): NIHR Journals Library; 2016 May.


Considering chance in quality and safety performance measures: an analysis of performance reports by boards in English NHS trusts.

Schmidtke KA, Poots AJ, Carpio J, Vlaev I, Kandala NB, Lilford RJ.

BMJ Qual Saf. 2017 Jan;26(1):61-69. doi: 10.1136/bmjqs-2015-004967. Epub 2016 Mar 31.


Use of traditional medicine in middle-income countries: a WHO-SAGE study.

Oyebode O, Kandala NB, Chilton PJ, Lilford RJ.

Health Policy Plan. 2016 Oct;31(8):984-91. doi: 10.1093/heapol/czw022. Epub 2016 Mar 30.


Salt Reduction Interventions in Sub-Saharan Africa: A Systematic Review.

Muthuri SK, Oti SO, Lilford RJ, Oyebode O.

PLoS One. 2016 Mar 10;11(3):e0149680. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0149680. eCollection 2016. Review.


Salt intakes in sub-Saharan Africa: a systematic review and meta-regression.

Oyebode O, Oti S, Chen YF, Lilford RJ.

Popul Health Metr. 2016 Jan 11;14:1. doi: 10.1186/s12963-015-0068-7. eCollection 2016.


Secular trends and evaluation of complex interventions: the rising tide phenomenon.

Chen YF, Hemming K, Stevens AJ, Lilford RJ.

BMJ Qual Saf. 2016 May;25(5):303-10. doi: 10.1136/bmjqs-2015-004372. Epub 2015 Oct 6. Review.


The ubiquitous weekend effect: moving past proving it exists to clarifying what causes it.

Lilford RJ, Chen YF.

BMJ Qual Saf. 2015 Aug;24(8):480-2. doi: 10.1136/bmjqs-2015-004360. Epub 2015 Jun 29. No abstract available.


Identification of Extracolonic Pathologies by Computed Tomographic Colonography in Colorectal Cancer Symptomatic Patients.

Halligan S, Wooldrage K, Dadswell E, Shah U, Kralj-Hans I, von Wagner C, Faiz O, Teare J, Edwards R, Kay C, Yao G, Lilford RJ, Morton D, Wardle J, Atkin W; SIGGAR Investigators.

Gastroenterology. 2015 Jul;149(1):89-101.e5. doi: 10.1053/j.gastro.2015.03.011. Epub 2015 Mar 18.


Patient perspectives on test result communication in primary care: a qualitative study.

Litchfield IJ, Bentham LM, Lilford RJ, McManus RJ, Greenfield SM.

Br J Gen Pract. 2015 Mar;65(632):e133-40. doi: 10.3399/bjgp15X683929.


A qualitative exploration of the motives behind the decision to order a liver function test in primary care.

Litchfield IJ, Lilford RJ, Bentham LM, Greenfield SM.

Qual Prim Care. 2014;22(4):201-10.


The stepped wedge cluster randomised trial: rationale, design, analysis, and reporting.

Hemming K, Haines TP, Chilton PJ, Girling AJ, Lilford RJ.

BMJ. 2015 Feb 6;350:h391. doi: 10.1136/bmj.h391. Review. No abstract available.


An approach to prioritization of medical devices in low-income countries: an example based on the Republic of South Sudan.

Lilford RJ, Burn SL, Diaconu KD, Lilford P, Chilton PJ, Bion V, Cummins C, Manaseki-Holland S.

Cost Eff Resour Alloc. 2015 Jan 10;13(1):2. doi: 10.1186/s12962-014-0027-3. eCollection 2015.


Peri-operative pulse oximetry in low-income countries: a cost-effectiveness analysis.

Burn SL, Chilton PJ, Gawande AA, Lilford RJ.

Bull World Health Organ. 2014 Dec 1;92(12):858-67. doi: 10.2471/BLT.14.137315. Epub 2014 Sep 24. Review.


A multistudy analysis investigating systematic differences in cardiovascular trial results between Europe and Asia.

Hartley LC, Girling AJ, Bowater RJ, Lilford RJ.

J Epidemiol Community Health. 2015 Apr;69(4):397-404. doi: 10.1136/jech-2013-203646. Epub 2014 Dec 5. Review.


The systemic immune response to trauma: an overview of pathophysiology and treatment.

Lord JM, Midwinter MJ, Chen YF, Belli A, Brohi K, Kovacs EJ, Koenderman L, Kubes P, Lilford RJ.

Lancet. 2014 Oct 18;384(9952):1455-65. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(14)60687-5. Epub 2014 Oct 17. Review.

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