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Response to: 'Concerns about the evidence in relation to implementation of the ProFHER trial' by Handoll et al.

Reeves K, Chan S, Marsh A, Gallier S, Wigley C, Khunti K, Lilford RJ.

BMJ Qual Saf. 2020 Feb 18. pii: bmjqs-2020-010967. doi: 10.1136/bmjqs-2020-010967. [Epub ahead of print] No abstract available.


Stakeholder views on publication bias in health services research.

Williams I, Ayorinde AA, Mannion R, Skrybant M, Song F, Lilford RJ, Chen YF.

J Health Serv Res Policy. 2020 Feb 3:1355819620902185. doi: 10.1177/1355819620902185. [Epub ahead of print] No abstract available.


Assessment of publication bias and outcome reporting bias in systematic reviews of health services and delivery research: A meta-epidemiological study.

Ayorinde AA, Williams I, Mannion R, Song F, Skrybant M, Lilford RJ, Chen YF.

PLoS One. 2020 Jan 30;15(1):e0227580. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0227580. eCollection 2020.


Randomised evaluation of government health programmes does present a challenge to standard research ethics frameworks.

Watson SI, Dixon-Woods M, Lilford RJ.

J Med Ethics. 2020 Jan;46(1):34-35. doi: 10.1136/medethics-2019-106003. Epub 2019 Dec 18.


Implementation of research evidence in orthopaedics: a tale of three trials.

Reeves K, Chan S, Marsh A, Gallier S, Wigley C, Khunti K, Lilford RJ.

BMJ Qual Saf. 2019 Nov 27. pii: bmjqs-2019-010056. doi: 10.1136/bmjqs-2019-010056. [Epub ahead of print]


Patient and healthcare provider knowledge, attitudes and barriers to handover and healthcare communication during chronic disease inpatient care in India: a qualitative exploratory study.

Humphries C, Jaganathan S, Panniyammakal J, Singh SK, Goenka S, Dorairaj P, Gill P, Greenfield S, Lilford R, Manaseki-Holland S.

BMJ Open. 2019 Nov 11;9(11):e028199. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2018-028199.


Case study of a method of development of a selection process for community health workers in sub-Saharan Africa.

Brown C, Lilford R, Griffiths F, Oppong-Darko P, Ndambo M, Okoh-Owusu M, Wroe E.

Hum Resour Health. 2019 Oct 25;17(1):75. doi: 10.1186/s12960-019-0412-2.


A national quality improvement programme to improve survival after emergency abdominal surgery: the EPOCH stepped-wedge cluster RCT.

Peden CJ, Stephens T, Martin G, Kahan BC, Thomson A, Everingham K, Kocman D, Lourtie J, Drake S, Girling A, Lilford R, Rivett K, Wells D, Mahajan R, Holt P, Yang F, Walker S, Richardson G, Kerry S, Anderson I, Murray D, Cromwell D, Phull M, Grocott MPW, Bion J, Pearse RM; the EPOCH trial group .

Southampton (UK): NIHR Journals Library; 2019 Sep.


Outcomes Following an Index Emergency Admission With Cholecystitis: A National Cohort Study.

Mytton J, Daliya P, Singh P, Parsons SL, Lobo DN, Lilford R, Vohra RS.

Ann Surg. 2019 Sep 16. doi: 10.1097/SLA.0000000000003599. [Epub ahead of print]


Revising ethical guidance for the evaluation of programmes and interventions not initiated by researchers.

Watson SI, Dixon-Woods M, Taylor CA, Wroe EB, Dunbar EL, Chilton PJ, Lilford RJ.

J Med Ethics. 2020 Jan;46(1):26-30. doi: 10.1136/medethics-2018-105263. Epub 2019 Sep 3.


Randomised controlled trial of a theory-based intervention to prompt front-line staff to take up the seasonal influenza vaccine.

Schmidtke KA, Nightingale PG, Reeves K, Gallier S, Vlaev I, Watson SI, Lilford RJ.

BMJ Qual Saf. 2020 Mar;29(3):189-197. doi: 10.1136/bmjqs-2019-009775. Epub 2019 Aug 5.


Patient experience and reflective learning (PEARL): a mixed methods protocol for staff insight development in acute and intensive care medicine in the UK.

Brookes O, Brown C, Tarrant C, Archer J, Buckley D, Buckley LM, Clement I, Evison F, Gao Smith F, Gibbins C, Hayton E, Jones J, Lilford R, Mullhi R, Packer G, Perkins G, Shelton J, Snelson C, Sullivan P, Vlaev I, Wolstenholme D, Wright SE, Bion J; On-behalf-of the PEARL Collaboration.

BMJ Open. 2019 Jul 24;9(7):e030679. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2019-030679.


Magnitude and modifiers of the weekend effect in hospital admissions: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Chen YF, Armoiry X, Higenbottam C, Cowley N, Basra R, Watson SI, Tarrant C, Boyal A, Sutton E, Wu CW, Aldridge CP, Gosling A, Lilford R, Bion J.

BMJ Open. 2019 Jun 4;9(6):e025764. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2018-025764. Erratum in: BMJ Open. 2019 Jun 27;9(6):e025764corr1.


Because space matters: conceptual framework to help distinguish slum from non-slum urban areas.

Lilford R, Kyobutungi C, Ndugwa R, Sartori J, Watson SI, Sliuzas R, Kuffer M, Hofer T, Porto de Albuquerque J, Ezeh A.

BMJ Glob Health. 2019 Apr 11;4(2):e001267. doi: 10.1136/bmjgh-2018-001267. eCollection 2019. Review.


Can universal patient-held health booklets promote continuity of care and patient-centred care in low-resource countries? The case of Mongolia.

Ibrahim H, Munkhbayar U, Toivgoo A, Humphries C, Ochir C, Narula IS, Lilford R, Manaseki-Holland S.

BMJ Qual Saf. 2019 Sep;28(9):729-740. doi: 10.1136/bmjqs-2018-008941. Epub 2019 Apr 26.


Using recruitment and selection to build a primary care workforce for the future.

Brown C, McManus C, Davison I, Gill P, Lilford R.

Educ Prim Care. 2019 May;30(3):128-132. doi: 10.1080/14739879.2019.1588787. Epub 2019 Apr 4.


Ranking Hospitals Based on Preventable Hospital Death Rates: A Systematic Review With Implications for Both Direct Measurement and Indirect Measurement Through Standardized Mortality Rates.

Manaseki-Holland S, Lilford RJ, Te AP, Chen YF, Gupta KK, Chilton PJ, Hofer TP.

Milbank Q. 2019 Mar;97(1):228-284. doi: 10.1111/1468-0009.12375.


Prioritising allocation of donor human breast milk amongst very low birthweight infants in middle-income countries.

Taylor C, Joolay Y, Buckle A, Lilford R.

Matern Child Nutr. 2018 Dec;14 Suppl 6:e12595. doi: 10.1111/mcn.12595.


Investigating clinical handover and healthcare communication for outpatients with chronic disease in India: A mixed-methods study.

Humphries C, Jaganathan S, Panniyammakal J, Singh S, Goenka S, Dorairaj P, Gill P, Greenfield S, Lilford R, Manaseki-Holland S.

PLoS One. 2018 Dec 5;13(12):e0207511. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0207511. eCollection 2018.


The impact of status and social context on health service co-design: an example from a collaborative improvement initiative in UK primary care.

Litchfield I, Bentham L, Hill A, McManus RJ, Lilford R, Greenfield S.

BMC Med Res Methodol. 2018 Nov 16;18(1):136. doi: 10.1186/s12874-018-0608-5.


Reporting of stepped wedge cluster randomised trials: extension of the CONSORT 2010 statement with explanation and elaboration.

Hemming K, Taljaard M, McKenzie JE, Hooper R, Copas A, Thompson JA, Dixon-Woods M, Aldcroft A, Doussau A, Grayling M, Kristunas C, Goldstein CE, Campbell MK, Girling A, Eldridge S, Campbell MJ, Lilford RJ, Weijer C, Forbes AB, Grimshaw JM.

BMJ. 2018 Nov 9;363:k1614. doi: 10.1136/bmj.k1614. No abstract available.


The predictive validity of the Living Goods selection tools for community health workers in Kenya: cohort study.

Taylor CA, Lilford RJ, Wroe E, Griffiths F, Ngechu R.

BMC Health Serv Res. 2018 Oct 20;18(1):803. doi: 10.1186/s12913-018-3620-x.


Sicker patients account for the weekend mortality effect among adult emergency admissions to a large hospital trust.

Sun J, Girling AJ, Aldridge C, Evison F, Beet C, Boyal A, Rudge G, Lilford RJ, Bion J.

BMJ Qual Saf. 2019 Mar;28(3):223-230. doi: 10.1136/bmjqs-2018-008219. Epub 2018 Oct 9.


Formative evaluation of a training intervention for community health workers in South Africa: A before and after study.

Plowright A, Taylor C, Davies D, Sartori J, Hundt GL, Lilford RJ.

PLoS One. 2018 Sep 24;13(9):e0202817. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0202817. eCollection 2018.


Assessing the long-term effectiveness of interferon-beta and glatiramer acetate in multiple sclerosis: final 10-year results from the UK multiple sclerosis risk-sharing scheme.

Palace J, Duddy M, Lawton M, Bregenzer T, Zhu F, Boggild M, Piske B, Robertson NP, Oger J, Tremlett H, Tilling K, Ben-Shlomo Y, Lilford R, Dobson C.

J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 2019 Mar;90(3):251-260. doi: 10.1136/jnnp-2018-318360. Epub 2018 Sep 21.


Cardiovascular, cancer and mortality events after bariatric surgery in people with and without pre-existing diabetes: A nationwide study.

Dhalwani NN, Zaccardi F, Waheed H, Mytton J, Papamargaritis D, Webb DR, Evison F, Lilford R, Davies MJ, Khunti K.

J Diabetes. 2019 Apr;11(4):265-272. doi: 10.1111/1753-0407.12851. Epub 2018 Oct 7.


Evaluating the impact of a community health worker programme on non-communicable disease, malnutrition, tuberculosis, family planning and antenatal care in Neno, Malawi: protocol for a stepped-wedge, cluster randomised controlled trial.

Dunbar EL, Wroe EB, Nhlema B, Kachimanga C, Gupta R, Taylor C, Michaelis A, Cundale K, Dullie L, Jumbe A, Nazimera L, McBain R, Lilford RJ, Watson SI.

BMJ Open. 2018 Jul 13;8(7):e019473. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2017-019473.


Cost-effectiveness of health care service delivery interventions in low and middle income countries: a systematic review.

Watson SI, Sahota H, Taylor CA, Chen YF, Lilford RJ.

Glob Health Res Policy. 2018 Jun 8;3:17. doi: 10.1186/s41256-018-0073-z. eCollection 2018. Review.


Statin use and all-cause mortality in people living with HIV: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Uthman OA, Nduka C, Watson SI, Mills EJ, Kengne AP, Jaffar SS, Clarke A, Moradi T, Ekström AM, Lilford R.

BMC Infect Dis. 2018 Jun 5;18(1):258. doi: 10.1186/s12879-018-3162-1.


Quality of Health Care for Children in Australia, 2012-2013.

Braithwaite J, Hibbert PD, Jaffe A, White L, Cowell CT, Harris MF, Runciman WB, Hallahan AR, Wheaton G, Williams HM, Murphy E, Molloy CJ, Wiles LK, Ramanathan S, Arnolda G, Ting HP, Hooper TD, Szabo N, Wakefield JG, Hughes CF, Schmiede A, Dalton C, Dalton S, Holt J, Donaldson L, Kelley E, Lilford R, Lachman P, Muething S.

JAMA. 2018 Mar 20;319(11):1113-1124. doi: 10.1001/jama.2018.0162.


The capacity of health service commissioners to use evidence: a case study.

Currie G, Croft C, Chen Y, Kiefer T, Staniszewska S, Lilford RJ.

Southampton (UK): NIHR Journals Library; 2018 Mar.


Economic analysis of service and delivery interventions in health care.

Sutton M, Garfield-Birkbeck S, Martin G, Meacock R, Morris S, Sculpher M, Street A, Watson SI, Lilford RJ.

Southampton (UK): NIHR Journals Library; 2018 Feb.


Protocol for the health economic evaluation of increasing the weekend specialist to patient ratio in hospitals in England.

Watson SI, Chen YF, Bion JF, Aldridge CP, Girling A, Lilford RJ; HiSLAC Collaboration.

BMJ Open. 2018 Feb 23;8(2):e015561. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2016-015561.


Characterisation of urban spaces from space: going beyond the urban versus rural dichotomy.

Lilford R, Taiwo OJ, de Albuquerque JP.

Lancet Public Health. 2018 Feb;3(2):e61-e62. doi: 10.1016/S2468-2667(18)30008-2. No abstract available.


A Library of Logic Models to Explain How Interventions to Reduce Diagnostic Errors Work.

Kletter M, Mendelez-Torres GJ, Lilford R, Taylor C.

J Patient Saf. 2018 Jan 24. doi: 10.1097/PTS.0000000000000459. [Epub ahead of print]


Prevalence of Middle Ear Infections and Associated Risk Factors in Children under 5 Years in Gasabo District of Kigali City, Rwanda.

Mukara KB, Lilford RJ, Tucci DL, Waiswa P.

Int J Pediatr. 2017;2017:4280583. doi: 10.1155/2017/4280583. Epub 2017 Dec 3.


Two-epoch cross-sectional case record review protocol comparing quality of care of hospital emergency admissions at weekends versus weekdays.

Bion J, Aldridge CP, Girling A, Rudge G, Beet C, Evans T, Temple RM, Roseveare C, Clancy M, Boyal A, Tarrant C, Sutton E, Sun J, Rees P, Mannion R, Chen YF, Watson SI, Lilford R; HiSLAC collaboration.

BMJ Open. 2017 Dec 22;7(12):e018747. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2017-018747.


Appropriateness of clinical severity classification of new WHO childhood pneumonia guidance: a multi-hospital, retrospective, cohort study.

Agweyu A, Lilford RJ, English M; Clinical Information Network Author Group.

Lancet Glob Health. 2018 Jan;6(1):e74-e83. doi: 10.1016/S2214-109X(17)30448-5.


Implementation science at the crossroads.

Lilford RJ.

BMJ Qual Saf. 2018 Apr;27(4):331-332. doi: 10.1136/bmjqs-2017-007502. Epub 2017 Nov 28. No abstract available.


Comparable outcomes among trial and nontrial participants in a clinical trial of antibiotics for childhood pneumonia: a retrospective cohort study.

Agweyu A, Oliwa J, Gathara D, Muinga N, Allen E, Lilford RJ, English M.

J Clin Epidemiol. 2018 Feb;94:1-7. doi: 10.1016/j.jclinepi.2017.10.016. Epub 2017 Oct 31.


Knowledge and care seeking practices for ear infections among parents of under five children in Kigali, Rwanda: a cross-sectional study.

Mukara KB, Waiswa P, Lilford R, Tucci DL.

BMC Ear Nose Throat Disord. 2017 Oct 10;17:7. doi: 10.1186/s12901-017-0040-1. eCollection 2017.


Affordability of comprehensive community health worker programmes in rural sub-Saharan Africa.

Taylor C, Griffiths F, Lilford R.

BMJ Glob Health. 2017 Sep 25;2(3):e000391. doi: 10.1136/bmjgh-2017-000391. eCollection 2017.


Adaption, implementation and evaluation of collaborative service improvements in the testing and result communication process in primary care from patient and staff perspectives: a qualitative study.

Litchfield IJ, Bentham LM, Lilford RJ, McManus RJ, Hill A, Greenfield S.

BMC Health Serv Res. 2017 Aug 30;17(1):615. doi: 10.1186/s12913-017-2566-8.


Methods for medical device and equipment procurement and prioritization within low- and middle-income countries: findings of a systematic literature review.

Diaconu K, Chen YF, Cummins C, Jimenez Moyao G, Manaseki-Holland S, Lilford R.

Global Health. 2017 Aug 18;13(1):59. doi: 10.1186/s12992-017-0280-2. Review.



van Nimwegen KJM, Lilford RJ, van der Wilt GJ, Grutters JPC.

Int J Technol Assess Health Care. 2017 Jan;33(1):5-10. doi: 10.1017/S0266462317000046. Epub 2017 May 30.


A Systematic Review of the Prevalence and Types of Adverse Events in Interfacility Critical Care Transfers by Paramedics.

Alabdali A, Fisher JD, Trivedy C, Lilford RJ.

Air Med J. 2017 May - Jun;36(3):116-121. doi: 10.1016/j.amj.2017.01.011. Epub 2017 Mar 22. Review.


Mortality decrease according to socioeconomic groups.

Watson SI, Lilford RJ.

Lancet. 2017 May 6;389(10081):1794-1795. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(17)31157-1. Epub 2017 May 4. No abstract available.


Evidence synthesis and decision modelling to support complex decisions: stockpiling neuraminidase inhibitors for pandemic influenza usage.

Watson SI, Chen YF, Nguyen-Van-Tam JS, Myles PR, Venkatesan S, Zambon M, Uthman O, Chilton PJ, Lilford RJ.

Version 2. F1000Res. 2016 Sep 12 [revised 2017 Jan 1];5:2293. doi: 10.12688/f1000research.9414.2. eCollection 2016.


Contextual factors associated with health care service utilization for children with acute childhood illnesses in Nigeria.

Adedokun ST, Adekanmbi VT, Uthman OA, Lilford RJ.

PLoS One. 2017 Mar 15;12(3):e0173578. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0173578. eCollection 2017.


Systematic review of pathways for the delivery of allergy services.

Diwakar L, Cummins C, Lilford R, Roberts T.

BMJ Open. 2017 Feb 7;7(2):e012647. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2016-012647. Review.

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