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Antimicrobial stewardship program achieved marked decrease in Clostridium difficile infections in a Veterans Hospital.

Morgan F, Belal M, Lisa B, Ford F, LeMaitre B, Psevdos G.

Am J Infect Control. 2020 Feb 5. pii: S0196-6553(20)30002-X. doi: 10.1016/j.ajic.2019.12.023. [Epub ahead of print]


The adipokine NimrodB5 regulates peripheral hematopoiesis in Drosophila.

Ramond E, Petrignani B, Dudzic JP, Boquete JP, Poidevin M, Kondo S, Lemaitre B.

FEBS J. 2020 Feb 3. doi: 10.1111/febs.15237. [Epub ahead of print]


Blind killing of both male and female Drosophila embryos by a natural variant of the endosymbiotic bacterium Spiroplasma poulsonii.

Masson F, Calderon-Copete S, Schüpfer F, Vigneron A, Rommelaere S, Garcia-Arraez MG, Paredes JC, Lemaitre B.

Cell Microbiol. 2020 Jan 8:e13156. doi: 10.1111/cmi.13156. [Epub ahead of print]


New insights on Drosophila antimicrobial peptide function in host defense and beyond.

Hanson MA, Lemaitre B.

Curr Opin Immunol. 2019 Dec 11;62:22-30. doi: 10.1016/j.coi.2019.11.008. [Epub ahead of print] Review.


Dynamic Evolution of Antimicrobial Peptides Underscores Trade-Offs Between Immunity and Ecological Fitness.

Hanson MA, Lemaitre B, Unckless RL.

Front Immunol. 2019 Nov 8;10:2620. doi: 10.3389/fimmu.2019.02620. eCollection 2019.


Adult Drosophila Lack Hematopoiesis but Rely on a Blood Cell Reservoir at the Respiratory Epithelia to Relay Infection Signals to Surrounding Tissues.

Sanchez Bosch P, Makhijani K, Herboso L, Gold KS, Baginsky R, Woodcock KJ, Alexander B, Kukar K, Corcoran S, Jacobs T, Ouyang D, Wong C, Ramond EJV, Rhiner C, Moreno E, Lemaitre B, Geissmann F, Brückner K.

Dev Cell. 2019 Dec 16;51(6):787-803.e5. doi: 10.1016/j.devcel.2019.10.017. Epub 2019 Nov 14.


The antimicrobial peptide defensin cooperates with tumour necrosis factor to drive tumour cell death in Drosophila.

Parvy JP, Yu Y, Dostalova A, Kondo S, Kurjan A, Bulet P, Lemaître B, Vidal M, Cordero JB.

Elife. 2019 Jul 30;8. pii: e45061. doi: 10.7554/eLife.45061.


Correction: Synergy and remarkable specificity of antimicrobial peptides in vivo using a systematic knockout approach.

Hanson MA, Dostálová A, Ceroni C, Poidevin M, Kondo S, Lemaître B.

Elife. 2019 May 28;8. pii: e48778. doi: 10.7554/eLife.48778.


More Than Black or White: Melanization and Toll Share Regulatory Serine Proteases in Drosophila.

Dudzic JP, Hanson MA, Iatsenko I, Kondo S, Lemaitre B.

Cell Rep. 2019 Apr 23;27(4):1050-1061.e3. doi: 10.1016/j.celrep.2019.03.101.


The Exchangeable Apolipoprotein Nplp2 Sustains Lipid Flow and Heat Acclimation in Drosophila.

Rommelaere S, Boquete JP, Piton J, Kondo S, Lemaitre B.

Cell Rep. 2019 Apr 16;27(3):886-899.e6. doi: 10.1016/j.celrep.2019.03.074.


Two Nimrod receptors, NimC1 and Eater, synergistically contribute to bacterial phagocytosis in Drosophila melanogaster.

Melcarne C, Ramond E, Dudzic J, Bretscher AJ, Kurucz É, Andó I, Lemaitre B.

FEBS J. 2019 Jul;286(14):2670-2691. doi: 10.1111/febs.14857. Epub 2019 May 13.


Phagocytosis in Drosophila: From molecules and cellular machinery to physiology.

Melcarne C, Lemaitre B, Kurant E.

Insect Biochem Mol Biol. 2019 Jun;109:1-12. doi: 10.1016/j.ibmb.2019.04.002. Epub 2019 Apr 3. Review.


Synergy and remarkable specificity of antimicrobial peptides in vivo using a systematic knockout approach.

Hanson MA, Dostálová A, Ceroni C, Poidevin M, Kondo S, Lemaitre B.

Elife. 2019 Feb 26;8. pii: e44341. doi: 10.7554/eLife.44341. Erratum in: Elife. 2019 May 28;8:.


Functional analysis of RIP toxins from the Drosophila endosymbiont Spiroplasma poulsonii.

Garcia-Arraez MG, Masson F, Escobar JCP, Lemaitre B.

BMC Microbiol. 2019 Feb 20;19(1):46. doi: 10.1186/s12866-019-1410-1.


Boosting Teenagers With Acellular Pertussis Vaccines Containing Recombinant or Chemically Inactivated Pertussis Toxin: A Randomized Clinical Trial.

Blanchard Rohner G, Chatzis O, Chinwangso P, Rohr M, Grillet S, Salomon C, Lemaître B, Boonrak P, Lawpoolsri S, Clutterbuck E, Poredi IK, Wijagkanalan W, Spiegel J, Pham HT, Viviani S, Siegrist CA.

Clin Infect Dis. 2019 Mar 19;68(7):1213-1222. doi: 10.1093/cid/ciy594.


Evolution of longevity improves immunity in Drosophila.

Fabian DK, Garschall K, Klepsatel P, Santos-Matos G, Sucena É, Kapun M, Lemaitre B, Schlötterer C, Arking R, Flatt T.

Evol Lett. 2018 Nov 12;2(6):567-579. doi: 10.1002/evl3.89. eCollection 2018 Dec.


Microbiota-Derived Lactate Activates Production of Reactive Oxygen Species by the Intestinal NADPH Oxidase Nox and Shortens Drosophila Lifespan.

Iatsenko I, Boquete JP, Lemaitre B.

Immunity. 2018 Nov 20;49(5):929-942.e5. doi: 10.1016/j.immuni.2018.09.017. Epub 2018 Nov 13.


Anatomy and Physiology of the Digestive Tract of Drosophila melanogaster.

Miguel-Aliaga I, Jasper H, Lemaitre B.

Genetics. 2018 Oct;210(2):357-396. doi: 10.1534/genetics.118.300224. Review.


Usefulness of a systematic approach at listing for vaccine prevention in solid organ transplant candidates.

Blanchard-Rohner G, Enriquez N, Lemaître B, Cadau G, Combescure C, Giostra E, Hadaya K, Meyer P, Gasche-Soccal PM, Berney T, van Delden C, Siegrist CA.

Am J Transplant. 2019 Feb;19(2):512-521. doi: 10.1111/ajt.15097. Epub 2018 Oct 12.


Immune system correlates of extensive limb swelling in response to conjugated pneumococcal vaccination.

Recher M, Hirsiger JR, Bigler MB, Iff M, Lemaître B, Scherer K, Häusermann P, Siegrist CA, Berger CT.

NPJ Vaccines. 2018 May 18;3:17. doi: 10.1038/s41541-018-0059-3. eCollection 2018.


Cell-Specific Imd-NF-κB Responses Enable Simultaneous Antibacterial Immunity and Intestinal Epithelial Cell Shedding upon Bacterial Infection.

Zhai Z, Boquete JP, Lemaitre B.

Immunity. 2018 May 15;48(5):897-910.e7. doi: 10.1016/j.immuni.2018.04.010. Epub 2018 May 8.


Male-killing toxin in a bacterial symbiont of Drosophila.

Harumoto T, Lemaitre B.

Nature. 2018 May;557(7704):252-255. doi: 10.1038/s41586-018-0086-2. Epub 2018 May 2.


Determinants of antibody persistence across doses and continents after single-dose rVSV-ZEBOV vaccination for Ebola virus disease: an observational cohort study.

Huttner A, Agnandji ST, Combescure C, Fernandes JF, Bache EB, Kabwende L, Ndungu FM, Brosnahan J, Monath TP, Lemaître B, Grillet S, Botto M, Engler O, Portmann J, Siegrist D, Bejon P, Silvera P, Kremsner P, Siegrist CA; VEBCON; VSV-EBOVAC; VSV-EBOPLUS Consortia.

Lancet Infect Dis. 2018 Jul;18(7):738-748. doi: 10.1016/S1473-3099(18)30165-8. Epub 2018 Apr 5.


Common and unique strategies of male killing evolved in two distinct Drosophila symbionts.

Harumoto T, Fukatsu T, Lemaitre B.

Proc Biol Sci. 2018 Mar 28;285(1875). pii: 20172167. doi: 10.1098/rspb.2017.2167.


In Vitro Culture of the Insect Endosymbiont Spiroplasma poulsonii Highlights Bacterial Genes Involved in Host-Symbiont Interaction.

Masson F, Calderon Copete S, Schüpfer F, Garcia-Arraez G, Lemaitre B.

mBio. 2018 Mar 20;9(2). pii: e00024-18. doi: 10.1128/mBio.00024-18.


The gram-negative sensing receptor PGRP-LC contributes to grooming induction in Drosophila.

Yanagawa A, Neyen C, Lemaitre B, Marion-Poll F.

PLoS One. 2017 Nov 9;12(11):e0185370. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0185370. eCollection 2017.


Transforming Growth Factor β/Activin signaling in neurons increases susceptibility to starvation.

Chng WA, Koch R, Li X, Kondo S, Nagoshi E, Lemaitre B.

PLoS One. 2017 Oct 30;12(10):e0187054. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0187054. eCollection 2017.


Thioester-containing proteins regulate the Toll pathway and play a role in Drosophila defence against microbial pathogens and parasitoid wasps.

Dostálová A, Rommelaere S, Poidevin M, Lemaitre B.

BMC Biol. 2017 Sep 5;15(1):79. doi: 10.1186/s12915-017-0408-0.


A genetic framework controlling the differentiation of intestinal stem cells during regeneration in Drosophila.

Zhai Z, Boquete JP, Lemaitre B.

PLoS Genet. 2017 Jun 29;13(6):e1006854. doi: 10.1371/journal.pgen.1006854. eCollection 2017 Jun.


Pertussis Antibody Transfer to Preterm Neonates After Second- Versus Third-Trimester Maternal Immunization.

Eberhardt CS, Blanchard-Rohner G, Lemaître B, Combescure C, Othenin-Girard V, Chilin A, Petre J, Martinez de Tejada B, Siegrist CA.

Clin Infect Dis. 2017 Apr 15;64(8):1129-1132. doi: 10.1093/cid/cix046.


Science, narcissism and the quest for visibility.

Lemaitre B.

FEBS J. 2017 Mar;284(6):875-882. doi: 10.1111/febs.14032. Epub 2017 Mar 1.


Protection from within.

Masson F, Lemaitre B.

Elife. 2017 Jan 12;6. pii: e24111. doi: 10.7554/eLife.24111.


Physiological Adaptations to Sugar Intake: New Paradigms from Drosophila melanogaster.

Chng WA, Hietakangas V, Lemaitre B.

Trends Endocrinol Metab. 2017 Feb;28(2):131-142. doi: 10.1016/j.tem.2016.11.003. Epub 2016 Dec 5. Review.


PGRP-SD, an Extracellular Pattern-Recognition Receptor, Enhances Peptidoglycan-Mediated Activation of the Drosophila Imd Pathway.

Iatsenko I, Kondo S, Mengin-Lecreulx D, Lemaitre B.

Immunity. 2016 Nov 15;45(5):1013-1023. doi: 10.1016/j.immuni.2016.10.029.


Connecting the obesity and the narcissism epidemics.

Lemaitre B.

Med Hypotheses. 2016 Oct;95:10-19. doi: 10.1016/j.mehy.2016.08.001. Epub 2016 Aug 12.


Male-killing symbiont damages host's dosage-compensated sex chromosome to induce embryonic apoptosis.

Harumoto T, Anbutsu H, Lemaitre B, Fukatsu T.

Nat Commun. 2016 Sep 21;7:12781. doi: 10.1038/ncomms12781.


The regulatory isoform rPGRP-LC induces immune resolution via endosomal degradation of receptors.

Neyen C, Runchel C, Schüpfer F, Meier P, Lemaitre B.

Nat Immunol. 2016 Oct;17(10):1150-8. doi: 10.1038/ni.3536. Epub 2016 Aug 22.


Cell Division by Longitudinal Scission in the Insect Endosymbiont Spiroplasma poulsonii.

Ramond E, Maclachlan C, Clerc-Rosset S, Knott GW, Lemaitre B.

mBio. 2016 Jul 26;7(4). pii: e00881-16. doi: 10.1128/mBio.00881-16.


The Role of Lipid Competition for Endosymbiont-Mediated Protection against Parasitoid Wasps in Drosophila.

Paredes JC, Herren JK, Schüpfer F, Lemaitre B.

mBio. 2016 Jul 12;7(4). pii: e01006-16. doi: 10.1128/mBio.01006-16.


Chemometric Analysis of Bacterial Peptidoglycan Reveals Atypical Modifications That Empower the Cell Wall against Predatory Enzymes and Fly Innate Immunity.

Espaillat A, Forsmo O, El Biari K, Björk R, Lemaitre B, Trygg J, Cañada FJ, de Pedro MA, Cava F.

J Am Chem Soc. 2016 Jul 27;138(29):9193-204. doi: 10.1021/jacs.6b04430. Epub 2016 Jul 13.


Remote Control of Intestinal Stem Cell Activity by Haemocytes in Drosophila.

Chakrabarti S, Dudzic JP, Li X, Collas EJ, Boquete JP, Lemaitre B.

PLoS Genet. 2016 May 27;12(5):e1006089. doi: 10.1371/journal.pgen.1006089. eCollection 2016 May.


Maternal Immunization Earlier in Pregnancy Maximizes Antibody Transfer and Expected Infant Seropositivity Against Pertussis.

Eberhardt CS, Blanchard-Rohner G, Lemaître B, Boukrid M, Combescure C, Othenin-Girard V, Chilin A, Petre J, de Tejada BM, Siegrist CA.

Clin Infect Dis. 2016 Apr 1;62(7):829-836. doi: 10.1093/cid/ciw027. Epub 2016 Jan 20.


Accumulation of differentiating intestinal stem cell progenies drives tumorigenesis.

Zhai Z, Kondo S, Ha N, Boquete JP, Brunner M, Ueda R, Lemaitre B.

Nat Commun. 2015 Dec 22;6:10219. doi: 10.1038/ncomms10219.


Sensing Gram-negative bacteria: a phylogenetic perspective.

Neyen C, Lemaitre B.

Curr Opin Immunol. 2016 Feb;38:8-17. doi: 10.1016/j.coi.2015.10.007. Epub 2015 Nov 12. Review.


The dual oxidase gene BdDuox regulates the intestinal bacterial community homeostasis of Bactrocera dorsalis.

Yao Z, Wang A, Li Y, Cai Z, Lemaitre B, Zhang H.

ISME J. 2016 May;10(5):1037-50. doi: 10.1038/ismej.2015.202. Epub 2015 Nov 13.


Drosophila innate immunity: regional and functional specialization of prophenoloxidases.

Dudzic JP, Kondo S, Ueda R, Bergman CM, Lemaitre B.

BMC Biol. 2015 Oct 1;13:81. doi: 10.1186/s12915-015-0193-6.


Infection Dynamics and Immune Response in a Newly Described Drosophila-Trypanosomatid Association.

Hamilton PT, Votýpka J, Dostálová A, Yurchenko V, Bird NH, Lukeš J, Lemaitre B, Perlman SJ.

mBio. 2015 Sep 15;6(5):e01356-15. doi: 10.1128/mBio.01356-15.


Gut physiology mediates a trade-off between adaptation to malnutrition and susceptibility to food-borne pathogens.

Vijendravarma RK, Narasimha S, Chakrabarti S, Babin A, Kolly S, Lemaitre B, Kawecki TJ.

Ecol Lett. 2015 Oct;18(10):1078-86. doi: 10.1111/ele.12490. Epub 2015 Aug 6.


The effect of dose on the safety and immunogenicity of the VSV Ebola candidate vaccine: a randomised double-blind, placebo-controlled phase 1/2 trial.

Huttner A, Dayer JA, Yerly S, Combescure C, Auderset F, Desmeules J, Eickmann M, Finckh A, Goncalves AR, Hooper JW, Kaya G, Krähling V, Kwilas S, Lemaître B, Matthey A, Silvera P, Becker S, Fast PE, Moorthy V, Kieny MP, Kaiser L, Siegrist CA; VSV-Ebola Consortium.

Lancet Infect Dis. 2015 Oct;15(10):1156-1166. doi: 10.1016/S1473-3099(15)00154-1. Epub 2015 Aug 4.


Genetic, molecular and physiological basis of variation in Drosophila gut immunocompetence.

Bou Sleiman MS, Osman D, Massouras A, Hoffmann AA, Lemaitre B, Deplancke B.

Nat Commun. 2015 Jul 27;6:7829. doi: 10.1038/ncomms8829.

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