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Improving Patient Experience in Hospital Settings: Assessing the Role of Toolkits and Action Research Through a Process Evaluation of a Complex Intervention.

Mills T, Lawton R, Sheard L.

Qual Health Res. 2019 Jun 16:1049732319855960. doi: 10.1177/1049732319855960. [Epub ahead of print]


The Cost of Inflammatory Bowel Disease: An Initiative From the Crohn's & Colitis Foundation.

Park KT, Ehrlich OG, Allen JI, Meadows P, Szigethy EM, Henrichsen K, Kim SC, Lawton RC, Murphy SM, Regueiro M, Rubin DT, Engel-Nitz NM, Heller CA.

Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2019 May 21. pii: izz104. doi: 10.1093/ibd/izz104. [Epub ahead of print]


Supporting doctors who make mistakes.

Lawton R, Johnson J, Janes G, Foy R, Simms-Ellis R.

BMJ. 2019 May 17;365:l2161. doi: 10.1136/bmj.l2161. No abstract available.


Patient experience feedback in UK hospitals: What types are available and what are their potential roles in quality improvement (QI)?

Marsh C, Peacock R, Sheard L, Hughes L, Lawton R.

Health Expect. 2019 Jun;22(3):317-326. doi: 10.1111/hex.12885. Epub 2019 Apr 23. Review.


Is Physician Mentorship Associated With the Occurrence of Adverse Patient Safety Events?

Harrison R, Sharma A, Lawton R, Stewart K.

J Patient Saf. 2019 Mar 13. doi: 10.1097/PTS.0000000000000592. [Epub ahead of print]


Advancing complexity science in healthcare research: the logic of logic models.

Mills T, Lawton R, Sheard L.

BMC Med Res Methodol. 2019 Mar 12;19(1):55. doi: 10.1186/s12874-019-0701-4.


Effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of repeated implementation intention formation on adolescent smoking initiation: A cluster randomized controlled trial.

Conner M, Grogan S, West R, Simms-Ellis R, Scholtens K, Sykes-Muskett B, Cowap L, Lawton R, Armitage CJ, Meads D, Schmitt L, Torgerson C, Siddiqi K.

J Consult Clin Psychol. 2019 May;87(5):422-432. doi: 10.1037/ccp0000387. Epub 2019 Mar 7.


Using the question-behavior effect to change multiple health behaviors: An exploratory randomized controlled trial.

Wilding S, Conner M, Prestwich A, Lawton R, Sheeran P.

J Exp Soc Psychol. 2019 Mar;81:53-60. doi: 10.1016/j.jesp.2018.07.008.


A multicenter randomized controlled study to evaluate whether neuromuscular electrical stimulation improves the absolute walking distance in patients with intermittent claudication compared with best available treatment.

Lawton R, Babber A, Braithwaite B, Burgess L, Burgess LJ, Chetter I, Coulston J, Epstein D, Fiorentino F, Gohel M, Heatley F, Hinchliffe R, Horgan S, Pal N, Shalhoub J, Simpson R, Stansby G, Davies AH.

J Vasc Surg. 2019 May;69(5):1567-1573. doi: 10.1016/j.jvs.2018.10.046. Epub 2019 Feb 18.


Preoperative Interventions for Alcohol and Other Recreational Substance Use: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Budworth L, Prestwich A, Lawton R, Kotzé A, Kellar I.

Front Psychol. 2019 Feb 4;10:34. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00034. eCollection 2019.


A qualitative positive deviance study to explore exceptionally safe care on medical wards for older people.

Baxter R, Taylor N, Kellar I, Lawton R.

BMJ Qual Saf. 2019 Feb 13. pii: bmjqs-2018-008023. doi: 10.1136/bmjqs-2018-008023. [Epub ahead of print]


Are more experienced clinicians better able to tolerate uncertainty and manage risks? A vignette study of doctors in three NHS emergency departments in England.

Lawton R, Robinson O, Harrison R, Mason S, Conner M, Wilson B.

BMJ Qual Saf. 2019 May;28(5):382-388. doi: 10.1136/bmjqs-2018-008390. Epub 2019 Feb 6.


Minimally Invasive Quadriceps Tendon Single-Bundle, Arthroscopic, Anatomic Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction With Rectangular Bone Tunnels.

Fink C, Lawton R, Förschner F, Gföller P, Herbort M, Hoser C.

Arthrosc Tech. 2018 Sep 24;7(10):e1045-e1056. doi: 10.1016/j.eats.2018.06.012. eCollection 2018 Oct.


What's the problem with patient experience feedback? A macro and micro understanding, based on findings from a three-site UK qualitative study.

Sheard L, Peacock R, Marsh C, Lawton R.

Health Expect. 2019 Feb;22(1):46-53. doi: 10.1111/hex.12829. Epub 2018 Sep 22.


Partners at Care Transitions: exploring healthcare professionals' perspectives of excellence at care transitions for older people.

Baxter R, O'Hara J, Murray J, Sheard L, Cracknell A, Foy R, Wright J, Lawton R.

BMJ Open. 2018 Sep 19;8(9):e022468. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2018-022468.


Biochemical evolution in response to intensive harvesting in algae: Evolution of quality and quantity.

Marshall DJ, Lawton RJ, Monro K, Paul NA.

Evol Appl. 2018 May 1;11(8):1389-1400. doi: 10.1111/eva.12632. eCollection 2018 Sep.


A cross-sectional survey of mental health service users', carers' and professionals' priorities for patient safety in the United Kingdom.

Berzins K, Baker J, Brown M, Lawton R.

Health Expect. 2018 Dec;21(6):1085-1094. doi: 10.1111/hex.12805. Epub 2018 Aug 17.


Identifying positive deviants in healthcare quality and safety: a mixed methods study.

O'Hara JK, Grasic K, Gutacker N, Street A, Foy R, Thompson C, Wright J, Lawton R.

J R Soc Med. 2018 Aug;111(8):276-291. doi: 10.1177/0141076818772230. Epub 2018 May 11.


Methotrexate for the Treatment of Pediatric Crohn's Disease: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.

Colman RJ, Lawton RC, Dubinsky MC, Rubin DT.

Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2018 Sep 15;24(10):2135-2141. doi: 10.1093/ibd/izy078.


Quadriceps Tendon Autograft Medial Patellofemoral Ligament Reconstruction.

Fink C, Steensen R, Gföller P, Lawton R.

Curr Rev Musculoskelet Med. 2018 Jun;11(2):209-220. doi: 10.1007/s12178-018-9476-1. Review.


What can patients tell us about the quality and safety of hospital care? Findings from a UK multicentre survey study.

O'Hara JK, Reynolds C, Moore S, Armitage G, Sheard L, Marsh C, Watt I, Wright J, Lawton R.

BMJ Qual Saf. 2018 Sep;27(9):673-682. doi: 10.1136/bmjqs-2017-006974. Epub 2018 Mar 15.


Contributory factors in surgical incidents as delineated by a confidential reporting system.

Mushtaq F, O'Driscoll C, Smith F, Wilkins D, Kapur N, Lawton R.

Ann R Coll Surg Engl. 2018 May;100(5):401-405. doi: 10.1308/rcsann.2018.0025. Epub 2018 Mar 15.


Identifying positively deviant elderly medical wards using routinely collected NHS Safety Thermometer data: an observational study.

Baxter R, Taylor N, Kellar I, Pye V, Mohammed MA, Lawton R.

BMJ Open. 2018 Feb 16;8(2):e020219. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2017-020219.


To what extent can behaviour change techniques be identified within an adaptable implementation package for primary care? A prospective directed content analysis.

Glidewell L, Willis TA, Petty D, Lawton R, McEachan RRC, Ingleson E, Heudtlass P, Davies A, Jamieson T, Hunter C, Hartley S, Gray-Burrows K, Clamp S, Carder P, Alderson S, Farrin AJ, Foy R; ASPIRE programme team.

Implement Sci. 2018 Feb 17;13(1):32. doi: 10.1186/s13012-017-0704-7.


Patient involvement in diagnosing cancer in primary care: a systematic review of current interventions.

Heyhoe J, Reynolds C, Dunning A, Johnson O, Howat A, Lawton R.

Br J Gen Pract. 2018 Mar;68(668):e211-e224. doi: 10.3399/bjgp18X695045. Epub 2018 Feb 12.


Patient-reported safety incidents as a new source of patient safety data: an exploratory comparative study in an acute hospital in England.

Armitage G, Moore S, Reynolds C, Laloë PA, Coulson C, McEachan R, Lawton R, Watt I, Wright J, O'Hara J.

J Health Serv Res Policy. 2018 Jan;23(1):36-43. doi: 10.1177/1355819617727563. Epub 2017 Sep 20.


Applying the reasoned action approach to understanding health protection and health risk behaviors.

Conner M, McEachan R, Lawton R, Gardner P.

Soc Sci Med. 2017 Dec;195:140-148. doi: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2017.10.022. Epub 2017 Oct 22.


How is success achieved by individuals innovating for patient safety and quality in the NHS?

Sheard L, Jackson C, Lawton R.

BMC Health Serv Res. 2017 Sep 11;17(1):640. doi: 10.1186/s12913-017-2589-1.


Do electronic cigarettes increase cigarette smoking in UK adolescents? Evidence from a 12-month prospective study.

Conner M, Grogan S, Simms-Ellis R, Flett K, Sykes-Muskett B, Cowap L, Lawton R, Armitage CJ, Meads D, Torgerson C, West R, Siddiqi K.

Tob Control. 2017 Aug 17. pii: tobaccocontrol-2016-053539. doi: 10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2016-053539. [Epub ahead of print]


Exploring how ward staff engage with the implementation of a patient safety intervention: a UK-based qualitative process evaluation.

Sheard L, Marsh C, O'Hara J, Armitage G, Wright J, Lawton R.

BMJ Open. 2017 Jul 13;7(7):e014558. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2016-014558.


How Can Smoking Cessation Be Induced Before Surgery? A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Behavior Change Techniques and Other Intervention Characteristics.

Prestwich A, Moore S, Kotze A, Budworth L, Lawton R, Kellar I.

Front Psychol. 2017 Jun 7;8:915. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2017.00915. eCollection 2017. Review.


A guide to using the Theoretical Domains Framework of behaviour change to investigate implementation problems.

Atkins L, Francis J, Islam R, O'Connor D, Patey A, Ivers N, Foy R, Duncan EM, Colquhoun H, Grimshaw JM, Lawton R, Michie S.

Implement Sci. 2017 Jun 21;12(1):77. doi: 10.1186/s13012-017-0605-9.


Initiating Intrapartum Nitrous Oxide in an Academic Hospital: Considerations and Challenges.

Migliaccio L, Lawton R, Leeman L, Holbrook A.

J Midwifery Womens Health. 2017 May;62(3):358-362. doi: 10.1111/jmwh.12635. Epub 2017 May 29.


Exploration of likely engagement with Monetary Contingency Contracts for weight loss: a questionnaire study.

Sykes-Muskett BJ, Prestwich A, Lawton RJ, Meads DM, Armitage CJ.

Psychol Health Med. 2017 Dec;22(10):1278-1283. doi: 10.1080/13548506.2017.1332373. Epub 2017 May 27.


Research Exploring Physical Activity in Care Homes (REACH): study protocol for a randomised controlled trial.

Forster A, Airlie J, Birch K, Cicero R, Cundill B, Ellwood A, Godfrey M, Graham L, Green J, Hulme C, Lawton R, McLellan V, McMaster N, Farrin A; REACH Programme Team.

Trials. 2017 Apr 19;18(1):182. doi: 10.1186/s13063-017-1921-8.


Stability of Lisfranc injury fixation in Thiel Cadavers: Is routine fixation of the 1st and 3rd tarsometatarsal joint necessary?

Mayne AIW, Lawton R, Dalgleish S, Harrold F, Chami G.

Injury. 2017 Aug;48(8):1764-1767. doi: 10.1016/j.injury.2017.04.003. Epub 2017 Apr 11.


Graduated Compression Stockings as an Adjunct to Low Dose Low Molecular Weight Heparin in Venous Thromboembolism Prevention in Surgery: A Multicentre Randomised Controlled Trial.

Shalhoub J, Norrie J, Baker C, Bradbury AW, Dhillon K, Everington T, Gohel MS, Hamady Z, Heatley F, Hudson J, Hunt BJ, Lawton R, Stansby G, Stephens-Boal A, Toh S, Warwick D, Davies AH; GAPS Trial Investigators.

Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg. 2017 Jun;53(6):880-885. doi: 10.1016/j.ejvs.2017.02.013. Epub 2017 Apr 7.


The Patient Feedback Response Framework - Understanding why UK hospital staff find it difficult to make improvements based on patient feedback: A qualitative study.

Sheard L, Marsh C, O'Hara J, Armitage G, Wright J, Lawton R.

Soc Sci Med. 2017 Apr;178:19-27. doi: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2017.02.005. Epub 2017 Feb 3.


Can patient involvement improve patient safety? A cluster randomised control trial of the Patient Reporting and Action for a Safe Environment (PRASE) intervention.

Lawton R, O'Hara JK, Sheard L, Armitage G, Cocks K, Buckley H, Corbacho B, Reynolds C, Marsh C, Moore S, Watt I, Wright J.

BMJ Qual Saf. 2017 Aug;26(8):622-631. doi: 10.1136/bmjqs-2016-005570. Epub 2017 Feb 3.


Interactive Effects of Trait Self-Control and Stress Appraisals on Blood Pressure Responses to a Laboratory Stressor.

O'Connor DB, Wilson AE, Lawton R.

Int J Behav Med. 2017 Aug;24(4):602-612. doi: 10.1007/s12529-017-9632-9.


The effect of pair-based monetary contingency contracts for weight loss: Results from a randomized controlled pilot study.

Sykes-Muskett BJ, Prestwich A, Lawton RJ, Armitage CJ.

Obesity (Silver Spring). 2017 Mar;25(3):506-509. doi: 10.1002/oby.21758. Epub 2017 Feb 1.


Erratum to: Evaluating the PRASE patient safety intervention - a multi-centre, cluster trial with a qualitative process evaluation: study protocol for a randomised controlled trial.

Sheard L, O'Hara J, Armitage G, Wright J, Cocks K, McEachan R, Watt I, Lawton R.

Trials. 2016 Dec 20;17(1):605. doi: 10.1186/s13063-016-1655-z. No abstract available.


A comparison of surgical exposures for posterolateral osteochondral lesions of the talar dome.

Mayne AIW, Lawton R, Reidy MJ, Harrold F, Chami G.

Foot Ankle Surg. 2018 Apr;24(2):107-109. doi: 10.1016/j.fas.2016.11.012. Epub 2016 Dec 13.


The patient reporting and action for a safe environment (PRASE) intervention: a feasibility study.

O'Hara JK, Lawton RJ, Armitage G, Sheard L, Marsh C, Cocks K, McEachan RR, Reynolds C, Watt I, Wright J.

BMC Health Serv Res. 2016 Nov 28;16(1):676.


Is there a role for patients and their relatives in escalating clinical deterioration in hospital? A systematic review.

Albutt AK, O'Hara JK, Conner MT, Fletcher SJ, Lawton RJ.

Health Expect. 2017 Oct;20(5):818-825. doi: 10.1111/hex.12496. Epub 2016 Oct 26. Review.


Improving patient safety through the involvement of patients: development and evaluation of novel interventions to engage patients in preventing patient safety incidents and protecting them against unintended harm.

Wright J, Lawton R, O’Hara J, Armitage G, Sheard L, Marsh C, Grange A, McEachan RRC, Cocks K, Hrisos S, Thomson R, Jha V, Thorp L, Conway M, Gulab A, Walsh P, Watt I.

Southampton (UK): NIHR Journals Library; 2016 Oct.


Flavourings significantly affect inhalation toxicity of aerosol generated from electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS).

Leigh NJ, Lawton RI, Hershberger PA, Goniewicz ML.

Tob Control. 2016 Nov;25(Suppl 2):ii81-ii87. doi: 10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2016-053205. Epub 2016 Sep 15.


Using the Theoretical Domains Framework (TDF) to understand adherence to multiple evidence-based indicators in primary care: a qualitative study.

Lawton R, Heyhoe J, Louch G, Ingleson E, Glidewell L, Willis TA, McEachan RR, Foy R; ASPIRE programme.

Implement Sci. 2016 Aug 8;11:113. doi: 10.1186/s13012-016-0479-2.

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