Send to

Choose Destination
Infect Immun. 2011 Mar;79(3):1311-8. doi: 10.1128/IAI.01174-10. Epub 2010 Dec 28.

Identification of Anaplasma marginale outer membrane protein antigens conserved between A. marginale sensu stricto strains and the live A. marginale subsp. centrale vaccine.

Author information

Program in Vector-Borne Diseases, Department of Veterinary Microbiology and Pathology, Washington State University, Pullman, WA 99164-7040, USA.


Live vaccination with Anaplasma marginale subsp. centrale (synonym for Anaplasma centrale) induces protection against severe disease upon challenge with A. marginale sensu stricto strains. Despite over a century of field use, the targets of protective immunity remained unknown. Using a broad proteomic approach, we identified the proteins in a challenge sensu stricto strain that were bound by the relevant antibody isotype induced by live vaccination with Anaplasma marginale subsp. centrale. A core of 15 proteins was identified in vaccinated animals across multiple major histocompatibility complex (MHC) haplotypes. This core separated into two structural/functional classes: "housekeeping" proteins involved in replication and metabolism and outer membrane proteins (OMPs). Orthologous proteins of both classes were identified within the vaccine strain and among sensu stricto strains. In contrast to the broad conservation among strains in the sequences of the housekeeping proteins, there was significantly greater divergence in the OMPs and greater divergence in both OMP sequences and the encoding locus structure between the vaccine strain and the sensu stricto strains than among the sensu stricto strains. The OMPs bound by live vaccine-induced antibody overlapped with OMPs that were immunogenic in animals vaccinated with inactivated vaccines and subsequently protected against bacteremia and disease. The identification of this core set of OMPs is consistent with the hypothesis that "subdominant" immunogens are required for vaccine-induced protection against A. marginale and provides clear direction for development of a safer, more effective vaccine.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center