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Detection of Schistosoma DNA in genital specimens and urine: a comparison between five female African study populations originating from S. haematobium and/or S. mansoni endemic areas.

Pillay P, Downs JA, Changalucha JM, Brienen EAT, Ramarokoto CE, Leutscher PDC, Vennervald BJ, Taylor M, Kjetland EF, van Lieshout L.

Acta Trop. 2020 Feb 5:105363. doi: 10.1016/j.actatropica.2020.105363. [Epub ahead of print]


Reproductive health problems in rural South African young women: risk behaviour and risk factors.

Galappaththi-Arachchige HN, Zulu SG, Kleppa E, Lillebo K, Qvigstad E, Ndhlovu P, Vennervald BJ, Gundersen SG, Kjetland EF, Taylor M.

Reprod Health. 2018 Aug 15;15(1):138. doi: 10.1186/s12978-018-0581-9.


Treating schistosomiasis among South African high school pupils in an endemic area, a qualitative study.

Lothe A, Zulu N, Øyhus AO, Kjetland EF, Taylor M.

BMC Infect Dis. 2018 May 25;18(1):239. doi: 10.1186/s12879-018-3102-0.


Seasonal variations in Schistosoma haematobium egg excretion in school-age girls in rural KwaZulu-Natal Province, South Africa.

Christensen EE, Taylor M, Zulu SG, Lillebo K, Gundersen SG, Holmen S, Kleppa E, Vennervald BJ, Ndhlovu PD, Kjetland EF.

S Afr Med J. 2018 Mar 28;108(4):352-355. doi: 10.7196/SAMJ.2017.v108i4.12775.


Correction to: Self-sampling for human papillomavirus testing among rural young women of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.

Mbatha JN, Galappaththi-Arachchige HN, Mtshali A, Taylor M, Ndhlovu PD, Kjetland EF, Baay MFD, Mkhize-Kwitshana ZL.

BMC Res Notes. 2018 Feb 26;11(1):153. doi: 10.1186/s13104-018-3252-6.


Evaluating diagnostic indicators of urogenital Schistosoma haematobium infection in young women: A cross sectional study in rural South Africa.

Galappaththi-Arachchige HN, Holmen S, Koukounari A, Kleppa E, Pillay P, Sebitloane M, Ndhlovu P, van Lieshout L, Vennervald BJ, Gundersen SG, Taylor M, Kjetland EF.

PLoS One. 2018 Feb 16;13(2):e0191459. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0191459. eCollection 2018.


Self-sampling for human papillomavirus testing among rural young women of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.

Mbatha JN, Galappaththi-Arachchige HN, Mtshali A, Taylor M, Ndhlovu PD, Kjetland EF, Baay MFD, Mkhize-Kwitshana ZL.

BMC Res Notes. 2017 Dec 6;10(1):702. doi: 10.1186/s13104-017-3045-3. Erratum in: BMC Res Notes. 2018 Feb 26;11(1):153.


Schistosomiasis in the first 1000 days.

Freer JB, Bourke CD, Durhuus GH, Kjetland EF, Prendergast AJ.

Lancet Infect Dis. 2018 Jun;18(6):e193-e203. doi: 10.1016/S1473-3099(17)30490-5. Epub 2017 Nov 20. Review. Erratum in: Lancet Infect Dis. 2018 Feb 1;:.


High-risk human papillomavirus types in HIV-infected and HIV-uninfected young women in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa: implications for vaccination.

Mbatha JN, Taylor M, Kleppa E, Lillebo K, Galappaththi-Arachchige HN, Singh D, Kjetland EF, Baay MFD, Mkhize-Kwitshana ZL.

Infect Dis (Lond). 2017 Aug;49(8):601-608. doi: 10.1080/23744235.2017.1312513. Epub 2017 Apr 12. Erratum in: Infect Dis (Lond). 2017 Sep;49(9):719. Infect Dis (Lond). 2018 Jun;50(6):487.


Association of Urogenital Symptoms with History of Water Contact in Young Women in Areas Endemic for S. haematobium. A Cross-Sectional Study in Rural South Africa.

Galappaththi-Arachchige HN, Amlie Hegertun IE, Holmen S, Qvigstad E, Kleppa E, Sebitloane M, Ndhlovu PD, Vennervald BJ, Gundersen SG, Taylor M, Kjetland EF.

Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2016 Nov 14;13(11). pii: E1135.


Expanding Praziquantel (PZQ) Access beyond Mass Drug Administration Programs: Paving a Way Forward for a Pediatric PZQ Formulation for Schistosomiasis.

Bustinduy AL, Friedman JF, Kjetland EF, Ezeamama AE, Kabatereine NB, Stothard JR, King CH.

PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2016 Sep 22;10(9):e0004946. doi: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0004946. eCollection 2016 Sep. No abstract available.


Cervical cytology as a diagnostic tool for female genital schistosomiasis: Correlation to cervical atypia and Schistosoma polymerase chain reaction.

Pillay P, van Lieshout L, Taylor M, Sebitloane M, Zulu SG, Kleppa E, Roald B, Kjetland EF.

Cytojournal. 2016 Apr 20;13:10. doi: 10.4103/1742-6413.180784. eCollection 2016.


The Accuracy of Praziquantel Dose Poles for Mass Treatment of Schistosomiasis in School Girls in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.

Baan M, Galappaththi-Arachchige HN, Gagai S, Aurlund CG, Vennervald BJ, Taylor M, van Lieshout L, Kjetland EF.

PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2016 May 3;10(5):e0004623. doi: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0004623. eCollection 2016 May.


Characteristics of Blood Vessels in Female Genital Schistosomiasis: Paving the Way for Objective Diagnostics at the Point of Care.

Holmen S, Galappaththi-Arachchige HN, Kleppa E, Pillay P, Naicker T, Taylor M, Onsrud M, Kjetland EF, Albregtsen F.

PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2016 Apr 13;10(4):e0004628. doi: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0004628. eCollection 2016 Apr.


Considering treatment of male genital schistosomiasis as a tool for future HIV prevention: a systematic review.

Stecher CW, Kallestrup P, Kjetland EF, Vennervald B, Petersen E.

Int J Public Health. 2015 Nov;60(7):839-48. doi: 10.1007/s00038-015-0714-7. Epub 2015 Aug 23.


The first step toward diagnosing female genital schistosomiasis by computer image analysis.

Holmen SD, Kleppa E, Lillebø K, Pillay P, van Lieshout L, Taylor M, Albregtsen F, Vennervald BJ, Onsrud M, Kjetland EF.

Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2015 Jul;93(1):80-86. doi: 10.4269/ajtmh.15-0071. Epub 2015 Apr 27.


Schistosoma haematobium infection and CD4+ T-cell levels: a cross-sectional study of young South African women.

Kleppa E, Klinge KF, Galaphaththi-Arachchige HN, Holmen SD, Lillebø K, Onsrud M, Gundersen SG, Taylor M, Ndhlovu P, Kjetland EF.

PLoS One. 2015 Mar 13;10(3):e0119326. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0119326. eCollection 2015.


Gynecological manifestations, histopathological findings, and schistosoma-specific polymerase chain reaction results among women with Schistosoma haematobium infection: a cross-sectional study in Madagascar.

Randrianasolo BS, Jourdan PM, Ravoniarimbinina P, Ramarokoto CE, Rakotomanana F, Ravaoalimalala VE, Gundersen SG, Feldmeier H, Vennervald BJ, van Lieshout L, Roald B, Leutscher P, Kjetland EF.

J Infect Dis. 2015 Jul 15;212(2):275-84. doi: 10.1093/infdis/jiv035. Epub 2015 Feb 28.


Colourimetric image analysis as a diagnostic tool in female genital schistosomiasis.

Holmen SD, Kjetland EF, Taylor M, Kleppa E, Lillebø K, Gundersen SG, Onsrud M, Albregtsen F.

Med Eng Phys. 2015 Mar;37(3):309-14. doi: 10.1016/j.medengphy.2014.12.007. Epub 2015 Jan 24.


Schistosoma haematobium infection and asymptomatic bacteriuria in young South African females.

Kildemoes AO, Kjetland EF, Zulu SG, Taylor M, Vennervald BJ.

Acta Trop. 2015 Apr;144:19-23. doi: 10.1016/j.actatropica.2015.01.008. Epub 2015 Jan 24.


The colposcopic atlas of schistosomiasis in the lower female genital tract based on studies in Malawi, Zimbabwe, Madagascar and South Africa.

Norseth HM, Ndhlovu PD, Kleppa E, Randrianasolo BS, Jourdan PM, Roald B, Holmen SD, Gundersen SG, Bagratee J, Onsrud M, Kjetland EF.

PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2014 Nov 20;8(11):e3229. doi: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0003229. eCollection 2014.


Cervical ectopy: associations with sexually transmitted infections and HIV. A cross-sectional study of high school students in rural South Africa.

Kleppa E, Holmen SD, Lillebø K, Kjetland EF, Gundersen SG, Taylor M, Moodley P, Onsrud M.

Sex Transm Infect. 2015 Mar;91(2):124-9. doi: 10.1136/sextrans-2014-051674. Epub 2014 Oct 3.


Classification of the lesions observed in female genital schistosomiasis.

Kjetland EF, Norseth HM, Taylor M, Lillebø K, Kleppa E, Holmen SD, Andebirhan A, Yohannes TH, Gundersen SG, Vennervald BJ, Bagratee J, Onsrud M, Leutscher PD.

Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 2014 Dec;127(3):227-8. doi: 10.1016/j.ijgo.2014.07.014. Epub 2014 Aug 13. No abstract available.


Eosinophil granule proteins ECP and EPX as markers for a potential early-stage inflammatory lesion in female genital schistosomiasis (FGS).

Ramarokoto CE, Kildemoes AO, Randrianasolo BS, Ravoniarimbinina P, Ravaoalimalala VE, Leutscher P, Kjetland EF, Vennervald BJ.

PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2014 Jul 17;8(7):e2974. doi: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0002974. eCollection 2014 Jul.


Re: Al-Baghdadi O, Samarasinghe A, Wissa I. 2014. Cervical schistosomiasis. Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology 34:206.

Kleppa E, Holmen SD, Lillebø K, Pillay P, Taylor M, Gundersen SG, Kjetland EF, Onsrud M.

J Obstet Gynaecol. 2014 Nov;34(8):755-6. doi: 10.3109/01443615.2014.920801. Epub 2014 Jun 9. No abstract available.


Effect of female genital schistosomiasis and anti-schistosomal treatment on monocytes, CD4+ T-cells and CCR5 expression in the female genital tract.

Kleppa E, Ramsuran V, Zulu S, Karlsen GH, Bere A, Passmore JA, Ndhlovu P, Lillebø K, Holmen SD, Onsrud M, Gundersen SG, Taylor M, Kjetland EF, Ndung'u T.

PLoS One. 2014 Jun 4;9(6):e98593. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0098593. eCollection 2014.


Genital schistosomiasis and its unacknowledged role on HIV transmission in the STD intervention studies.

Kjetland EF, Hegertun IE, Baay MF, Onsrud M, Ndhlovu PD, Taylor M.

Int J STD AIDS. 2014 Sep;25(10):705-15. doi: 10.1177/0956462414523743. Epub 2014 Mar 12. Review.


Real-time polymerase chain reaction for detection of Schistosoma DNA in small-volume urine samples reflects focal distribution of urogenital Schistosomiasis in primary school girls in KwaZulu Natal, South Africa.

Pillay P, Taylor M, Zulu SG, Gundersen SG, Verweij JJ, Hoekstra P, Brienen EA, Kleppa E, Kjetland EF, van Lieshout L.

Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2014 Mar;90(3):546-52. doi: 10.4269/ajtmh.13-0406. Epub 2014 Jan 27.


Cost-effectiveness of a community-based intervention for reducing the transmission of Schistosoma haematobium and HIV in Africa.

Ndeffo Mbah ML, Kjetland EF, Atkins KE, Poolman EM, Orenstein EW, Meyers LA, Townsend JP, Galvani AP.

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2013 May 7;110(19):7952-7. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1221396110. Epub 2013 Apr 15. Erratum in: Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2013 May 21;110(21):8750.


S. haematobium as a common cause of genital morbidity in girls: a cross-sectional study of children in South Africa.

Hegertun IE, Sulheim Gundersen KM, Kleppa E, Zulu SG, Gundersen SG, Taylor M, Kvalsvig JD, Kjetland EF.

PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2013;7(3):e2104. doi: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0002104. Epub 2013 Mar 21.


Pathologic mucosal blood vessels in active female genital schistosomiasis: new aspects of a neglected tropical disease.

Jourdan PM, Randrianasolo BS, Feldmeier H, Chitsulo L, Ravoniarimbinina P, Roald B, Kjetland EF.

Int J Gynecol Pathol. 2013 Jan;32(1):137-40. doi: 10.1097/PGP.0b013e31824fe327.


A review of female genital schistosomiasis.

Kjetland EF, Leutscher PD, Ndhlovu PD.

Trends Parasitol. 2012 Feb;28(2):58-65. doi: 10.1016/ Epub 2012 Jan 12. Review.


HIV target cells in Schistosoma haematobium-infected female genital mucosa.

Jourdan PM, Holmen SD, Gundersen SG, Roald B, Kjetland EF.

Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2011 Dec;85(6):1060-4. doi: 10.4269/ajtmh.2011.11-0135.


Increased vascularity in cervicovaginal mucosa with Schistosoma haematobium infection.

Jourdan PM, Roald B, Poggensee G, Gundersen SG, Kjetland EF.

PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2011 Jun;5(6):e1170. doi: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0001170. Epub 2011 Jun 7.


The effects of genital schistosoma haematobium on human papillomavirus and the development of cervical neoplasia after five years in a Zimbabwean population.

Kjetland EF, Ndhlovu PD, Mduluza T, Deschoolmeester V, Midzi N, Gomo E, Gwanzura L, Mason PR, Vermorken JB, Friis H, Gundersen SG, Baay MF.

Eur J Gynaecol Oncol. 2010;31(2):169-73.


The first community-based report on the effect of genital Schistosoma haematobium infection on female fertility.

Kjetland EF, Kurewa EN, Mduluza T, Midzi N, Gomo E, Friis H, Gundersen SG, Ndhlovu PD.

Fertil Steril. 2010 Sep;94(4):1551-3. doi: 10.1016/j.fertnstert.2009.12.050. Epub 2010 Feb 10.


Schistosomiasis PCR in vaginal lavage as an indicator of genital Schistosoma haematobium infection in rural Zimbabwean women.

Kjetland EF, Hove RJ, Gomo E, Midzi N, Gwanzura L, Mason P, Friis H, Verweij JJ, Gundersen SG, Ndhlovu PD, Mduluza T, Van Lieshout L.

Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2009 Dec;81(6):1050-5. doi: 10.4269/ajtmh.2009.09-0081.


Africa's 32 cents solution for HIV/AIDS.

Hotez PJ, Fenwick A, Kjetland EF.

PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2009 May 26;3(5):e430. doi: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0000430. No abstract available.


Exploring the feasibility and possible efficacy of mass treatment and education of young females as schistosomiasis influences the HIV epidemic.

Lillerud LE, Stuestoel VM, Hoel RE, Rukeba Z, Kjetland EF.

Arch Gynecol Obstet. 2010 Mar;281(3):455-60. doi: 10.1007/s00404-009-1108-y. Epub 2009 May 12.


Female genital schistosomiasis--a differential diagnosis to sexually transmitted disease: genital itch and vaginal discharge as indicators of genital Schistosoma haematobium morbidity in a cross-sectional study in endemic rural Zimbabwe.

Kjetland EF, Kurewa EN, Ndhlovu PD, Midzi N, Gwanzura L, Mason PR, Gomo E, Sandvik L, Mduluza T, Friis H, Gundersen SG.

Trop Med Int Health. 2008 Dec;13(12):1509-17. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-3156.2008.02161.x.


Indicators of anaemia in under-fives with malaria at a hospital in northern Cameroon.

Jourdan PM, Laoussou P, Lybie A, Kjetland EF.

West Afr J Med. 2008 Jan;27(1):7-12.


Prevention of gynecologic contact bleeding and genital sandy patches by childhood anti-schistosomal treatment.

Kjetland EF, Ndhlovu PD, Kurewa EN, Midzi N, Gomo E, Mduluza T, Friis H, Gundersen SG.

Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2008 Jul;79(1):79-83.


Prevalence of urinary schistosomiasis and HIV in females living in a rural community of Zimbabwe: does age matter?

Ndhlovu PD, Mduluza T, Kjetland EF, Midzi N, Nyanga L, Gundersen SG, Friis H, Gomo E.

Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 2007 May;101(5):433-8. Epub 2006 Oct 24.


Association between genital schistosomiasis and HIV in rural Zimbabwean women.

Kjetland EF, Ndhlovu PD, Gomo E, Mduluza T, Midzi N, Gwanzura L, Mason PR, Sandvik L, Friis H, Gundersen SG.

AIDS. 2006 Feb 28;20(4):593-600.


Genital schistosomiasis in women: a clinical 12-month in vivo study following treatment with praziquantel.

Kjetland EF, Mduluza T, Ndhlovu PD, Gomo E, Gwanzura L, Midzi N, Mason PR, Friis H, Gundersen SG.

Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 2006 Aug;100(8):740-52. Epub 2006 Jan 10.


Simple clinical manifestations of genital Schistosoma haematobium infection in rural Zimbabwean women.

Kjetland EF, Ndhlovu PD, Mduluza T, Gomo E, Gwanzura L, Mason PR, Kurewa EN, Midzi N, Friis H, Gundersen SG.

Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2005 Mar;72(3):311-9.


Herpes simplex virus type 2 prevalence of epidemic proportions in rural Zimbabwean women: association with other sexually transmitted infections.

Kjetland EF, Gwanzura L, Ndhlovu PD, Mduluza T, Gomo E, Mason PR, Midzi N, Friis H, Gundersen SG.

Arch Gynecol Obstet. 2005 Jun;272(1):67-73. Epub 2005 Jan 13.


Human papillomavirus in a rural community in Zimbabwe: the impact of HIV co-infection on HPV genotype distribution.

Baay MF, Kjetland EF, Ndhlovu PD, Deschoolmeester V, Mduluza T, Gomo E, Friis H, Midzi N, Gwanzura L, Mason PR, Vermorken JB, Gundersen SG.

J Med Virol. 2004 Jul;73(3):481-5.


Assessment of eosinophil cationic protein as a possible diagnostic marker for female genital schistosomiasis in women living in a Schistosoma haematobium endemic area.

Midzi N, Ndhlovu PD, Nyanga L, Kjetland EF, Reimert CM, Vennervald BJ, Gomo E, Mudenge G, Friis H, Gundersen SG, Mduluza T.

Parasite Immunol. 2003 Nov-Dec;25(11-12):581-8.


Reversibility of lower reproductive tract abnormalities in women with Schistosoma haematobium infection after treatment with praziquantel--an interim report.

Richter J, Poggensee G, Kjetland EF, Helling-Giese G, Chitsulo L, Kumwenda N, Gundersen SG, Deelder AM, Reimert CM, Haas H, Krantz I, Feldmeier H.

Acta Trop. 1996 Dec 30;62(4):289-301.


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