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AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2018 Dec;39(12):2291-2296. doi: 10.3174/ajnr.A5866. Epub 2018 Nov 8.

How to Size Intracranial Aneurysms: A Phantom Study of Invasive and Noninvasive Methods.

Author information

1
From the Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Neuroradiology, University Medical Center Göttingen, Göttingen, Germany.
2
From the Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Neuroradiology, University Medical Center Göttingen, Göttingen, Germany. m.psychogios@med.uni-goettingen.de.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:

Endovascular treatment of intracranial aneurysms has relevantly changed over the past decades. Multiple new devices such as intrasaccular flow diverters have broadened the treatment spectrum but require very exact aneurysm sizing. In this study, we investigated multidetector and flat panel angiographic CT and digital subtraction imaging as well as different postprocessing methods (multiplanar reconstruction, volume-rendering technique, 3D DSA, and conventional 2D angiography) for their ability to exactly size 2 aneurysm models.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Two aneurysm models with known aneurysm sizes were placed inside a human skull. After injection of iodine contrast media, imaging was performed using a 128-slice CT scanner or an Artis Q biplane angiosuite, respectively. Aneurysms were measured for width, neck, and height, and the mean difference from the known sizes was calculated for each technique. The technique with the most exact measurement was defined as the criterion standard. We performed Bland-Altman plots comparing all techniques against the criterion standard.

RESULTS:

Angiograms adjusted according a previous 3D run with a short object-to-detector distance resulted in the most exact aneurysm measurement: -0.07 ± 0.61 mm for aneurysm 1 and 0.17 ± 0.39 mm for aneurysm 2. Measurements of conventional DSA images were similar, and CT-based images were significantly inferior to the criterion standard.

CONCLUSIONS:

2D DSA with a short objective-to-detector distance adjusted according to a previous 3D run resulted in the most exact aneurysm measurement and should therefore be performed before all endovascular aneurysm treatments.

PMID:
30409851
DOI:
10.3174/ajnr.A5866

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