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Ann Neurosci. 2019 Jan;25(3):121-125. doi: 10.1159/000488580. Epub 2018 Apr 12.

Exercise Improves Recognition Memory and Acetylcholinesterase Activity in the Beta Amyloid-Induced Rat Model of Alzheimer's Disease.

Author information

1
Neurosciences Research Center (NSRC), Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.
2
Department of Neurology, Imam Reza Medical Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.
3
Department of Sports Science and Physical Education, Marand Branch, Islamic Azad University, Marand, Iran.

Abstract

Objective:

A correlation between physical exercise and cognitive improvement has been found in Alzheimer's disease (AD). This study aimed to investigate the effects of aerobic and resistance exercise on the recognition memory and acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activity in beta amyloid (Aβ) model of AD in rat.

Materials and Methods:

Fifty male 8-week-old Wistar rats (250-280 g) were divided into 5 groups (n = 10 each) of control, sham surgery, Aβ-received sedentary, Aβ-received with aerobic exercise and Aβ-received with resistance exercise. AD was induced by intracerebroventricular injection of Aβ25-35 peptide. The sham surgery group received normal saline using the same route and condition. Two groups of Aβ-received animals were trained by treadmill for aerobic exercise and by ladder for strength exercise for 8 weeks (4 days/week). Novel object recognition (NOR) task was used to assess recognitional memory in groups. AChE activity in the brain tissue was assessed using the Spectrophotometry method.

Results:

There was no significant difference in memory index and AChE activity between the sham surgery and control groups (p > 0.05). Also, impairment of NOR indices was seen in the Aβ-injected sedentary rats (p < 0.05). However, both aerobic and strength training improved the exploration index in this test (p < 0.05). Further, AChE activity increased in the Aβ-injected sedentary group but declined in the aerobic and resistance exercise groups (p < 0.01).

Conclusion:

Aerobic and resistance exercise could improve recognition memory and decrease AChE activity in Aβ-induced AD in rats. The decrease in AChE activity may be one of the mechanisms by which exercise improves cognition and memory in AD.

KEYWORDS:

Acetylcholinesterase; Aerobic exercise; Alzheimer's disease; Beta amyloid; Resistance exercise

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