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Isolation and Characterization of a Distinct Influenza A Virus from Egyptian Bats.

Kandeil A, Gomaa MR, Shehata MM, El Taweel AN, Mahmoud SH, Bagato O, Moatasim Y, Kutkat O, Kayed AS, Dawson P, Qiu X, Bahl J, Webby RJ, Karesh WB, Kayali G, Ali MA.

J Virol. 2019 Jan 4;93(2). pii: e01059-18. doi: 10.1128/JVI.01059-18. Print 2019 Jan 15.


Unlocking pandemic potential: prevalence and spatial patterns of key substitutions in avian influenza H5N1 in Egyptian isolates.

Young SG, Kitchen A, Kayali G, Carrel M.

BMC Infect Dis. 2018 Jul 6;18(1):314. doi: 10.1186/s12879-018-3222-6.


Efficacy of commercial vaccines against newly emerging avian influenza H5N8 virus in Egypt.

Kandeil A, Sabir JSM, Abdelaal A, Mattar EH, El-Taweel AN, Sabir MJ, Khalil AA, Webby R, Kayali G, Ali MA.

Sci Rep. 2018 Jun 26;8(1):9697. doi: 10.1038/s41598-018-28057-x.


The forgotten history of pre-modern epidemiology: contribution of Ibn An-Nafis in the Islamic golden era.

Kayali G.

East Mediterr Health J. 2018 Mar 5;23(12):854-857. doi: 10.26719/2017.23.12.854. No abstract available.


Evidence of infection with avian, human, and swine influenza viruses in pigs in Cairo, Egypt.

Gomaa MR, Kandeil A, El-Shesheny R, Shehata MM, McKenzie PP, Webby RJ, Ali MA, Kayali G.

Arch Virol. 2018 Feb;163(2):359-364. doi: 10.1007/s00705-017-3619-3. Epub 2017 Oct 26.


Influenza Research in the Eastern Mediterranean Region: A Review.

Khan W, El Rifay AS, Malik M, Kayali G.

Oman Med J. 2017 Sep;32(5):359-364. doi: 10.5001/omj.2017.70. Review.


Avian influenza H5N1 vaccination efficacy in Egyptian backyard poultry.

Kandeil A, Mostafa A, El-Shesheny R, El-Taweel AN, Gomaa M, Galal H, Kayali G, Ali MA.

Vaccine. 2017 Oct 27;35(45):6195-6201. doi: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2017.09.040. Epub 2017 Sep 25.


Role of domestic ducks in the emergence of a new genotype of highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza A viruses in Bangladesh.

Barman S, Marinova-Petkova A, Hasan MK, Akhtar S, El-Shesheny R, Turner JC, Franks J, Walker D, Seiler J, Friedman K, Kercher L, Jeevan T, Darnell D, Kayali G, Jones-Engel L, McKenzie P, Krauss S, Webby RJ, Webster RG, Feeroz MM.

Emerg Microbes Infect. 2017 Aug 9;6(8):e72. doi: 10.1038/emi.2017.60.


Genetic characterization of highly pathogenic avian influenza A H5N8 viruses isolated from wild birds in Egypt.

Kandeil A, Kayed A, Moatasim Y, Webby RJ, McKenzie PP, Kayali G, Ali MA.

J Gen Virol. 2017 Jul;98(7):1573-1586. doi: 10.1099/jgv.0.000847. Epub 2017 Jul 19.


Lineage-specific epitope profiles for HPAI H5 pre-pandemic vaccine selection and evaluation.

Qiu X, Duvvuri VR, Gubbay JB, Webby RJ, Kayali G, Bahl J.

Influenza Other Respir Viruses. 2017 Sep;11(5):445-456. doi: 10.1111/irv.12466. Epub 2017 Aug 12.


Genesis of Influenza A(H5N8) Viruses.

El-Shesheny R, Barman S, Feeroz MM, Hasan MK, Jones-Engel L, Franks J, Turner J, Seiler P, Walker D, Friedman K, Kercher L, Begum S, Akhtar S, Datta AK, Krauss S, Kayali G, McKenzie P, Webby RJ, Webster RG.

Emerg Infect Dis. 2017 Aug;23(8):1368-1371. doi: 10.3201/eid2308.170143. Epub 2017 Aug 15.


Insight into live bird markets of Bangladesh: an overview of the dynamics of transmission of H5N1 and H9N2 avian influenza viruses.

Turner JC, Feeroz MM, Hasan MK, Akhtar S, Walker D, Seiler P, Barman S, Franks J, Jones-Engel L, McKenzie P, Krauss S, Webby RJ, Kayali G, Webster RG.

Emerg Microbes Infect. 2017 Mar 8;6(3):e12. doi: 10.1038/emi.2016.142.


How's the Flu Getting Through? Landscape genetics suggests both humans and birds spread H5N1 in Egypt.

Young SG, Carrel M, Kitchen A, Malanson GP, Tamerius J, Ali M, Kayali G.

Infect Genet Evol. 2017 Apr;49:293-299. doi: 10.1016/j.meegid.2017.02.005. Epub 2017 Feb 4.


Systematic, active surveillance for Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus in camels in Egypt.

Ali MA, Shehata MM, Gomaa MR, Kandeil A, El-Shesheny R, Kayed AS, El-Taweel AN, Atea M, Hassan N, Bagato O, Moatasim Y, Mahmoud SH, Kutkat O, Maatouq AM, Osman A, McKenzie PP, Webby RJ, Kayali G.

Emerg Microbes Infect. 2017 Jan 4;6(1):e1. doi: 10.1038/emi.2016.130.


Novel reassortant H9N2 viruses in pigeons and evidence for antigenic diversity of H9N2 viruses isolated from quails in Egypt.

Kandeil A, El-Shesheny R, Maatouq A, Moatasim Y, Cai Z, McKenzie P, Webby R, Kayali G, Ali MA.

J Gen Virol. 2017 Apr;98(4):548-562. doi: 10.1099/jgv.0.000657. Epub 2017 May 5.


Re-emergence of amantadine-resistant variants among highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N1 viruses in Egypt.

El-Shesheny R, Bagato O, Kandeil A, Mostafa A, Mahmoud SH, Hassanneen HM, Webby RJ, Ali MA, Kayali G.

Infect Genet Evol. 2016 Dec;46:102-109. doi: 10.1016/j.meegid.2016.10.022. Epub 2016 Oct 29.


Biological characterization of highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N1 viruses that infected humans in Egypt in 2014-2015.

El-Shesheny R, Mostafa A, Kandeil A, Mahmoud SH, Bagato O, Naguib A, Refaey SE, Webby RJ, Ali MA, Kayali G.

Arch Virol. 2017 Mar;162(3):687-700. doi: 10.1007/s00705-016-3137-8. Epub 2016 Nov 18.


Complete Genome Sequence of the First H5N1 Avian Influenza Virus Isolated from Chickens in Lebanon in 2016.

Ibrahim E, Sirawan A, El-Bazzal B, El Hage J, Abi Said M, Zaraket H, Kandeil A, Ali MA, Kayali G.

Genome Announc. 2016 Oct 20;4(5). pii: e01062-16. doi: 10.1128/genomeA.01062-16.


Active surveillance of avian influenza viruses in Egyptian poultry, 2015.

Kayed AS, Kandeil A, El Shesheny R, Ali MA, Kayali G.

East Mediterr Health J. 2016 Oct 2;22(7):557-561.


Molecular epidemiology and evolution of A(H1N1) pdm09 and H3N2 viruses in Jordan, 2011-2013.

El Shesheny R, Halasa NB, Williams JV, Shehabi AA, Faouri S, Kayali G, Khuri-Bulos N.

East Mediterr Health J. 2016 Oct 2;22(7):491-502.


Predicting Avian Influenza Co-Infection with H5N1 and H9N2 in Northern Egypt.

Young SG, Carrel M, Malanson GP, Ali MA, Kayali G.

Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2016 Sep 6;13(9). pii: E886. doi: 10.3390/ijerph13090886.


Serological Evidence of Human Infection with Avian Influenza A H7virus in Egyptian Poultry Growers.

Gomaa MR, Kandeil A, Kayed AS, Elabd MA, Zaki SA, Abu Zeid D, El Rifay AS, Mousa AA, Farag MM, McKenzie PP, Webby RJ, Ali MA, Kayali G.

PLoS One. 2016 Jun 3;11(6):e0155294. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0155294. eCollection 2016.


Ecosystem Interactions Underlie the Spread of Avian Influenza A Viruses with Pandemic Potential.

Bahl J, Pham TT, Hill NJ, Hussein IT, Ma EJ, Easterday BC, Halpin RA, Stockwell TB, Wentworth DE, Kayali G, Krauss S, Schultz-Cherry S, Webster RG, Webby RJ, Swartz MD, Smith GJ, Runstadler JA.

PLoS Pathog. 2016 May 11;12(5):e1005620. doi: 10.1371/journal.ppat.1005620. eCollection 2016 May.


Complete Genome Sequence of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus Isolated from a Dromedary Camel in Egypt.

Kandeil A, Shehata MM, El Shesheny R, Gomaa MR, Ali MA, Kayali G.

Genome Announc. 2016 Apr 28;4(2). pii: e00309-16. doi: 10.1128/genomeA.00309-16.


Avian Influenza A(H5N1) Virus in Egypt.

Kayali G, Kandeil A, El-Shesheny R, Kayed AS, Maatouq AM, Cai Z, McKenzie PP, Webby RJ, El Refaey S, Kandeel A, Ali MA.

Emerg Infect Dis. 2016 Mar;22(3):379-88. doi: 10.3201/eid2203.150593.


Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus: a comprehensive review.

Shehata MM, Gomaa MR, Ali MA, Kayali G.

Front Med. 2016 Jun;10(2):120-36. doi: 10.1007/s11684-016-0430-6. Epub 2016 Jan 20. Review.


Surveillance for Coronaviruses in Bats, Lebanon and Egypt, 2013-2015.

Shehata MM, Chu DK, Gomaa MR, AbiSaid M, El Shesheny R, Kandeil A, Bagato O, Chan SM, Barbour EK, Shaib HS, McKenzie PP, Webby RJ, Ali MA, Peiris M, Kayali G.

Emerg Infect Dis. 2016 Jan;22(1):148-50. doi: 10.3201/eid2201.151397. No abstract available.


Influenza surveillance on 'foie gras' duck farms in Bulgaria, 2008-2012.

Marinova-Petkova A, Georgiev G, Petkov T, Darnell D, Franks J, Kayali G, Walker D, Seiler P, Danner A, Graham A, McKenzie P, Krauss S, Webby RJ, Webster RG.

Influenza Other Respir Viruses. 2016 Mar;10(2):98-108. doi: 10.1111/irv.12368.


Generation of a reassortant avian influenza virus H5N2 vaccine strain capable of protecting chickens against infection with Egyptian H5N1 and H9N2 viruses.

Kandeil A, Moatasim Y, Gomaa MR, Shehata MM, El-Shesheny R, Barakat A, Webby RJ, Ali MA, Kayali G.

Vaccine. 2016 Jan 4;34(2):218-224. doi: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2015.11.037. Epub 2015 Nov 25.


Absence of MERS-CoV antibodies in feral camels in Australia: Implications for the pathogen's origin and spread.

Crameri G, Durr PA, Barr J, Yu M, Graham K, Williams OJ, Kayali G, Smith D, Peiris M, Mackenzie JS, Wang LF.

One Health. 2015 Nov 2;1:76-82. doi: 10.1016/j.onehlt.2015.10.003. eCollection 2015 Dec.


Influenza Virus Surveillance in Coordinated Swine Production Systems, United States.

Kaplan BS, DeBeauchamp J, Stigger-Rosser E, Franks J, Crumpton JC, Turner J, Darnell D, Jeevan T, Kayali G, Harding A, Webby RJ, Lowe JF.

Emerg Infect Dis. 2015 Oct;21(10):1834-6. doi: 10.3201/eid2110.140633.


Household Transmission of Zoonotic Influenza Viruses in a Cohort of Egyptian Poultry Growers.

El Rifay AS, Elabd MA, Abu Zeid D, Gomaa MR, Tang L, McKenzie PP, Webby RJ, Ali MA, Kayali G.

JMIR Res Protoc. 2015 Jun 22;4(2):e74. doi: 10.2196/resprot.4331.


A more detailed picture of the epidemiology of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus.

Kayali G, Peiris M.

Lancet Infect Dis. 2015 May;15(5):495-7. doi: 10.1016/S1473-3099(15)70128-3. Epub 2015 Apr 8. No abstract available.


Passive immunotherapy with dromedary immune serum in an experimental animal model for Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus infection.

Zhao J, Perera RA, Kayali G, Meyerholz D, Perlman S, Peiris M.

J Virol. 2015 Jun;89(11):6117-20. doi: 10.1128/JVI.00446-15. Epub 2015 Mar 18.


Long-term surveillance of H7 influenza viruses in American wild aquatic birds: are the H7N3 influenza viruses in wild birds the precursors of highly pathogenic strains in domestic poultry?

Krauss S, Stucker KM, Schobel SA, Danner A, Friedman K, Knowles JP, Kayali G, Niles LJ, Dey AD, Raven G, Pryor P, Lin X, Das SR, Stockwell TB, Wentworth DE, Webster RG.

Emerg Microbes Infect. 2015 Jun 17;4:e35. doi: 10.1038/emi.2015.35.


Avian influenza A(H5N1) and A(H9N2) seroprevalence and risk factors for infection among Egyptians: a prospective, controlled seroepidemiological study.

Gomaa MR, Kayed AS, Elabd MA, Zeid DA, Zaki SA, El Rifay AS, Sherif LS, McKenzie PP, Webster RG, Webby RJ, Ali MA, Kayali G.

J Infect Dis. 2015 May 1;211(9):1399-407. doi: 10.1093/infdis/jiu529. Epub 2014 Oct 29.


Characterization of human Influenza Viruses in Lebanon during 2010-2011 and 2011-2012 post-pandemic seasons.

Zaraket H, Dapat C, Ghanem S, Ali Z, Lteif M, Kondo H, Dapat IC, Saito K, Kayali G, Suzuki H, Dbaibo G, Saito R.

Intervirology. 2014;57(6):344-52. doi: 10.1159/000365758. Epub 2014 Oct 3.


Tropism and replication of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus from dromedary camels in the human respiratory tract: an in-vitro and ex-vivo study.

Chan RW, Hemida MG, Kayali G, Chu DK, Poon LL, Alnaeem A, Ali MA, Tao KP, Ng HY, Chan MC, Guan Y, Nicholls JM, Peiris JS.

Lancet Respir Med. 2014 Oct;2(10):813-22. doi: 10.1016/S2213-2600(14)70158-4. Epub 2014 Aug 28.


Genetic and antigenic evolution of H9N2 avian influenza viruses circulating in Egypt between 2011 and 2013.

Kandeil A, El-Shesheny R, Maatouq AM, Moatasim Y, Shehata MM, Bagato O, Rubrum A, Shanmuganatham K, Webby RJ, Ali MA, Kayali G.

Arch Virol. 2014 Nov;159(11):2861-76. doi: 10.1007/s00705-014-2118-z. Epub 2014 Jul 3.


Seroepidemiology of Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) coronavirus in Saudi Arabia (1993) and Australia (2014) and characterisation of assay specificity.

Hemida MG, Perera RA, Al Jassim RA, Kayali G, Siu LY, Wang P, Chu KW, Perlman S, Ali MA, Alnaeem A, Guan Y, Poon LL, Saif L, Peiris M.

Euro Surveill. 2014 Jun 12;19(23). pii: 20828.


MERS coronaviruses in dromedary camels, Egypt.

Chu DK, Poon LL, Gomaa MM, Shehata MM, Perera RA, Abu Zeid D, El Rifay AS, Siu LY, Guan Y, Webby RJ, Ali MA, Peiris M, Kayali G.

Emerg Infect Dis. 2014 Jun;20(6):1049-53. doi: 10.3201/eid2006.140299.


Detection of antibodies against Turkey astrovirus in humans.

Meliopoulos VA, Kayali G, Burnham A, Oshansky CM, Thomas PG, Gray GC, Beck MA, Schultz-Cherry S.

PLoS One. 2014 May 14;9(5):e96934. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0096934. eCollection 2014.


Molecular characterization of avian influenza H5N1 virus in Egypt and the emergence of a novel endemic subclade.

El-Shesheny R, Kandeil A, Bagato O, Maatouq AM, Moatasim Y, Rubrum A, Song MS, Webby RJ, Ali MA, Kayali G.

J Gen Virol. 2014 Jul;95(Pt 7):1444-63. doi: 10.1099/vir.0.063495-0. Epub 2014 Apr 10.


Active surveillance for avian influenza virus, Egypt, 2010-2012.

Kayali G, Kandeil A, El-Shesheny R, Kayed AS, Gomaa MM, Maatouq AM, Shehata MM, Moatasim Y, Bagato O, Cai Z, Rubrum A, Kutkat MA, McKenzie PP, Webster RG, Webby RJ, Ali MA.

Emerg Infect Dis. 2014 Apr;20(4):542-51. doi: 10.3201/eid2004.131295.


Proteolytic enzymes in embryonated chicken eggs sustain the replication of egg-grown low-pathogenicity avian influenza viruses in cells in the absence of exogenous proteases.

Kandeil A, Bagato O, Zaraket H, Debeauchamp J, Krauss S, El-Shesheny R, Webby RJ, Ali MA, Kayali G.

J Virol Methods. 2014 Jun;202:28-33. doi: 10.1016/j.jviromet.2014.02.023. Epub 2014 Mar 10.


Seroepidemiology for MERS coronavirus using microneutralisation and pseudoparticle virus neutralisation assays reveal a high prevalence of antibody in dromedary camels in Egypt, June 2013.

Perera RA, Wang P, Gomaa MR, El-Shesheny R, Kandeil A, Bagato O, Siu LY, Shehata MM, Kayed AS, Moatasim Y, Li M, Poon LL, Guan Y, Webby RJ, Ali MA, Peiris JS, Kayali G.

Euro Surveill. 2013 Sep 5;18(36):pii=20574.


Influenza research in the Eastern Mediterranean Region: the current state and the way forward.

Kayali G, Webby RJ, Samhouri D, Mafi AR, Bassili A.

Influenza Other Respir Viruses. 2013 Nov;7(6):914-21. doi: 10.1111/irv.12136. Epub 2013 Jun 30. Review.


A single amino acid at the hemagglutinin cleavage site contributes to the pathogenicity but not the transmission of Egyptian highly pathogenic H5N1 influenza virus in chickens.

Yoon SW, Kayali G, Ali MA, Webster RG, Webby RJ, Ducatez MF.

J Virol. 2013 Apr;87(8):4786-8. doi: 10.1128/JVI.03551-12. Epub 2013 Feb 13.


Do commercial avian influenza H5 vaccines induce cross-reactive antibodies against contemporary H5N1 viruses in Egypt?

Kayali G, Kandeil A, El-Shesheny R, Kayed AS, Gomaa MR, Kutkat MA, Debeauchamp J, McKenzie PP, Webster RG, Webby RJ, Ali MA.

Poult Sci. 2013 Jan;92(1):114-8. doi: 10.3382/ps.2012-02637.


Characterization of the recent outbreak of foot-and-mouth disease virus serotype SAT2 in Egypt.

Kandeil A, El-Shesheny R, Kayali G, Moatasim Y, Bagato O, Darwish M, Gaffar A, Younes A, Farag T, Kutkat MA, Ali MA.

Arch Virol. 2013 Mar;158(3):619-27. doi: 10.1007/s00705-012-1529-y. Epub 2012 Nov 7.


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