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Characterization of the First "Candidatus Nitrotoga" Isolate Reveals Metabolic Versatility and Separate Evolution of Widespread Nitrite-Oxidizing Bacteria.

Kitzinger K, Koch H, Lücker S, Sedlacek CJ, Herbold C, Schwarz J, Daebeler A, Mueller AJ, Lukumbuzya M, Romano S, Leisch N, Karst SM, Kirkegaard R, Albertsen M, Nielsen PH, Wagner M, Daims H.

MBio. 2018 Jul 10;9(4). pii: e01186-18. doi: 10.1128/mBio.01186-18.


Novel prosthecate bacteria from the candidate phylum Acetothermia.

Hao L, McIlroy SJ, Kirkegaard RH, Karst SM, Fernando WEY, Aslan H, Meyer RL, Albertsen M, Nielsen PH, Dueholm MS.

ISME J. 2018 Sep;12(9):2225-2237. doi: 10.1038/s41396-018-0187-9. Epub 2018 Jun 8.


Genomic and in Situ Analyses Reveal the Micropruina spp. as Abundant Fermentative Glycogen Accumulating Organisms in Enhanced Biological Phosphorus Removal Systems.

McIlroy SJ, Onetto CA, McIlroy B, Herbst FA, Dueholm MS, Kirkegaard RH, Fernando E, Karst SM, Nierychlo M, Kristensen JM, Eales KL, Grbin PR, Wimmer R, Nielsen PH.

Front Microbiol. 2018 May 23;9:1004. doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2018.01004. eCollection 2018.


Enteric Viruses Hitch a Ride on the Evolutionary Highway.

Jones MK, Karst SM.

Cell Host Microbe. 2018 Jan 10;23(1):5-6. doi: 10.1016/j.chom.2017.12.013.


Retrieval of a million high-quality, full-length microbial 16S and 18S rRNA gene sequences without primer bias.

Karst SM, Dueholm MS, McIlroy SJ, Kirkegaard RH, Nielsen PH, Albertsen M.

Nat Biotechnol. 2018 Feb;36(2):190-195. doi: 10.1038/nbt.4045. Epub 2018 Jan 1.


The major targets of acute norovirus infection are immune cells in the gut-associated lymphoid tissue.

Grau KR, Roth AN, Zhu S, Hernandez A, Colliou N, DiVita BB, Philip DT, Riffe C, Giasson B, Wallet SM, Mohamadzadeh M, Karst SM.

Nat Microbiol. 2017 Dec;2(12):1586-1591. doi: 10.1038/s41564-017-0057-7. Epub 2017 Nov 6.


The impact of immigration on microbial community composition in full-scale anaerobic digesters.

Kirkegaard RH, McIlroy SJ, Kristensen JM, Nierychlo M, Karst SM, Dueholm MS, Albertsen M, Nielsen PH.

Sci Rep. 2017 Aug 24;7(1):9343. doi: 10.1038/s41598-017-09303-0.


Functional redundancy ensures performance robustness in 3-stage PHA-producing mixed cultures under variable feed operation.

Carvalho G, Pedras I, Karst SM, Oliveira CSS, Duque AF, Nielsen PH, Reis MAM.

N Biotechnol. 2018 Jan 25;40(Pt B):207-217. doi: 10.1016/j.nbt.2017.08.007. Epub 2017 Aug 22.


Metagenomes from deep Baltic Sea sediments reveal how past and present environmental conditions determine microbial community composition.

Marshall IPG, Karst SM, Nielsen PH, Jørgensen BB.

Mar Genomics. 2018 Feb;37:58-68. doi: 10.1016/j.margen.2017.08.004. Epub 2017 Aug 12.


Culture-Independent Analyses Reveal Novel Anaerolineaceae as Abundant Primary Fermenters in Anaerobic Digesters Treating Waste Activated Sludge.

McIlroy SJ, Kirkegaard RH, Dueholm MS, Fernando E, Karst SM, Albertsen M, Nielsen PH.

Front Microbiol. 2017 Jun 23;8:1134. doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2017.01134. eCollection 2017.


A Critical Assessment of the Microorganisms Proposed to be Important to Enhanced Biological Phosphorus Removal in Full-Scale Wastewater Treatment Systems.

Stokholm-Bjerregaard M, McIlroy SJ, Nierychlo M, Karst SM, Albertsen M, Nielsen PH.

Front Microbiol. 2017 Apr 27;8:718. doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2017.00718. eCollection 2017.


MiDAS 2.0: an ecosystem-specific taxonomy and online database for the organisms of wastewater treatment systems expanded for anaerobic digester groups.

McIlroy SJ, Kirkegaard RH, McIlroy B, Nierychlo M, Kristensen JM, Karst SM, Albertsen M, Nielsen PH.

Database (Oxford). 2017 Jan 1;2017(1). doi: 10.1093/database/bax016.


The role of inoculum and reactor configuration for microbial community composition and dynamics in mainstream partial nitritation anammox reactors.

Agrawal S, Karst SM, Gilbert EM, Horn H, Nielsen PH, Lackner S.

Microbiologyopen. 2017 Aug;6(4). doi: 10.1002/mbo3.456. Epub 2017 Mar 10.


A norovirus detection architecture based on isothermal amplification and expanded genetic systems.

Yaren O, Bradley KM, Moussatche P, Hoshika S, Yang Z, Zhu S, Karst SM, Benner SA.

J Virol Methods. 2016 Nov;237:64-71. doi: 10.1016/j.jviromet.2016.08.012. Epub 2016 Aug 18.


"Candidatus Propionivibrio aalborgensis": A Novel Glycogen Accumulating Organism Abundant in Full-Scale Enhanced Biological Phosphorus Removal Plants.

Albertsen M, McIlroy SJ, Stokholm-Bjerregaard M, Karst SM, Nielsen PH.

Front Microbiol. 2016 Jul 4;7:1033. doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2016.01033. eCollection 2016.


Recent advances in understanding norovirus pathogenesis.

Karst SM, Tibbetts SA.

J Med Virol. 2016 Nov;88(11):1837-43. doi: 10.1002/jmv.24559. Epub 2016 May 5. Review.


Viral Safeguard: The Enteric Virome Protects against Gut Inflammation.

Karst SM.

Immunity. 2016 Apr 19;44(4):715-8. doi: 10.1016/j.immuni.2016.04.004.


Genomic insights into members of the candidate phylum Hyd24-12 common in mesophilic anaerobic digesters.

Kirkegaard RH, Dueholm MS, McIlroy SJ, Nierychlo M, Karst SM, Albertsen M, Nielsen PH.

ISME J. 2016 Oct;10(10):2352-64. doi: 10.1038/ismej.2016.43. Epub 2016 Apr 8.


Norovirus antagonism of B-cell antigen presentation results in impaired control of acute infection.

Zhu S, Jones MK, Hickman D, Han S, Reeves W, Karst SM.

Mucosal Immunol. 2016 Nov;9(6):1559-1570. doi: 10.1038/mi.2016.15. Epub 2016 Mar 23.


Viruses in Rodent Colonies: Lessons Learned from Murine Noroviruses.

Karst SM, Wobus CE.

Annu Rev Virol. 2015 Nov;2(1):525-48. doi: 10.1146/annurev-virology-100114-055204. Epub 2015 Jul 2. Review.


Genomic and in situ investigations of the novel uncultured Chloroflexi associated with 0092 morphotype filamentous bulking in activated sludge.

McIlroy SJ, Karst SM, Nierychlo M, Dueholm MS, Albertsen M, Kirkegaard RH, Seviour RJ, Nielsen PH.

ISME J. 2016 Sep;10(9):2223-34. doi: 10.1038/ismej.2016.14. Epub 2016 Feb 23.


The influence of commensal bacteria on infection with enteric viruses.

Karst SM.

Nat Rev Microbiol. 2016 Apr;14(4):197-204. doi: 10.1038/nrmicro.2015.25. Epub 2016 Feb 8. Review.


Regulation of Norovirus Virulence by the VP1 Protruding Domain Correlates with B Cell Infection Efficiency.

Zhu S, Watanabe M, Kirkpatrick E, Murray AB, Sok R, Karst SM.

J Virol. 2015 Dec 30;90(6):2858-67. doi: 10.1128/JVI.02880-15.


Norovirus mechanisms of immune antagonism.

Roth AN, Karst SM.

Curr Opin Virol. 2016 Feb;16:24-30. doi: 10.1016/j.coviro.2015.11.005. Epub 2015 Dec 7. Review.


Human norovirus culture in B cells.

Jones MK, Grau KR, Costantini V, Kolawole AO, de Graaf M, Freiden P, Graves CL, Koopmans M, Wallet SM, Tibbetts SA, Schultz-Cherry S, Wobus CE, Vinjé J, Karst SM.

Nat Protoc. 2015 Dec;10(12):1939-47. doi: 10.1038/nprot.2015.121. Epub 2015 Oct 29.


Cyanate as an energy source for nitrifiers.

Palatinszky M, Herbold C, Jehmlich N, Pogoda M, Han P, von Bergen M, Lagkouvardos I, Karst SM, Galushko A, Koch H, Berry D, Daims H, Wagner M.

Nature. 2015 Aug 6;524(7563):105-8. doi: 10.1038/nature14856. Epub 2015 Jul 29.


Back to Basics--The Influence of DNA Extraction and Primer Choice on Phylogenetic Analysis of Activated Sludge Communities.

Albertsen M, Karst SM, Ziegler AS, Kirkegaard RH, Nielsen PH.

PLoS One. 2015 Jul 16;10(7):e0132783. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0132783. eCollection 2015.


MiDAS: the field guide to the microbes of activated sludge.

McIlroy SJ, Saunders AM, Albertsen M, Nierychlo M, McIlroy B, Hansen AA, Karst SM, Nielsen JL, Nielsen PH.

Database (Oxford). 2015 Jun 27;2015:bav062. doi: 10.1093/database/bav062. Print 2015.


Complete Genome Sequence of the Bacterium Aalborg_AAW-1, Representing a Novel Family within the Candidate Phylum SR1.

Dueholm MS, Albertsen M, Stokholm-Bjerregaard M, McIlroy SJ, Karst SM, Nielsen PH.

Genome Announc. 2015 Jun 11;3(3). pii: e00624-15. doi: 10.1128/genomeA.00624-15.


Identification of a novel cellular target and a co-factor for norovirus infection - B cells & commensal bacteria.

Karst SM.

Gut Microbes. 2015 Jul 4;6(4):266-71. doi: 10.1080/19490976.2015.1052211. Epub 2015 May 21.


Survival and activity of individual bioaugmentation strains.

Dueholm MS, Marques IG, Karst SM, D'Imperio S, Tale VP, Lewis D, Nielsen PH, Nielsen JL.

Bioresour Technol. 2015 Jun;186:192-199. doi: 10.1016/j.biortech.2015.02.111. Epub 2015 Mar 14.


Multiplex gastrointestinal pathogen panels: implications for infection control.

Rand KH, Tremblay EE, Hoidal M, Fisher LB, Grau KR, Karst SM.

Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis. 2015 Jun;82(2):154-7. doi: 10.1016/j.diagmicrobio.2015.01.007. Epub 2015 Jan 22.


What is the reservoir of emergent human norovirus strains?

Karst SM, Baric RS.

J Virol. 2015 Jun;89(11):5756-9. doi: 10.1128/JVI.03063-14. Epub 2015 Mar 18. Review.


A working model of how noroviruses infect the intestine.

Karst SM, Wobus CE.

PLoS Pathog. 2015 Feb 27;11(2):e1004626. doi: 10.1371/journal.ppat.1004626. eCollection 2015 Feb. No abstract available.


Enteric bacteria promote human and mouse norovirus infection of B cells.

Jones MK, Watanabe M, Zhu S, Graves CL, Keyes LR, Grau KR, Gonzalez-Hernandez MB, Iovine NM, Wobus CE, Vinjé J, Tibbetts SA, Wallet SM, Karst SM.

Science. 2014 Nov 7;346(6210):755-9. doi: 10.1126/science.1257147.


The molecular pathology of noroviruses.

Karst SM, Zhu S, Goodfellow IG.

J Pathol. 2015 Jan;235(2):206-16. doi: 10.1002/path.4463. Review.


Complete Genome Sequence of Actinobaculum schaalii Strain CCUG 27420.

Kristiansen R, Dueholm MS, Bank S, Nielsen PH, Karst SM, Cattoir V, Lienhard R, Grisold AJ, Olsen AB, Reinhard M, Søby KM, Christensen JJ, Prag J, Thomsen TR.

Genome Announc. 2014 Sep 4;2(5). pii: e00880-14. doi: 10.1128/genomeA.00880-14.


Low temperature partial nitritation/anammox in a moving bed biofilm reactor treating low strength wastewater.

Gilbert EM, Agrawal S, Karst SM, Horn H, Nielsen PH, Lackner S.

Environ Sci Technol. 2014;48(15):8784-92. doi: 10.1021/es501649m. Epub 2014 Jul 16.


Advances in norovirus biology.

Karst SM, Wobus CE, Goodfellow IG, Green KY, Virgin HW.

Cell Host Microbe. 2014 Jun 11;15(6):668-80. doi: 10.1016/j.chom.2014.05.015. Review.


The effect of malnutrition on norovirus infection.

Hickman D, Jones MK, Zhu S, Kirkpatrick E, Ostrov DA, Wang X, Ukhanova M, Sun Y, Mai V, Salemi M, Karst SM.

MBio. 2014 Mar 4;5(2):e01032-13. doi: 10.1128/mBio.01032-13.


Identification of immune and viral correlates of norovirus protective immunity through comparative study of intra-cluster norovirus strains.

Zhu S, Regev D, Watanabe M, Hickman D, Moussatche N, Jesus DM, Kahan SM, Napthine S, Brierley I, Hunter RN 3rd, Devabhaktuni D, Jones MK, Karst SM.

PLoS Pathog. 2013;9(9):e1003592. doi: 10.1371/journal.ppat.1003592. Epub 2013 Sep 5.


Metabolic model for the filamentous 'Candidatus Microthrix parvicella' based on genomic and metagenomic analyses.

McIlroy SJ, Kristiansen R, Albertsen M, Karst SM, Rossetti S, Nielsen JL, Tandoi V, Seviour RJ, Nielsen PH.

ISME J. 2013 Jun;7(6):1161-72. doi: 10.1038/ismej.2013.6. Epub 2013 Feb 28.


Comparative murine norovirus studies reveal a lack of correlation between intestinal virus titers and enteric pathology.

Kahan SM, Liu G, Reinhard MK, Hsu CC, Livingston RS, Karst SM.

Virology. 2011 Dec 20;421(2):202-10. doi: 10.1016/j.virol.2011.09.030. Epub 2011 Oct 22.


Brucella sp. vertebral osteomyelitis with intercurrent fatal Staphylococcus aureus toxigenic enteritis in a bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus).

Goertz CE, Frasca S Jr, Bohach GA, Cowan DF, Buck JD, French RA, De Guise S, Maratea J, Hinckley L, Ewalt D, Schlievert PM, Karst SM, Deobald CF, St Aubin DJ, Dunn JL.

J Vet Diagn Invest. 2011 Jul;23(4):845-51. doi: 10.1177/1040638711407683. Epub 2011 Jun 15.


Pathogenesis of noroviruses, emerging RNA viruses.

Karst SM.

Viruses. 2010 Mar;2(3):748-81. doi: 10.3390/v2030748. Epub 2010 Mar 23.


Primary high-dose murine norovirus 1 infection fails to protect from secondary challenge with homologous virus.

Liu G, Kahan SM, Jia Y, Karst SM.

J Virol. 2009 Jul;83(13):6963-8. doi: 10.1128/JVI.00284-09. Epub 2009 Apr 29.


Type I and type II interferons inhibit the translation of murine norovirus proteins.

Changotra H, Jia Y, Moore TN, Liu G, Kahan SM, Sosnovtsev SV, Karst SM.

J Virol. 2009 Jun;83(11):5683-92. doi: 10.1128/JVI.00231-09. Epub 2009 Mar 18.


Murine norovirus 1 infection is associated with histopathological changes in immunocompetent hosts, but clinical disease is prevented by STAT1-dependent interferon responses.

Mumphrey SM, Changotra H, Moore TN, Heimann-Nichols ER, Wobus CE, Reilly MJ, Moghadamfalahi M, Shukla D, Karst SM.

J Virol. 2007 Apr;81(7):3251-63. Epub 2007 Jan 17.


Cleavage map and proteolytic processing of the murine norovirus nonstructural polyprotein in infected cells.

Sosnovtsev SV, Belliot G, Chang KO, Prikhodko VG, Thackray LB, Wobus CE, Karst SM, Virgin HW, Green KY.

J Virol. 2006 Aug;80(16):7816-31.


Replication of Norovirus in cell culture reveals a tropism for dendritic cells and macrophages.

Wobus CE, Karst SM, Thackray LB, Chang KO, Sosnovtsev SV, Belliot G, Krug A, Mackenzie JM, Green KY, Virgin HW.

PLoS Biol. 2004 Dec;2(12):e432. Epub 2004 Nov 30.

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