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Clin Nephrol. 2000 Jan;53(1):1-9.

Combination therapy using prednisolone and cyclophosphamide slows the progression of moderately advanced IgA nephropathy.

Author information

1
The Kidney Center, Matsuyama Red Cross Hospital, Japan.

Abstract

AIM:

We retrospectively examined the effect of combination therapy using prednisolone (PSL) and cyclophosphamide (CPA) on the progression of IgA nephropathy (IgAN) in 45 patients with moderate to severe histological changes.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

Patients were recruited from 129 consecutive patients with IgAN seen over 10 years based on semiquantitative histological grading. They were divided into two groups: PSL+CPA group (n = 26, male/female = 11/15, age 40+/-3 years (SEM)) or control group undergone conventional therapy with or without antiplatelet agents (n = 19, male/female = 10/9, age 41+/-3). In PSL+CPA group, PSL and CPA treatment commenced using a dose of 30 and 50 mg/day, respectively. PSL was reduced by 5 mg every month.

RESULTS:

The clinical parameters at the start of treatment such as age, gender, histological score, blood pressure, urinary protein excretion and serum creatinine concentration (SCr) were not different between the groups. The mean observation period in PSL+CPA group (3.3+/-0.3 years) was not different from the control group (4.0+/-0.7 years). In PSL+CPA group, urinary protein excretion, defined as the ratio of urinary protein to creatinine concentration (UP/UCr), significantly decreased from 3.9+/-0.4 to 1.3 +/-0.2 (p<0.01), whereas it remained high in the control group (3.8+/-0.7 to 2.7+/-0.8). The progression rate (PR), which was determined by the slope of the correlation between time after renal biopsy and reciprocal SCr, was significantly lower in PSL+CPA (0.054+/-0.014) than in the control group (0.172+/-0.032 dl/mg/year, p<0.001). Our results indicated that PSL+CPA combination therapy was effective in slowing the progression of moderately advanced IgAN.

CONCLUSION:

We suggest that the immunosuppressive treatment with CPA is sometimes necessary to preserve renal function in patients with histologically advanced IgAN.

PMID:
10661476
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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