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Black-White Differences in Cardiovascular Disease Mortality: A Prospective US Study, 2003-2017.

Tajeu GS, Safford MM, Howard G, Howard VJ, Chen L, Long DL, Tanner RM, Muntner P.

Am J Public Health. 2020 Mar 19:e1-e8. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2019.305543. [Epub ahead of print]


Global Stroke Statistics 2019.

Kim J, Thayabaranathan T, Donnan GA, Howard G, Howard VJ, Rothwell PM, Feigin V, Norrving B, Owolabi M, Pandian J, Liu L, Cadilhac DA, Thrift AG.

Int J Stroke. 2020 Mar 9:1747493020909545. doi: 10.1177/1747493020909545. [Epub ahead of print]


Factors Modifying the Risk of Atrial Fibrillation Associated With Atrial Premature Complexes in Patients With Hypertension.

Soliman EZ, Howard G, Judd S, Bhave PD, Howard VJ, Herrington DM.

Am J Cardiol. 2020 Feb 8. pii: S0002-9149(20)30118-1. doi: 10.1016/j.amjcard.2020.02.006. [Epub ahead of print]


Correction: Association of baseline inflammatory biomarkers with cancer mortality in the REGARDS cohort.

Akinyemiju T, Moore JX, Dibaba DT, Pisu M, Goodman M, Howard VJ, Safford M, Gilchrist SC, Cushman M, Long L, Judd SE.

Oncotarget. 2020 Feb 18;11(7):758. doi: 10.18632/oncotarget.27480. eCollection 2020 Feb 18.


Electrocardiographic ST-T Abnormities Are Associated With Stroke Risk in the REGARDS Study.

Sawano M, Yuan Y, Kohsaka S, Inohara T, Suzuki T, Okamura T, Howard G, Howard VJ, Judd S, Soliman EZ, Cushman M.

Stroke. 2020 Apr;51(4):1100-1106. doi: 10.1161/STROKEAHA.119.028069. Epub 2020 Mar 4.


Vascular-brain Injury Progression after Stroke (VIPS) study: concept for understanding racial and geographic determinants of cognitive decline after stroke.

Sarfo FS, Akinyemi R, Howard G, Howard VJ, Wahab K, Cushman M, Levine DA, Ogunniyi A, Unverzagt F, Owolabi M, Ovbiagele B.

J Neurol Sci. 2020 Feb 19;412:116754. doi: 10.1016/j.jns.2020.116754. [Epub ahead of print] Review.


Association of Black Race With Early Recurrence After Minor Ischemic Stroke or Transient Ischemic Attack: Secondary Analysis of the POINT Randomized Clinical Trial.

Kamel H, Zhang C, Kleindorfer DO, Levitan EB, Howard VJ, Howard G, Soliman EZ, Johnston SC.

JAMA Neurol. 2020 Feb 24. doi: 10.1001/jamaneurol.2020.0010. [Epub ahead of print]


Twenty Years of Progress Toward Understanding the Stroke Belt.

Howard G, Howard VJ.

Stroke. 2020 Mar;51(3):742-750. doi: 10.1161/STROKEAHA.119.024155. Epub 2020 Feb 12. No abstract available.


Recommendations for Cardiovascular Health and Disease Surveillance for 2030 and Beyond: A Policy Statement From the American Heart Association.

Roger VL, Sidney S, Fairchild AL, Howard VJ, Labarthe DR, Shay CM, Tiner AC, Whitsel LP, Rosamond WD; American Heart Association Advocacy Coordinating Committee.

Circulation. 2020 Mar 3;141(9):e104-e119. doi: 10.1161/CIR.0000000000000756. Epub 2020 Jan 29.


Open Educational Resources in Behavior Analysis.

Howard VJ.

Behav Anal Pract. 2019 Aug 8;12(4):839-853. doi: 10.1007/s40617-019-00371-4. eCollection 2019 Dec.


Transitions to family caregiving: enrolling incident caregivers and matched non-caregiving controls from a population-based study.

Roth DL, Haley WE, David Rhodes J, Sheehan OC, Huang J, Blinka MD, Yuan Y, Irvin MR, Jenny N, Durda P, Cushman M, Walston JD, Howard VJ.

Aging Clin Exp Res. 2019 Oct 19. doi: 10.1007/s40520-019-01370-9. [Epub ahead of print]


Association of 25-hydroxyvitamin D with incident coronary heart disease in the Reasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS) study.

Paul S, Judd SE, Howard VJ, Safford MS, Gutiérrez OM.

Am Heart J. 2019 Nov;217:140-147. doi: 10.1016/j.ahj.2019.08.011. Epub 2019 Aug 19.


The risk of arterial thromboembolic events after cancer diagnosis.

Navi BB, Howard G, Howard VJ, Zhao H, Judd SE, Elkind MSV, Iadecola C, DeAngelis LM, Kamel H, Okin PM, Gilchrist S, Soliman EZ, Cushman M, Safford M, Muntner P.

Res Pract Thromb Haemost. 2019 Jun 9;3(4):639-651. doi: 10.1002/rth2.12223. eCollection 2019 Oct.


State School Policies as Predictors of Physical and Mental Health: A Natural Experiment in the REGARDS Cohort.

Brenowitz WD, Manly JJ, Murchland AR, Xuan Nguyen TT, Liu SY, Glymour MM, Levine DA, Crowe M, Hohman TJ, Dufouil C, Launer LJ, Hedden T, Eng CW, Wadley VG, Howard VJ.

Am J Epidemiol. 2019 Oct 9. pii: kwz221. doi: 10.1093/aje/kwz221. [Epub ahead of print]


Job complexity and hazardous working conditions: How do they explain educational gradient in mortality?

Fujishiro K, MacDonald LA, Howard VJ.

J Occup Health Psychol. 2019 Sep 30. doi: 10.1037/ocp0000171. [Epub ahead of print]


Life course biopsychosocial effects of retrospective childhood social support and later-life cognition.

Zahodne LB, Sharifian N, Manly JJ, Sumner JA, Crowe M, Wadley VG, Howard VJ, Murchland AR, Brenowitz WD, Weuve J.

Psychol Aging. 2019 Nov;34(7):867-883. doi: 10.1037/pag0000395. Epub 2019 Sep 30.


C-reactive protein and stroke risk in blacks and whites: The REasons for Geographic And Racial Differences in Stroke cohort.

Evans CR, Long DL, Howard G, McClure LA, Zakai NA, Jenny NS, Kissela BM, Safford MM, Howard VJ, Cushman M.

Am Heart J. 2019 Nov;217:94-100. doi: 10.1016/j.ahj.2019.08.003. Epub 2019 Aug 12.


Association of baseline inflammatory biomarkers with cancer mortality in the REGARDS cohort.

Akinyemiju T, Moore JX, Pisu M, Goodman M, Howard VJ, Safford M, Gilchrist SC, Cushman M, Long L, Judd SE.

Oncotarget. 2019 Aug 6;10(47):4857-4867. doi: 10.18632/oncotarget.27108. eCollection 2019 Aug 6. Erratum in: Oncotarget. 2020 Feb 18;11(7):758.


Sex Differences in Hypertension and Stroke Risk in the REGARDS Study: A Longitudinal Cohort Study.

Madsen TE, Howard G, Kleindorfer DO, Furie KL, Oparil S, Manson JE, Liu S, Howard VJ.

Hypertension. 2019 Oct;74(4):749-755. doi: 10.1161/HYPERTENSIONAHA.119.12729. Epub 2019 Aug 13.


Does the Association of Diabetes With Stroke Risk Differ by Age, Race, and Sex? Results From the REasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS) Study.

Malla G, Long DL, Judd SE, Irvin MR, Kissela BM, Lackland DT, Safford MM, Levine DA, Howard VJ, Howard G, Rhodes JD, Voeks JH, Kleindorfer DO, Anderson A, Meschia JF, Carson AP.

Diabetes Care. 2019 Oct;42(10):1966-1972. doi: 10.2337/dc19-0442. Epub 2019 Aug 7.


The association of age at menopause and all-cause and cause-specific mortality by race, postmenopausal hormone use, and smoking status.

Malek AM, Vladutiu CJ, Meyer ML, Cushman M, Newman R, Lisabeth LD, Kleindorfer D, Lakkur S, Howard VJ.

Prev Med Rep. 2019 Jul 14;15:100955. doi: 10.1016/j.pmedr.2019.100955. eCollection 2019 Sep.


Prevalence of workplace discrimination and mistreatment in a national sample of older U.S. workers: The REGARDS cohort study.

Fekedulegn D, Alterman T, Charles LE, Kershaw KN, Safford MM, Howard VJ, MacDonald LA.

SSM Popul Health. 2019 Jul 2;8:100444. doi: 10.1016/j.ssmph.2019.100444. eCollection 2019 Aug.


Inclusivity of Diverse Patient Groups-Reply.

Howard VJ, Howard G, Cushman M.

JAMA Neurol. 2019 Jun 3. doi: 10.1001/jamaneurol.2019.1390. [Epub ahead of print] No abstract available.


Determinants of cigarette smoking status in a national cohort of black and white adult ever smokers in the USA: a cross-sectional analysis of the REGARDS study.

Parekh TM, Wu C, McClure LA, Howard VJ, Cushman M, Malek AM, Harrington KF, Cherrington AL, Dransfield MT, Bhatia S.

BMJ Open. 2019 May 10;9(5):e027175. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2018-027175.


The relationship of longitudinal cognitive change to self-reported IADL in a general population.

Passler JS, Kennedy RE, Clay OJ, Crowe M, Howard VJ, Cushman M, Unverzagt FW, Wadley VG.

Neuropsychol Dev Cogn B Aging Neuropsychol Cogn. 2020 Jan;27(1):125-139. doi: 10.1080/13825585.2019.1597008. Epub 2019 Mar 27.


Race-based demographic, anthropometric and clinical correlates of N-terminal-pro B-type natriuretic peptide.

Patel N, Gutiérrez OM, Arora G, Howard G, Howard VJ, Judd SE, Prabhu SD, Levitan EB, Cushman M, Arora P.

Int J Cardiol. 2019 Jul 1;286:145-151. doi: 10.1016/j.ijcard.2019.02.034. Epub 2019 Feb 21.


Sociodemographic Disparities in Long-Term Mortality Among Stroke Survivors in the United States.

Elfassy T, Grasset L, Glymour MM, Swift S, Zhang L, Howard G, Howard VJ, Flaherty M, Rundek T, Osypuk TL, Zeki Al Hazzouri A.

Stroke. 2019 Apr;50(4):805-812. doi: 10.1161/STROKEAHA.118.023782.


Association of secondhand tobacco smoke exposure during childhood on adult cardiovascular disease risk among never-smokers.

Pistilli M, Howard VJ, Safford MM, Lee BK, Lovasi GS, Cushman M, Malek AM, McClure LA; REGARDS Investigators.

Ann Epidemiol. 2019 Apr;32:28-34.e1. doi: 10.1016/j.annepidem.2019.01.012. Epub 2019 Feb 5.


Sex Differences in Risk Factors for Incident Atrial Fibrillation (from the Reasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke [REGARDS] Study).

Bose A, O'Neal WT, Wu C, McClure LA, Judd SE, Howard VJ, Howard G, Soliman EZ.

Am J Cardiol. 2019 May 1;123(9):1453-1457. doi: 10.1016/j.amjcard.2019.01.056. Epub 2019 Feb 10.


Duration of asymptomatic status and outcomes following carotid endarterectomy and carotid artery stenting in the Carotid Revascularization Endarterectomy vs Stenting Trial.

Moore WS, Voeks JH, Roubin GS, Clark WM, Howard VJ, Jones MR, Brott TG; CREST Investigators.

J Vasc Surg. 2019 Jun;69(6):1797-1800. doi: 10.1016/j.jvs.2018.09.054. Epub 2019 Jan 8.


Associations between cardiovascular disease, cancer, and very low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol in the REasons for Geographical and Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS) study.

Penson P, Long DL, Howard G, Howard VJ, Jones SR, Martin SS, Mikhailidis DP, Muntner P, Rizzo M, Rader DJ, Safford MM, Sahebkar A, Toth PP, Banach M.

Cardiovasc Res. 2019 Jan 1;115(1):204-212. doi: 10.1093/cvr/cvy198.


Potential Effects on Mortality of Replacing Sedentary Time With Short Sedentary Bouts or Physical Activity: A National Cohort Study.

Diaz KM, Duran AT, Colabianchi N, Judd SE, Howard VJ, Hooker SP.

Am J Epidemiol. 2019 Mar 1;188(3):537-544. doi: 10.1093/aje/kwy271.


Sex and Race Differences in the Association of Incident Ischemic Stroke With Risk Factors.

Howard VJ, Madsen TE, Kleindorfer DO, Judd SE, Rhodes JD, Soliman EZ, Kissela BM, Safford MM, Moy CS, McClure LA, Howard G, Cushman M.

JAMA Neurol. 2019 Feb 1;76(2):179-186. doi: 10.1001/jamaneurol.2018.3862.


Depressive symptoms, perceived stress, and metabolic health: The REGARDS study.

Gowey MA, Khodneva Y, Tison SE, Carson AP, Cherrington AL, Howard VJ, Safford MM, Dutton GR.

Int J Obes (Lond). 2019 Mar;43(3):615-632. doi: 10.1038/s41366-018-0270-3. Epub 2018 Dec 5.


Association of Clinical and Social Factors With Excess Hypertension Risk in Black Compared With White US Adults.

Howard G, Cushman M, Moy CS, Oparil S, Muntner P, Lackland DT, Manly JJ, Flaherty ML, Judd SE, Wadley VG, Long DL, Howard VJ.

JAMA. 2018 Oct 2;320(13):1338-1348. doi: 10.1001/jama.2018.13467.


Sleep duration and risk of incident stroke by age, sex, and race: The REGARDS study.

Petrov ME, Howard G, Grandner MA, Kleindorfer D, Molano JR, Howard VJ.

Neurology. 2018 Oct 30;91(18):e1702-e1709. doi: 10.1212/WNL.0000000000006424. Epub 2018 Oct 3.


Outcomes after carotid endarterectomy among elderly dual Medicare-Medicaid-eligible patients.

Leifheit EC, Wang Y, Howard G, Howard VJ, Goldstein LB, Brott TG, Lichtman JH.

Neurology. 2018 Oct 23;91(17):e1553-e1558. doi: 10.1212/WNL.0000000000006380. Epub 2018 Sep 28.


Race, Sex, Age, and Regional Differences in the Association of Obstructive Sleep Apnea With Atrial Fibrillation: Reasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke Study.

Ghazi L, Bennett A, Petrov ME, Howard VJ, Safford MM, Soliman EZ, Glasser SP.

J Clin Sleep Med. 2018 Sep 15;14(9):1485-1493. doi: 10.5664/jcsm.7320.


Associations between very low concentrations of low density lipoprotein cholesterol, high sensitivity C-reactive protein, and health outcomes in the Reasons for Geographical and Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS) study.

Penson PE, Long DL, Howard G, Toth PP, Muntner P, Howard VJ, Safford MM, Jones SR, Martin SS, Mazidi M, Catapano AL, Banach M.

Eur Heart J. 2018 Oct 21;39(40):3641-3653. doi: 10.1093/eurheartj/ehy533.


Participation in Get With The Guidelines-Stroke and Its Association With Quality of Care for Stroke.

Howard G, Schwamm LH, Donnelly JP, Howard VJ, Jasne A, Smith EE, Rhodes JD, Kissela BM, Fonarow GC, Kleindorfer DO, Albright KC.

JAMA Neurol. 2018 Nov 1;75(11):1331-1337. doi: 10.1001/jamaneurol.2018.2101.


Sex differences in the evaluation and treatment of acute ischaemic stroke.

Bushnell C, Howard VJ, Lisabeth L, Caso V, Gall S, Kleindorfer D, Chaturvedi S, Madsen TE, Demel SL, Lee SJ, Reeves M.

Lancet Neurol. 2018 Jul;17(7):641-650. doi: 10.1016/S1474-4422(18)30201-1. Review.


Racial Differences in the Association Between Nonexercise Estimated Cardiorespiratory Fitness and Incident Stroke.

Sui X, Howard VJ, McDonnell MN, Ernstsen L, Flaherty ML, Hooker SP, Lavie CJ.

Mayo Clin Proc. 2018 Jul;93(7):884-894. doi: 10.1016/j.mayocp.2018.05.002. Epub 2018 Jun 19.


Usefulness of Proneurotensin to Predict Cardiovascular and All-Cause Mortality in a United States Population (from the Reasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke Study).

Wettersten N, Cushman M, Howard VJ, Hartmann O, Filippatos G, Beri N, Clopton P, Howard G, Safford MM, Judd SE, Bergmann A, Struck J, Maisel AS.

Am J Cardiol. 2018 Jul 1;122(1):26-32. doi: 10.1016/j.amjcard.2018.03.009. Epub 2018 Mar 28.


New diagnosis of cancer and the risk of subsequent cerebrovascular events.

Navi BB, Howard G, Howard VJ, Zhao H, Judd SE, Elkind MSV, Iadecola C, DeAngelis LM, Kamel H, Okin PM, Gilchrist S, Soliman EZ, Cushman M, Muntner P.

Neurology. 2018 Jun 5;90(23):e2025-e2033. doi: 10.1212/WNL.0000000000005636. Epub 2018 May 4.


Pre-diagnostic biomarkers of metabolic dysregulation and cancer mortality.

Akinyemiju T, Moore JX, Judd SE, Pisu M, Goodman M, Howard VJ, Long L, Safford M, Gilchrist SC, Cushman M.

Oncotarget. 2018 Feb 23;9(22):16099-16109. doi: 10.18632/oncotarget.24559. eCollection 2018 Mar 23.


Risk Factors for Poststroke Cognitive Decline: The REGARDS Study (Reasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke).

Levine DA, Wadley VG, Langa KM, Unverzagt FW, Kabeto MU, Giordani B, Howard G, Howard VJ, Cushman M, Judd SE, Galecki AT.

Stroke. 2018 Apr;49(4):987-994. doi: 10.1161/STROKEAHA.117.018529. Epub 2018 Mar 16.


Preventing stroke on the street where you live, work, and play.

Howard VJ, Thrift AG.

Lancet Public Health. 2018 Apr;3(4):e158-e159. doi: 10.1016/S2468-2667(18)30046-X. Epub 2018 Mar 15. No abstract available.


Association of Fibroblast Growth Factor 23 With Risk of Incident Coronary Heart Disease in Community-Living Adults.

Panwar B, Judd SE, Wadley VG, Jenny NS, Howard VJ, Safford MM, Gutiérrez OM.

JAMA Cardiol. 2018 Apr 1;3(4):318-325. doi: 10.1001/jamacardio.2018.0139.


Impact of Conventional Stroke Risk Factors on Stroke in Women: An Update.

Madsen TE, Howard VJ, Jiménez M, Rexrode KM, Acelajado MC, Kleindorfer D, Chaturvedi S.

Stroke. 2018 Mar;49(3):536-542. doi: 10.1161/STROKEAHA.117.018418. Epub 2018 Feb 8. Review. No abstract available.


Relationship between socioeconomic status and gastrointestinal infections in developed countries: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Adams NL, Rose TC, Hawker J, Violato M, O'Brien SJ, Barr B, Howard VJK, Whitehead M, Harris R, Taylor-Robinson DC.

PLoS One. 2018 Jan 23;13(1):e0191633. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0191633. eCollection 2018. Review.

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