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Association of community food environment and obesity among US adults: a geographical information system analysis.

Chen M, Creger T, Howard V, Judd SE, Harrington KF, Fontaine KR.

J Epidemiol Community Health. 2018 Nov 5. pii: jech-2018-210838. doi: 10.1136/jech-2018-210838. [Epub ahead of print]


Association of Clinical and Social Factors With Excess Hypertension Risk in Black Compared With White US Adults.

Howard G, Cushman M, Moy CS, Oparil S, Muntner P, Lackland DT, Manly JJ, Flaherty ML, Judd SE, Wadley VG, Long DL, Howard VJ.

JAMA. 2018 Oct 2;320(13):1338-1348. doi: 10.1001/jama.2018.13467.


Racial differences in recurrent ischemic stroke risk and recurrent stroke case fatality.

Albright KC, Huang L, Blackburn J, Howard G, Mullen M, Bittner V, Muntner P, Howard V.

Neurology. 2018 Nov 6;91(19):e1741-e1750. doi: 10.1212/WNL.0000000000006467. Epub 2018 Oct 3.


Sleep duration and risk of incident stroke by age, sex, and race: The REGARDS study.

Petrov ME, Howard G, Grandner MA, Kleindorfer D, Molano JR, Howard VJ.

Neurology. 2018 Oct 30;91(18):e1702-e1709. doi: 10.1212/WNL.0000000000006424. Epub 2018 Oct 3.


Outcomes after carotid endarterectomy among elderly dual Medicare-Medicaid-eligible patients.

Leifheit EC, Wang Y, Howard G, Howard VJ, Goldstein LB, Brott TG, Lichtman JH.

Neurology. 2018 Oct 23;91(17):e1553-e1558. doi: 10.1212/WNL.0000000000006380. Epub 2018 Sep 28.


Beware what lies beneath: a case of a gigantic cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma.

Dickison P, Roger SD, Howard V, Smith SD.

Clin Exp Dermatol. 2018 Sep 26. doi: 10.1111/ced.13791. [Epub ahead of print] No abstract available.


Race, Sex, Age, and Regional Differences in the Association of Obstructive Sleep Apnea With Atrial Fibrillation: Reasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke Study.

Ghazi L, Bennett A, Petrov ME, Howard VJ, Safford MM, Soliman EZ, Glasser SP.

J Clin Sleep Med. 2018 Sep 15;14(9):1485-1493. doi: 10.5664/jcsm.7320.


Mycobacterium abscessus infection following penetrations through wetsuits.

Dickison P, Howard V, O'Kane G, Smith SD.

Australas J Dermatol. 2018 Sep 2. doi: 10.1111/ajd.12915. [Epub ahead of print]


Associations between very low concentrations of low density lipoprotein cholesterol, high sensitivity C-reactive protein, and health outcomes in the Reasons for Geographical and Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS) study.

Penson PE, Long DL, Howard G, Toth PP, Muntner P, Howard VJ, Safford MM, Jones SR, Martin SS, Mazidi M, Catapano AL, Banach M.

Eur Heart J. 2018 Oct 21;39(40):3641-3653. doi: 10.1093/eurheartj/ehy533.


Participation in Get With The Guidelines-Stroke and Its Association With Quality of Care for Stroke.

Howard G, Schwamm LH, Donnelly JP, Howard VJ, Jasne A, Smith EE, Rhodes JD, Kissela BM, Fonarow GC, Kleindorfer DO, Albright KC.

JAMA Neurol. 2018 Nov 1;75(11):1331-1337. doi: 10.1001/jamaneurol.2018.2101.


Sex differences in the evaluation and treatment of acute ischaemic stroke.

Bushnell C, Howard VJ, Lisabeth L, Caso V, Gall S, Kleindorfer D, Chaturvedi S, Madsen TE, Demel SL, Lee SJ, Reeves M.

Lancet Neurol. 2018 Jul;17(7):641-650. doi: 10.1016/S1474-4422(18)30201-1. Review.


Racial Differences in the Association Between Nonexercise Estimated Cardiorespiratory Fitness and Incident Stroke.

Sui X, Howard VJ, McDonnell MN, Ernstsen L, Flaherty ML, Hooker SP, Lavie CJ.

Mayo Clin Proc. 2018 Jul;93(7):884-894. doi: 10.1016/j.mayocp.2018.05.002. Epub 2018 Jun 19.


Usefulness of Proneurotensin to Predict Cardiovascular and All-Cause Mortality in a United States Population (from the Reasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke Study).

Wettersten N, Cushman M, Howard VJ, Hartmann O, Filippatos G, Beri N, Clopton P, Howard G, Safford MM, Judd SE, Bergmann A, Struck J, Maisel AS.

Am J Cardiol. 2018 Jul 1;122(1):26-32. doi: 10.1016/j.amjcard.2018.03.009. Epub 2018 Mar 28.


A GLP-1:CCK fusion peptide harnesses the synergistic effects on metabolism of CCK-1 and GLP-1 receptor agonism in mice.

Hornigold DC, Roth E, Howard V, Will S, Oldham S, Coghlan MP, Blouet C, Trevaskis JL.

Appetite. 2018 Aug 1;127:334-340. doi: 10.1016/j.appet.2018.05.131. Epub 2018 May 19.


Galectin-3 and incident cognitive impairment in REGARDS, a cohort of blacks and whites.

Venkatraman A, Callas P, McClure LA, Unverzagt F, Arora G, Howard V, Wadley VG, Cushman M, Arora P.

Alzheimers Dement (N Y). 2018 Apr 26;4:165-172. doi: 10.1016/j.trci.2018.03.006. eCollection 2018.


Raising the bar.

Howard V, Beardsmore L, O'Flaherty E.

Community Pract. 2017 May;90(5):38-39. No abstract available.


New diagnosis of cancer and the risk of subsequent cerebrovascular events.

Navi BB, Howard G, Howard VJ, Zhao H, Judd SE, Elkind MSV, Iadecola C, DeAngelis LM, Kamel H, Okin PM, Gilchrist S, Soliman EZ, Cushman M, Muntner P.

Neurology. 2018 Jun 5;90(23):e2025-e2033. doi: 10.1212/WNL.0000000000005636. Epub 2018 May 4.


Association of Sickle Cell Trait With Ischemic Stroke Among African Americans: A Meta-analysis.

Hyacinth HI, Carty CL, Seals SR, Irvin MR, Naik RP, Burke GL, Zakai NA, Wilson JG, Franceschini N, Winkler CA, David VA, Kopp JB, Judd SE, Adams RJ, Longstreth WT Jr, Egede L, Lackland DT, Taylor H, Manson JE, Howard V, Allison M, Gee BE, Correa A, Safford MM, Arnett DK, Howard G, Reiner AP, Cushman M.

JAMA Neurol. 2018 Jul 1;75(7):802-807. doi: 10.1001/jamaneurol.2018.0571.


Pre-diagnostic biomarkers of metabolic dysregulation and cancer mortality.

Akinyemiju T, Moore JX, Judd SE, Pisu M, Goodman M, Howard VJ, Long L, Safford M, Gilchrist SC, Cushman M.

Oncotarget. 2018 Feb 23;9(22):16099-16109. doi: 10.18632/oncotarget.24559. eCollection 2018 Mar 23.


Analyses of genome wide association data, cytokines, and gene expression in African-Americans with benign ethnic neutropenia.

Charles BA, Hsieh MM, Adeyemo AA, Shriner D, Ramos E, Chin K, Srivastava K, Zakai NA, Cushman M, McClure LA, Howard V, Flegel WA, Rotimi CN, Rodgers GP.

PLoS One. 2018 Mar 29;13(3):e0194400. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0194400. eCollection 2018.


Risk Factors for Poststroke Cognitive Decline: The REGARDS Study (Reasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke).

Levine DA, Wadley VG, Langa KM, Unverzagt FW, Kabeto MU, Giordani B, Howard G, Howard VJ, Cushman M, Judd SE, Galecki AT.

Stroke. 2018 Apr;49(4):987-994. doi: 10.1161/STROKEAHA.117.018529. Epub 2018 Mar 16.


Preventing stroke on the street where you live, work, and play.

Howard VJ, Thrift AG.

Lancet Public Health. 2018 Apr;3(4):e158-e159. doi: 10.1016/S2468-2667(18)30046-X. Epub 2018 Mar 15. No abstract available.


Association of Fibroblast Growth Factor 23 With Risk of Incident Coronary Heart Disease in Community-Living Adults.

Panwar B, Judd SE, Wadley VG, Jenny NS, Howard VJ, Safford MM, Gutiérrez OM.

JAMA Cardiol. 2018 Apr 1;3(4):318-325. doi: 10.1001/jamacardio.2018.0139.


Impact of Conventional Stroke Risk Factors on Stroke in Women: An Update.

Madsen TE, Howard VJ, Jiménez M, Rexrode KM, Acelajado MC, Kleindorfer D, Chaturvedi S.

Stroke. 2018 Mar;49(3):536-542. doi: 10.1161/STROKEAHA.117.018418. Epub 2018 Feb 8. Review. No abstract available.


Relationship between socioeconomic status and gastrointestinal infections in developed countries: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Adams NL, Rose TC, Hawker J, Violato M, O'Brien SJ, Barr B, Howard VJK, Whitehead M, Harris R, Taylor-Robinson DC.

PLoS One. 2018 Jan 23;13(1):e0191633. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0191633. eCollection 2018. Review.


Arsenic Exposure in Relation to Ischemic Stroke: The Reasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke Study.

Tsinovoi CL, Xun P, McClure LA, Carioni VMO, Brockman JD, Cai J, Guallar E, Cushman M, Unverzagt FW, Howard VJ, He K.

Stroke. 2018 Jan;49(1):19-26. doi: 10.1161/STROKEAHA.117.018891. Epub 2017 Dec 6.


Challenge and Yield of Enrolling Racially and Ethnically Diverse Patient Populations in Low Event Rate Clinical Trials.

Sheffet AJ, Howard G, Sam A, Jamil Z, Weaver F, Chiu D, Voeks JH, Howard VJ, Hughes SE, Flaxman L, Longbottom ME, Brott TG; CREST Investigators.

Stroke. 2018 Jan;49(1):84-89. doi: 10.1161/STROKEAHA.117.018063. Epub 2017 Nov 30.


A Prospective Study of Obesity, Metabolic Health, and Cancer Mortality.

Akinyemiju T, Moore JX, Pisu M, Judd SE, Goodman M, Shikany JM, Howard VJ, Safford M, Gilchrist SC.

Obesity (Silver Spring). 2018 Jan;26(1):193-201. doi: 10.1002/oby.22067. Epub 2017 Nov 27.


Racial Differences in Plasma Levels of N-Terminal Pro-B-Type Natriuretic Peptide and Outcomes: The Reasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS) Study.

Bajaj NS, Gutiérrez OM, Arora G, Judd SE, Patel N, Bennett A, Prabhu SD, Howard G, Howard VJ, Cushman M, Arora P.

JAMA Cardiol. 2018 Jan 1;3(1):11-17. doi: 10.1001/jamacardio.2017.4207.


Design and implementation of observational studies to measure disease burden with a focus on stroke.

Howard G, Howard VJ.

Int J Stroke. 2018 Feb;13(2):157-165. doi: 10.1177/1747493017743800. Epub 2017 Nov 17.


Deletion of hepatic carbohydrate response element binding protein (ChREBP) impairs glucose homeostasis and hepatic insulin sensitivity in mice.

Jois T, Chen W, Howard V, Harvey R, Youngs K, Thalmann C, Saha P, Chan L, Cowley MA, Sleeman MW.

Mol Metab. 2017 Nov;6(11):1381-1394. doi: 10.1016/j.molmet.2017.07.006. Epub 2017 Jul 18.


Men Lacking a Caregiver Have Greater Risk of Long-Term Nursing Home Placement After Stroke.

Blackburn J, Albright KC, Haley WE, Howard VJ, Roth DL, Safford MM, Kilgore ML.

J Am Geriatr Soc. 2018 Jan;66(1):133-139. doi: 10.1111/jgs.15166. Epub 2017 Oct 26.


Carotid Endarterectomy and Carotid Artery Stenting in the US Medicare Population, 1999-2014.

Lichtman JH, Jones MR, Leifheit EC, Sheffet AJ, Howard G, Lal BK, Howard VJ, Wang Y, Curtis J, Brott TG.

JAMA. 2017 Sep 19;318(11):1035-1046. doi: 10.1001/jama.2017.12882.


The Role of Occupation in Explaining Cognitive Functioning in Later Life: Education and Occupational Complexity in a U.S. National Sample of Black and White Men and Women.

Fujishiro K, MacDonald LA, Crowe M, McClure LA, Howard VJ, Wadley VG.

J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci. 2017 Aug 21. doi: 10.1093/geronb/gbx112. [Epub ahead of print]


Global stroke statistics: An update of mortality data from countries using a broad code of "cerebrovascular diseases".

Thrift AG, Howard G, Cadilhac DA, Howard VJ, Rothwell PM, Thayabaranathan T, Feigin VL, Norrving B, Donnan GA.

Int J Stroke. 2017 Oct;12(8):796-801. doi: 10.1177/1747493017730782. Epub 2017 Sep 12.


Patterns of Sedentary Behavior and Mortality in U.S. Middle-Aged and Older Adults: A National Cohort Study.

Diaz KM, Howard VJ, Hutto B, Colabianchi N, Vena JE, Safford MM, Blair SN, Hooker SP.

Ann Intern Med. 2017 Oct 3;167(7):465-475. doi: 10.7326/M17-0212. Epub 2017 Sep 12.


Participation in a US community-based cardiovascular health study: investigating nonrandom selection effects related to employment, perceived stress, work-related stress, and family caregiving.

MacDonald LA, Fujishiro K, Howard VJ, Landsbergis P, Hein MJ.

Ann Epidemiol. 2017 Sep;27(9):545-552.e2. doi: 10.1016/j.annepidem.2017.08.008. Epub 2017 Aug 15.


Smoking and risk of atrial fibrillation in the REasons for Geographic And Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS) study.

Imtiaz Ahmad M, Mosley CD, O'Neal WT, Judd SE, McClure LA, Howard VJ, Howard G, Soliman EZ.

J Cardiol. 2018 Feb;71(2):113-117. doi: 10.1016/j.jjcc.2017.07.014. Epub 2017 Sep 5.


Defining Optimal Brain Health in Adults: A Presidential Advisory From the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association.

Gorelick PB, Furie KL, Iadecola C, Smith EE, Waddy SP, Lloyd-Jones DM, Bae HJ, Bauman MA, Dichgans M, Duncan PW, Girgus M, Howard VJ, Lazar RM, Seshadri S, Testai FD, van Gaal S, Yaffe K, Wasiak H, Zerna C; American Heart Association/American Stroke Association.

Stroke. 2017 Oct;48(10):e284-e303. doi: 10.1161/STR.0000000000000148. Epub 2017 Sep 7. Review.


Comparison of Risk of Atrial Fibrillation Among Employed Versus Unemployed (from the REasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke Study).

Soliman EZ, Zhang ZM, Judd S, Howard VJ, Howard G.

Am J Cardiol. 2017 Oct 15;120(8):1298-1301. doi: 10.1016/j.amjcard.2017.07.001. Epub 2017 Jul 21.


Factors Associated With Time to Site Activation, Randomization, and Enrollment Performance in a Stroke Prevention Trial.

Demaerschalk BM, Brown RD Jr, Roubin GS, Howard VJ, Cesko E, Barrett KM, Longbottom ME, Voeks JH, Chaturvedi S, Brott TG, Lal BK, Meschia JF, Howard G; CREST-2 Investigators.

Stroke. 2017 Sep;48(9):2511-2518. doi: 10.1161/STROKEAHA.117.016976. Epub 2017 Aug 2.


Age and Sex Disparities in Discharge Statin Prescribing in the Stroke Belt: Evidence From the Reasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke Study.

Albright KC, Howard VJ, Howard G, Muntner P, Bittner V, Safford MM, Boehme AK, Rhodes JD, Beasley TM, Judd SE, McClure LA, Limdi N, Blackburn J.

J Am Heart Assoc. 2017 Aug 2;6(8). pii: e005523. doi: 10.1161/JAHA.117.005523.


Usefulness of Atrial Premature Complexes on Routine Electrocardiogram to Determine the Risk of Atrial Fibrillation (from the REGARDS Study).

O'Neal WT, Kamel H, Judd SE, Safford MM, Vaccarino V, Howard VJ, Howard G, Soliman EZ.

Am J Cardiol. 2017 Sep 1;120(5):782-785. doi: 10.1016/j.amjcard.2017.06.007. Epub 2017 Jun 15.


Contributors to the Excess Stroke Mortality in Rural Areas in the United States.

Howard G, Kleindorfer DO, Cushman M, Long DL, Jasne A, Judd SE, Higginbotham JC, Howard VJ.

Stroke. 2017 Jul;48(7):1773-1778. doi: 10.1161/STROKEAHA.117.017089. Epub 2017 Jun 16.


Self-Reported Stroke Risk Stratification: Reasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke Study.

Howard G, McClure LA, Moy CS, Howard VJ, Judd SE, Yuan Y, Long DL, Muntner P, Safford MM, Kleindorfer DO.

Stroke. 2017 Jul;48(7):1737-1743. doi: 10.1161/STROKEAHA.117.016757. Epub 2017 May 19.


Safety of Carotid Revascularization during the Acute Period of Neurological Symptom Onset in Women.

De Rango P, Simonte G, Howard VJ, Farchioni L, Cieri E, Caso V, Pelliccia S, Lenti M.

Ann Vasc Surg. 2017 Oct;44:343-352. doi: 10.1016/j.avsg.2017.04.019. Epub 2017 May 4.


Comparison of Expert Adjudicated Coronary Heart Disease and Cardiovascular Disease Mortality With the National Death Index: Results From the REasons for Geographic And Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS) Study.

Olubowale OT, Safford MM, Brown TM, Durant RW, Howard VJ, Gamboa C, Glasser SP, Rhodes JD, Levitan EB.

J Am Heart Assoc. 2017 May 3;6(5). pii: e004966. doi: 10.1161/JAHA.116.004966.


Carotid revascularization and medical management for asymptomatic carotid stenosis: Protocol of the CREST-2 clinical trials.

Howard VJ, Meschia JF, Lal BK, Turan TN, Roubin GS, Brown RD Jr, Voeks JH, Barrett KM, Demaerschalk BM, Huston J 3rd, Lazar RM, Moore WS, Wadley VG, Chaturvedi S, Moy CS, Chimowitz M, Howard G, Brott TG; CREST-2 study investigators.

Int J Stroke. 2017 Oct;12(7):770-778. doi: 10.1177/1747493017706238. Epub 2017 May 2.


Prevalence of Cardiovascular Health by Occupation: A Cross-Sectional Analysis Among U.S. Workers Aged ≥45 Years.

MacDonald LA, Bertke S, Hein MJ, Judd S, Baron S, Merritt R, Howard VJ.

Am J Prev Med. 2017 Aug;53(2):152-161. doi: 10.1016/j.amepre.2017.02.022. Epub 2017 Apr 11.


Neurturin and a GLP-1 Analogue Act Synergistically to Alleviate Diabetes in Zucker Diabetic Fatty Rats.

Trevaskis JL, Sacramento CB, Jouihan H, Ali S, Le Lay J, Oldham S, Bhagroo N, Boland BB, Cann J, Chang Y, O'Day T, Howard V, Reers C, Winzell MS, Smith DM, Feigh M, Barkholt P, Schreiter K, Austen M, Andag U, Thompson S, Jermutus L, Coghlan MP, Grimsby J, Dohrmann C, Rhodes CJ, Rondinone CM, Sharma A.

Diabetes. 2017 Jul;66(7):2007-2018. doi: 10.2337/db16-0916. Epub 2017 Apr 13.

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