Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Science. 2019 Oct 25;366(6464). pii: eaau2027. doi: 10.1126/science.aau2027. Epub 2019 Oct 10.

Grand challenges in the science of wind energy.

Author information

1
National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Golden, CO, USA. paul.veers@nrel.gov kady@dtu.dk eric.lantz@nrel.gov.
2
Department of Wind Energy, Technical University of Denmark, Kongens Lyngby, Denmark. paul.veers@nrel.gov kady@dtu.dk eric.lantz@nrel.gov.
3
ForWind - Center for Wind Energy Research, Oldenburg, Germany.
4
Wind Energy Institute, Technical University of Munich, Garching, Germany.
5
Department of Electrical Engineering, Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
6
WindForS - Wind Energy Research Cluster, Stuttgart, Germany.
7
National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Golden, CO, USA.
8
Recognis Oy, Espoo, Finland.
9
Kjeller Vindteknikk Oy, Espoo, Finland.
10
Department of Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences, University of Colorado, Boulder, Boulder, CO, USA.
11
Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, University of Massachusetts Amherst, Amherst, MA, USA.
12
NOAA Global Systems Division, Boulder, CO, USA.
13
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA.
14
National Renewable Energy Center of Spain, Navarre, Spain.
15
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway.
16
Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Wyoming, Laramie, WY, USA.
17
Department of Electrical, Computer and Energy Engineering, University of Colorado, Boulder, Boulder, CO, USA.
18
Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM, USA.
19
Institute of Physics, University of Oldenburg, Oldenburg, Germany.
20
Department of Wind Energy, Technical University of Denmark, Kongens Lyngby, Denmark.
21
Energy Systems Integration Group, Reston, VA, USA.
22
Electric Power Research Institute, Palo Alto, CA, USA.
23
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA, USA.

Abstract

Harvested by advanced technical systems honed over decades of research and development, wind energy has become a mainstream energy resource. However, continued innovation is needed to realize the potential of wind to serve the global demand for clean energy. Here, we outline three interdependent, cross-disciplinary grand challenges underpinning this research endeavor. The first is the need for a deeper understanding of the physics of atmospheric flow in the critical zone of plant operation. The second involves science and engineering of the largest dynamic, rotating machines in the world. The third encompasses optimization and control of fleets of wind plants working synergistically within the electricity grid. Addressing these challenges could enable wind power to provide as much as half of our global electricity needs and perhaps beyond.

PMID:
31601706
DOI:
10.1126/science.aau2027

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for HighWire
Loading ...
Support Center