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An enhanced recovery after surgery pathway for cesarean delivery decreases hospital stay and cost.

Fay EE, Hitti JE, Delgado CM, Savitsky LM, Mills EB, Slater JL, Bollag LA.

Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2019 Jun 22. pii: S0002-9378(19)30817-8. doi: 10.1016/j.ajog.2019.06.041. [Epub ahead of print]


Phylogenetic Analyses Comparing HIV Sequences from Plasma at Virologic Failure to Cervix Versus Blood Sequences from Antecedent Antiretroviral Therapy Suppression.

Bull ME, McKernan JL, Styrchak S, Kraft K, Hitti J, Cohn SE, Tapia K, Deng W, Holte S, Mullins JI, Coombs RW, Frenkel LM.

AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses. 2019 Jun;35(6):557-566. doi: 10.1089/AID.2018.0211. Epub 2019 Apr 30.


Contribution of hypertension to severe maternal morbidity.

Hitti J, Sienas L, Walker S, Benedetti TJ, Easterling T.

Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2018 Oct;219(4):405.e1-405.e7. doi: 10.1016/j.ajog.2018.07.002. Epub 2018 Jul 27.


A Comparison of the Nulliparous-Term-Singleton-Vertex and Society of Maternal-Fetal Medicine Cesarean Birth Metrics Based on Hospital Size.

Shields LE, Walker S, Hedriana HL, Wiesner S, Pelletreau B, Hitti J, Benedetti TJ.

Am J Perinatol. 2018 Mar;35(4):390-396. doi: 10.1055/s-0037-1607985. Epub 2017 Nov 3.


Effect of severity of illness on cesarean delivery rates in Washington State.

Hitti J, Walker S, Benedetti TJ.

Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2017 Oct;217(4):474.e1-474.e5. doi: 10.1016/j.ajog.2017.06.020. Epub 2017 Jun 27.


Interconception Challenges of Women Who Had Prior Preterm Births.

Boutain DM, Foreman SW, Hitti JE.

J Obstet Gynecol Neonatal Nurs. 2017 Mar - Apr;46(2):209-219. doi: 10.1016/j.jogn.2016.11.014. Epub 2017 Jan 17.


Please exit safely: maternal and twin pair neonatal outcomes according to delivery mode when twin A is vertex.

Hartley RS, Hitti J.

J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 2017 Jan;30(1):54-59. Epub 2016 Mar 29.


Effects of Lipopolysaccharide and Progesterone Exposures on Embryonic Cerebral Cortex Development in Mice.

Tronnes AA, Koschnitzky J, Daza R, Hitti J, Ramirez JM, Hevner R.

Reprod Sci. 2016 Jun;23(6):771-8. doi: 10.1177/1933719115618273. Epub 2015 Nov 30.


Frequency of Antiretroviral Resistance Mutations among Infants Exposed to Single-Dose Nevirapine and Short Course Maternal Antiretroviral Regimens: ACTG A5207.

Hitti J, Halvas EK, Zheng L, Panousis CG, Kabanda J, Taulo F, Kumarasamy N, Pape JW, Lalloo U, Sprenger H, Klingman KL, Chan ES, McMahon D, Mellors JW.

J AIDS Clin Res. 2014 Nov;5(11). pii: 371. Epub 2014 Nov 9.


Hydrogen Peroxide-Producing Lactobacilli Are Associated With Lower Levels of Vaginal Interleukin-1β, Independent of Bacterial Vaginosis.

Mitchell C, Fredricks D, Agnew K, Hitti J.

Sex Transm Dis. 2015 Jul;42(7):358-63. doi: 10.1097/OLQ.0000000000000298.


HIV-1 shedding from the female genital tract is associated with increased Th1 cytokines/chemokines that maintain tissue homeostasis and proportions of CD8+FOXP3+ T cells.

Bull ME, Legard J, Tapia K, Sorensen B, Cohn SE, Garcia R, Holte SE, Coombs RW, Hitti JE.

J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2014 Dec 1;67(4):357-64. doi: 10.1097/QAI.0000000000000336.


A hemolytic pigment of Group B Streptococcus allows bacterial penetration of human placenta.

Whidbey C, Harrell MI, Burnside K, Ngo L, Becraft AK, Iyer LM, Aravind L, Hitti J, Adams Waldorf KM, Rajagopal L.

J Exp Med. 2013 Jun 3;210(6):1265-81. doi: 10.1084/jem.20122753. Epub 2013 May 27.


Clinical and genetic determinants of plasma nevirapine exposure following an intrapartum dose to prevent mother-to-child HIV transmission.

Vardhanabhuti S, Acosta EP, Ribaudo HJ, Severe P, Lalloo U, Kumarasamy N, Taulo F, Kabanda J, Oneko O, Ive P, Sambarey P, Chan ES, Hitti J, Hong F, McMahon D, Haas DW; A5207 ACTG Study Team.

J Infect Dis. 2013 Aug 15;208(4):662-71. doi: 10.1093/infdis/jit223. Epub 2013 May 17.


Effect of the levonorgestrel intrauterine device on genital HIV-1 RNA shedding among HIV-1-infected women not taking antiretroviral therapy in Nairobi, Kenya.

Coleman JS, Mwachari C, Balkus J, Sanguli L, Muliro A, Agnew K, Coombs RW, Cohen CR, Hitti J.

J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2013 Jun 1;63(2):245-8. doi: 10.1097/QAI.0b013e31828decf8.


Human immunodeficiency viruses appear compartmentalized to the female genital tract in cross-sectional analyses but genital lineages do not persist over time.

Bull ME, Heath LM, McKernan-Mullin JL, Kraft KM, Acevedo L, Hitti JE, Cohn SE, Tapia KA, Holte SE, Dragavon JA, Coombs RW, Mullins JI, Frenkel LM.

J Infect Dis. 2013 Apr 15;207(8):1206-15. doi: 10.1093/infdis/jit016. Epub 2013 Jan 11.


Greater suppression of nevirapine resistance with 21- vs 7-day antiretroviral regimens after intrapartum single-dose nevirapine for prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV.

McMahon DK, Zheng L, Hitti J, Chan ES, Halvas EK, Hong F, Kabanda J, Taulo F, Kumarasamy N, Bonhomme J, Wallis CL, Klingman KL, Hughes MD, Mellors JW.

Clin Infect Dis. 2013 Apr;56(7):1044-51. doi: 10.1093/cid/cis1219. Epub 2013 Jan 8.


Interaction between lactobacilli, bacterial vaginosis-associated bacteria, and HIV Type 1 RNA and DNA Genital shedding in U.S. and Kenyan women.

Mitchell C, Balkus JE, Fredricks D, Liu C, McKernan-Mullin J, Frenkel LM, Mwachari C, Luque A, Cohn SE, Cohen CR, Coombs R, Hitti J.

AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses. 2013 Jan;29(1):13-9. doi: 10.1089/AID.2012.0187. Epub 2012 Nov 5.


Associations between genital tract infections, genital tract inflammation, and cervical cytobrush HIV-1 DNA in US versus Kenyan women.

Mitchell C, Balkus JE, McKernan-Mullin J, Cohn SE, Luque AE, Mwachari C, Cohen CR, Coombs R, Frenkel LM, Hitti J.

J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2013 Feb 1;62(2):143-8. doi: 10.1097/QAI.0b013e318274577d.


Detection of hydrogen peroxide-producing Lactobacillus species in the vagina: a comparison of culture and quantitative PCR among HIV-1 seropositive women.

Balkus JE, Mitchell C, Agnew K, Liu C, Fiedler T, Cohn SE, Luque A, Coombs R, Fredricks DN, Hitti J.

BMC Infect Dis. 2012 Aug 13;12:188. doi: 10.1186/1471-2334-12-188.


Examining the challenges and solutions to the implementation of trials in resource-limited settings: Limited Resource Trials.

Blanchard-Horan C, Stocker V, Moran L, Ferguson EO, Klingman KL, McMahon D, Hitti J.

Appl Clin Trials. 2012 Jan 1;21(1):34-42. No abstract available.


Infant outcomes after maternal antiretroviral exposure in resource-limited settings.

Nielsen-Saines K, Komarow L, Cu-Uvin S, Jourdain G, Klingman KL, Shapiro DE, Mofenson L, Moran L, Campbell TB, Hitti J, Fiscus S, Currier J; ACTG 5190/PACTG 1054 Study Team.

Pediatrics. 2012 Jun;129(6):e1525-32. doi: 10.1542/peds.2011-2340. Epub 2012 May 14.


Valacyclovir suppressive therapy reduces plasma and breast milk HIV-1 RNA levels during pregnancy and postpartum: a randomized trial.

Drake AL, Roxby AC, Ongecha-Owuor F, Kiarie J, John-Stewart G, Wald A, Richardson BA, Hitti J, Overbaugh J, Emery S, Farquhar C.

J Infect Dis. 2012 Feb 1;205(3):366-75. doi: 10.1093/infdis/jir766. Epub 2011 Dec 6.


Selection of HIV resistance associated with antiretroviral therapy initiated due to pregnancy and suspended postpartum.

Ellis GM, Huang S, Hitti J, Frenkel LM; P1022 Study Team.

J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2011 Nov 1;58(3):241-7. doi: 10.1097/QAI.0b013e31822b4edc.


Genital HSV detection among HIV-1-infected pregnant women in labor.

Patterson J, Hitti J, Selke S, Huang ML, Watts DH, Brown Z, Corey L, Wald A.

Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol. 2011;2011:157680. doi: 10.1155/2011/157680. Epub 2011 Mar 27.


Estimating volume of cervicovaginal secretions in cervicovaginal lavage fluid collected for measurement of genital HIV-1 RNA levels in women.

Mitchell C, Paul K, Agnew K, Gaussman R, Coombs RW, Hitti J.

J Clin Microbiol. 2011 Feb;49(2):735-6. doi: 10.1128/JCM.00991-10. Epub 2010 Nov 24.


Cervicovaginal shedding of HIV type 1 is related to genital tract inflammation independent of changes in vaginal microbiota.

Mitchell C, Hitti J, Paul K, Agnew K, Cohn SE, Luque AE, Coombs R.

AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses. 2011 Jan;27(1):35-9. doi: 10.1089/aid.2010.0129. Epub 2010 Oct 7.


Prevalence of human papillomavirus genotypes in HIV-1-infected women in Seattle, USA and Nairobi, Kenya: results from the Women's HIV Interdisciplinary Network (WHIN).

Luque AE, Hitti J, Mwachari C, Lane C, Messing S, Cohn SE, Adler D, Rose R, Coombs R.

Int J Infect Dis. 2010 Sep;14(9):e810-4. doi: 10.1016/j.ijid.2010.03.016. Epub 2010 Jul 22.


Noninvasive diagnosis of intraamniotic infection: proteomic biomarkers in vaginal fluid.

Hitti J, Lapidus JA, Lu X, Reddy AP, Jacob T, Dasari S, Eschenbach DA, Gravett MG, Nagalla SR.

Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2010 Jul;203(1):32.e1-8. doi: 10.1016/j.ajog.2010.03.037. Epub 2010 May 15.


Inadequate prenatal care and risk of preterm delivery among adolescents: a retrospective study over 10 years.

Debiec KE, Paul KJ, Mitchell CM, Hitti JE.

Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2010 Aug;203(2):122.e1-6. doi: 10.1016/j.ajog.2010.03.001. Epub 2010 May 14.


Agricultural-related chemical exposures, season of conception, and risk of gastroschisis in Washington State.

Waller SA, Paul K, Peterson SE, Hitti JE.

Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2010 Mar;202(3):241.e1-6. doi: 10.1016/j.ajog.2010.01.023. Erratum in: Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2010 Aug;203(2):183.


Increasing rates of preterm twin births coincide with improving twin pair survival.

Hartley RS, Hitti J.

J Perinat Med. 2010 May;38(3):297-303. doi: 10.1515/JPM.2010.020.


Correlates of cervical Mycoplasma genitalium and risk of preterm birth among Peruvian women.

Hitti J, Garcia P, Totten P, Paul K, Astete S, Holmes KK.

Sex Transm Dis. 2010 Feb;37(2):81-5. doi: 10.1097/OLQ.0b013e3181bf5441.


Effects of pregnancy and bacterial vaginosis on proinflammatory cytokine and secretory leukocyte protease inhibitor concentrations in vaginal secretions.

Balkus J, Agnew K, Lawler R, Mitchell C, Hitti J.

J Pregnancy. 2010;2010:385981. doi: 10.1155/2010/385981. Epub 2010 Aug 8.


Changes in the vaginal microenvironment with metronidazole treatment for bacterial vaginosis in early pregnancy.

Mitchell C, Balkus J, Agnew K, Lawler R, Hitti J.

J Womens Health (Larchmt). 2009 Nov;18(11):1817-24. doi: 10.1089/jwh.2009.1378.


Compartmentalization of HIV-1 within the female genital tract is due to monotypic and low-diversity variants not distinct viral populations.

Bull M, Learn G, Genowati I, McKernan J, Hitti J, Lockhart D, Tapia K, Holte S, Dragavon J, Coombs R, Mullins J, Frenkel L.

PLoS One. 2009 Sep 22;4(9):e7122. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0007122.


Generation C: prevalence of and risk factors for chlamydia trachomatis among adolescents and young women in Lima, Peru.

Paul KJ, Garcia PJ, Giesel AE, Holmes KK, Hitti JE.

J Womens Health (Larchmt). 2009 Sep;18(9):1419-24. doi: 10.1089/jwh.2008.1069.


Comparison of oral and vaginal metronidazole for treatment of bacterial vaginosis in pregnancy: impact on fastidious bacteria.

Mitchell CM, Hitti JE, Agnew KJ, Fredricks DN.

BMC Infect Dis. 2009 Jun 10;9:89. doi: 10.1186/1471-2334-9-89.


Repeat pregnancies among HIV-infected women enrolled in clinical trial PACTG1022.

Watts DH, Huang S, Cohn SE, Smith L, Hitti J.

J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2009 Jun 1;51(2):231-3. doi: 10.1097/QAI.0b013e3181a5b053. No abstract available.


Monotypic human immunodeficiency virus type 1 genotypes across the uterine cervix and in blood suggest proliferation of cells with provirus.

Bull ME, Learn GH, McElhone S, Hitti J, Lockhart D, Holte S, Dragavon J, Coombs RW, Mullins JI, Frenkel LM.

J Virol. 2009 Jun;83(12):6020-8. doi: 10.1128/JVI.02664-08. Epub 2009 Apr 1.


Partner- and partnership-related risk factors for preterm birth among low-income women in Lima, Peru.

Paul K, Garcia PJ, Manhart LE, Holmes KK, Hitti JE.

Soc Sci Med. 2009 Apr;68(8):1535-40. doi: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2009.02.027. Epub 2009 Mar 11.


The vaginal microflora in relation to gingivitis.

Persson R, Hitti J, Verhelst R, Vaneechoutte M, Persson R, Hirschi R, Weibel M, Rothen M, Temmerman M, Paul K, Eschenbach D.

BMC Infect Dis. 2009 Jan 22;9:6. doi: 10.1186/1471-2334-9-6.


Effect of semen on vaginal fluid cytokines and secretory leukocyte protease inhibitor.

Agnew KJ, Aura J, Nunez N, Lee Z, Lawler R, Richardson CE, Culhane J, Hitti J.

Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol. 2008;2008:820845. doi: 10.1155/2008/820845.


Increasing rates of sex-discordant twins no longer correspond to decreasing perinatal mortality rates.

Hartley RS, Hitti J.

J Perinat Med. 2008;36(3):228-34. doi: 10.1515/JPM.2008.017.


Racial disparity in bacterial vaginosis: the role of socioeconomic status, psychosocial stress, and neighborhood characteristics, and possible implications for preterm birth.

Paul K, Boutain D, Manhart L, Hitti J.

Soc Sci Med. 2008 Sep;67(5):824-33. doi: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2008.05.017. Epub 2008 Jun 21.


Cord blood lipids in infants born to HIV-1-infected women treated with combination antiretroviral therapy.

Melvin AJ, Kang M, Hitti J, Livingston E, Cohn SE, Stocker V, Ross AC, Watts H, McComsey GA.

Antivir Ther. 2008;13(3):349-55.


Increased mtDNA levels without change in mitochondrial enzymes in peripheral blood mononuclear cells of infants born to HIV-infected mothers on antiretroviral therapy.

McComsey GA, Kang M, Ross AC, Lebrecht D, Livingston E, Melvin A, Hitti J, Cohn SE, Walker UA; AIDS Clinical Trials Group A5084.

HIV Clin Trials. 2008 Mar-Apr;9(2):126-36. doi: 10.1310/hct0902-126.


Bacterial vaginosis, not HIV, is primarily responsible for increased vaginal concentrations of proinflammatory cytokines.

Mitchell CM, Balkus J, Agnew KJ, Cohn S, Luque A, Lawler R, Coombs RW, Hitti JE.

AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses. 2008 May;24(5):667-71. doi: 10.1089/aid.2008.0268.


Chronic administration of nevirapine during pregnancy: impact of pregnancy on pharmacokinetics.

Capparelli EV, Aweeka F, Hitti J, Stek A, Hu C, Burchett SK, Best B, Smith E, Read JS, Watts H, Nachman S, Thorpe EM Jr, Spector SA, Jimenez E, Shearer WT, Foca M, Mirochnick M; PACTG 1026S Study Team; PACTG P1022 Study Team.

HIV Med. 2008 Apr;9(4):214-20. doi: 10.1111/j.1468-1293.2008.00553.x.


Tannerella forsythia and Pseudomonas aeruginosa in subgingival bacterial samples from parous women.

Persson GR, Hitti J, Paul K, Hirschi R, Weibel M, Rothen M, Persson RE.

J Periodontol. 2008 Mar;79(3):508-16. doi: 10.1902/jop.2008.070350 .


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