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Effectiveness of a multilevel intervention to reduce violence and increase condom use in intimate partnerships among female sex workers: cluster randomised controlled trial in Karnataka, India.

Javalkar P, Platt L, Prakash R, Beattie TS, Collumbien M, Gafos M, Ramanaik S, Davey C, Jewkes R, Watts C, Bhattacharjee P, Thalinja R, Dl K, Isac S, Heise L.

BMJ Glob Health. 2019 Nov 6;4(6):e001546. doi: 10.1136/bmjgh-2019-001546. eCollection 2019.


Acute myocardial infarction in the young - National Trend Analysis with gender-based difference in outcomes.

Bandyopadhyay D, Chakraborty S, Amgai B, Patel N, Hajra A, Heise L, Sud K, Ghosh RK, Herzog E, Aronow WS, Fonarow GC, Lavie CJ.

Int J Cardiol. 2019 Nov 12. pii: S0167-5273(19)33095-5. doi: 10.1016/j.ijcard.2019.11.096. [Epub ahead of print]


Shifting and transforming gender-inequitable beliefs, behaviours and norms in intimate partnerships: the Indashyikirwa couples programme in Rwanda.

McLean L, Heise LL, Stern EA.

Cult Health Sex. 2019 Nov 5:1-18. doi: 10.1080/13691058.2019.1679394. [Epub ahead of print]


The Samata intervention to increase secondary school completion and reduce child marriage among adolescent girls: results from a cluster-randomised control trial in India.

Prakash R, Beattie TS, Javalkar P, Bhattacharjee P, Ramanaik S, Thalinja R, Murthy S, Davey C, Gafos M, Blanchard J, Watts C, Collumbien M, Moses S, Heise L, Isac S.

J Glob Health. 2019 Jun;9(1):010430. doi: 10.7189/jogh.09.010430.


Gender equality and gender norms: framing the opportunities for health.

Gupta GR, Oomman N, Grown C, Conn K, Hawkes S, Shawar YR, Shiffman J, Buse K, Mehra R, Bah CA, Heise L, Greene ME, Weber AM, Heymann J, Hay K, Raj A, Henry S, Klugman J, Darmstadt GL; Gender Equality, Norms, and Health Steering Committee.

Lancet. 2019 Jun 22;393(10190):2550-2562. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(19)30651-8. Epub 2019 May 30. Review.


Gender inequality and restrictive gender norms: framing the challenges to health.

Heise L, Greene ME, Opper N, Stavropoulou M, Harper C, Nascimento M, Zewdie D; Gender Equality, Norms, and Health Steering Committee.

Lancet. 2019 Jun 15;393(10189):2440-2454. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(19)30652-X. Epub 2019 May 30. Review.


Why now for a Series on gender equality, norms, and health?

Darmstadt GL, Heise L, Gupta GR, Henry S, Cislaghi B, Greene ME, Hawkes S, Hay K, Heymann J, Klugman J, Levy JK, Raj A, Weber AM.

Lancet. 2019 Jun 15;393(10189):2374-2377. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(19)30985-7. Epub 2019 May 30. No abstract available.


Is transactional sex exploitative? A social norms perspective, with implications for interventions with adolescent girls and young women in Tanzania.

Wamoyi J, Heise L, Meiksin R, Kyegombe N, Nyato D, Buller AM.

PLoS One. 2019 Apr 2;14(4):e0214366. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0214366. eCollection 2019.


What determines violence among female sex workers in an intimate partner relationship? Findings from North Karnataka, south India.

Javalkar P, Platt L, Prakash R, Beattie T, Bhattacharjee P, Thalinja R, L KD, Sangha CATM, Ramanaik S, Collumbien M, Davey C, Moses S, Jewkes R, Isac S, Heise L.

BMC Public Health. 2019 Mar 29;19(1):350. doi: 10.1186/s12889-019-6673-9.


Proposing a Conceptual Framework to Address Social Norms That Influence Adolescent Sexual and Reproductive Health.

Pulerwitz J, Blum R, Cislaghi B, Costenbader E, Harper C, Heise L, Kohli A, Lundgren R.

J Adolesc Health. 2019 Apr;64(4S):S7-S9. doi: 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2019.01.014. Epub 2019 Mar 20. No abstract available.


Social norms and beliefs about gender based violence scale: a measure for use with gender based violence prevention programs in low-resource and humanitarian settings.

Perrin N, Marsh M, Clough A, Desgroppes A, Yope Phanuel C, Abdi A, Kaburu F, Heitmann S, Yamashina M, Ross B, Read-Hamilton S, Turner R, Heise L, Glass N.

Confl Health. 2019 Mar 8;13:6. doi: 10.1186/s13031-019-0189-x. eCollection 2019.


Widening cracks in patriarchy: mothers and daughters navigating gender norms in a Mumbai slum.

Cislaghi B, Bankar S, Verma RK, Heise L, Collumbien M.

Cult Health Sex. 2019 Mar 19:1-18. doi: 10.1080/13691058.2019.1580769. [Epub ahead of print]


Prevalence and correlates of psychological distress among 13-14 year old adolescent girls in North Karnataka, South India: a cross-sectional study.

Beattie TS, Prakash R, Mazzuca A, Kelly L, Javalkar P, Raghavendra T, Ramanaik S, Collumbien M, Moses S, Heise L, Isac S, Watts C.

BMC Public Health. 2019 Jan 10;19(1):48. doi: 10.1186/s12889-018-6355-z.


Sexual coercion, consent and negotiation: processes of change amongst couples participating in the Indashyikirwa programme in Rwanda.

Stern E, Heise L.

Cult Health Sex. 2019 Aug;21(8):867-882. doi: 10.1080/13691058.2018.1521991. Epub 2018 Dec 14.


Using social norms theory for health promotion in low-income countries.

Cislaghi B, Heise L.

Health Promot Int. 2019 Oct 1;34(5):1069. doi: 10.1093/heapro/day065. No abstract available.


Education, poverty and "purity" in the context of adolescent girls' secondary school retention and dropout: A qualitative study from Karnataka, southern India.

Ramanaik S, Collumbien M, Prakash R, Howard-Merrill L, Thalinja R, Javalkar P, Murthy S, Cislaghi B, Beattie T, Isac S, Moses S, Heise L, Bhattacharjee P.

PLoS One. 2018 Sep 5;13(9):e0202470. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0202470. eCollection 2018.


Theory and practice of social norms interventions: eight common pitfalls.

Cislaghi B, Heise L.

Global Health. 2018 Aug 17;14(1):83. doi: 10.1186/s12992-018-0398-x.


Safety and Efficacy of Extremely Low LDL-Cholesterol Levels and Its Prospects in Hyperlipidemia Management.

Bandyopadhyay D, Qureshi A, Ghosh S, Ashish K, Heise LR, Hajra A, Ghosh RK.

J Lipids. 2018 Apr 23;2018:8598054. doi: 10.1155/2018/8598054. eCollection 2018. Review.


'It's because I like things… it's a status and he buys me airtime': exploring the role of transactional sex in young women's consumption patterns in rural South Africa (secondary findings from HPTN 068).

Ranganathan M, Heise L, MacPhail C, Stöckl H, Silverwood RJ, Kahn K, Selin A, Xavier Gómez-Olivé F, Watts C, Pettifor A.

Reprod Health. 2018 May 29;15(1):102. doi: 10.1186/s12978-018-0539-y.


Examining diffusion to understand the how of SASA!, a violence against women and HIV prevention intervention in Uganda.

Starmann E, Heise L, Kyegombe N, Devries K, Abramsky T, Michau L, Musuya T, Watts C, Collumbien M.

BMC Public Health. 2018 May 11;18(1):616. doi: 10.1186/s12889-018-5508-4.


A community-based qualitative study on the experience and understandings of intimate partner violence and HIV vulnerability from the perspectives of female sex workers and male intimate partners in North Karnataka state, India.

Blanchard AK, Nair SG, Bruce SG; Chaitanya AIDS Tadegattuva Mahila Sangha, Ramanaik S, Thalinja R, Murthy S, Javalkar P, Pillai P, Collumbien M, Heise L, Isac S, Bhattacharjee P.

BMC Womens Health. 2018 May 11;18(1):66. doi: 10.1186/s12905-018-0554-8.


Four avenues of normative influence: A research agenda for health promotion in low and mid-income countries.

Cislaghi B, Heise L.

Health Psychol. 2018 Jun;37(6):562-573. doi: 10.1037/hea0000618. Epub 2018 Apr 19.


Contesting restrictive mobility norms among female mentors implementing a sport based programme for young girls in a Mumbai slum.

Bankar S, Collumbien M, Das M, Verma RK, Cislaghi B, Heise L.

BMC Public Health. 2018 Apr 10;18(1):471. doi: 10.1186/s12889-018-5347-3.


Using social norms theory for health promotion in low-income countries.

Cislaghi B, Heise L.

Health Promot Int. 2019 Jun 1;34(3):616-623. doi: 10.1093/heapro/day017. Erratum in: Health Promot Int. 2019 Oct 1;34(5):1069.


The doing and undoing of male household decision-making and economic authority in Rwanda and its implications for gender transformative programming.

Stern E, Heise L, McLean L.

Cult Health Sex. 2018 Sep;20(9):976-991. doi: 10.1080/13691058.2017.1404642. Epub 2017 Dec 1.


Correlates of school dropout and absenteeism among adolescent girls from marginalized community in north Karnataka, south India.

Prakash R, Beattie T, Javalkar P, Bhattacharjee P, Ramanaik S, Thalinja R, Murthy S, Davey C, Blanchard J, Watts C, Collumbien M, Moses S, Heise L, Isac S.

J Adolesc. 2017 Dec;61:64-76. doi: 10.1016/j.adolescence.2017.09.007. Epub 2017 Sep 29.


Young women's perceptions of transactional sex and sexual agency: a qualitative study in the context of rural South Africa.

Ranganathan M, MacPhail C, Pettifor A, Kahn K, Khoza N, Twine R, Watts C, Heise L.

BMC Public Health. 2017 Aug 22;17(1):666. doi: 10.1186/s12889-017-4636-6.


Zika and pregnancy: A comprehensive review.

Hajra A, Bandyopadhyay D, Heise LR, Bhadra R, Ball S, Hajra SK.

Am J Reprod Immunol. 2017 Feb;77(2). doi: 10.1111/aji.12607. Epub 2016 Nov 25. Review.


Corrigendum to "Revisiting the understanding of "transactional sex" in sub-Saharan Africa: A review and synthesis of the literature" [Soc. Sci. Med. 168 (2016) 186-197].

Stoebenau K, Heise L, Wamoyi J, Bobrova N.

Soc Sci Med. 2017 Jan;172:e1. doi: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2016.11.013. Epub 2016 Nov 15. No abstract available.


Exploring Couples' Processes of Change in the Context of SASA!, a Violence Against Women and HIV Prevention Intervention in Uganda.

Starmann E, Collumbien M, Kyegombe N, Devries K, Michau L, Musuya T, Watts C, Heise L.

Prev Sci. 2017 Feb;18(2):233-244. doi: 10.1007/s11121-016-0716-6.


Revisiting the understanding of "transactional sex" in sub-Saharan Africa: A review and synthesis of the literature.

Stoebenau K, Heise L, Wamoyi J, Bobrova N.

Soc Sci Med. 2016 Nov;168:186-197. doi: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2016.09.023. Epub 2016 Sep 15. Review. Erratum in: Soc Sci Med. 2017 Jan;172:e1.


Reducing violence and increasing condom use in the intimate partnerships of female sex workers: study protocol for Samvedana Plus, a cluster randomised controlled trial in Karnataka state, south India.

Beattie TS, Isac S, Bhattacharjee P, Javalkar P, Davey C, Raghavendra T, Nair S, Ramanaik S, Kavitha DL, Blanchard JF, Watts C, Collumbien M, Moses S, Heise L.

BMC Public Health. 2016 Jul 29;16:660. doi: 10.1186/s12889-016-3356-7.


Transactional sex among young women in rural South Africa: prevalence, mediators and association with HIV infection.

Ranganathan M, Heise L, Pettifor A, Silverwood RJ, Selin A, MacPhail C, Delany-Moretlwe S, Kahn K, Gómez-Olivé FX, Hughes JP, Piwowar-Manning E, Laeyendecker O, Watts C.

J Int AIDS Soc. 2016 Jul 27;19(1):20749. doi: 10.7448/IAS.19.1.20749. eCollection 2016.


Pursuing Authenticity From Process to Outcome in a Community-Based Participatory Research Study of Intimate Partner Violence and HIV Vulnerability in North Karnataka, India.

Blanchard AK, Sangha CA, Nair SG, Thalinja R, Srikantamurthy HS, Ramanaik S, Javalkar P, Pillai P, Isac S, Collumbien M, Heise L, Bhattacharjee P, Bruce SG.

Qual Health Res. 2017 Jan;27(2):204-214. Epub 2016 Jul 4.


Optimizing HIV prevention for women: a review of evidence from microbicide studies and considerations for gender-sensitive microbicide introduction.

Doggett EG, Lanham M, Wilcher R, Gafos M, Karim QA, Heise L.

J Int AIDS Soc. 2015 Dec 21;18:20536. doi: 10.7448/IAS.18.1.20536. eCollection 2015. Review.


"I never expected that it would happen, coming to ask me such questions":Ethical aspects of asking children about violence in resource poor settings.

Devries KM, Child JC, Elbourne D, Naker D, Heise L.

Trials. 2015 Nov 11;16:516. doi: 10.1186/s13063-015-1004-7.



Malling HJ, Hansen KS, Heise L.

Ugeskr Laeger. 2015 May 11;177(20):966-70. Review. Danish.


What is the potential for interventions designed to prevent violence against women to reduce children's exposure to violence? Findings from the SASA! study, Kampala, Uganda.

Kyegombe N, Abramsky T, Devries KM, Michau L, Nakuti J, Starmann E, Musuya T, Heise L, Watts C.

Child Abuse Negl. 2015 Dec;50:128-40. doi: 10.1016/j.chiabu.2015.10.003. Epub 2015 Oct 24.


Exploring the association between women's access to economic resources and intimate partner violence in Dar es Salaam and Mbeya, Tanzania.

Vyas S, Jansen HA, Heise L, Mbwambo J.

Soc Sci Med. 2015 Dec;146:307-15. doi: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2015.10.016. Epub 2015 Oct 19.


Declines in violence and police arrest among female sex workers in Karnataka state, south India, following a comprehensive HIV prevention programme.

Beattie TS, Bhattacharjee P, Isac S, Mohan HL, Simic-Lawson M, Ramesh BM, Blanchard JF, Moses S, Watts CH, Heise L.

J Int AIDS Soc. 2015 Oct 16;18:20079. doi: 10.7448/IAS.18.1.20079. eCollection 2015.


Secondary schooling might be as good an HIV investment as male circumcision.

Remme M, Watts C, Heise L, Vassall A.

Lancet Glob Health. 2015 Oct;3(10):e591. doi: 10.1016/S2214-109X(15)00167-9. No abstract available.


Cross-national and multilevel correlates of partner violence: an analysis of data from population-based surveys.

Heise LL, Kotsadam A.

Lancet Glob Health. 2015 Jun;3(6):e332-40. doi: 10.1016/S2214-109X(15)00013-3.


Cannabinoid hyperemesis syndrome.

Heise L.

Adv Emerg Nurs J. 2015 Apr-Jun;37(2):95-101. doi: 10.1097/TME.0000000000000062.


Supporting adolescent girls to stay in school, reduce child marriage and reduce entry into sex work as HIV risk prevention in north Karnataka, India: protocol for a cluster randomised controlled trial.

Beattie TS, Bhattacharjee P, Isac S, Davey C, Javalkar P, Nair S, Thalinja R, Sudhakar G, Collumbien M, Blanchard JF, Watts C, Moses S, Heise L.

BMC Public Health. 2015 Mar 25;15:292. doi: 10.1186/s12889-015-1623-7.


Addressing violence against women: a call to action.

García-Moreno C, Zimmerman C, Morris-Gehring A, Heise L, Amin A, Abrahams N, Montoya O, Bhate-Deosthali P, Kilonzo N, Watts C.

Lancet. 2015 Apr 25;385(9978):1685-95. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(14)61830-4. Epub 2014 Nov 21. Review. Erratum in: Lancet. 2015 Apr 25;385(9978):1622.


The impact of SASA!, a community mobilization intervention, on reported HIV-related risk behaviours and relationship dynamics in Kampala, Uganda.

Kyegombe N, Abramsky T, Devries KM, Starmann E, Michau L, Nakuti J, Musuya T, Heise L, Watts C.

J Int AIDS Soc. 2014 Nov 5;17:19232. doi: 10.7448/IAS.17.1.19232. eCollection 2014.

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