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J Dent Educ. 2018 Aug;82(8):839-847. doi: 10.21815/JDE.018.078.

A Survey of Dental Patient Attitudes on the Likelihood and Perceived Importance of Disclosing Daily Medications.

Author information

1
Kalin Johnson, PharmD, is Assistant Professor of Pharmacy Practice, School of Pharmacy and Health Professions, and Assistant Professor of Diagnostic Sciences, School of Dentistry, Creighton University; Joseph Franco, DDS, is Assistant Professor, Department of Diagnostic Sciences, and Assistant Director of Clinics, School of Dentistry, Creighton University; and Laura E. Harris-Vieyra, DDS, is Assistant Professor of Periodontics, School of Dentistry, Creighton University kalinjohnson@creighton.edu.
2
Kalin Johnson, PharmD, is Assistant Professor of Pharmacy Practice, School of Pharmacy and Health Professions, and Assistant Professor of Diagnostic Sciences, School of Dentistry, Creighton University; Joseph Franco, DDS, is Assistant Professor, Department of Diagnostic Sciences, and Assistant Director of Clinics, School of Dentistry, Creighton University; and Laura E. Harris-Vieyra, DDS, is Assistant Professor of Periodontics, School of Dentistry, Creighton University.

Abstract

An accurate medication history allows the oral health care provider (OHCP) to evaluate a patient's overall health and disease status, as well as assess the effect medications may have on dental treatment and oral health. It has been previously documented that dental patients do not always report an accurate medication list. The aims of this study were to determine dental patients' perceptions regarding the importance and likelihood of accurately disclosing prescription, over-the-counter (OTC), and herbal/supplement medications to their OHCP. A voluntary patient survey was administered from October 2015 through March 2016 to new dental patients at the Creighton University School of Dentistry student-operated clinic. Of 300 surveys distributed, 217 were found to be complete for inclusion in the evaluation (response rate 72.3%). Of the responding patients, 75.6%, 69.1%, and 63.6% reported believing it was very important to inform their dentists of their prescribed, OTC, and herbal/supplement medications, respectively. Additionally, 80.7%, 71.4%, and 62.7% reported that they always informed their dentists of all their prescribed, OTC, and herbal/supplement medications, respectively. Although the majority of these patients agreed on the importance of reporting medication information to their OHCP and reported doing so, this survey found room for improvement, especially regarding OTC and herbal/supplement medications. It is imperative that both the pharmacist and OHCP educate dental and pharmacy students to inform patients of the importance of providing an accurate and complete medication history to ensure the safest possible delivery of their dental treatment.

KEYWORDS:

dental education; dental patients; dentist; medication; medication history; medication reconciliation; nonprescription drugs; pharmacist; pharmacy education

PMID:
30068772
DOI:
10.21815/JDE.018.078
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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