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Mol Cancer Ther. 2003 Nov;2(11):1149-54.

Voltage-gated sodium channel blockers as cytostatic inhibitors of the androgen-independent prostate cancer cell line PC-3.

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Department of Chemistry, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22904, USA.


The recent discovery of sodium (Na(+)) channel expression in human prostate cancer (PCa) cells led us to investigate the potential use of neuronal Na(+) channel blockers as inhibitors of PCa cells. Our initial studies discovered two classes of Na(+) channel blockers that were effective inhibitors of PCa cell proliferation. Both hydroxyamides (compounds 1 and 4) and a hydantoin (compound 5) were shown to inhibit the androgen-independent PCa cell line PC-3 in vitro. Electrophysiology showed that all compounds functionally block brain type II voltage-gated Na(+) channels (Nav1.2) expressed in Xenopus laevis oocytes. Long-term growth assays in androgen-independent PC-3 cells showed remarkable inhibition of cell growth, with cells growing to a maximum of 30% of controls with analogue 1. Further, our analogues demonstrated only marginal impact on cell viability over the same treatment interval.

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