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Mol Cell Biochem. 2001 Jan;217(1-2):35-41.

The effect of tyrosol, hydroxytyrosol and oleuropein on the non-enzymatic lipid peroxidation of rat liver microsomes.

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1
La Grasa Institute, (C.S.I.C.), Seville, Spain.

Abstract

The effects of the polyphenolic compounds from virgin olive oil: tyrosol, hydroxytyrosol and oleuropein on the non-enzymatic lipid peroxidation induced by ascorbate-Fe2+ of rat liver microsomes were examined. The inhibition of light emission (maximal induced chemiluminescence) by oleuropein was concentration dependent. Hydroxytyrosol showed a substantial degree of inhibition against ascorbate-Fe2+ induced lipid peroxidation in rat liver microsomes that was at least 6 times higher than that observed in the presence of oleuropein. Inhibition of lipid peroxidation by tyrosol was not observed. In rat liver microsomes incubated alone or in the presence of tyrosol, the fatty acid composition was profoundly modified when subjected to in vitro peroxidation mediated by ascorbate-Fe2+, with a considerable decrease of 18:2n6 and 20:4n6; however, changes in fatty acid composition were not observed when microsomes were incubated with hydroxytyrosol. When oleuropein was used at low concentration (5, 15 microM) a considerable decrease of 20:4n6 was observed, but 18:2n6 was not modified; at higher concentration (30, 60 microM) changes in fatty acid composition were not observed. There was a very good correlation between the presence of oxidized phospholipids and the changes in polyunsaturated fatty acids previously observed. Thus, hydroxytyrosol showed the highest protection again oxidized phospholipid formation. The presence of oleuropein at low concentration (5, 15 microM) does not prevent the formation of oxidized phospholipids (8.02 +/- 1.22 and 1.22 +/- 1.22) but concentration higher than 30 microM avoids completely the formation of this molecules whereas tyrosol at any concentration assayed was found to be ineffective and allows the formation not only of oxidized phospholipids but also of oxidized cholesterol.

PMID:
11269663
DOI:
10.1023/a:1007219931090
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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