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Heterogeneity in neurocognitive change trajectories among people with HIV starting antiretroviral therapy in Rakai, Uganda.

Rubin LH, Saylor D, Nakigozi G, Nakasujja N, Robertson K, Kisakye A, Batte J, Mayanja R, Anok A, Lofgren SM, Boulware DR, Dastgheyb R, Reynolds SJ, Quinn TC, Gray RH, Wawer MJ, Sacktor N.

J Neurovirol. 2019 Jun 19. doi: 10.1007/s13365-019-00768-5. [Epub ahead of print]


Interleukin-6 is associated with mortality and neuropsychiatric outcomes in antiretroviral-naïve adults in Rakai, Uganda.

Saylor D, Kumar A, Nakigozi G, Anok A, Batte J, Kisakye A, Mayanja R, Nakasujja N, Robertson KR, Gray RH, Wawer MJ, Pardo CA, Sacktor N.

J Neurovirol. 2019 Jun 4. doi: 10.1007/s13365-019-00759-6. [Epub ahead of print]


Inferring HIV-1 transmission networks and sources of epidemic spread in Africa with deep-sequence phylogenetic analysis.

Ratmann O, Grabowski MK, Hall M, Golubchik T, Wymant C, Abeler-Dörner L, Bonsall D, Hoppe A, Brown AL, de Oliveira T, Gall A, Kellam P, Pillay D, Kagaayi J, Kigozi G, Quinn TC, Wawer MJ, Laeyendecker O, Serwadda D, Gray RH, Fraser C; PANGEA Consortium and Rakai Health Sciences Program.

Nat Commun. 2019 Mar 29;10(1):1411. doi: 10.1038/s41467-019-09139-4.


Effect of HIV Subtype and Antiretroviral Therapy on HIV-Associated Neurocognitive Disorder Stage in Rakai, Uganda.

Sacktor N, Saylor D, Nakigozi G, Nakasujja N, Robertson K, Grabowski MK, Kisakye A, Batte J, Mayanja R, Anok A, Gray RH, Wawer MJ.

J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2019 Jun 1;81(2):216-223. doi: 10.1097/QAI.0000000000001992.


Vitamin D is not associated with HIV-associated neurocognitive disorder in Rakai, Uganda.

Saylor D, Nakigozi G, Pardo CA, Kisakye A, Kumar A, Nakasujja N, Robertson KR, Gray RH, Wawer MJ, Sacktor N.

J Neurovirol. 2019 Jun;25(3):410-414. doi: 10.1007/s13365-018-00719-6. Epub 2019 Jan 22.


Headache prevalence and its functional impact among HIV-infected adults in rural Rakai District, Uganda.

Sohail S, Nakigozi G, Anok A, Batte J, Kisakye A, Mayanja R, Nakasujja N, Robertson KR, Gray RH, Wawer MJ, Sacktor N, Saylor D.

J Neurovirol. 2019 Apr;25(2):248-253. doi: 10.1007/s13365-018-0710-9. Epub 2019 Jan 3.


Male Circumcision for HIV and STI Prevention: A Reflection.

Gray RH.

Clin Chem. 2019 Jan;65(1):15-18. doi: 10.1373/clinchem.2018.286542. No abstract available.


Validation of the Limiting Antigen Avidity Assay to Estimate Level and Trends in HIV Incidence in an A/D Epidemic in Rakai, Uganda.

Laeyendecker O, Gray RH, Grabowski MK, Reynolds SJ, Ndyanabo A, Ssekasanvu J, Fernandez RE, Wawer MJ, Serwadda D, Quinn TC.

AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses. 2019 Apr;35(4):364-367. doi: 10.1089/AID.2018.0207. Epub 2019 Jan 29.


Short Communication: The Interaction of HIV Set Point Viral Load and Subtype on Disease Progression.

McPhee E, Grabowski MK, Gray RH, Ndyanabo A, Ssekasanvu J, Kigozi G, Makumbi F, Serwadda D, Quinn TC, Laeyendecker O.

AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses. 2019 Jan;35(1):49-51. doi: 10.1089/AID.2018.0165.


Brief Report: Age-Disparate Relationships and HIV Prevalence Among Never Married Women in Rakai, Uganda.

Mwinnyaa G, Gray RH, Grabowski MK, Ssekasanvu J, Ndyanabo A, Ssekubugu R, Kagaayi J, Kigozi G, Nakigozi G, Serwadda DM, Laeyendecker O.

J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2018 Dec 1;79(4):430-434. doi: 10.1097/QAI.0000000000001832.


Women's role in male circumcision promotion in Rakai, Uganda.

Nakyanjo N, Piccinini D, Kisakye A, Yeh PT, Ddaaki W, Kigozi G, Gray RH, Kennedy CE.

AIDS Care. 2019 Apr;31(4):443-450. doi: 10.1080/09540121.2018.1500009. Epub 2018 Jul 16.


Migration and risk of HIV acquisition in Rakai, Uganda: a population-based cohort study.

Olawore O, Tobian AAR, Kagaayi J, Bazaale JM, Nantume B, Kigozi G, Nankinga J, Nalugoda F, Nakigozi G, Kigozi G, Gray RH, Wawer MJ, Ssekubugu R, Santelli JS, Reynolds SJ, Chang LW, Serwadda D, Grabowski MK.

Lancet HIV. 2018 Apr;5(4):e181-e189. doi: 10.1016/S2352-3018(18)30009-2. Epub 2018 Feb 25.


HIV viral suppression and geospatial patterns of HIV antiretroviral therapy treatment facility use in Rakai, Uganda.

Billioux VG, Grabowski MK, Ssekasanvu J, Reynolds SJ, Berman A, Bazaale J, Patel EU, Bugos E, Ndyanabo A, Kisakye A, Kagaayi J, Gray RH, Nakigozi G, Ssekubugu R, Nalugoda F, Serwadda D, Wawer MJ, Chang LW.

AIDS. 2018 Mar 27;32(6):819-824. doi: 10.1097/QAD.0000000000001761.


Process evaluation of the SHARE intervention for preventing intimate partner violence and HIV infection in Rakai, Uganda.

Wagman JA, Gray RH, Nakyanjo N, McClendon KA, Bonnevie E, Namatovu F, Kigozi G, Kagaayi J, Wawer MJ, Nalugoda F.

Eval Program Plann. 2018 Apr;67:129-137. doi: 10.1016/j.evalprogplan.2017.12.009. Epub 2017 Dec 24.


The validity of self-reported antiretroviral use in persons living with HIV: a population-based study.

Grabowski MK, Reynolds SJ, Kagaayi J, Gray RH, Clarke W, Chang LW, Nakigozi G, Laeyndecker O, Redd AD, Billioux V, Ssekubugu R, Nalugoda F, Wawer MJ, Serwadda D, Quinn TC, Tobian AAR.

AIDS. 2018 Jan 28;32(3):363-369. doi: 10.1097/QAD.0000000000001706.


Hepatitis E Virus Seroprevalence and Correlates of Anti-HEV IgG Antibodies in the Rakai District, Uganda.

Boon D, Redd AD, Laeyendecker O, Engle RE, Nguyen H, Ocama P, Boaz I, Ndyanabo A, Kiggundu V, Reynolds SJ, Gray RH, Wawer MJ, Purcell RH, Kirk GD, Quinn TC, Stabinski L; Rakai Health Sciences Program.

J Infect Dis. 2018 Feb 14;217(5):785-789. doi: 10.1093/infdis/jix610.


HIV Prevention Efforts and Incidence of HIV in Uganda.

Grabowski MK, Serwadda DM, Gray RH, Nakigozi G, Kigozi G, Kagaayi J, Ssekubugu R, Nalugoda F, Lessler J, Lutalo T, Galiwango RM, Makumbi F, Kong X, Kabatesi D, Alamo ST, Wiersma S, Sewankambo NK, Tobian AAR, Laeyendecker O, Quinn TC, Reynolds SJ, Wawer MJ, Chang LW; Rakai Health Sciences Program.

N Engl J Med. 2017 Nov 30;377(22):2154-2166. doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa1702150.


Penile Anaerobic Dysbiosis as a Risk Factor for HIV Infection.

Liu CM, Prodger JL, Tobian AAR, Abraham AG, Kigozi G, Hungate BA, Aziz M, Nalugoda F, Sariya S, Serwadda D, Kaul R, Gray RH, Price LB.

MBio. 2017 Jul 25;8(4). pii: e00996-17. doi: 10.1128/mBio.00996-17.


Peripheral neuropathy in HIV-infected and uninfected patients in Rakai, Uganda.

Saylor D, Nakigozi G, Nakasujja N, Robertson K, Gray RH, Wawer MJ, Sacktor N.

Neurology. 2017 Aug 1;89(5):485-491. doi: 10.1212/WNL.0000000000004136. Epub 2017 Jul 5.


Human immunodeficiency virus care cascade among sub-populations in Rakai, Uganda: an observational study.

Billioux VG, Chang LW, Reynolds SJ, Nakigozi G, Ssekasanvu J, Grabowski MK, Ssekubugu R, Nalugoda F, Kigozi G, Kagaayi J, Serwadda D, Gray RH, Wawer MJ.

J Int AIDS Soc. 2017 Jun 5;20(1):21590. doi: 10.7448/IAS.20.1.21590.


Design and Implementation of a Community Health Worker HIV Treatment and Prevention Intervention in an HIV Hot Spot Fishing Community in Rakai, Uganda.

Long A, Mbabali I, Hutton HE, Thomas AG, Bugos E, Mulamba J, Amico KR, Nalugoda F, Gray RH, Wawer MJ, Nakigozi G, Chang LW.

J Int Assoc Provid AIDS Care. 2017 Sep/Oct;16(5):499-505. doi: 10.1177/2325957417709089. Epub 2017 May 22.


Medical male circumcision coverage in Rakai, Uganda.

Kong X, Kigozi G, Ssekasanvu J, Nalugoda F, Nakigozi G, Chang LW, Latkin C, Serwadda D, Wawer MJ, Gray RH.

AIDS. 2017 Mar 13;31(5):735-737. doi: 10.1097/QAD.0000000000001355.


Impact of HIV and Atiretroviral Therapy on Neurocognitive Outcomes Among School-Aged Children.

Brahmbhatt H, Boivin M, Ssempijja V, Kagaayi J, Kigozi G, Serwadda D, Violari A, Gray RH.

J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2017 May 1;75(1):1-8. doi: 10.1097/QAI.0000000000001305.


Elevated cytomegalovirus IgG antibody levels are associated with HIV-1 disease progression and immune activation.

Patel EU, Gianella S, Newell K, Tobian AA, Kirkpatrick AR, Nalugoda F, Grabowski MK, Gray RH, Serwadda D, Quinn TC, Redd AD, Reynolds SJ.

AIDS. 2017 Mar 27;31(6):807-813. doi: 10.1097/QAD.0000000000001412.


Hepatitis B incidence and prevention with antiretroviral therapy among HIV-positive individuals in Uganda.

Seremba E, Ssempijja V, Kalibbala S, Gray RH, Wawer MJ, Nalugoda F, Casper C, Phipps W, Ocama P, Serwadda D, Thomas DL, Reynolds SJ.

AIDS. 2017 Mar 27;31(6):781-786. doi: 10.1097/QAD.0000000000001399.


Qualitative insights into implementation, processes, and outcomes of a randomized trial on peer support and HIV care engagement in Rakai, Uganda.

Monroe A, Nakigozi G, Ddaaki W, Bazaale JM, Gray RH, Wawer MJ, Reynolds SJ, Kennedy CE, Chang LW.

BMC Infect Dis. 2017 Jan 10;17(1):54. doi: 10.1186/s12879-016-2156-0.


Trends and Determinants of Human Papillomavirus Concordance Among Human Immunodeficiency Virus-Positive and -Negative Heterosexual Couples in Rakai, Uganda.

Grabowski MK, Gravitt PE, Gray RH, Serwadda D, Redd AD, Kigozi G, Kong X, Nalugoda F, Wawer MJ, Quinn TC, Tobian AAR.

J Infect Dis. 2017 Mar 1;215(5):772-780. doi: 10.1093/infdis/jiw631.


Penile Immune Activation and Risk of HIV Shedding: A Prospective Cohort Study.

Patel EU, Kirkpatrick AR, Grabowski MK, Kigozi G, Gray RH, Prodger JL, Redd AD, Nalugoda F, Serwadda D, Wawer MJ, Quinn TC, Tobian AA.

Clin Infect Dis. 2017 Mar 15;64(6):776-784. doi: 10.1093/cid/ciw847.


Chemokine Levels in the Penile Coronal Sulcus Correlate with HIV-1 Acquisition and Are Reduced by Male Circumcision in Rakai, Uganda.

Prodger JL, Gray RH, Shannon B, Shahabi K, Kong X, Grabowski K, Kigozi G, Nalugoda F, Serwadda D, Wawer MJ, Reynolds SJ, Liu CM, Tobian AA, Kaul R.

PLoS Pathog. 2016 Nov 29;12(11):e1006025. doi: 10.1371/journal.ppat.1006025. eCollection 2016 Nov.


Intimate partner violence as a predictor of marital disruption in rural Rakai, Uganda: a longitudinal study.

Wagman JA, Charvat B, Thoma ME, Ndyanabo A, Nalugoda F, Ssekasanvu J, Kigozi G, Serwadda D, Kagaayi J, Wawer MJ, Gray RH.

Int J Public Health. 2016 Nov;61(8):961-970. Epub 2016 Sep 13.


Efficacy of knowledge and competence-based training of non-physicians in the provision of early infant male circumcision using the Mogen clamp in Rakai, Uganda.

Kankaka EN, Kigozi G, Kayiwa D, Kighoma N, Makumbi F, Murungi T, Nabukalu D, Nampijja R, Watya S, Namuguzi D, Nalugoda F, Nakigozi G, Serwadda D, Wawer M, Gray RH.

BJU Int. 2017 Apr;119(4):631-637. doi: 10.1111/bju.13685. Epub 2016 Nov 11.


The So-Called Fermi Paradox Is Misleading, Flawed, and Harmful.

Gray RH.

Astrobiology. 2016 Oct;16(10):741-743. Epub 2016 Sep 15. No abstract available.


Randomised trial of early infant circumcision performed by clinical officers and registered nurse midwives using the Mogen clamp in Rakai, Uganda.

Kankaka EN, Murungi T, Kigozi G, Makumbi F, Nabukalu D, Watya S, Kighoma N, Nampijja R, Kayiwa D, Nalugoda F, Serwadda D, Wawer M, Gray RH.

BJU Int. 2017 Jan;119(1):164-170. doi: 10.1111/bju.13589. Epub 2016 Sep 6.


Heterogeneity of the HIV epidemic in agrarian, trading, and fishing communities in Rakai, Uganda: an observational epidemiological study.

Chang LW, Grabowski MK, Ssekubugu R, Nalugoda F, Kigozi G, Nantume B, Lessler J, Moore SM, Quinn TC, Reynolds SJ, Gray RH, Serwadda D, Wawer MJ.

Lancet HIV. 2016 Aug;3(8):e388-e396. doi: 10.1016/S2352-3018(16)30034-0. Epub 2016 Jul 9.


Association of Medical Male Circumcision and Antiretroviral Therapy Scale-up With Community HIV Incidence in Rakai, Uganda.

Kong X, Kigozi G, Ssekasanvu J, Nalugoda F, Nakigozi G, Ndyanabo A, Lutalo T, Reynolds SJ, Ssekubugu R, Kagaayi J, Bugos E, Chang LW, Nanlesta P, Mary G, Berman A, Quinn TC, Serwadda D, Wawer MJ, Gray RH.

JAMA. 2016 Jul 12;316(2):182-90. doi: 10.1001/jama.2016.7292.


Ockham's Razor and the PrePex Male Circumcision Device.

Liu CM, Tobian AA, Gray RH.

J Infect Dis. 2016 Oct 1;214(7):1126. doi: 10.1093/infdis/jiw277. Epub 2016 Jul 11. No abstract available.


Postcoital penile washing and the risk of HIV acquisition in uncircumcised men.

Makumbi FE, Ssempijja V, Sekasanvu J, Ssekubugu R, Kigozi G, Watya S, Nakigozi G, Serwadda D, Wawer M, Gray RH.

AIDS. 2016 Jun 19;30(10):1669-73. doi: 10.1097/QAD.0000000000001097.


Self-selection of male circumcision clients and behaviors following circumcision in a service program in Uganda.

Kagaayi J, Kong X, Kigozi G, Ssekubugu R, Kigozi G, Nalugoda F, Serwadda D, Wawer MJ, Gray RH.

AIDS. 2016 Aug 24;30(13):2125-9. doi: 10.1097/QAD.0000000000001169.


Immunological Signaling During Herpes Simplex Virus-2 and Cytomegalovirus Vaginal Shedding After Initiation of Antiretroviral Treatment.

Nason MC, Patel EU, Kirkpatrick AR, Prodger JL, Shahabi K, Tobian AA, Gianella S, Kalibbala S, Ssebbowa P, Kaul R, Gray RH, Quinn TC, Serwadda D, Reynolds SJ, Redd AD.

Open Forum Infect Dis. 2016 Apr 6;3(2):ofw073. doi: 10.1093/ofid/ofw073. eCollection 2016 Mar.


Genital Anaerobic Bacterial Overgrowth and the PrePex Male Circumcision Device, Rakai, Uganda.

Liu CM, Prodger JL, Tobian AA, Serwadda D, Galiwango RM, Nalugoda F, Kighoma N, Mwinike J, Anyokorit M, Price LB, Wawer MJ, Kigozi G, Gray RH.

J Infect Dis. 2016 Aug 15;214(4):595-8. doi: 10.1093/infdis/jiw182. Epub 2016 May 13.


Brief Report: Differential Associations of Interleukin 6 and Intestinal Fatty Acid-Binding Protein With Progressive Untreated HIV-1 Infection in Rakai, Uganda.

Olwenyi OA, Naluyima P, Cham F, Quinn TC, Serwadda D, Sewankambo NK, Gray RH, Sandberg JK, Michael NL, Wabwire-Mangen F, Robb ML, Eller MA.

J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2016 May 1;72(1):15-20. doi: 10.1097/QAI.0000000000000915.


Partner Human Papillomavirus Viral Load and Incident Human Papillomavirus Detection in Heterosexual Couples.

Grabowski MK, Kong X, Gray RH, Serwadda D, Kigozi G, Gravitt PE, Nalugoda F, Reynolds SJ, Wawer MJ, Redd AD, Watya S, Quinn TC, Tobian AA.

J Infect Dis. 2016 Mar 15;213(6):948-56. doi: 10.1093/infdis/jiv541. Epub 2015 Nov 23.


Prevalence of Sexual Experience and Initiation of Sexual Intercourse Among Adolescents, Rakai District, Uganda, 1994-2011.

Santelli JS, Song X, Holden IK, Wunder K, Zhong X, Wei Y, Mathur S, Lutalo T, Nalugoda F, Gray RH, Serwadda DM.

J Adolesc Health. 2015 Nov;57(5):496-505. doi: 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2015.07.018.


Effectiveness of peer support on care engagement and preventive care intervention utilization among pre-antiretroviral therapy, HIV-infected adults in Rakai, Uganda: a randomized trial.

Chang LW, Nakigozi G, Billioux VG, Gray RH, Serwadda D, Quinn TC, Wawer MJ, Bollinger RC, Reynolds SJ.

AIDS Behav. 2015 Oct;19(10):1742-51. doi: 10.1007/s10461-015-1159-y.


Use of injectable hormonal contraception and women's risk of herpes simplex virus type 2 acquisition: a prospective study of couples in Rakai, Uganda.

Grabowski MK, Gray RH, Makumbi F, Kagaayi J, Redd AD, Kigozi G, Reynolds SJ, Nalugoda F, Lutalo T, Wawer MJ, Serwadda D, Quinn TC, Tobian AAR.

Lancet Glob Health. 2015 Aug;3(8):e478-e486. doi: 10.1016/S2214-109X(15)00086-8. Epub 2015 Jun 17.


Penile Microbiota and Female Partner Bacterial Vaginosis in Rakai, Uganda.

Liu CM, Hungate BA, Tobian AA, Ravel J, Prodger JL, Serwadda D, Kigozi G, Galiwango RM, Nalugoda F, Keim P, Wawer MJ, Price LB, Gray RH.

MBio. 2015 Jun 16;6(3):e00589. doi: 10.1128/mBio.00589-15.


Rising School Enrollment and Declining HIV and Pregnancy Risk Among Adolescents in Rakai District, Uganda, 1994-2013.

Santelli J, Mathur S, Song X, Huang TJ, Wei Y, Lutalo T, Nalugoda F, Gray RH, Serwadda DM.

Glob Soc Welf. 2015 Jun;2(2):87-103.


Impact of Patient-Selected Care Buddies on Adherence to HIV Care, Disease Progression, and Conduct of Daily Life Among Pre-antiretroviral HIV-Infected Patients in Rakai, Uganda: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

Nakigozi G, Makumbi FE, Bwanika JB, Atuyambe L, Reynolds SJ, Kigozi G, Nalugoda F, Chang LW, Kiggundu V, Serwadda D, Wawer MJ, Gray RH, Kamya MR.

J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2015 Sep 1;70(1):75-82. doi: 10.1097/QAI.0000000000000710.


Durable Suppression of HIV-1 after Virologic Monitoring-Based Antiretroviral Adherence Counseling in Rakai, Uganda.

Billioux A, Nakigozi G, Newell K, Chang LW, Quinn TC, Gray RH, Ndyanabo A, Galiwango R, Kiggundu V, Serwadda D, Reynolds SJ.

PLoS One. 2015 May 26;10(5):e0127235. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0127235. eCollection 2015.


Antiretroviral Therapy Availability and HIV Disclosure to Spouse in Rakai, Uganda: A Longitudinal Population-Based Study.

Haberlen SA, Nakigozi G, Gray RH, Brahmbhatt H, Ssekasanvu J, Serwadda D, Nalugoda F, Kagaayi J, Wawer MJ.

J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2015 Jun 1;69(2):241-7. doi: 10.1097/QAI.0000000000000600.

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