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J Sch Health. 2019 Jul;89(7):587-595. doi: 10.1111/josh.12779. Epub 2019 Apr 29.

A Social Gradient in the Effects of the Skills for Life Program on Self-Efficacy and Mental Wellbeing of Adolescent Students.

Author information

1
Department of Child Health, Netherlands Organisation for Applied Scientific Research (TNO), P.O. Box 3005, 2301 DA Leiden, The Netherlands.
2
University of Applied Sciences, The Hague Johanna Westerdijkplein 75, 2521 EN Den Haag, The Netherlands.
3
Leiden University of Applied Sciences, Zernikedreef 11, 2333 CK Leiden, The Netherlands.
4
Utrecht University, Social Sciences, Methodology & Statistics, Padualaan 14, 3584 CH Utrecht, The Netherlands.
5
Department of Public Health and Primary Care, Leiden University Medical Center (LUMC), P.O. Box 9600, 2300 RC Leiden, The Netherlands.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The goal of the current study was to evaluate the effects of the Social Emotional Learning program Skills 4 Life on mental health and its risk factors self-esteem, self-efficacy, and social interaction skills in students of secondary schools.

METHODS:

A cluster randomized controlled study was conducted, including 38 schools (66 classes; grades 7 to 9) for secondary education, with a 1 year and 20 months follow-up (teachers and students reports).

RESULTS:

The intervention was effective in improving self-efficacy, depressive symptoms, and teacher-reported psychological problem behavior, all after 20 months. Stratified analyses showed effects in mainly lower educational level students.

CONCLUSION:

The Skills 4 Life curriculum is effective in improving the mental health and self-efficacy among adolescents, especially for adolescents from lower educational level, a group that is most prone to ill mental health.

KEYWORDS:

adolescent; effect evaluation; mental health; prevention; school program

PMID:
31032979
DOI:
10.1111/josh.12779

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