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Items: 1 to 50 of 72

1.

Learning what to change: Young children use "difference-making" to identify causally relevant variables.

Goddu MK, Gopnik A.

Dev Psychol. 2020 Feb;56(2):275-284. doi: 10.1037/dev0000872. Epub 2019 Dec 23.

PMID:
31868377
2.

Sticking to the Evidence? A Behavioral and Computational Case Study of Micro-Theory Change in the Domain of Magnetism.

Bonawitz E, Ullman TD, Bridgers S, Gopnik A, Tenenbaum JB.

Cogn Sci. 2019 Aug;43(8):e12765. doi: 10.1111/cogs.12765.

PMID:
31446650
3.

Young Children Are Wishful Thinkers: The Development of Wishful Thinking in 3- to 10-Year-Old Children.

Wente AO, Goddu MK, Garcia T, Posner E, Fernández Flecha M, Gopnik A.

Child Dev. 2019 Aug 9. doi: 10.1111/cdev.13299. [Epub ahead of print]

PMID:
31400006
4.

Life history, love and learning.

Gopnik A.

Nat Hum Behav. 2019 Oct;3(10):1041-1042. doi: 10.1038/s41562-019-0673-8. No abstract available.

PMID:
31332301
5.

Shake it baby, but only when needed: Preschoolers adapt their exploratory strategies to the information structure of the task.

Ruggeri A, Swaboda N, Sim ZL, Gopnik A.

Cognition. 2019 Dec;193:104013. doi: 10.1016/j.cognition.2019.104013. Epub 2019 Jul 4.

PMID:
31280062
6.

Children's developing theory of mind and pedagogical evidence selection.

Bass I, Gopnik A, Hanson M, Ramarajan D, Shafto P, Wellman H, Bonawitz E.

Dev Psychol. 2019 Feb;55(2):286-302. doi: 10.1037/dev0000642. Epub 2018 Dec 20.

PMID:
30570296
7.

Rational Higher-Order Belief Revision in Young Children.

Kimura K, Gopnik A.

Child Dev. 2019 Jan;90(1):91-97. doi: 10.1111/cdev.13143. Epub 2018 Sep 3.

PMID:
30176052
8.

The development of structural thinking about social categories.

Vasilyeva N, Gopnik A, Lombrozo T.

Dev Psychol. 2018 Sep;54(9):1735-1744. doi: 10.1037/dev0000555.

PMID:
30148401
9.

Causal Learning Across Culture and Socioeconomic Status.

Wente AO, Kimura K, Walker CM, Banerjee N, Fernández Flecha M, MacDonald B, Lucas C, Gopnik A.

Child Dev. 2019 May;90(3):859-875. doi: 10.1111/cdev.12943. Epub 2017 Aug 23.

10.

Changes in cognitive flexibility and hypothesis search across human life history from childhood to adolescence to adulthood.

Gopnik A, O'Grady S, Lucas CG, Griffiths TL, Wente A, Bridgers S, Aboody R, Fung H, Dahl RE.

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2017 Jul 25;114(30):7892-7899. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1700811114. Epub 2017 Jul 24.

11.

Discriminating relational and perceptual judgments: Evidence from human toddlers.

Walker CM, Gopnik A.

Cognition. 2017 Sep;166:23-27. doi: 10.1016/j.cognition.2017.05.013. Epub 2017 May 26.

PMID:
28554082
12.

Making AI More Human.

Gopnik A.

Sci Am. 2017 May 16;316(6):60-65. doi: 10.1038/scientificamerican0617-60. No abstract available.

PMID:
28510556
13.

The early emergence and puzzling decline of relational reasoning: Effects of knowledge and search on inferring abstract concepts.

Walker CM, Bridgers S, Gopnik A.

Cognition. 2016 Nov;156:30-40. doi: 10.1016/j.cognition.2016.07.008. Epub 2016 Jul 26.

PMID:
27472036
14.

Explaining Constrains Causal Learning in Childhood.

Walker CM, Lombrozo T, Williams JJ, Rafferty AN, Gopnik A.

Child Dev. 2017 Jan;88(1):229-246. doi: 10.1111/cdev.12590. Epub 2016 Jul 8.

15.

How Universal Are Free Will Beliefs? Cultural Differences in Chinese and U.S. 4- and 6-Year-Olds.

Wente AO, Bridgers S, Zhao X, Seiver E, Zhu L, Gopnik A.

Child Dev. 2016 May;87(3):666-76. doi: 10.1111/cdev.12528.

PMID:
27189395
16.

Children's causal inferences from conflicting testimony and observations.

Bridgers S, Buchsbaum D, Seiver E, Griffiths TL, Gopnik A.

Dev Psychol. 2016 Jan;52(1):9-18. doi: 10.1037/a0039830. Epub 2015 Nov 16.

PMID:
26569562
17.

Bayesian models of child development.

Gopnik A, Bonawitz E.

Wiley Interdiscip Rev Cogn Sci. 2015 Mar-Apr;6(2):75-86. doi: 10.1002/wcs.1330. Epub 2014 Nov 28. Review.

PMID:
26263064
18.

No conclusive evidence that corvids can create novel causal interventions.

Taylor AH, Cheke LG, Waismeyer A, Meltzoff A, Miller R, Gopnik A, Clayton NS, Gray RD.

Proc Biol Sci. 2015 Aug 22;282(1813):20150796. doi: 10.1098/rspb.2015.0796. No abstract available.

19.

Which Counterfactuals Matter? A Response to Beck.

Weisberg DS, Gopnik A.

Cogn Sci. 2016 Jan;40(1):257-9; discussion 260-1. doi: 10.1111/cogs.12241. Epub 2015 Apr 8. No abstract available.

20.

Developing intuitions about free will between ages four and six.

Kushnir T, Gopnik A, Chernyak N, Seiver E, Wellman HM.

Cognition. 2015 May;138:79-101. doi: 10.1016/j.cognition.2015.01.003. Epub 2015 Feb 24.

PMID:
25721020
21.

Inferring action structure and causal relationships in continuous sequences of human action.

Buchsbaum D, Griffiths TL, Plunkett D, Gopnik A, Baldwin D.

Cogn Psychol. 2015 Feb;76:30-77. doi: 10.1016/j.cogpsych.2014.10.001. Epub 2014 Dec 18.

PMID:
25527974
22.

Ensemble perception of size in 4-5-year-old children.

Sweeny TD, Wurnitsch N, Gopnik A, Whitney D.

Dev Sci. 2015 Jul;18(4):556-68. doi: 10.1111/desc.12239. Epub 2014 Nov 28.

23.

Learning to learn from stories: children's developing sensitivity to the causal structure of fictional worlds.

Walker CM, Gopnik A, Ganea PA.

Child Dev. 2015 Jan-Feb;86(1):310-8. doi: 10.1111/cdev.12287. Epub 2014 Aug 22.

24.

Explaining prompts children to privilege inductively rich properties.

Walker CM, Lombrozo T, Legare CH, Gopnik A.

Cognition. 2014 Nov;133(2):343-57. doi: 10.1016/j.cognition.2014.07.008. Epub 2014 Aug 14.

25.

Win-Stay, Lose-Sample: a simple sequential algorithm for approximating Bayesian inference.

Bonawitz E, Denison S, Gopnik A, Griffiths TL.

Cogn Psychol. 2014 Nov;74:35-65. doi: 10.1016/j.cogpsych.2014.06.003. Epub 2014 Aug 1.

PMID:
25086501
26.

Causal learning from probabilistic events in 24-month-olds: an action measure.

Waismeyer A, Meltzoff AN, Gopnik A.

Dev Sci. 2015 Jan;18(1):175-82. doi: 10.1111/desc.12208. Epub 2014 Jul 16.

PMID:
25041264
27.

Probabilistic models, learning algorithms, and response variability: sampling in cognitive development.

Bonawitz E, Denison S, Griffiths TL, Gopnik A.

Trends Cogn Sci. 2014 Oct;18(10):497-500. doi: 10.1016/j.tics.2014.06.006. Epub 2014 Jul 4. Review.

PMID:
25001609
28.

Of babies and birds: complex tool behaviours are not sufficient for the evolution of the ability to create a novel causal intervention.

Taylor AH, Cheke LG, Waismeyer A, Meltzoff AN, Miller R, Gopnik A, Clayton NS, Gray RD.

Proc Biol Sci. 2014 Jul 22;281(1787). pii: 20140837. doi: 10.1098/rspb.2014.0837. Epub 2014 Jun 11.

29.

The child as econometrician: a rational model of preference understanding in children.

Lucas CG, Griffiths TL, Xu F, Fawcett C, Gopnik A, Kushnir T, Markson L, Hu J.

PLoS One. 2014 Mar 25;9(3):e92160. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0092160. eCollection 2014.

30.

When children are better (or at least more open-minded) learners than adults: developmental differences in learning the forms of causal relationships.

Lucas CG, Bridgers S, Griffiths TL, Gopnik A.

Cognition. 2014 May;131(2):284-99. doi: 10.1016/j.cognition.2013.12.010. Epub 2014 Feb 22.

PMID:
24566007
31.

Toddlers infer higher-order relational principles in causal learning.

Walker CM, Gopnik A.

Psychol Sci. 2014 Jan;25(1):161-9. doi: 10.1177/0956797613502983. Epub 2013 Nov 22.

32.

Pretense, counterfactuals, and Bayesian causal models: why what is not real really matters.

Weisberg DS, Gopnik A.

Cogn Sci. 2013 Sep-Oct;37(7):1368-81. doi: 10.1111/cogs.12069. Epub 2013 Aug 5.

33.

Sensitive perception of a person's direction of walking by 4-year-old children.

Sweeny TD, Wurnitsch N, Gopnik A, Whitney D.

Dev Psychol. 2013 Nov;49(11):2120-4. doi: 10.1037/a0031714. Epub 2013 Jan 28.

34.
35.

Rational randomness: the role of sampling in an algorithmic account of preschooler's causal learning.

Bonawitz E, Gopnik A, Denison S, Griffiths TL.

Adv Child Dev Behav. 2012;43:161-91.

PMID:
23205411
36.

Learning about causes from people and about people as causes: probabilistic models and social causal reasoning.

Buchsbaum D, Seiver E, Bridgers S, Gopnik A.

Adv Child Dev Behav. 2012;43:125-60. Review.

PMID:
23205410
37.

Rational variability in children's causal inferences: the Sampling Hypothesis.

Denison S, Bonawitz E, Gopnik A, Griffiths TL.

Cognition. 2013 Feb;126(2):285-300. doi: 10.1016/j.cognition.2012.10.010. Epub 2012 Nov 28.

PMID:
23200511
38.
39.

Did she jump because she was the big sister or because the trampoline was safe? Causal inference and the development of social attribution.

Seiver E, Gopnik A, Goodman ND.

Child Dev. 2013 Mar-Apr;84(2):443-54. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-8624.2012.01865.x. Epub 2012 Sep 24.

PMID:
23002946
40.

The power of possibility: causal learning, counterfactual reasoning, and pretend play.

Buchsbaum D, Bridgers S, Skolnick Weisberg D, Gopnik A.

Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci. 2012 Aug 5;367(1599):2202-12. doi: 10.1098/rstb.2012.0122.

41.

Reconstructing constructivism: causal models, Bayesian learning mechanisms, and the theory theory.

Gopnik A, Wellman HM.

Psychol Bull. 2012 Nov;138(6):1085-108. doi: 10.1037/a0028044. Epub 2012 May 14. Review.

42.

Learning about causes from people: observational causal learning in 24-month-old infants.

Meltzoff AN, Waismeyer A, Gopnik A.

Dev Psychol. 2012 Sep;48(5):1215-28. doi: 10.1037/a0027440. Epub 2012 Feb 27.

43.

Bayes and blickets: effects of knowledge on causal induction in children and adults.

Griffiths TL, Sobel DM, Tenenbaum JB, Gopnik A.

Cogn Sci. 2011 Nov-Dec;35(8):1407-55. doi: 10.1111/j.1551-6709.2011.01203.x. Epub 2011 Oct 4.

44.

Infants learn about objects from statistics and people.

Wu R, Gopnik A, Richardson DC, Kirkham NZ.

Dev Psychol. 2011 Sep;47(5):1220-9. doi: 10.1037/a0024023.

PMID:
21668098
45.

Children's imitation of causal action sequences is influenced by statistical and pedagogical evidence.

Buchsbaum D, Gopnik A, Griffiths TL, Shafto P.

Cognition. 2011 Sep;120(3):331-40. doi: 10.1016/j.cognition.2010.12.001. Epub 2011 Feb 19.

PMID:
21338983
46.

A computational foundation for cognitive development: comment on Griffths et al. and McLelland et al.

Gopnik A, Wellman HM, Gelman SA, Meltzoff AN.

Trends Cogn Sci. 2010 Aug;14(8):342-3. doi: 10.1016/j.tics.2010.05.012. Epub 2010 Jun 28. No abstract available.

PMID:
20591723
47.

How babies think.

Gopnik A.

Sci Am. 2010 Jul;303(1):76-81. No abstract available.

PMID:
20583671
48.

Just do it? Investigating the gap between prediction and action in toddlers' causal inferences.

Bonawitz EB, Ferranti D, Saxe R, Gopnik A, Meltzoff AN, Woodward J, Schulz LE.

Cognition. 2010 Apr;115(1):104-17. doi: 10.1016/j.cognition.2009.12.001. Epub 2010 Jan 25.

49.

Inferring hidden causal structure.

Kushnir T, Gopnik A, Lucas C, Schulz L.

Cogn Sci. 2010 Jan;34(1):148-60. doi: 10.1111/j.1551-6709.2009.01072.x. Epub 2009 Oct 27.

50.

The Blicket Within: Preschoolers' Inferences About Insides and Causes.

Sobel DM, Yoachim CM, Gopnik A, Meltzoff AN, Blumenthal EJ.

J Cogn Dev. 2007;8(2):159-182.

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