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J Health Soc Policy. 2006;22(2):1-12.

Addressing racial disparities in social welfare programs: using social equity analysis to examine the problem.

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Wilder School of Government and Public Affairs, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA, 23284-2028, USA.


The Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act (PRWORA) allows states considerable discretion in developing and implementing their Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) programs. Little research so far has compared the implementation of TANF programs across racial groups. Without such analysis, it is difficult to interpret program outcomes. Using client survey data from a large Manpower Demonstration Research Corporation (MDRC) study, the Project on Devolution and Urban Change, this article compares African-American, Hispanic and White Clients' experiences with diversion, case management, sanctioning, exiting welfare, and dispute resolution. Using residual differences analysis, this article identifies significant differences in treatment among racial and ethnic groups.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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