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Penicillin V four times daily for five days versus three times daily for 10 days in patients with pharyngotonsillitis caused by group A streptococci: randomised controlled, open label, non-inferiority study.

Skoog Ståhlgren G, Tyrstrup M, Edlund C, Giske CG, Mölstad S, Norman C, Rystedt K, Sundvall PD, Hedin K.

BMJ. 2019 Oct 4;367:l5337. doi: 10.1136/bmj.l5337.


Strong correlation between the rates of intrinsically antibiotic-resistant species and the rates of acquired resistance in Gram-negative species causing bacteraemia, EU/EEA, 2016.

Jarlier V, Diaz Högberg L, Heuer OE, Campos J, Eckmanns T, Giske CG, Grundmann H, Johnson AP, Kahlmeter G, Monen J, Pantosti A, Rossolini GM, van de Sande-Bruinsma N, Vatopoulos A, Żabicka D, Žemličková H, Monnet DL, Simonsen GS; Ears-Net Participants.

Euro Surveill. 2019 Aug;24(33). doi: 10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2019.24.33.1800538.


Ceftazidime, carbapenems, or piperacillin-tazobactam as single definitive therapy for Pseudomonas aeruginosa bloodstream infection - a multi-site retrospective study.

Babich T, Naucler P, Valik JK, Giske CG, Benito N, Cardona R, Rivera A, Pulcini C, Abdel Fattah M, Haquin J, Macgowan A, Grier S, Gibbs J, Chazan B, Yanovskay A, Ben Ami R, Landes M, Nesher L, Zaidman-Shimshovitz A, McCarthy K, Paterson DL, Tacconelli E, Buhl M, Mauer S, Bano JR, Morales I, Oliver A, Ruiz de Gopegui E, Cano A, Machuca I, Gozalo-Marguello M, Martinez LM, Gonzalez-Barbera EM, Alfaro IG, Salavert M, Beovic B, Saje A, Mueller-Premru M, Pagani L, Vitrat V, Kofteridis D, Zacharioudaki M, Maraki S, Weissman Y, Paul M, Dickstein Y, Leibovici L, Yahav D.

Clin Infect Dis. 2019 Jul 17. pii: ciz668. doi: 10.1093/cid/ciz668. [Epub ahead of print]


Optical DNA Mapping Combined with Cas9-Targeted Resistance Gene Identification for Rapid Tracking of Resistance Plasmids in a Neonatal Intensive Care Unit Outbreak.

Bikkarolla SK, Nordberg V, Rajer F, Müller V, Kabir MH, Kk S, Dvirnas A, Ambjörnsson T, Giske CG, Navér L, Sandegren L, Westerlund F.

MBio. 2019 Jul 9;10(4). pii: e00347-19. doi: 10.1128/mBio.00347-19.


Lyme neuroborreliosis epidemiology in Sweden 2010 to 2014: clinical microbiology laboratories are a better data source than the hospital discharge diagnosis register.

Dahl V, Wisell KT, Giske CG, Tegnell A, Wallensten A.

Euro Surveill. 2019 May;24(20). doi: 10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2019.24.20.1800453.


Prediction of bloodstream infection caused by extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing Enterobacterales in patients with suspected community-onset sepsis.

Fröding I, Valik JK, Bolinder L, Nauclér P, Giske CG.

Int J Antimicrob Agents. 2019 Jun;53(6):820-829. doi: 10.1016/j.ijantimicag.2019.02.008. Epub 2019 Feb 16.


Dynamics of Resistance Plasmids in Extended-Spectrum-β-Lactamase-Producing Enterobacteriaceae during Postinfection Colonization.

Brolund A, Rajer F, Giske CG, Melefors Ö, Titelman E, Sandegren L.

Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2019 Mar 27;63(4). pii: e02201-18. doi: 10.1128/AAC.02201-18. Print 2019 Apr.


Minimum Inhibitory Concentrations of Fluoroquinolones and Pyrazinamide Susceptibility Correlate to Clinical Improvement in Multidrug-resistant Tuberculosis Patients: A Nationwide Swedish Cohort Study Over 2 Decades.

Forsman LD, Jonsson J, Wagrell C, Werngren J, Mansjö M, Wijkander M, Groenheit R, Hammar U, Giske CG, Schön T, Bruchfeld J.

Clin Infect Dis. 2019 Sep 27;69(8):1394-1402. doi: 10.1093/cid/ciy1068.


USA300 methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in Stockholm, Sweden, from 2008 to 2016.

Enström J, Fröding I, Giske CG, Ininbergs K, Bai X, Sandh G, Tollström UB, Ullberg M, Fang H.

PLoS One. 2018 Nov 7;13(11):e0205761. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0205761. eCollection 2018.


Performance of the EUCAST disc diffusion method and two MIC methods in detection of Enterobacteriaceae with reduced susceptibility to meropenem: the NordicAST CPE study.

Haldorsen B, Giske CG, Hansen DS, Orri Helgason K, Kahlmeter G, Löhr IH, Matuschek E, Österblad M, Rantakokko-Jalava K, Wang M, Småbrekke L, Samuelsen Ø, Sundsfjord A.

J Antimicrob Chemother. 2018 Oct 1;73(10):2905. doi: 10.1093/jac/dky339. No abstract available.


Performance of the EUCAST disc diffusion method and two MIC methods in detection of Enterobacteriaceae with reduced susceptibility to meropenem: the NordicAST CPE study.

Haldorsen B, Giske CG, Hansen DS, Helgason KO, Kahlmeter G, Löhr IH, Matuschek E, Österblad M, Rantakokko-Jalava K, Wang M, Småbrekke L, Samuelsen Ø, Sundsfjord A; NordicAST CPE Study Group.

J Antimicrob Chemother. 2018 Oct 1;73(10):2738-2747. doi: 10.1093/jac/dky276. Erratum in: J Antimicrob Chemother. 2018 Oct 1;73(10):2905.


Temporal Dynamics and Risk Factors for Bloodstream Infection With Extended-spectrum β-Lactamase-producing Bacteria in Previously-colonized Individuals: National Population-based Cohort Study.

Isendahl J, Giske CG, Hammar U, Sparen P, Tegmark Wisell K, Ternhag A, Nauclér P.

Clin Infect Dis. 2019 Feb 1;68(4):641-649. doi: 10.1093/cid/ciy539.


Infection with high proportion of multidrug-resistant bacteria in conflict-related injuries is associated with poor outcomes and excess resource consumption: a cohort study of Syrian patients treated in Jordan.

Älgå A, Wong S, Shoaib M, Lundgren K, Giske CG, von Schreeb J, Malmstedt J.

BMC Infect Dis. 2018 May 22;18(1):233. doi: 10.1186/s12879-018-3149-y.


Molecular epidemiology of NDM-1- and OXA-48-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae in an Iranian hospital: clonal dissemination of ST11 and ST893.

Solgi H, Badmasti F, Giske CG, Aghamohammad S, Shahcheraghi F.

J Antimicrob Chemother. 2018 Jun 1;73(6):1517-1524. doi: 10.1093/jac/dky081.


Introduction of a hydrolysis probe PCR assay for high-throughput screening of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus with the ability to include or exclude detection of Staphylococcus argenteus.

Bogestam K, Vondracek M, Karlsson M, Fang H, Giske CG.

PLoS One. 2018 Feb 9;13(2):e0192782. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0192782. eCollection 2018.


MIC-based dose adjustment: facts and fables.

Mouton JW, Muller AE, Canton R, Giske CG, Kahlmeter G, Turnidge J.

J Antimicrob Chemother. 2018 Mar 1;73(3):564-568. doi: 10.1093/jac/dkx427.


Emergence of carbapenem resistant Escherichia coli isolates producing blaNDM and blaOXA-48-like carried on IncA/C and IncL/M plasmids at two Iranian university hospitals.

Solgi H, Giske CG, Badmasti F, Aghamohammad S, Havaei SA, Sabeti S, Mostafavizadeh K, Shahcheraghi F.

Infect Genet Evol. 2017 Nov;55:318-323. doi: 10.1016/j.meegid.2017.10.003. Epub 2017 Oct 4.


Occurrence of carbapenemase-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae and Escherichia coli in the European survey of carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (EuSCAPE): a prospective, multinational study.

Grundmann H, Glasner C, Albiger B, Aanensen DM, Tomlinson CT, Andrasević AT, Cantón R, Carmeli Y, Friedrich AW, Giske CG, Glupczynski Y, Gniadkowski M, Livermore DM, Nordmann P, Poirel L, Rossolini GM, Seifert H, Vatopoulos A, Walsh T, Woodford N, Monnet DL; European Survey of Carbapenemase-Producing Enterobacteriaceae (EuSCAPE) Working Group.

Lancet Infect Dis. 2017 Feb;17(2):153-163. doi: 10.1016/S1473-3099(16)30257-2. Epub 2016 Nov 18.


14-Year Survey in a Swedish County Reveals a Pronounced Increase in Bloodstream Infections (BSI). Comorbidity - An Independent Risk Factor for Both BSI and Mortality.

Holmbom M, Giske CG, Fredrikson M, Östholm Balkhed Å, Claesson C, Nilsson LE, Hoffmann M, Hanberger H.

PLoS One. 2016 Nov 11;11(11):e0166527. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0166527. eCollection 2016.


Community carriage of ESBL-producing Escherichia coli is associated with strains of low pathogenicity: a Swedish nationwide study.

Ny S, Löfmark S, Börjesson S, Englund S, Ringman M, Bergström J, Nauclér P, Giske CG, Byfors S.

J Antimicrob Chemother. 2017 Feb;72(2):582-588. doi: 10.1093/jac/dkw419. Epub 2016 Oct 24.


A randomized controlled study of 5 and 10 days treatment with phenoxymethylpenicillin for pharyngotonsillitis caused by streptococcus group A - a protocol study.

Skoog G, Edlund C, Giske CG, Mölstad S, Norman C, Sundvall PD, Hedin K.

BMC Infect Dis. 2016 Sep 13;16:484. doi: 10.1186/s12879-016-1813-7.


The IRIDICA PCR/Electrospray Ionization-Mass Spectrometry Assay on Bronchoalveolar Lavage for Bacterial Etiology in Mechanically Ventilated Patients with Suspected Pneumonia.

Strålin K, Ehn F, Giske CG, Ullberg M, Hedlund J, Petersson J, Spindler C, Özenci V.

PLoS One. 2016 Jul 27;11(7):e0159694. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0159694. eCollection 2016.


Etiology of bone and joint infections: a case series of 363 consecutive patients from an orthopaedic infection unit.

Wallander K, Jorup-Rönström C, Ullberg M, Törnblom I, Ottosson C, Giske CG.

Infect Dis (Lond). 2016 Aug;48(8):618-25. doi: 10.1080/23744235.2016.1183814. Epub 2016 May 17.


Bloodstream infections in patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia: a longitudinal single-center study.

Kjellander C, Björkholm M, Källman O, Giske CG, Weibull CE, Löve TJ, Landgren O, Kristinsson SY.

Ann Hematol. 2016 May;95(6):871-9. doi: 10.1007/s00277-016-2643-9. Epub 2016 Mar 15.


A two-centre evaluation of RAPIDEC® CARBA NP for carbapenemase detection in Enterobacteriaceae, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Acinetobacter spp.

Kabir MH, Meunier D, Hopkins KL, Giske CG, Woodford N.

J Antimicrob Chemother. 2016 May;71(5):1213-6. doi: 10.1093/jac/dkv468. Epub 2016 Jan 13.


Susceptibility testing breakpoints for Mycobacterium tuberculosis categorize isolates with resistance mutations in gyrA as susceptible to fluoroquinolones: implications for MDR-TB treatment and the definition of XDR-TB.

Niward K, Ängeby K, Chryssanthou E, Paues J, Bruchfeld J, Jureen P, Giske CG, Kahlmeter G, Schön T.

J Antimicrob Chemother. 2016 Feb;71(2):333-8. doi: 10.1093/jac/dkv353. Epub 2015 Nov 3.


Successful international clones of blaCTX-M-15-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae with coexpression of plasmid-mediated quinolone resistance (PMQR) determinants in Tehran hospitals.

Nematzadeh S, Shahcheraghi F, Iversen A, Giske CG.

Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis. 2015 Dec;83(4):371-4. doi: 10.1016/j.diagmicrobio.2015.09.005. Epub 2015 Sep 11.


Bacterial Landscape of Bloodstream Infections in Neutropenic Patients via High Throughput Sequencing.

Gyarmati P, Kjellander C, Aust C, Kalin M, Öhrmalm L, Giske CG.

PLoS One. 2015 Aug 13;10(8):e0135756. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0135756. eCollection 2015.


Reviving old antibiotics.

Theuretzbacher U, Van Bambeke F, Cantón R, Giske CG, Mouton JW, Nation RL, Paul M, Turnidge JD, Kahlmeter G.

J Antimicrob Chemother. 2015 Aug;70(8):2177-81. doi: 10.1093/jac/dkv157. Epub 2015 Jun 10. Review.


The aetiology of paediatric bloodstream infections changes after pneumococcal vaccination and group B streptococcus prophylaxis.

Luthander J, Bennet R, Giske CG, Nilsson A, Eriksson M.

Acta Paediatr. 2015 Sep;104(9):933-9. doi: 10.1111/apa.13070. Epub 2015 Jul 21.


Carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae in Sweden 2007-2013: Experiences from seven years of systematic surveillance and mandatory reporting.

Löfmark S, Sjöström K, Mäkitalo B, Edquist P, Tegmark Wisell K, Giske CG.

Drug Resist Updat. 2015 May;20:29-38. doi: 10.1016/j.drup.2015.05.001. Epub 2015 May 11.


Rapid increase in multidrug-resistant enteric bacilli blood stream infection after prostate biopsy - A 10-year population-based cohort study.

Aly M, Dyrdak R, Nordström T, Jalal S, Weibull CE, Giske CG, Grönberg H.

Prostate. 2015 Jun 15;75(9):947-56. doi: 10.1002/pros.22979. Epub 2015 Mar 23.


[Response times can be shortened in microbiological diagnosis of sepsis. Better opening hours in laboratories and active advice enables faster therapy].

Åkerlund A, Sundqvist M, Hanberger H, Åhrén C, Serrander L, Giske CG.

Lakartidningen. 2015 Feb 10;112. pii: C73S. Swedish.


Prevalence of community-acquired bacteraemia in Guinea-Bissau: an observational study.

Isendahl J, Manjuba C, Rodrigues A, Xu W, Henriques-Normark B, Giske CG, Nauclér P.

BMC Infect Dis. 2014 Dec 20;14:3859. doi: 10.1186/s12879-014-0715-9.


Surveillance of antimicrobial resistance among Escherichia coli in wastewater in Stockholm during 1 year: does it reflect the resistance trends in the society?

Kwak YK, Colque P, Byfors S, Giske CG, Möllby R, Kühn I.

Int J Antimicrob Agents. 2015 Jan;45(1):25-32. doi: 10.1016/j.ijantimicag.2014.09.016. Epub 2014 Oct 24.


Klebsiella variicola is a frequent cause of bloodstream infection in the stockholm area, and associated with higher mortality compared to K. pneumoniae.

Maatallah M, Vading M, Kabir MH, Bakhrouf A, Kalin M, Nauclér P, Brisse S, Giske CG.

PLoS One. 2014 Nov 26;9(11):e113539. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0113539. eCollection 2014.


[New antibiotics with activity against multidrug-resistant enterobacteriaceae. Combination preparations are now being tested clinically].

Petropoulos EA, Hanberger H, Giske CG.

Lakartidningen. 2014 Jun 11-17;111(24):1050-1. Swedish. No abstract available.


Nuclease-assisted suppression of human DNA background in sepsis.

Song Y, Giske CG, Gille-Johnson P, Emanuelsson O, Lundeberg J, Gyarmati P.

PLoS One. 2014 Jul 30;9(7):e103610. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0103610. eCollection 2014.


Subnormal levels of vitamin D are associated with acute wheeze in young children.

Stenberg Hammar K, Hedlin G, Konradsen JR, Nordlund B, Kull I, Giske CG, Pedroletti C, Söderhäll C, Melén E.

Acta Paediatr. 2014 Aug;103(8):856-61. doi: 10.1111/apa.12666. Epub 2014 May 16.


Antibiotic consumption and antibiotic stewardship in Swedish hospitals.

Hanberger H, Skoog G, Ternhag A, Giske CG.

Ups J Med Sci. 2014 May;119(2):154-61. doi: 10.3109/03009734.2014.909911. Epub 2014 Apr 11. Review.


The detection and verification of carbapenemases using ertapenem and Matrix Assisted Laser Desorption Ionization-Time of Flight.

Johansson A, Ekelöf J, Giske CG, Sundqvist M.

BMC Microbiol. 2014 Apr 10;14:89. doi: 10.1186/1471-2180-14-89.


[Aminoglycosides are effective--but oto- and nephrotoxic. Knowledge base from the reference group for antibiotic issues on benefit-risk with aminoglycosides].

Ternhag A, Giske CG, Hanberger H.

Lakartidningen. 2014 Feb 12-18;111(7):268-9. Swedish. No abstract available.


Performance of the EUCAST disk diffusion method, the CLSI agar screen method, and the Vitek 2 automated antimicrobial susceptibility testing system for detection of clinical isolates of Enterococci with low- and medium-level VanB-type vancomycin resistance: a multicenter study.

Hegstad K, Giske CG, Haldorsen B, Matuschek E, Schønning K, Leegaard TM, Kahlmeter G, Sundsfjord A; NordicAST VRE Detection Study Group.

J Clin Microbiol. 2014 May;52(5):1582-9. doi: 10.1128/JCM.03544-13. Epub 2014 Mar 5.


Four genotyping schemes for phylogenetic analysis of Pseudomonas aeruginosa: comparison of their congruence with multi-locus sequence typing.

Maâtallah M, Bakhrouf A, Habeeb MA, Turlej-Rogacka A, Iversen A, Pourcel C, Sioud O, Giske CG.

PLoS One. 2013 Dec 11;8(12):e82069. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0082069. eCollection 2013. Erratum in: PLoS One. 2015;10(9):e0137931.


High proportion of intestinal colonization with successful epidemic clones of ESBL-producing Enterobacteriaceae in a neonatal intensive care unit in Ecuador.

Nordberg V, Quizhpe Peralta A, Galindo T, Turlej-Rogacka A, Iversen A, Giske CG, Navér L.

PLoS One. 2013 Oct 11;8(10):e76597. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0076597. eCollection 2013.


[ESBL-CARBA can become a problem in Swedish health care].

Giske CG, Kalin M.

Lakartidningen. 2013 Aug 7-20;110(32-33):1398. Swedish. No abstract available.


Attachment and biofilm forming capabilities of Staphylococcus epidermidis strains isolated from preterm infants.

Hell E, Giske CG, Hultenby K, Danielsson KG, Marchini G.

Curr Microbiol. 2013 Dec;67(6):712-7. doi: 10.1007/s00284-013-0425-3. Epub 2013 Jul 30.


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