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Phytophthora infestans RXLR effectors act in concert at diverse subcellular localisations to enhance host colonisation.

Wang S, McLellan H, Bukharova T, He Q, Murphy F, Shi J, Sun S, van Weymers P, Ren Y, Thilliez G, Wang H, Chen X, Engelhardt S, Vleeshouwers V, Gilroy EM, Whisson SC, Hein I, Wang X, Tian Z, Birch PRJ, Boevink PC.

J Exp Bot. 2018 Oct 16. doi: 10.1093/jxb/ery360. [Epub ahead of print]


Tracking disease resistance deployment in potato breeding by enrichment sequencing.

Armstrong MR, Vossen J, Lim TY, Hutten RCB, Xu J, Strachan SM, Harrower B, Champouret N, Gilroy EM, Hein I.

Plant Biotechnol J. 2018 Aug 14. doi: 10.1111/pbi.12997. [Epub ahead of print]


The Potato MAP3K StVIK Is Required for the Phytophthora infestans RXLR Effector Pi17316 to Promote Disease.

Murphy F, He Q, Armstrong M, Giuliani LM, Boevink PC, Zhang W, Tian Z, Birch PRJ, Gilroy EM.

Plant Physiol. 2018 May;177(1):398-410. doi: 10.1104/pp.18.00028. Epub 2018 Mar 27.


Inflammation, Antibiotics, and Diet as Environmental Stressors of the Gut Microbiome in Pediatric Crohn's Disease.

Lewis JD, Chen EZ, Baldassano RN, Otley AR, Griffiths AM, Lee D, Bittinger K, Bailey A, Friedman ES, Hoffmann C, Albenberg L, Sinha R, Compher C, Gilroy E, Nessel L, Grant A, Chehoud C, Li H, Wu GD, Bushman FD.

Cell Host Microbe. 2017 Aug 9;22(2):247. doi: 10.1016/j.chom.2017.07.011. No abstract available.


Effect of substituted phenylamine antioxidants on three life stages of the freshwater mussel Lampsilis siliquoidea.

Prosser RS, Gillis PL, Holman EAM, Schissler D, Ikert H, Toito J, Gilroy E, Campbell S, Bartlett AJ, Milani D, Parrott JL, Balakrishnan VK.

Environ Pollut. 2017 Oct;229:281-289. doi: 10.1016/j.envpol.2017.05.086. Epub 2017 Jun 7.


The use of a novel ROX central arteriovenous fistula formation device in a patient with severe drug-resistant hypertension and prior aortic graft.

Hensey M, Smyth E, Gilroy E, Galvin J.

Catheter Cardiovasc Interv. 2017 Jul;90(1):114-117. doi: 10.1002/ccd.27090. Epub 2017 May 4.


RXLR Effector AVR2 Up-Regulates a Brassinosteroid-Responsive bHLH Transcription Factor to Suppress Immunity.

Turnbull D, Yang L, Naqvi S, Breen S, Welsh L, Stephens J, Morris J, Boevink PC, Hedley PE, Zhan J, Birch PRJ, Gilroy EM.

Plant Physiol. 2017 May;174(1):356-369. doi: 10.1104/pp.16.01804. Epub 2017 Mar 7.


Halogenated phenolic compounds in wild fish from Canadian Areas of Concern.

Gilroy ÈAM, Muir DCG, McMaster ME, Darling C, Campbell LM, Alaee M, Brown SB, Sherry JP.

Environ Toxicol Chem. 2017 Sep;36(9):2266-2273. doi: 10.1002/etc.3781. Epub 2017 Apr 4.


BTB-BACK Domain Protein POB1 Suppresses Immune Cell Death by Targeting Ubiquitin E3 ligase PUB17 for Degradation.

Orosa B, He Q, Mesmar J, Gilroy EM, McLellan H, Yang C, Craig A, Bailey M, Zhang C, Moore JD, Boevink PC, Tian Z, Birch PR, Sadanandom A.

PLoS Genet. 2017 Jan 5;13(1):e1006540. doi: 10.1371/journal.pgen.1006540. eCollection 2017 Jan.


The effects of pharmaceuticals on a unionid mussel (Lampsilis siliquoidea): An examination of acute and chronic endpoints of toxicity across life stages.

Gilroy ÈAM, Gillis PL, King LE, Bendo NA, Salerno J, Giacomin M, de Solla SR.

Environ Toxicol Chem. 2017 Jun;36(6):1572-1583. doi: 10.1002/etc.3683. Epub 2017 Jan 17.


Utilizing "Omic" Technologies to Identify and Prioritize Novel Sources of Resistance to the Oomycete Pathogen Phytophthora infestans in Potato Germplasm Collections.

Van Weymers PS, Baker K, Chen X, Harrower B, Cooke DE, Gilroy EM, Birch PR, Thilliez GJ, Lees AK, Lynott JS, Armstrong MR, McKenzie G, Bryan GJ, Hein I.

Front Plant Sci. 2016 May 27;7:672. doi: 10.3389/fpls.2016.00672. eCollection 2016.


Oomycetes Seek Help from the Plant: Phytophthora infestans Effectors Target Host Susceptibility Factors.

Boevink PC, McLellan H, Gilroy EM, Naqvi S, He Q, Yang L, Wang X, Turnbull D, Armstrong MR, Tian Z, Birch PRJ.

Mol Plant. 2016 May 2;9(5):636-638. doi: 10.1016/j.molp.2016.04.005. Epub 2016 Apr 16. No abstract available.


Potato NPH3/RPT2-Like Protein StNRL1, Targeted by a Phytophthora infestans RXLR Effector, Is a Susceptibility Factor.

Yang L, McLellan H, Naqvi S, He Q, Boevink PC, Armstrong M, Giuliani LM, Zhang W, Tian Z, Zhan J, Gilroy EM, Birch PR.

Plant Physiol. 2016 May;171(1):645-57. doi: 10.1104/pp.16.00178. Epub 2016 Mar 10.


A Phytophthora infestans RXLR effector targets plant PP1c isoforms that promote late blight disease.

Boevink PC, Wang X, McLellan H, He Q, Naqvi S, Armstrong MR, Zhang W, Hein I, Gilroy EM, Tian Z, Birch PR.

Nat Commun. 2016 Jan 29;7:10311. doi: 10.1038/ncomms10311.


Bioaccumulation of pharmaceuticals and personal care products in the unionid mussel Lasmigona costata in a river receiving wastewater effluent.

de Solla SR, Gilroy ÈA, Klinck JS, King LE, McInnis R, Struger J, Backus SM, Gillis PL.

Chemosphere. 2016 Mar;146:486-96. doi: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2015.12.022. Epub 2015 Dec 30.


Inflammatory Bowel Disease Patients' Willingness to Accept Medication Risk to Avoid Future Disease Relapse.

Bewtra M, Fairchild AO, Gilroy E, Leiman DA, Kerner C, Johnson FR, Lewis JD.

Am J Gastroenterol. 2015 Dec;110(12):1675-81. doi: 10.1038/ajg.2015.321. Epub 2015 Oct 20.


A transcriptional reference map of defence hormone responses in potato.

Wiesel L, Davis JL, Milne L, Redondo Fernandez V, Herold MB, Middlefell Williams J, Morris J, Hedley PE, Harrower B, Newton AC, Birch PR, Gilroy EM, Hein I.

Sci Rep. 2015 Oct 19;5:15229. doi: 10.1038/srep15229.


Inflammation, Antibiotics, and Diet as Environmental Stressors of the Gut Microbiome in Pediatric Crohn's Disease.

Lewis JD, Chen EZ, Baldassano RN, Otley AR, Griffiths AM, Lee D, Bittinger K, Bailey A, Friedman ES, Hoffmann C, Albenberg L, Sinha R, Compher C, Gilroy E, Nessel L, Grant A, Chehoud C, Li H, Wu GD, Bushman FD.

Cell Host Microbe. 2015 Oct 14;18(4):489-500. doi: 10.1016/j.chom.2015.09.008. Erratum in: Cell Host Microbe. 2017 Aug 9;22(2):247.


Comparative Effectiveness of Nutritional and Biological Therapy in North American Children with Active Crohn's Disease.

Lee D, Baldassano RN, Otley AR, Albenberg L, Griffiths AM, Compher C, Chen EZ, Li H, Gilroy E, Nessel L, Grant A, Chehoud C, Bushman FD, Wu GD, Lewis JD.

Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2015 Aug;21(8):1786-93. doi: 10.1097/MIB.0000000000000426.


Molecular effects of resistance elicitors from biological origin and their potential for crop protection.

Wiesel L, Newton AC, Elliott I, Booty D, Gilroy EM, Birch PR, Hein I.

Front Plant Sci. 2014 Nov 21;5:655. doi: 10.3389/fpls.2014.00655. eCollection 2014. Review.


Comparative metabolomics in vegans and omnivores reveal constraints on diet-dependent gut microbiota metabolite production.

Wu GD, Compher C, Chen EZ, Smith SA, Shah RD, Bittinger K, Chehoud C, Albenberg LG, Nessel L, Gilroy E, Star J, Weljie AM, Flint HJ, Metz DC, Bennett MJ, Li H, Bushman FD, Lewis JD.

Gut. 2016 Jan;65(1):63-72. doi: 10.1136/gutjnl-2014-308209. Epub 2014 Nov 26.


Toxicity and bioconcentration of the pharmaceuticals moxifloxacin, rosuvastatin, and drospirenone to the unionid mussel Lampsilis siliquoidea.

Gilroy EA, Klinck JS, Campbell SD, McInnis R, Gillis PL, de Solla SR.

Sci Total Environ. 2014 Jul 15;487:537-44. doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2014.03.051. Epub 2014 May 6.


Mesalamine dose escalation reduces fecal calprotectin in patients with quiescent ulcerative colitis.

Osterman MT, Aberra FN, Cross R, Liakos S, McCabe R, Shafran I, Wolf D, Hardi R, Nessel L, Brensinger C, Gilroy E, Lewis JD; DEAR Investigators.

Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2014 Nov;12(11):1887-93.e3. doi: 10.1016/j.cgh.2014.03.035. Epub 2014 Apr 30.


Functionally redundant RXLR effectors from Phytophthora infestans act at different steps to suppress early flg22-triggered immunity.

Zheng X, McLellan H, Fraiture M, Liu X, Boevink PC, Gilroy EM, Chen Y, Kandel K, Sessa G, Birch PR, Brunner F.

PLoS Pathog. 2014 Apr 24;10(4):e1004057. doi: 10.1371/journal.ppat.1004057. eCollection 2014 Apr.


Genome analyses of an aggressive and invasive lineage of the Irish potato famine pathogen.

Cooke DE, Cano LM, Raffaele S, Bain RA, Cooke LR, Etherington GJ, Deahl KL, Farrer RA, Gilroy EM, Goss EM, Grünwald NJ, Hein I, MacLean D, McNicol JW, Randall E, Oliva RF, Pel MA, Shaw DS, Squires JN, Taylor MC, Vleeshouwers VG, Birch PR, Lees AK, Kamoun S.

PLoS Pathog. 2012;8(10):e1002940. doi: 10.1371/journal.ppat.1002940. Epub 2012 Oct 4.


Polychlorinated biphenyls and their hydroxylated metabolites in wild fish from Wheatley Harbour Area of Concern, Ontario, Canada.

Gilroy EA, Muir DG, McMaster ME, Darling C, Campbell LM, de Solla SR, Parrott JL, Brown SB, Sherry JP.

Environ Toxicol Chem. 2012 Dec;31(12):2788-97. doi: 10.1002/etc.2023. Epub 2012 Oct 24.


Assessment of the health status of wild fish from the Wheatley Harbour Area of Concern, Ontario, Canada.

Gilroy EA, McMaster ME, Parrott JL, Hewitt LM, Park BJ, Brown SB, Sherry JP.

Environ Toxicol Chem. 2012 Dec;31(12):2798-811. doi: 10.1002/etc.2021. Epub 2012 Oct 24.


Climate Change and Defense against Pathogens in Plants.

Newton AC, Torrance L, Holden N, Toth IK, Cooke DE, Blok V, Gilroy EM.

Adv Appl Microbiol. 2012;81:89-132. doi: 10.1016/B978-0-12-394382-8.00003-4. Review.


Host protein BSL1 associates with Phytophthora infestans RXLR effector AVR2 and the Solanum demissum Immune receptor R2 to mediate disease resistance.

Saunders DG, Breen S, Win J, Schornack S, Hein I, Bozkurt TO, Champouret N, Vleeshouwers VG, Birch PR, Gilroy EM, Kamoun S.

Plant Cell. 2012 Aug;24(8):3420-34. Epub 2012 Aug 10.


Behaviour of pharmaceuticals in spiked lake sediments - effects and interactions with benthic invertebrates.

Gilroy ÈA, Balakrishnan VK, Solomon KR, Sverko E, Sibley PK.

Chemosphere. 2012 Feb;86(6):578-84. doi: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2011.10.022. Epub 2011 Dec 6.


Probing the structure of long DNA molecules in solution using synchrotron radiation linear dichroism.

Rittman M, Hoffmann SV, Gilroy E, Hicks MR, Finkenstadt B, Rodger A.

Phys Chem Chem Phys. 2012 Jan 7;14(1):353-66. doi: 10.1039/c1cp22371b. Epub 2011 Nov 16.


Is photocleavage of DNA by YOYO-1 using a synchrotron radiation light source sequence dependent?

Gilroy EL, Hoffmann SV, Jones NC, Rodger A.

Eur Biophys J. 2011 Oct;40(10):1121-9. doi: 10.1007/s00249-011-0739-7. Epub 2011 Sep 20.


Linking long-term dietary patterns with gut microbial enterotypes.

Wu GD, Chen J, Hoffmann C, Bittinger K, Chen YY, Keilbaugh SA, Bewtra M, Knights D, Walters WA, Knight R, Sinha R, Gilroy E, Gupta K, Baldassano R, Nessel L, Li H, Bushman FD, Lewis JD.

Science. 2011 Oct 7;334(6052):105-8. doi: 10.1126/science.1208344. Epub 2011 Sep 1.


Viscosity of aqueous DNA solutions determined using dynamic light scattering.

Gilroy EL, Hicks MR, Smith DJ, Rodger A.

Analyst. 2011 Oct 21;136(20):4159-63. doi: 10.1039/c1an15475c. Epub 2011 Aug 25.


ADS1 encodes a MATE-transporter that negatively regulates plant disease resistance.

Sun X, Gilroy EM, Chini A, Nurmberg PL, Hein I, Lacomme C, Birch PR, Hussain A, Yun BW, Loake GJ.

New Phytol. 2011 Oct;192(2):471-82. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-8137.2011.03820.x. Epub 2011 Jul 15.


Presence/absence, differential expression and sequence polymorphisms between PiAVR2 and PiAVR2-like in Phytophthora infestans determine virulence on R2 plants.

Gilroy EM, Breen S, Whisson SC, Squires J, Hein I, Kaczmarek M, Turnbull D, Boevink PC, Lokossou A, Cano LM, Morales J, Avrova AO, Pritchard L, Randall E, Lees A, Govers F, van West P, Kamoun S, Vleeshouwers VG, Cooke DE, Birch PR.

New Phytol. 2011 Aug;191(3):763-76. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-8137.2011.03736.x. Epub 2011 May 3.


CMPG1-dependent cell death follows perception of diverse pathogen elicitors at the host plasma membrane and is suppressed by Phytophthora infestans RXLR effector AVR3a.

Gilroy EM, Taylor RM, Hein I, Boevink P, Sadanandom A, Birch PR.

New Phytol. 2011 May;190(3):653-66. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-8137.2011.03643.x. Epub 2011 Feb 23.


Phytophthora infestans effector AVR3a is essential for virulence and manipulates plant immunity by stabilizing host E3 ligase CMPG1.

Bos JI, Armstrong MR, Gilroy EM, Boevink PC, Hein I, Taylor RM, Zhendong T, Engelhardt S, Vetukuri RR, Harrower B, Dixelius C, Bryan G, Sadanandom A, Whisson SC, Kamoun S, Birch PR.

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2010 May 25;107(21):9909-14. doi: 10.1073/pnas.0914408107. Epub 2010 May 10.


Genome sequence and analysis of the Irish potato famine pathogen Phytophthora infestans.

Haas BJ, Kamoun S, Zody MC, Jiang RH, Handsaker RE, Cano LM, Grabherr M, Kodira CD, Raffaele S, Torto-Alalibo T, Bozkurt TO, Ah-Fong AM, Alvarado L, Anderson VL, Armstrong MR, Avrova A, Baxter L, Beynon J, Boevink PC, Bollmann SR, Bos JI, Bulone V, Cai G, Cakir C, Carrington JC, Chawner M, Conti L, Costanzo S, Ewan R, Fahlgren N, Fischbach MA, Fugelstad J, Gilroy EM, Gnerre S, Green PJ, Grenville-Briggs LJ, Griffith J, Grünwald NJ, Horn K, Horner NR, Hu CH, Huitema E, Jeong DH, Jones AM, Jones JD, Jones RW, Karlsson EK, Kunjeti SG, Lamour K, Liu Z, Ma L, Maclean D, Chibucos MC, McDonald H, McWalters J, Meijer HJ, Morgan W, Morris PF, Munro CA, O'Neill K, Ospina-Giraldo M, Pinzón A, Pritchard L, Ramsahoye B, Ren Q, Restrepo S, Roy S, Sadanandom A, Savidor A, Schornack S, Schwartz DC, Schumann UD, Schwessinger B, Seyer L, Sharpe T, Silvar C, Song J, Studholme DJ, Sykes S, Thines M, van de Vondervoort PJ, Phuntumart V, Wawra S, Weide R, Win J, Young C, Zhou S, Fry W, Meyers BC, van West P, Ristaino J, Govers F, Birch PR, Whisson SC, Judelson HS, Nusbaum C.

Nature. 2009 Sep 17;461(7262):393-8. doi: 10.1038/nature08358. Epub 2009 Sep 9.


Is DNA a worm-like chain in Couette flow? In search of persistence length, a critical review.

Rittman M, Gilroy E, Koohya H, Rodger A, Richards A.

Sci Prog. 2009;92(Pt 2):163-204. Review.


The zig-zag-zig in oomycete-plant interactions.

Hein I, Gilroy EM, Armstrong MR, Birch PR.

Mol Plant Pathol. 2009 Jul;10(4):547-62. doi: 10.1111/j.1364-3703.2009.00547.x. Review. Erratum in: Mol Plant Pathol. 2009 Sep;10(5):717.


Functional redundancy in the Arabidopsis Cathepsin B gene family contributes to basal defence, the hypersensitive response and senescence.

McLellan H, Gilroy EM, Yun BW, Birch PR, Loake GJ.

New Phytol. 2009;183(2):408-18. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-8137.2009.02865.x. Epub 2009 May 11.


Towards understanding the virulence functions of RXLR effectors of the oomycete plant pathogen Phytophthora infestans.

Birch PR, Armstrong M, Bos J, Boevink P, Gilroy EM, Taylor RM, Wawra S, Pritchard L, Conti L, Ewan R, Whisson SC, van West P, Sadanandom A, Kamoun S.

J Exp Bot. 2009;60(4):1133-40. doi: 10.1093/jxb/ern353. Epub 2009 Feb 9. Review.


Oomycete RXLR effectors: delivery, functional redundancy and durable disease resistance.

Birch PR, Boevink PC, Gilroy EM, Hein I, Pritchard L, Whisson SC.

Curr Opin Plant Biol. 2008 Aug;11(4):373-9. doi: 10.1016/j.pbi.2008.04.005. Epub 2008 May 27. Review.


A translocation signal for delivery of oomycete effector proteins into host plant cells.

Whisson SC, Boevink PC, Moleleki L, Avrova AO, Morales JG, Gilroy EM, Armstrong MR, Grouffaud S, van West P, Chapman S, Hein I, Toth IK, Pritchard L, Birch PR.

Nature. 2007 Nov 1;450(7166):115-8. Epub 2007 Sep 30.


Involvement of cathepsin B in the plant disease resistance hypersensitive response.

Gilroy EM, Hein I, van der Hoorn R, Boevink PC, Venter E, McLellan H, Kaffarnik F, Hrubikova K, Shaw J, Holeva M, López EC, Borras-Hidalgo O, Pritchard L, Loake GJ, Lacomme C, Birch PR.

Plant J. 2007 Oct;52(1):1-13. Epub 2007 Aug 14.


Activation tagging in plants: a tool for gene discovery.

Tani H, Chen X, Nurmberg P, Grant JJ, SantaMaria M, Chini A, Gilroy E, Birch PR, Loake GJ.

Funct Integr Genomics. 2004 Oct;4(4):258-66. Epub 2004 May 20. Review.


Potato virus X-induced gene silencing in leaves and tubers of potato.

Faivre-Rampant O, Gilroy EM, Hrubikova K, Hein I, Millam S, Loake GJ, Birch P, Taylor M, Lacomme C.

Plant Physiol. 2004 Apr;134(4):1308-16.


Potato oxysterol binding protein and cathepsin B are rapidly up-regulated in independent defence pathways that distinguish R gene-mediated and field resistances to Phytophthora infestans.

Avrova AO, Taleb N, Rokka VM, Heilbronn J, Campbell E, Hein I, Gilroy EM, Cardle L, Bradshaw JE, Stewart HE, Fakim YJ, Loake G, Birch PR.

Mol Plant Pathol. 2004 Jan 1;5(1):45-56. doi: 10.1111/j.1364-3703.2004.00205.x.


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