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Pediatrics. 2000 Dec;106(6):E86.

Circumstances leading to a change to prone sleeping in sudden infant death syndrome victims.

Author information

1
Jeremy Rill Centre for SIDS, Division of Respiratory Medicine, McGill University, Montreal, Canada.

Abstract

CONTEXT:

In addition to usual prone sleeping, unaccustomed prone sleeping represents a significant risk factor for sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). However, little information is available regarding the circumstances leading caretakers to change the infant's sleep position to prone position in SIDS victims.

OBJECTIVE:

To determine, in a population of SIDS victims, the timing of a change to prone sleeping and the reason for that change in infants who were originally nonprone sleepers.

DESIGN AND SETTING:

Case series analysis from a questionnaire administered between 1991 and 1997 to parents and other caretakers of SIDS victims in the province of Quebec (Canada).

SUBJECTS:

One hundred fifty-seven SIDS cases occurring in the province during the study.

RESULTS:

Of the 157 SIDS cases studied, 139 were found in the prone position, although only 93 infants usually slept prone. Of the 64 nonprone sleepers, 34 had been changed to prone by the parents or another caretaker before death, and 18 had apparently turned to prone for the first time. In the 34 cases changed to prone, the change occurred <1 week before death for 21 infants; for 16 of those infants, death occurred the first or second time that they slept prone. In 56% of the cases changed from a nonprone to prone sleeping position, a caretaker other than the parents had precipitated the change.

CONCLUSIONS:

Ongoing campaigns to decrease the risk of SIDS should emphasize the risk of unaccustomed prone sleeping to both parents and secondary caretakers.

PMID:
11099629
DOI:
10.1542/peds.106.6.e86
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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