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J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 2019 Dec;371(3):652-662. doi: 10.1124/jpet.119.262188. Epub 2019 Oct 10.

Next-Generation Cell-Active Inhibitors of the Undrugged Oncogenic PTP4A3 Phosphatase.

Author information

1
Departments of Pharmacology (J.S.L., I.K.B., S.R.G., D.J.H., E.R.S.) and Chemistry (J.S.L., R.L.M., K.-L.H.), University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia; and Department of Chemistry (N.R.T., E.J.R., J.C.B., P.W.), University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania lazo@virginia.edu.
2
Departments of Pharmacology (J.S.L., I.K.B., S.R.G., D.J.H., E.R.S.) and Chemistry (J.S.L., R.L.M., K.-L.H.), University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia; and Department of Chemistry (N.R.T., E.J.R., J.C.B., P.W.), University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

Abstract

Oncogenic protein tyrosine phosphatases (PTPs) are overexpressed in numerous human cancers but they have been challenging pharmacological targets. The emblematic oncogenic PTP4A tyrosine phosphatase family regulates many fundamental malignant processes. 7-Imino-2-phenylthieno[3,2-c]pyridine-4,6(5H,7H)-dione (JMS-053) is a novel, potent, and selective PTP4A inhibitor but its mechanism of action has not been fully elucidated, nor has the chemotype been fully investigated. Because tyrosine phosphatases are notoriously susceptible to oxidation, we interrogated JMS-053 and three newly synthesized analogs with specific attention on the role of oxidation. JMS-053 and its three analogs were potent in vitro PTP4A3 inhibitors, but 7-imino-5-methyl-2-phenylthieno[3,2-c]pyridine-4,6(5H,7H)-dione (NRT-870-59) appeared unique among the thienopyridinediones with respect to its inhibitory specificity for PTP4A3 versus both a PTP4A3 A111S mutant and an oncogenic dual specificity tyrosine phosphatase, CDC25B. Like JMS-053, NRT-870-59 was a reversible PTP4A3 inhibitor. All of the thienopyridinediones retained cytotoxicity against human ovarian and breast cancer cells grown as pathologically relevant three-dimensional spheroids. Inhibition of cancer cell colony formation by NRT-870-59, like JMS-053, required PTP4A3 expression. JMS-053 failed to generate significant detectable reactive oxygen species in vitro or in cancer cells. Mass spectrometry results indicated no disulfide bond formation or oxidation of the catalytic Cys104 after in vitro incubation of PTP4A3 with JMS-053 or NRT-870-59. Gene expression profiling of cancer cells exposed to JMS-053 phenocopied many of the changes seen with the loss of PTP4A3 and did not indicate oxidative stress. These data demonstrate that PTP4A phosphatases can be selectively targeted with small molecules that lack prominent reactive oxygen species generation and encourage further studies of this chemotype. SIGNIFICANCE STATEMENT: Protein tyrosine phosphatases are emerging as important contributors to human cancers. We report on a new class of reversible protein phosphatase small molecule inhibitors that are cytotoxic to human ovarian and breast cancer cells, do not generate significant reactive oxygen species in vitro and in cells, and could be valuable lead molecules for future studies of PTP4A phosphatases.

PMID:
31601683
PMCID:
PMC6856870
[Available on 2020-12-01]
DOI:
10.1124/jpet.119.262188

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