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Cancer Res. 2018 Jan 1;78(1):278-289. doi: 10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-17-1974. Epub 2017 Nov 1.

Rapid Intraoperative Diagnosis of Pediatric Brain Tumors Using Stimulated Raman Histology.

Author information

1
Department of Neurosurgery, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan.
2
School of Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan.
3
Department of Pathology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan.
4
Department of Pathology, New York University Langone Medical Center, New York, New York.
5
Department of Pathology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan. dorringe@med.umich.edu sandraca@med.umich.edu.
6
Department of Neurosurgery, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan. dorringe@med.umich.edu sandraca@med.umich.edu.

Abstract

Accurate histopathologic diagnosis is essential for providing optimal surgical management of pediatric brain tumors. Current methods for intraoperative histology are time- and labor-intensive and often introduce artifact that limit interpretation. Stimulated Raman histology (SRH) is a novel label-free imaging technique that provides intraoperative histologic images of fresh, unprocessed surgical specimens. Here we evaluate the capacity of SRH for use in the intraoperative diagnosis of pediatric type brain tumors. SRH revealed key diagnostic features in fresh tissue specimens collected from 33 prospectively enrolled pediatric type brain tumor patients, preserving tumor cytology and histoarchitecture in all specimens. We simulated an intraoperative consultation for 25 patients with specimens imaged using both SRH and standard hematoxylin and eosin histology. SRH-based diagnoses achieved near-perfect diagnostic concordance (Cohen's kappa, κ > 0.90) and an accuracy of 92% to 96%. We then developed a quantitative histologic method using SRH images based on rapid image feature extraction. Nuclear density, tumor-associated macrophage infiltration, and nuclear morphology parameters from 3337 SRH fields of view were used to develop and validate a decision-tree machine-learning model. Using SRH image features, our model correctly classified 25 fresh pediatric type surgical specimens into normal versus lesional tissue and low-grade versus high-grade tumors with 100% accuracy. Our results provide insight into how SRH can deliver rapid diagnostic histologic data that could inform the surgical management of pediatric brain tumors.Significance: A new imaging method simplifies diagnosis and informs decision making during pediatric brain tumor surgery. Cancer Res; 78(1); 278-89. ©2017 AACR.

PMID:
29093006
PMCID:
PMC5844703
DOI:
10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-17-1974
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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